How To Start Snail Farming In Nigeria [Beginners Guide]

Snail farming, also known as “heliciculture” or “heliculture,” is the practice of rearing snails. In Nigeria, snail business is a profitable and essential economic activity, however, only a handful of individuals are benefiting from it.

If you want to start snail rearing in Nigeria but don’t know where to start, you’ve come to the right place.

Table of Contents

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Step 1: Choose a Farming Location

Farmers can practice snail farming anywhere in South Africa. Snail farms are similar to poultry farms rather than plant farms. However, there are some factors to consider when looking for a location. The climate should be mild, with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 25°C and humidity levels ranging from 75% to 95%.

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Step 2: Get Your Favorite Snail Breed

Several snail breed species are available for purchase and farming in the market. Snail breeds differ in size, breeding cycles, cost, as well as taste. Choose your snail breed based on your intended consumers or customers. To purchase your snail breed, you should go to a well-known snail farm.

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Step 3: Establish the Snail Farm

There are various types of snail houses that you can build. The snail pen, hutch box, and free range pen are all available.

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Step 4: Soil Preparation

You must treat the soil in your snail pen before stocking the snails. Soil treatment is an ongoing process. It would be best if you treated the ground every six months to prevent contamination and disease spread.

Step 5: Stock your Snail

It’s time to populate your farm with snails (snail pen). The capacity of the snail farm determines the stocking density. Importantly, don’t overstock the snails into a pen but try to maintain adequate stocking density.

Step 6: Managing Snails

For this reason, you must construct a snail pen to safeguard your snails. To keep the snails alive and healthy, it is also important to water the soil, treat it, and remove any dead or decaying snails and food.

Also, Snails are herbivorous, as such they feed on plants. The best thing to feed them is vegetables or tender leaves and shoots; toxic or hairy plants should be avoided.

Step 7: Mulching

Step 8: harvesting is step nine..

Your snails’ activity level and feeding rate may change significantly as you continue feeding, managing your snail population, and mulching.

As a result, they will eventually grow larger and grow faster, producing a quick harvest that will bring in more money.

What Do I Need To Start A Snail Farm?

Depending on the kind of snail farming system you choose, you may need to start with free-range pens, mobile pens, mini paddock pens, trench pens, hatch boxes, mosquito nets, concrete blocks, soil as well as other items. Sprinkler systems and humidifiers may also be needed for climate management.

How Much Do Snail Farmers Make In Nigeria?

Snail farming is undoubtedly a profitable business that might earn you between 200,000 Naira and 300,000 Naira per month.

How Many Months Does It Take A Snail To Mature?

How much is a snail in nigeria.

The cost of a medium-sized snail ranges from 450 to 800 Naira, depending on size.

What Food Makes Snails Grow Faster?

Foods that are rich in protein and calcium aid growth processes in snails. An example is a moringa.

How Long Does It Take A Snail To Mature In Nigeria?

How long does it take to train snail.

The time it takes to train a snail depends strongly on the type of specie, as well as the rearing condition. However, it normally takes two to three years for most snail species to reach maturity.

Which Snail Is The Best To Rear In Nigeria?

The best snails for farming in Nigeria are Achatina Achatina and Archachatina Marginata. The gigantic Ghana snail, sometimes known as the large tiger land snail, is scientifically known as Achatina Achatina. Both male and female reproductive organs are present in the enormous Ghana snails.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Snail Farming?

How many times do snails lay eggs in a year.

The quantity of eggs laid by snails in a year is determined by the snail species, feeding, and weather conditions. Snails can breed up to once a month, and each snail can lay 430 eggs every year.

Do Snails Eat Their Babies?

There is currently no definitive answer to this question. However, it is quite strange for adult snails to eat their babies

At What Age Do Snails Lay Eggs?

How profitable is snail farming.

Snail farming is a profitable business that you may start and sell to customers on your own. If done correctly, you can expect to make a good living from your business.

In terms of cost and time, snail farming is a low-risk and successful operation, unlike many other livestock enterprises.

What Are The Challenges Of Snail Farming?

What soil is best for snails.

Snails thrive on sandy-loamy soil. According to a study, the Sandy-loamy soil is not water-logged, dry, or acidic.

How To Start Snail Farming At Home

To begin home snail farming, you must first construct a snail house (pen), obtain the suitable snail species, feed the snail, care for your snail, and harvest when they are mature.

The Secret Of Snail Farming

Problems of snail farming in nigeria.

There are difficulties in any endeavor. Consequently, the difficulties faced in Nigerian snail farming include:

Snail Farming for Beginners PDF

This Snail Farming for beginners PDF is written for beginners with no prior knowledge of snail farming. It is intended to make snails more appealing to the home gardener and provide you with the basic practices and equipment you’ll need to keep your snails healthy, while they breed and multiply.

Snail Farming House

To set up the farm and make it suitable for farming snails, you will need to purchase a lot of materials. The various styles of snail farming homes include:

Concrete Pen

The hutch box is yet another popular type of snail pen. This pen type has wooden boxes with lids that are square or rectangular and have one or more chambers. The hutch box is covered by a lid made of wire netting or nylon mesh. When finished, hutch boxes can either be planted in the ground or left to stand on their own.

Free-range Pen

Snail farming with tyres.

If you are looking to start snail farming with little cost or small-scale farming, you can make use of used car tires to cut the expenses of building a snail house. Typically, car tires can hold three to six snails, however, it depends on their size. Five to ten mature snails can fit into tires with a greater diameter.

Where To Buy Cheap Snails In Nigeria

I hope you find this informative piece helpful. We have compiled all the necessary information that will help you establish a successful snail farm. Ensure you read through and stick to the guidelines for optimal results.

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snail rearing business plan in nigeria

How to Start a Profitable Snail Farming Business in Nigeria

  • by SME Guide

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

Snail farming has become a lucrative agricultural venture across Nigeria due to rising exports and domestic demand for snail meat and eggs. Snails offer a low-maintenance livestock option that is adaptable across geographies. Small-scale snail farming can deliver attractive income streams in Nigeria’s favourable climate with the right setup and practices. This comprehensive guide covers tips and best practices for establishing a profitable snail-rearing business.

Choosing a Suitable Snail Species

Numerous snail species exist, but certain types are optimal for commercial farming in Nigeria due to their hardiness, fast maturation, and meat quality:

  • Achatina Achatina, also called giant Ghana or giant tiger land snail, originated in East Africa. This species grows rapidly, adapts well domestically, and commands good market prices. But it requires ample space for its large size.
  • Archachatina marginalata:  Native to Nigeria, this species is commonly called the giant West African snail. It reaches 20 cm in length at maturity, with a high meat yield and eggs. However, handling the large shell requires strength.
  • Achatina Fulica, the giant East African land snail, has the fastest growth of popular snail varieties. But it is an invasive species with potential environmental impacts if released. Hobbyists may face restrictions.

When selecting a species, consider characteristics like expected mature size, reproduction rate, climate suitability, feed needs, and market demand. Consult snailry groups like Snail Masters Forum Nigeria on ideal breeds for different contexts.

Researching profitability and feasibility

Through lengthy growth cycles, snail farming requires site selection, specialised equipment, and patient nurturing. Do in-depth research before investing to understand expected costs, time commitments, risks, and profitability.

  • Gather price information at local snail markets to estimate sales revenues based on your projected stock. Account for seasonal fluctuations.
  • Read snailry guides and discuss with farmers to estimate expenses like feed, housing, labour, utilities, supplies, transport, etc. Factor in both fixed and variable costs.
  • Review sales and expense projections to evaluate income potential based on planned stock numbers and farm capacity.
  • Assess the capital needed for facilities, gear, initial snail stock, wages, and operating expenses until sales revenue flows.
  • Research sites, materials, licences, equipment, etc. to design an optimal farm layout and system within budget.
  • Analyse regional value chain gaps that your model could fill, like a lack of egg suppliers.

Thorough planning and projections will inform feasibility, prevent costly errors, and set targets. Refine your business model iteratively until satisfied with the risk-return profile and startup funding needs.

Selecting a suitable farm location

Snail rearing can adapt across Nigeria’s varied regions. However, site-specific factors influence success:

  • Climate:  Snails thrive in Nigeria’s tropical humidity. Choose locations with ample rainfall, limited dry periods, and average temperatures above 25°C. Heat extremes hamper feeding and growth.
  • Vegetation: Areas with diverse vegetation provide steady, inexpensive feed access. Snails graze on the leaves, fruits, and barks of plants like pawpaw, okra, cocoa yam, eggplant, etc. Proximity to orchards or forests provides free nutrition.
  • Water: A clean, consistent water source is vital for hydrating snails and formulating feeds. Nearby springs, wells, piped water, etc. ensure adequate supply.
  • Soil:  Loose, loamy soils high in calcium enable natural feeding and promote shell development. Clay-based soils retain moisture well.
  • Land Costs: Cheaper land allows for establishing larger rearing pens and facilities. However, consider the expansion room too.
  • Security:  Perimeter fencing prevents snail escapes and theft. Select peaceful areas.

Visit candidate sites across seasons to assess all factors consistently before choosing the best outcomes.

Constructing Quality Housing

Snails require specialised housing for optimal security, feeding, humidity, and hygiene. The main enclosure types include:

  • Open-range pens: fenced ground enclosures with soil substrate, free grazing, and simple shelters These are low-cost and offer exposure to natural feeds but are prone to escapes and predators.
  • Hutch houses: off-ground houses constructed of wood, wire mesh, and concrete with controlled access points. This enclosed system provides protection and control but demands more investment.
  • Hybrid pens: Perimeter fencing with inner soil pits and portable hutches offers a compromise between freedom and containment.

Key guidelines for quality snail housing:

  • Ensure adequate space per snail—~0.25 sq ft for small types, up to 1 sq ft for giant varieties.
  • Build durable structures from rot-resistant wood, waterproof concrete, sturdy wire mesh, etc.
  • Design pens with hygiene, feeding, cleaning, and harvest access in mind. Include walkways and doors.
  • Provide natural substrates for burrowing, calcium, and food, like loose, fertile soil.
  • Supply calcium aids like ground oyster shells, limestone, etc. to support shell development.
  • Keep the housing insulated and shaded from the direct sun while allowing ventilation.
  • Give snails enriched features like climbing walls and hiding spots.
  • Isolate sick or newly quarantined snails in separate pens.
  • Secure enclosures from predators like rats, birds, monkeys, or snakes with wire-mesh fencing, roofing, and foundation barriers.

With thoughtful construction, housing enables healthy, hygienic rearing at high stocking densities.

Sourcing and Breeding Snails

Acquire breeding stock from reputable snail farmers rather than wild varieties, which may carry pests and lack genetic selection. Consider health, age, and existing rearing practices. Quarantine new stock for 1-2 weeks.

Select healthy adult snails aged 1-3 years with well-formed shells. Check for signs of disease and injury. Target a 1:3 male-to-female ratio. Discard non-breeders after 2 years. Track lineage data to refine breeding stock over generations.

Stimulate breeding by providing high-protein feeds, adequate humidity, and comfortable temperatures around 25°C. Reduce disturbances while mating and egg-laying. Transfer egg clusters to separate hatching pens with very shallow, damp soil for incubation. Handle emerging hatchlings with great care to prevent injury.

Growing your own breeding colony takes patience but allows you to calibrate genetics, traits, and management practices to your environment and systems.

Providing optimal feeds

Snails thrive on diverse diets high in calcium, protein, and minerals.

  • Fresh plant matter: leaves, fruits, bark, roots, grains, vegetables, etc. Rotate diverse crop residues as primary feeding.
  • Formulated pellets:  Use commercial or self-made pellets to supplement nutrition. Include calcium, minerals, and vitamins.
  • Calcium sources—cuttlebone , limestone, egg shells, etc.—provide essential calcium for growth.
  • Water: Ensure constant hydration via drinkers, gels, or moist feeds. Limit sugary fruits.
  • Variety: Snails benefit from diverse plants, fruits, vegetables, grains, etc. to mimic natural grazing.

Adult snails may eat feed equal to 10% of their body weight daily. Feed younger snails 3–4 times daily and adults 1-2 times. Keep the feed fresh. Strategic rations accelerate growth while avoiding waste.

Maintaining health and hygiene

Snail diseases require prevention and swift treatment. Common illnesses include:

  • Bacterial infections like  Salmonella: isolate and dispose of infected snails to prevent their spread. Sterilise housing with lime.
  • Parasitic roundworms: Use dewormers like fenbendazole. Avoid overcrowding and waste accumulation.
  • Fungal infections: Apply antifungal agents topically to shells. Cull and destroy severely infected snails.
  • Diarrhoea and enteritis: Treat gut problems with antibiotics. Improve hygiene.

Ensure clean water, frequent waste removal from pens, disinfection of housing between batches, and adequate snail spacing to curb illness. Consult vets at the first signs, like inactive snails with retractions into shells or unusual discharge. Quarantine sick snails immediately. Apply a calcium or magnesium salt solution to cracked shells. Cull severely ill breeders to maintain stock health.

Harvesting and Processing

Time harvests based on target snail size and maturity, typically:

  • 6–8 months for small species like Archachatina marginalata
  • 12–14 months for giant varieties like Achatina

Harvest during cooler hours when snails are less active. Manual collection into baskets is common for small farms. Wear gloves when handling to avoid cuts on shells. Process the harvested stock quickly, ideally the same day.

First, purge snails of any residual waste and slime by keeping them off-feed in clean water for 1-2 days. Cull any visibly sick, underdeveloped, or injured stock. Apply a 5–10% salt solution to euthanize shells. Remove the meat by breaking the shell carefully to extract it whole.

Preserve snail meat via salting, sun-drying, or processing into canned, frozen, or smoked products. Refrigerate fresh meat for up to 4 days. Handle meat hygienically, including on sanitised work surfaces and tools.

Some farmers sell shells to crafters or as a crushed calcium supplement for livestock feed. Optimal harvesting boosts income from quality meat while sustaining the breeding colony.

Record Keeping

Meticulous records enable optimisation of breeding, feeding, growth rates, health management, and inventory control. Track parameters like:

  • Origin, genetics, and traits of breeding groups
  • Feed formulations, rations, and growth responses
  • Pedigrees and offspring data
  • Shell measurements and weights by age
  • Health and veterinary treatments
  • Mortality and culling rates
  • Mating, eggs laid, and hatched
  • Housing temperature and humidity
  • Harvest dates, weights, and processing quantities

Digital tools help consolidate records for analysis. Review frequently to refine system productivity.

Selling and Distribution

Multiple sales channels for snail meat and eggs exist:

  • Wet markets: sell live or fresh snail meat to local traders and consumers. This requires reliable transport to the market and quick sales before spoilage.
  • Restaurants: supply hotels and eateries, especially 24/7 establishments, with demand for regular stocking.
  • Retail: Offer packaged, processed products like canned snail meat and caviar to shops, supermarkets, or directly to consumers online.
  • Export: Tap overseas demand by working with specialised exporters connected to West African diaspora markets in Europe, America, and Asia.
  • Wholesale: Sell bulk orders to distributors who handle wider resale networks. This scales business but has lower margins.

Consider selling shells, meat scraps, and slime residue to value-added industries too. Market demand is growing locally and abroad.

Financial Management

Managing finances well is key to profitability. Separate household and farm accounts. Track all revenues from sales and expenses like feed, labour, rentals, medicine, transport, utilities, packaging, etc. Review profit and loss statements monthly. Maintain a cash reserve to cover contingencies like a bad harvesting month. Invest surplus profits into expansion, like additional pens.

Consider forming or joining a snail farmer cooperative for better bargaining power, knowledge sharing, and access to grants and loans with reasonable interest rates. Proper financial planning and cash flow management ensure stability and growth.

Expanding Your Snail Farm

As your snailry becomes established, consider expansion.

  • Increase stock by hatching more eggs and acquiring mature breeders.
  • Build additional pens on existing, unused land around your farm.
  • Automate processes like egg incubation and environmental controls.
  • Purchase adjoining land to increase your rearing area.
  • Diversify into additional revenue streams like snail feed production.
  • Upgrade housing and equipment to boost stocking capacity and yields.
  • Partner with offtakers like exporters or restaurants to scale sales.
  • Process and package snail meat, eggs, and caviar to retail directly to consumers.
  • Establish your own snail-specialty food outlets in prime locations.
  • Launch an eCommerce portal and offer direct delivery.

Target incremental expansion in phases to prudently grow production and profits over time.

Incorporating Technology

Leverage modern snail-rearing technologies for enhanced efficiency:

  • Remote sensors monitor temperature, humidity, feed levels, etc. and receive mobile alerts to respond promptly.
  • Automated feeding:  Use automated feeders to drop precise rations on time without labour.
  • RFID: Track snails electronically with low-cost radio tags to optimise inventory and selections.
  • Recordkeeping apps:  Use digital tools to consolidate breeding, feeding, health, and sales data for analysis.
  • Ecommerce platforms: enable direct retail sales to consumers online by leveraging e-commerce websites and apps.
  • Social media: market your brand and products by engaging customers through social media outreach.

Technology allows proactive environment control, data-driven decisions, customer engagement, and sales.

Learning from Other Farmers

Join industry associations like the Snail Farmers Association of Nigeria to exchange insights with commercial snail farmers across Nigeria. Attend seminars and trainings. Follow snail advocates on social media. Connect with researchers at institutes like Nigeria’s Citadel University. Leverage online forums to post questions and learn from fellow farmers. Growing your knowledge is key to growing your farm.

Acquiring Relevant Licences and Permits

  • Registered business:  Formally register your business at the Corporate Affairs Commission.
  • Land rights: Secure formal rights to the land through purchase, lease, or allocation. Document all agreements.
  • Environmental approval:  Get approvals for farm developments to ensure eco-compliance.
  • Local council:  Obtain necessary permits and pay fees to operate in your council area.

Fulfilling legal and regulatory requirements protects your farm investment and provides a licence to commercially sell produce.

Financing Your Snail Farm

Consider funding options like:

  • Savings: self-finance if possible to retain full ownership. Start small, then reinvest profits.
  • Bank loan: approach banks with feasibility studies and farm management knowledge. Provide land collateral.
  • Cooperative: Source lower-interest loans from farming co-ops once you become a member.
  • Grants: Apply for youth or SME grants from government agencies and NGOs.
  • Crowdfunding: For community-supported models, use Web platforms to raise startup capital from supporters.
  • Investors: Give equity shares for capital investments from private farming investors.

Leverage multiple complementary options like savings, loans, and grants to most cost-effectively fund your snail farming vision with the least reliance on external equity shareholders.

Choosing a Business Structure

Common setups include:

  • Sole proprietorship: easy setup for one-person owners but carries unlimited liability.
  • Partnership: Share financing, labour, and expertise with others while carrying joint liability. Sign agreements.
  • A limited liability company separates personal and business assets for liability protection but faces corporate taxes and paperwork.
  • Cooperatives: Join other small snail farmers in a member-owned venture for shared resources, marketing, and support.

Consider long-term goals, legal protections needed, and the desire for shared ownership when selecting your structure. Formally register your entity after startup.

Insurance Protection

Safeguard your investment from common snail farm risks:

  • Property insurance covers damage to structures, equipment, and stock from perils like fire, floods, or lightning.
  • Theft coverage:  protect against robbery of valuable breeding stock, machinery, etc.
  • Livestock insurance: recover from decimations in your snail flock due to disease, mishandling, or natural causes.
  • Liability insurance: hedge against customer allegations of food poisoning, etc. from your products.
  • Fixed asset insurance: replace buildings, fencing, tools, etc. if destroyed in a disaster.
  • Business interruption:  Covers income losses if unable to operate during shutdowns from covered incidents.

For affordable premiums, opt for broad policies through farming co-ops versus the standard market. Keep policies active through all seasons.

Developing a Known Snail Farm Brand

Differentiate your business in Nigeria’s growing snail farming sector through:

  • A memorable and meaningful brand name and logo
  • Consistently high product quality
  • Novel meat and egg products
  • Unique farm practices like organic feeds
  • Strong customer relationships
  • Active social media presence and engagement
  • High business ethics and standards
  • Strong knowledge-sharing and customer education
  • Good media publicity and thought leadership

Building brand equity allows for pricing premiums, customer loyalty, and licencing opportunities over time.

Obtaining Support and Incentives

Leverage smallholder farmer programmes from Nigerian agencies, like:

  • The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development offers subsidies, training, and loans.
  • The Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria provides research publications, field trials, and linkages to experts.
  • NIRSAL facilitates agribusiness funding and investor linkages.
  • BOI, CBN, and DBN: Deliver low-interest loans and credit guarantees for agriculture
  • Nigerian Agricultural Insurance Corporation: Insures crops and livestock on highly favourable terms
  • RUFIN supports rural financing and microcredit associations.
  • Leveraging public agricultural support programmes can significantly ease startup and operation.
  • Adhering to Standards and Regulations
  • Operate in full compliance with codes and regulations covering:
  • Product safety, labelling, and handling
  • Meat processing and hygiene
  • Biosecurity and disease control
  • Import/export protocols if selling overseas
  • Environmental protection
  • Fair labour practices
  • Animal welfare
  • Farm safety systems
  • Licences, permits, taxes, and levies
  • Land use, construction, and environmental regulations
  • Robust compliance ensures lawful, ethical, and sustainable farming, critical for the long-term viability of your snail farming. Maintain accurate records as proof.

Snail farming presents a rewarding small business opportunity across Nigeria with reasonable startup costs. With proper planning of housing, stocking, feeding, and processing, small-scale snail rearing can deliver excellent supplemental or full-time income. Do market research, choose suitable land, and develop quality enclosures and husbandry practices. Leverage technology and programmes to enhance productivity. Building a reputable brand and responding to growing export and domestic demand can position you for success. Follow the legal steps for a formal setup. With dedication and consistent effort, Nigeria’s favourable conditions enable farming snails as a steady wealth-creation activity.

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Snail Farming in Nigeria: The Ultimate Guide 2024

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Snail farming in Nigeria is a bustling agricultural landscape.

As a seasoned businesswoman in Nigeria, I’ve navigated various entrepreneurial terrains. The charm of snail farming has captured my attention. 

In this article, we’ll explore why snail farming is an excellent opportunity for those looking to dive into agribusiness.

Unlike some agricultural ventures that require substantial capital investment, snail farming is affordable. 

The low-cost nature of setting up and maintaining a snail farm positions it as an accessible option for seasoned and novice entrepreneurs. 

Snail Farming in Nigeria vs. Other Traditional Choices

In comparison to poultry or fish farming, snail farming provides a more relaxed yet rewarding avenue for agribusiness success.

Its unique appeal, low operational costs, and the increasing demand for snail meat position it as a business venture with tremendous potential. 

In the upcoming sections, I’ll delve deeper into the intricacies of snail farming. I’ll uncover practical tips and market insights.

I aim to create a roadmap for those ready to turn this slow and steady opportunity into a thriving venture. 

How Much Does It Cost To Start Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail Farming in Nigeria

The initial investment for starting a small to medium-scale operation in Nigeria ranges from ₦100,000 to ₦500,000 or more. 

It all depends on factors like farm size, location, and the quality of infrastructure you choose. 

It’s crucial to create a detailed business plan to estimate costs better.

Here’s a breakdown of potential expenses:

  • Housing : Constructing a suitable snail house with proper ventilation and temperature control.
  • Snail Stock : Purchasing initial snail stock for breeding.
  • Feeding : Costs associated with providing suitable feed for the snails.
  • Fencing : Securing the snail farm with appropriate fencing to prevent predators.
  • Labor : Expenses for hiring labor if needed for farm maintenance.
  • Breeding Equipment : Cost of equipment for breeding and maintaining the snails.
  • Healthcare : Budget for veterinary care and medicines to ensure the health of the snails.
  • Utilities : Costs for water supply, electricity, and other utilities.
  • Training : If you’re new to snail farming, consider the cost of training or acquiring knowledge in snail farming practices.
  • Miscellaneous Costs : Unforeseen expenses or miscellaneous costs.

What Are the Requirements for Snail Farming in Nigeria?

The requirements for snail farming in Nigeria include 

  • Suitable housing or pens with proper ventilation.

You can construct one with wood and tarpaulin.

  • Loamy soil for egg-laying and hatching. A consistent supply of water and a balanced diet for the snails, which may consist of fruits, vegetables, and calcium supplements 

Choose a location with favorable temperature and humidity for snail farming.

  • Well-ventilated and secure housing to protect snails from predators.

Predators are birds, ants, lizards, snakes, and other crawling animals and insects.

Ensure the soil is not waterlogged and has good drainage for snail health.

Source healthy and disease-free snails for breeding purposes.

What Food Do Snails Hate?

Snails dislike certain foods such as basil, young parsley, marjoram, garlic, chives, chamomile, mint, rosemary, lavender, and peppermint.

Citrus Fruits: Snails tend to avoid citrus fruits and peels.

Spicy Plants : Some snails are deterred by spicy plants like sage and thyme.

Sharp or Abrasive Substances: Materials like crushed eggshells, sandpaper, or diatomaceous earth are deterrents.

Where to Buy Snails for Farming in Nigeria?

You can buy snails for farming in Nigeria from various sources such as specialized snail farms, agricultural markets, and online platforms like and eFarmers Nigeria.

Additionally, you can connect with suppliers through social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram, where snail farmers and agro-allied businesses often promote their products.

Or you can visit villages where you will have the chance to patronize local operators who pick snails from the bushes, but this cheap method is not advisable.

How Profitable is Snail Farming in Nigeria?

Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail farming in Nigeria is highly profitable, with low capital investment and the potential for significant returns.

For instance, a successful snail farmer could earn between N200,000 to N300,000 from the harvest of snails.

Starting a snail farm in Nigeria with an investment of N500,000 can yield significant returns. 

Successful operations could generate profits ranging from N800,000 to over N1,000,000, depending on the effective management of the snail farm.

How Much is One Snail Sold in Nigeria?

The price of a single snail in Nigeria can vary depending on factors such as size, species, and location. 

Generally, the cost of one snail can range from ₦50 to ₦1000, with prices potentially fluctuating based on market demand and supply.

Related Post: How to Start a Cyber Cafe Business in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

How to Build a Snail Farm in Nigeria

Materials needed:.

Wood or Bamboo: For constructing the pen frame.

Wire Mesh: To create walls and flooring for ventilation.

Nails and Hammer : For assembling the wooden or bamboo frame.

Shovel : For digging the foundation.

Polythene Sheets : To line the flooring for moisture control.

Tarpaulin or Thatch : For providing shade and protection from rain.

Watering Cans or Sprinklers: For maintaining the pen’s humidity.

Calcium Sources (Crushed Eggshells): For snail shell development.

Water Source : Ensure a nearby water source for regular hydration.

How to Construct It:

Choose a site with well-drained soil and some shade to prevent direct sunlight.

Ensure easy access to water for both the snails and cleaning purposes. Use wood or bamboo to create a rectangular frame for the pen.

Hammer nails to secure the frame, ensuring stability.

Attach wire mesh to the wooden frame, creating walls and raised flooring for proper ventilation.

The mesh should have small openings to prevent predators from entering. Dig a shallow foundation around the pen to deter burrowing predators.

Cover the mesh flooring with polythene sheets to control moisture. Ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogging.

Use tarpaulin or thatch to create a roof for shade and protection from rain. This helps maintain a suitable environment for snails.

Set up a watering system to maintain humidity within the pen. Watering cans or sprinklers can be used for this purpose.

Sprinkle crushed eggshells or other calcium sources on the pen floor for snail shell development.

Clean the pen regularly to remove waste and maintain hygiene.

Regularly monitor the pen’s temperature, humidity, and overall conditions.

Remember to adapt these instructions based on your specific needs and the scale of your snail farming operation.

Always prioritize the well-being and health of the snails for a successful farming venture.

Also see: How to Start a Shawarma Business in Nigeria

Can Snails Eat Garri?

Yes, snails can eat garri. 

Garri is a starchy food made from cassava, and while it’s not their primary source of nutrition, snails can consume it along with their regular diet. 

However, it’s essential to provide a well-balanced and varied diet to ensure snails’ health and proper development. 

Garri should be given in moderation, and it’s advisable to include a mix of green leafy vegetables, fruits, and other suitable foods to meet their nutritional needs.

What Do Snails Eat?

Snails are herbivores, and their diet primarily consists of various plant materials. 

Here’s what snails eat:

  • Green Leafy Vegetables: Snails enjoy a variety of green, leafy vegetables such as lettuce, kale, cabbage, and spinach.
  • Fruits : They eat fruits like apples, pears, melons, and strawberries, but it’s essential to provide them in moderation due to the high water content.
  • Tender Shoots : Snails consume tender shoots and stems of plants.
  • Vegetable Peelings : Leftover vegetable peelings can be a suitable part of their diet.
  • Cereals and Grains : Snails can eat small amounts of cereals and grains like oats and wheat bran for added nutrition.
  • Calcium Sources : Snails need calcium for shell development. Provide crushed eggshells or limestone as a calcium source.

Maintaining a balanced diet for snails is crucial to ensure their health and optimal growth. 

Avoid feeding them acidic or toxic plants, and always provide fresh, clean food to promote a healthy snail farming environment.

Do Snails Eat Onions?

Snails typically do not eat onions. 

Onions contain compounds that can irritate snails and are not a preferred or suitable food for them. 

How Long Does It Take Snail to Mature in Nigeria?

The time it takes for snails to mature can vary based on factors such as the snail species, environmental conditions, and the quality of care provided. 

Generally, for the common species used in snail farming in Nigeria, such as the Giant African Land Snail (Achatina species), it takes about six months to 2 years for snails to reach maturity. 

Factors like temperature, humidity, and the availability of suitable food can influence the specific duration.

During this time, snails go through various growth stages, including hatching from eggs, developing into juvenile snails, and eventually reaching maturity when they are ready to reproduce. 

How Can I Feed My Snail to Grow Faster in Nigeria?

To feed your snails for faster growth in Nigeria, provide a balanced diet that includes fruits such as pawpaw, banana, and plantain, as well as vegetables like pumpkin leaves and cabbage. 

Additionally, they supplement their diet with calcium sources such as ground limestone or eggshells to support shell development. 

It’s crucial to ensure that the snails have access to clean, fresh water at all times and to avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to waste and potential health issues. 

What Are the Problems With Snail Farming in Nigeria?

Snail farming in Nigeria faces several challenges, including a need for more government support and policies affecting the business.

There’s also unfavorable snail housing, unpredictable weather conditions, diseases, parasites, and pest infestation. 

Facts About Snails You Should Know

  • Snails are defenseless. So they prefer to move around at night. This is when most of their feeding takes place.
  • They stay in their shells until the weather is cool and humid. Snails are most active when it rains.
  • Snails are hermaphrodites. This means that they are both male and female combined in one snail.
  • When the weather is hot, they hibernate or aestivate, sealing off their shells’ mouths with a white substance called epiphragm.
  • When you see the white on the face of their shells, always check whether anything is wrong. It could be weather, pest irritation, or dryness.
  • When feeding your snails, think of it as feeding babies. They have tiny teeth, so they prefer to eat soft things.
  • Snails reach market age at 4-7 months, depending on their food and environment.
  • Treating your snail housing to protect them from indwelling ants is essential.
  • If you want to start your snail farming business in Nigeria, start with 250 – 500 snails for commercial-sized farming.


In conclusion, snail farming in Nigeria emerges as a lucrative and accessible venture for entrepreneurs seeking success in agribusiness. 

As you embark on this slow and steady journey, remember to prioritize the well-being of your snails. 

With careful planning and dedication, turning this opportunity into a thriving venture is well within reach. 

Happy farming!

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Mina is a personal finance writer and entrepreneur with a deep love for technology in the business world.

She is not only a successful, tech-savvy businesswoman but also a dedicated mentor, guiding aspiring entrepreneurs in Nigeria.

Explore her work and be inspired by her journey of leveraging tech innovation for business success in Nigeria.

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How to Start and Grow a Successful Snail Farming Business in Nigeria

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

Do you know that snail farming is an industry worth over 12 billion dollars with an annual demand of about 7.5 million kilograms in Nigeria? It’s a highly profitable agribusiness that requires little capital and no large land ownership to get started. As someone with extensive experience in snail farming, I can confidently say that anyone can start and succeed in this venture with just a bit of knowledge and a few hours of daily work.

What makes snail farming such a great opportunity is the high demand for snails both locally and internationally. You can tap into this growing market with the right techniques and approach and reap significant profits. In this article, I’ll share everything you need to know to start and grow a successful snail farming business in Nigeria.

Table of Contents

What is Snail Farming?

Snail farming is the process of raising edible land snails for both human consumption and economic use. Snail farming is also called heliculture . It is known to be one of the most profitable agribusinesses in Nigeria as it requires less capital and yields a high return. 


Snail is a crawling animal that has both male and female reproductive organs, which makes its breeding faster and easier. It is also known to have a lot of nutritional value as it is an important source of protein, calcium, phosphorus and iron with low cholesterol and fats. It is also used in making cosmetics. 

How to Start and Grow a Snail Farming Business in Nigeria

Starting a business without proper knowledge can be risky, especially in snail farming. While it’s true that snail farming can be quite lucrative, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of the ins and outs of the business before diving in. You’ll need critical information from capital to marketing and feeding to make your snail farm successful. 

Speaking of capital, the amount you need to start your snail farm will depend on the size you envision – whether it’s a small, medium or large-scale operation. To get started, you should budget between ₦60,000 and ₦100,000 for a small-scale snail farming business. With the right knowledge and preparation, you can start a successful snail farming business and reap the rewards of this lucrative venture.

In   this business, the following must be taken into consideration to achieve a profitable yield at the end of the day:

Choosing suitable snail species

Choosing the right snail species is crucial when starting a profitable snail farming business in Nigeria. With several snail breeds available for rearing in the country, it can be overwhelming to determine the most suitable species for your farm. Some of the snail breeds that can be reared in Nigeria include the Garden snail (Cornu aspersum), Burgundy snail (Helix pomatia), White garden snail (Theba snail) and three African giant snail species (Archachatina marginata, Achatina achatina and Achatina fulica) . However, for optimal profits in snail farming, Archachatina marginata and Achatina achatina species are the most suitable options.

  • Archachatina marginata

The Giant African Land Snail, also known as Archachatina marginata, is highly sought-after locally and internationally due to its exceptional nutritional value. This species has a lifespan of up to 10 years, with proper care. It is considered the best choice for snail farming because of its ability to produce numerous big-size eggs quickly and rapid growth rate.

giant african land snail

Giant African Land Snail (Archachatina Marginata)

Also, it boasts a large flesh size that can weigh up to 500g at maturity. You can identify this species by its darker head, V-shaped tail, and blueish-white outer lip.

  • Achatina achatina

While African Giant Tiger Land Snail may not be as popular as its cousin, Archachatina marginata, it certainly has its unique personality. This snail is a bit of a picky eater and will only feast on certain types of feed, making it a bit of a diva in the snail world. But don’t let its selective nature fool you.

giant African Tiger snail

Giant African Tiger Snail (Achatina achatina)

This specie is still suitable for a profitable snail farming business, as it produces more eggs than Archachatina marginata. Plus, with its distinctive pointed tip, tiger-striped shell, and silver-brown body, it’s sure to add a touch of exotic flair to your snail farm.

Housing for the snail is essential in starting a snail farming business. The size of the farm needed to start your business depends on the scale of the business. It can be inside boxes or wire gauze in your backyard, a garden or a small farm. However, it is necessary to have permanent farmland for commercial farming. 

The housing can also be sorted based on the age of the snails, which are newly hatched, young and mature snails. It is important to note that snails thrive well in moist areas. Their housing should be kept away from wind exposure.

Snails are quite remarkable creatures. They are not only incredibly cost-effective, but can also thrive on a diverse range of feeds and plants. From pawpaw and banana to potato and cucumber, the leaves of these plants are all on the menu for your snails.

Regarding homemade food, snails are best fed with meals that are low in salt. And for even better results, consider using the chicken feed, as it can greatly enhance the growth of your snails. While young snails should be fed with chicken mash, pellets are more suitable for mature ones.

It’s important to note that water is crucial for the healthy growth of snails. Lack of water in their feed can cause stunted growth, so keep their water supply in check. Additionally, feeding snails early in the morning and late at night is best to ensure they get the required nutrients.

Then, consider including supplements in their feed to maintain strong shells and boost their growth. With these tips, you can be sure your snails will grow healthy and strong.

Read Also: 8 Easy Steps to Start a Profitable Small-Scale Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria

Soil type and requirements

Soil is the main habitat of snails and is needed for digging and ingesting. The soil should therefore be rich in nourishment in an accurate quantity. The soil must be rich in calcium, and other nutrients, as its deficiency may cause fragile shells. It is suggested to go for sandy-loamy soil as it is rich in organic contents.

Soil for snail farming business should have these characteristics:

  • Contain organic contents like phosphorus and calcium
  • pH should be neutral
  • Contain less sand and clay as they leave snails dehydrated

Growth and Reproduction

Snails can be categorised into hatchling, young and mature based on their ages and sizes. Matured snails are known to lay eggs between 8-12 months, depending on the species. The eggs hatch in 4-6 weeks and mature for sale in about two years.

The hatchling should be kept in separate housing for proper growth and protection. The matured ones can be identified by the shell brim, which is thicker than the other parts of the shell.

Harvesting mature snails can be a daunting task for any farmer, but the market value is worth the wait. After two years of nurturing and caring for the snails, it’s time to reap the rewards. However, it’s important to remember that not all matured snails should be harvested for the market, as some are required for stock keeping. When it comes to the actual harvest, pack the snails in a spacious container to prevent any shell breakage.

Read Also: Why You Should Venture into Agriculture in Nigeria

How Can You Learn About Snail Farming Business?

Several resources are available for learning about snail farming, including online sources such as books and manuals, mentoring programs, and professional courses from institutions like the National Horticulture Research Institute (NIHORT) and the Snail Farmers Association Nigeria.

One helpful book I recommend is “ Snail Farming in West Africa: a practical guide ” by Joseph R. Cobbinah. With these resources, you can gain the knowledge and skills to start and run a successful snail farming business in Nigeria.

Challenges Encountered by Snail Farmers in Nigeria

It is important to know that the snail farming business has challenges. These challenges can reduce the farmer’s profit or even cause a big loss at the end of the day. Some of these challenges are:

  • Pests and diseases
  • Agrochemicals
  • Weather and climate conditions
  • Environmental factors
  • Bush burning

Read Also:   Fish Farming in Nigeria: All You Need to Know

On this note, snail farmers should understand that this snail farming business is a lucrative farming operation that requires little attention from the farmer. Some conditions can threaten its profit if proper care is not taken. Farmers are advised to know about these challenges that can be faced in this farming business.

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How to start a profitable snail farming business in Nigeria

This is a comprehensive guide on how to start a profitable snail farming business in Nigeria, the A-Z with in-depth details from experience, I just made these huge resources to encourage young Africans even beyond Nigeria on how you can tap into this underexplored niche to earn more revenue in dollars through snail exportation business

I bet you are wondering if snail farming is very profitable given the time period it takes for snails to mature from growers stage to jumbo size or Point of lay (POL)

This post covers everything you need to know about the snail farming business from start to finish, so I am not writing for experts, it is meant to guide inexperience, amateur and intending snail farmers plus if you would love to learn how to start a backyard snail farming business even in limited space,

Also in this article resources, I will walk you through the process of constructing your snail pen, it’s very important, most times it affects the way and manner they eat or grow, how you can use locally available materials in your vicinity to fabricate your own style of snail pen or hutch the will be effective in protecting and providing the needed environment for egg layer and weight gain

Here are should some frequently asked questions every newbie into snail farming always asks:

These are questions you will get the in-depth answer to as you read on

Introduction to Snail farming business

Snail species

Now let start by understanding what your intentions towards rearing snails are, ok, you wish to multiple your snails within the shortest allowable time through the hatching of their eggs, groom, feed, and then sell them for profit right? then you are on the track.

Before you can start this business, there are certain factors you must consider especially in your vicinity, for the smooth running of the business, these factors are

Availability of space: you need to settle the space requirement if you intend to go into large scale production of snails, without much space you are left with the option of the intensive system using cages and hutches which will not be compared to a free-range or greenhouse system where the snail is free to roam about and can multiple in large proportion,

Capital: for starters , if you have other main businesses you are into, you could start with backyard pens or hutches then move to bigger spaces when productivity increases, your capital will determine which system of rearing you will embark on.

Access to Market : it’s very crucial to seek how snail demand and supply is run in your area, even though you can still supply across the country or export it, however, my principal advice is, to have one or two active snail sellers in your neighborhood market, this makes you have a readily available market to dispose of your table size snails immediately they are matured

Snail Feeds: despite snails can feed on almost everything consumable by humans except salty foods, if you are to start commercially, one thing you should seek out is where to get fruits or vegetables, you can achieve this by reaching out to the fruits sellers for their damaged or leftovers because fruits like pawpaw, cabbage, okra, watermelon, banana are snail favorites

Species of Snail Good for Commercial Farming

Snail farming is beyond stocking the point of lay (POL), it is one of the highest paying businesses in the agricultural sector, to succeed we must know the family of snails we rear in Africa and study their way of life.

Helicidae species are majorly reared in Europe and America. Two subspecies of this snail are very famous among the others. I) Helix aspersa ( Garden snai l) II) Helix Pomatia. (Burgundy snail – Wikipedia)

These snails are garden snails, they accumulate up to 30g of body weight at maturity, they live their life on the plant surface, feeding on grasses, vegetables, and fruits, most of them are considered invasive because of how fast they can reproduce and eat up green vegetables

the achatinidae, This group is made up of two types of snails. 1) Forest snails. 2) Garden snails.

Commonly reared in Africa, they are called Africa Giant land snails. Four of the subspecies are very famous among others.

  • Achatina Fulica
  • Limicolaria
  • Achatina Achatina (AA)
  • Achatina Marginata (AM)

Achatinas are forest snails, they hide under plants from sunlight, wind, heat, and feed on dead and live plants, fruits, dead animals and extract calcium from the soil, but LIMICOLARIA and ACHATINA FULICA are Garden snails.

Just like helix aspersa or Pumatia, achatinidae garden Snails lives on plants and can lay fertile eggs without mating. They produce more slime and are smaller in size than Forest Snails.

They lay more than 100 – 400 eggs per clutch in a cycle and have more Laying circles than Forest Snails. They can be found in Northern Nigeria because they have the capacity to withstand high temperatures.

  • Some notable features of Fulica and Limicolaria
  • They can survive direct sunlight and wind without dehydrating.
  • They can be fed to catfish after washing…
  • They are the best for slime extraction…

Many snail farmers conclude them to be AA as they have the same shell formation but color difference. One funny thing about them is, eggs laid at the last quarter of the rainy season can hatch the next rainy season.

Let’s study them one after the other at least to give you a brief insight into your newfound heliculture venture ( that’s right, snail farming is called heliculture).

Limicolaria .

limicorea How to Start a Profitable Snail Farming Business in Nigeria in 2021

It lays 50 eggs and above per batch and can regulate it four to seven times a year. It has the same shell formation and color as ACHATINA FULICA.

It’s not advisable to rear this for meat production. Its most times are seen as a pest in the farm or garden

Achatina Achatina (AA).

It is indigenous to countries like Ghana, Benin Republic, and Togo, etc, the AA is popularly referred to as Ghana tiger snail because it is majorly found in Ghana.

The extra jumbo size and the designs on the shell it has the yellowish and darkish spine on the shell which has close similarity with a tiger color. AA has a very pointed tail just like AF, it usually has six or more ring rounds curved on the shell.

The eggs are the same size as AF eggs and they grow slower compared to AM. it can grow big in the long run, it is not good for business in Nigeria. It lays between 100 eggs to 200 eggs per batch and can regulate this batch 3 to 6 times a year.

If you must farm AA please start with 20 pieces, experience they say is the best teacher. Nigeria’s climate is not favorable for this particular species of snail.

Archachatina Marginata (AM).

Archachitina Marginata Snail business guide

It is called the big black snail or giant snail, it is commonly found in the forest along the coastline of West Africa, this is one of the most common found snails in Nigeria amidst ACHATINA FULICA, the shell has a mottled color of black, brown, white, pink, and very thick.

The skin color is dark grey, some breeds of white skin are found in some areas usually called albino snails. They are 11 to 19cm at maturity and can weigh between 300 to 9 to 500g or more. They grow to full size in their natural habitats from 12 to 14 months or more. The shell is less pointed than the ACHATINA ACHATINA species.

Archachatina Marginata is not a snail but a subfamily of achatinidae with over seven subspecies.

  • Archachatina Marginata CAMERUNENSIS
  • Archachatina Marginata EDUARDO
  • Archachatina Marginata CANDEFACTA
  • Archachatina Marginata GREVILLEI
  • Archachatina Marginata ICTERICA
  • Archachatina Marginata SUTURALIS
  • Archachatina Marginata OVUM.

Yes, I know you are surprised about all these subspecies I listed above right? Because the majority of snail Farmers only know and talk about two among the seven, the Sauralis and the Ovum’s, it doesn’t mean the other five have gone extinct.

Let’s focus on the two popular Marginata’s, the Ovum and Saturalis because they are very fast growing and great for meat production,

Archachatina marginata Suturalis (AMS).

AMS is very common in swampy regions but that doesn’t make it a water snail, it is easily found in Delta State and the Eastern part of Nigeria. It lays five (5) to ten(10) eggs per clutch and can regulate this batch three (3) to eight (8) times in good environmental conditions throughout the year.

It is very slow in growth compared to Achatina Marginata Ovum, it doesn’t have strong international market value, and it can take up to five (5) years to grow to jumbo size, wow that’s a whole lot of time if you ask me!

We have two types of suturalis : Swap suturalis and land suturalis. Land suturalis grow faster than swamp suturalis but are not comparable to Ovum both have the same egg-laying capacity.

Archachatina marginata Ovum (AMO).

archachatina Marginata ovum How to Start a Profitable Snail Farming Business in Nigeria in 2021

Many farmers consider it a hybrid snail because

  • it can out-grow other snails and accumulate more weight in a very short space of time. ( exactly why you should pick this type)
  • It has the highest international market value and can grow to jumbo size within two years
  • It lays between five (5) to ten(10) eggs per clutch and can regulate this batch three to five times a year

Two Main purposes of Rearing Snails

Just like in Poultry Production, some birds are kept for meat or egg purposes however in snail farming you are either rearing for slime production or meat production, slime production is a highly untapped sector in snail farms because people are yet to understand how it’s done, the snail slimes are used by big tech pharmaceutical companies in making body creams, various cosmetics, and drugs

While in meat production which is the most common practice of all snail farmers snails are raised for consumption purposes, it’s up to you to decide which area to focus on, the interest will determine which species of snail to raise I put it out in two summaries below

For meat production ; AMO ( Achatina Marginata Ovum) For slime extraction; AF ( Achatina Fulica)

Now I am pretty sure you have known more than enough about snails and you are ready to go into the snail farming business right? Then welcome, but what next?

There are certain steps and farm management practices you must practice to be very successful, First, you need to set up their housing units,

The Snail Housing system differs but it’s not rocket science to set up, It all lies in your capacity, you can rear snail in any place even inside your living rooms lol a surprise? Don’t be, snail house can be an empty plastic container of paints to baskets, etc,

For clarity and productivity, the best places to raise snails are in cool and shaded areas, in your back yard, free from direct sun rays, in your gardens, few people often raise snails using car tires if you have the desire to grow more than 50 snails or more, then small enclosures won’t be very productive, you can construct cages, hutches or use the greenhouse system whereby the snails are major kept together with green gardens but on a secured free-range system,

After you have gotten ready the snail pen, it’s time to prepare the housing environment to be conducive for them. There are two ways you can utilize to get the house ready, The soilless system of raising snail or utilization of soil,

The soilless system can only be applicable in the intensive system which requires lots of care and attention but it’s also productive, as a professional and researcher in snail farming, I will recommend the system for slime production and snail hatchlings ( snail babies because they are delicate and can die easily in any slight changes of the environmental condition

The soilless system is great but one disadvantage of it, whenever the snails are left for a long time without adequate moisture they die out, you must ensure you moisten their pen daily and will provide lots of plantain leaves to retain the moist humid micro atmosphere in their pen, this is why their house must be under a shade or in a room, under trees to regulate the temperature of the house,

High temperature is bad for snail business because it increases mortality (death rate) its cool to consider the saturalis love a swampy humid environment, but the Ovum is better with soil moisture less than 50, they can also tolerate a slight increase in high temperature, unlike Saturalis, Fulica’s and the AA’s The best kind of soil for snail farming is Loamy soil.

Loamy soil is any soil that can conveniently support the growth of vegetables. But for a more in-depth explanation, the soil texture should not be coarsely mixed with stone, it shouldn’t be mashy too like the clay soul which tend to be waterlogged, the soil should be dark, riched in organic matter, ( Here is how to convert a soil to loamy soil )

After getting the loamy soil you need to treat the soil to prevent diseases or larvas of ants, flies which are normally laid in riched loamy soil to hatch and eat up your snail

Soil Preparation for the Snail Pen

For an intensive system of raising the snails, you need to treat your soil in order to reduce the chances of contaminating your pen with other dangerous pests or insects, larvas of other organisms which can eat of your snails

How to feed your snails

How to Feed your snail

Feeding plays a significant role in the life of every animal. Land snails are a large group of pulmonates belonging to the class Gastropoda of the phylum Mollusca. Like other nocturnal animals, snails are mostly active during the night, i.e. to say their reproduction, feeding, and other behavioral activities are at their peak at night. Time of feeding has a significant effect on the growth of land snails and some other fauna resources. Land snails are nocturnal animals, so photoperiods have a significant regulatory role on invertebrates. Which have been exploited to adapt to life on land like the vertebrae species. Snails feed at night and dusk when there is rain or if the sky is overcast, subsisting on both fresh and decomposing plant materials.

Snails feed usually at night and their most preferred diets include; unripe pawpaw fruits, chaff from fermented milled maize, they show a distinct preference for moist feed such as snail feed, powdered shells which are moistened with water before being offered to them. Feeding activity in snails depends on the weather because they prefer juicy fruits, leaves, and vegetables to dry ones. In most Snail farms, they are usually fed at different times depending on the preferred time of the Farmer.

The habit or behavior of snails feeding at night is adaptive in nature as it protects snails from dehydration and possible predators that are usually available during the day.

Presenting feed to Snails at night enhances their feed intake and growth, more so, Snails fed at night consume more feed than snails fed in the morning as the feed is still fresh and attractive to the snails. Also, snails fed at 6 pm and 8 pm have more nutrient intake than snails fed at other times, this is because they eat more feed as they are fed at their preferred time.

Now it must be noted that snail feed is grounded in the different classes of feed that are required for Snails. it is not wise to have your snails fed with only one or two particular classes of feed, there must be a ratio of feed that presents the different classes of feed to your snails

Feeds and Sources of Snail Foods

sources of feeds for snail How to Start a Profitable Snail Farming Business in Nigeria in 2021

Feeding activity for snails depends on the weather, and snails may not necessarily eat every day. Wet seasons or irrigation encourage feeding since the moisture makes it easier for the snails to move about. Snails are nocturnal animals. This means that they are primarily active at night, they look for food during the night or in the very early morning hours. When looking for food, they use their powerful sense of smell.

Snails are vegetarian and they can eat a wide variety of foods: vegetables, fungi, tubers, algae, and fruits form part of the essential food for snails. Young snails can eat about twice as much feed as mature snails, and they prefer soft leaves and shoots.

How does snails feed?.

The mouth of terrestrial snails is unknown to most people. Have you ever wondered how they eat? These mollusks have an organ in the mouth with rows of tiny teeth, sometimes compared with a tongue, fully functional at the time of eating.

The radula is this structure inside the snail’s mouth that has rows of chitin teeth. When the food reaches this structure that looks like a sac, the teeth do not cut or grind it as human teeth would. Instead of being chewed, the radula scrapes the food and breaks it, before it passes through the esophagus to continue the digestion process.

These tiny teeth suffer much wear and tear as time passes. Therefore, they are continually replaced by others. Not all species have the same number of teeth. Some have rows with a few, but in others the number reaches hundreds.

FAST GROWTH. carbohydrates for energy, and they also need protein for growth. Snails require a large number of calcium deposits in their environment for their shells, as well as other minerals and vitamins. Here is the list of food you can feed your Snails with.

Causes of High Mortality in Snails

Snails have many enemies. These include termites, soldier ants, frogs, toads, rats, snail-eating birds, lizards, and larvae of some beetles. Common salt is also poisonous to Snails. Overcrowding is a serious cause of mortality in snail pens. When too many Snails are crowded in a pen, they produce undesirable secretions which are observed to reduce their productivity. To remedy these;

These are what to do when ants invade your snailery without panic, use of chemicals, or spending money. A simple process with the benefit of affordability, safety, and time-saving is to Remove the snail and wash them in water to free them from any attacking predator

Be careful while you do this so you don’t break their shell at the hedge or drown them in water. Don’t commit the mistake of dropping them in water or keeping them there to get rid of the ants Wash them one after the other.

Search and remove all discoverable eggs as much as you find. Keep according to hatchling procedures. Boil water to a boiling point and generously apply the hot water on the sides of the pen. The water will travel downward to kill all the ants and their eggs. Do this repeatedly when you notice their presence, not until they attack. You will soon set the area free of their invention, take the war to their colony as you sight or suspect them.

Snail Farming is a crazy fun area you should venture into because the demand is very high and its highly untapped, besides there are various areas you can focus on in snail business, you may decide to based on hatching segment or fattening of growers to point of lay which takes about 4-6 months It might seem like a long time right? How about you buy growers snail which is in the 3 months stage up, fatten it to next 3-4 months, it will reach to a point of lay, then you can sell it 250- 300 something you bought about 70-100 naira each,

Imagine if you have gotten about 3000 pieces of this it will be N250 (average) x 3000 = N750,000 Removing the cost of acquiring them N750,000 – N300,000 = N450,000 in 3 months time

Any business which can give you such return on investment within 3 months is very lucrative, even poultry can not give you that with N300,000k Before you ask me about other costs, you can actually feed your snails on vegetables and other household waste such as the back of watermelon, yam/potato peels, maize & Soybean waste, even if you wished to use formulated feed you will not waste more than 50k to raise them if you intermix the feed with vegetables, fruits, waste and compounded feeds, In my other post, I have shared exhaustively on:

  • How to construct your snail house yourself
  • How to enrich the soil substrate
  • How to fabricate snail, automatic water drinker
  • How to hatch your snail eggs
  • How to take care of snail hatchlings
  • How to fatten your snail to jumbo size or table size
  • How to Boost your snail egg-laying abilities

In Case you need to construct a snail farm or buy a good point of lay (POL) snails, ( snails on the verge of laying eggs) AMO, AMS, AF, AA, I have made a human-verified directory with legible snail farmers across the state, so feel free to reach out to any, If you have experience or have snails to sale, you can submit your information here, after we verify you by checking out few things your information will be listed on our platform for buyers to connect with you

After reading this, do you still have more questions? Use the comment box, I will try to answer as quickly as I can,

Joshua Nwankwo

Hi, I am Joshua Nwankwo, The CEO of Startup Ng and the founder of Afripals Interactive, Well I am a Civil Servant in Day time, a farmer at noontime and a Blogger in the evening. My passion for being free from Government paychecks and also helping my fellow young people to be self-empowered is why I run this blog An Animal Scientist by Profession and a blogger by passion, you can always reach me on my contact page for help or support


Nice said we’ll


Pls tell me more about it

Joshua Nwankwo

of course its great


How is snail egg hatched

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How To Start A Profitable Snail Farming In Nigeria

Snail farming in Nigeria

  • May 20, 2021

The profitability of agricultural businesses cannot be overemphasized. Snail farming in Nigeria is a very profitable venture for entrepreneurs and small businesses that many people have ignored.

With the sustained profitability enjoyed by most agricultural entrepreneurs, many more Nigerians are increasingly interested in farming. However, the challenge most entrepreneurs encounter is that they cannot afford the huge startup costs required to start a large-scale farm. Therefore, most entrepreneurs often turn to small-scale farming to make profits.

See Also: Resources that will help you start, market and grow a sustainable business.

Start Your Business in 30 Days Even If You Don't Have An Idea

Snail farming in Nigeria is a small-scale farming methodology that many entrepreneurs and farmers have used to scale their businesses massively. With a startup cost of as little as 50,000- 100,000, you stand a chance of making a whopping profit of about 5 million Naira per annum. So, how is that possible? I’d be sharing the A-Z of snail farming in Nigeria with you in this post. But first, let’s talk about why you should invest in snail farming in Nigeria.

See Also: 8 Lucrative Agriculture Business Ideas With Low Start-Up Investment

Why You Need To Invest In Snail Farming In Nigeria

Snail farming is a very lucrative business because the demand for snails both locally and internationally is much more than the supply. Oftentimes, Nigerians in many places have to wait for the rainy season when they can pick up wild snails before they consume snails. This means that if you start farming snails today, there’s a high probability of you making good profits with your business.

See Also: Agriculture In Nigeria – Being A Creator Economy Through Agriculture

Additionally, the nutritional value of snails makes sure that it a very high-in-demand commodity all year round. According to , “snail meat contains protein, fat (mainly polyunsaturated fatty acid), iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, vitamins A, B6, B12, K, and folate. It also contains the amino acids; arginine and lysine at higher levels than in whole egg”. The high nutritional value of snail meat is an important reason why snail farming in Nigeria is very lucrative; a lot of people will pay you handsomely if you can guarantee them a steady supply of snails.

Lastly, there is a market for snails internationally. If you are farming at a scale where you can export snails, there is a huge market for snail exports to Europe and North America where you can earn handsomely for selling snails to merchants overseas. It is also important to note that there is a market to sell snails to merchants in neighbouring African countries.

See Also: 20 Small Business Startup Ideas For Entrepreneurs

What To Know Before Starting A Snail Farm In Nigeria

There are four key areas to consider deeply before you start a snail farm in Nigeria. These points are very important, so make sure that you understand them properly before setting out to start your farming.

To do snail farming successfully, you need a proper housing structure to put the snails. A snail pen is a structure that most farmers use to house their snails. A snail pen is easier to make than it sounds. It simply means creating a fenced-in area where your snails will be safe from harsh weather, pests, rodents, and other threats. If you want to make profits from your snail farm, you simply cannot do without a snail pen.

Feeding Technique

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

Snails have very weak teeth, so obviously they cannot feed on strong matter. They prefer to feed on soft food like green vegetables, softened meat, and the likes. Additionally, they like succulent fruits like watermelon, pawpaw, citrus, and other fruits. Additionally, you can feed snails with snail feed but this can be quite expensive in the long run; so the ideal arrangement might be to have a mix of leafy vegetables and snail feed.

If you want to run a profitable snail business in Nigeria, then you need to have a deep understanding of what the best feeding technique will be for them.

See Also: 60 Online business ideas you can start now and make money .

Go from idea to starting your business in 30 days


Snails do better during the rainy season and in a moist environment than in a dry environment. So if you want your snails to survive at a high rate, you need to create a favourable environment for them to grow.

Snail farming requires that you understand how to manage snails effectively. As a person looking to invest in snail farming, you need to understand their life cycle, their breeding cycle, and how to manage the two. Additionally, you need to understand the various breeds of snails, how profitable they are, a projection of how many eggs they hatch, and what that will mean to your business.

In conclusion, you have to understand that the way you manage your snail farm is almost directly proportional to how much the farm will yield for you. Prioritise hygiene and proper management for maximum results.

Now that you understand the important considerations to take when starting a snail farm in Nigeria, let’s examine the steps you need to take to start a profitable snail farm in Nigeria.

Steps To Take When Starting A Snail Farm In Nigeria

Choose the breeds of snails you want to farm.

Snails like most animals come in different breeds, and each breed has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, the way the different species of snails lay eggs are different. This is their hatching cycles:

  • The Achachatina Marginata species lays 6-14 eggs four times a year
  • The Achatina Achatina species lays 80-350 eggs at once, and they lay eggs about one to three times a year
  • Lastly, the Achatina Fulica species lays as much as 100-400 eggs about six times a year

Looking at the data above, you might be tempted to go for the Achatina Fulica species but the truth is that the Achatina Marginata is the biggest land snail on earth, and as such is preferred by many people locally in Nigeria and around the world. Additionally, studies have shown that the Achatina Achatina species is more suited to the African weather and condition than other species.

In conclusion, the snail species you choose to breed should be based on the market demand, the conditioning, and the environment you can provide. In addition, consider your goal as well.

See Also: Business Ideas: A Definitive List Of All The Business Ideas You Need

Build A Snail Pen

Remember when we said that a snail pen is important to your snail farm? Now that you are starting a snail farm, you have to build one for your snails. Building a snail pen is super easy and can be done with corrugated sheets, old tyres, wooden frames, baskets, and a host of other materials. But for the purpose of this article, I am going to show a very easy method of building a snail pen using baskets. Follow these steps to build your first snail pen using a basket.

How To Build A Snail Pen

  • Buy a spacious basket
  • Lay a sack at the bottom of the sack (please make sure that the sack can hold soil)
  • Fill the laid basket with either loamy or humus soil (please make sure that the depth of the soil in the basket measures between 15-20cm)
  • Create a mulch on the soil by putting dry leaves on the soil
  • Following that, create a cover for the basket with mosquito nets to help protect against insects and still provide ventilation for your snails. Voila! You now have a snail pen.

Buy Your Snails

Now that you have taken the time to select the most favourable breed of snails and also built a snail pen, the next step is to actually purchase the snails. To purchase snails, you can approach a local snail farmer in your community. Make sure that you go there armed with the knowledge of the species of snails you want to buy, how they look, and probably how much they weigh.

When buying snails for breeding, make sure that they are fully grown and are ready for hatching at the time you are buying. This is because you want your snails to start hatching eggs shortly after you get them rather than nurture them to maturity first.

This goes without saying, you also want to make sure that the snails you are buying are healthy. Unhealthy snails will not give you the best farming experience.

Rearing The Snails

We already established that snails have very soft teeth, so they prefer feeding on soft matter. You want to feed your snails with leafy vegetables, fruits, house food waste, and other things that they eat naturally.

Also, note that snails are not used to changing their diets radically, so anything that you want to feed them with, decide very early and stay consistent while feeding. Personally, I will advise that you feed them with vegetables and fruits and introduce snail feeds from time to time, but you might want to find out what works for you based on your budget.

You also need to maintain a healthy supply of clean drinking water for your snails, but you can also introduce few tasty drinks like tea from time to time as snails like tasty food.

Another important aspect of rearing your snails is providing a comfortable environment for them to hatch. Snails are hermaphrodites by nature, so this means that they can all cross-fertilize each other and lay eggs. So you have to build your snail pen in such a way that they can lay their eggs easily and safely- which is why we advised that you put humus soil in your pen.

See Also: 100 Profitable business ideas to start now and make money.

Harvesting Your Snails

Snails being harvested

Now that your snails have laid eggs and hatched, you must also rear the new, younger snails to maturity. At this stage, you are rearing the snails for economic value; so you must make sure that they reach maturity before you start harvesting.

While harvesting your snails after they mature, it is important that you keep some as some sort of “operating capital”, so that they can lay more eggs, hatch, and provide you more value.

Selling The Snails

There are different ways that you can sell your matured snails in Nigeria. The easiest and most accessible way is by selling them at the local market. Nigeria operates a form of traditional local markets that provides free access to anyone with a commodity to sell. So, you can go to your local market, set up a shop, and begin to sell your snails right away!

In another vein, you can sell your snails to eateries, restaurants, and fast-food outfits. This might give you more value long term and also help you sell your snails all at once, but it requires a lot of networking . You need to get in touch with the decision-makers of the food outlets before you can start selling.

The third way you can sell your snails in Nigeria is by connecting with high net worth individuals who are looking for snails to buy. If you can have someone introduce you to them, you could have a few customers that will be buying up all your supplies of snails!

Finally, you can connect with a local network of people who export agricultural produces to other countries and export your snails. The truth is that there is a huge market for snails and you can barely go wrong with snail farming in Nigeria.

Cost Of Starting A Snail Farm In Nigeria

The cost of starting a snail farm in Nigeria varies from place to place, but it is heavily dependent on the type of materials you are using and whether you are leasing land for your farm or not. For the purpose of this article, let us assume that you are using your backyard space, and you are building a basket pen as we explain in this article. Here the cost of things you will need:

Snails For Rearing: 450 Naira for lay-ready snails. Let’s assume you are buying 50 for your small snail farm. That with total up to 22,500

Cost Of Feed: 10,000 per bag. Let’s assume you are buying 2 bags for the first three months. That will come up to 20,000 Fruits: You can get damaged fruits from fruit vendors for free or at a very reduced price

Cost of baskets: 500 per one. Let’s assume you are buying 10. That totals up to 5000 Naira.

Total cost is 22,500+ 20,000+5,000 = 50,000 Naira.

So, with 50,000 Naira, you can start a small snail farm in Nigeria and make amazing profit from it.

Frequently Asked Questions About Snail Farming In Nigeria

How lucrative is snail farming in nigeria.

Snail farming in Nigeria is very lucrative. You can start your business with as little as 50,000 Naira and make as much as 5 million Naira in one year. To be successful, follow the steps outlined in this comprehensive guide.

How Do I Get Snail Buyers In Nigeria?

There are various ways you can get snail buyers in Nigeria. You can go to the local market, connect with agro-allied companies, network with high net worth individuals and sell to food outlets.

How Do I Start A Snail Business In Nigeria

You can start a snail business in Nigeria by establishing a snail farm. Follow the guidelines in this article to start your journey. Alternatively, you can buy snails from trusted buyers and resell them to agro-allied companies.

Snail farming in Nigeria is a viable means of earning that can be started with small capital. If you follow the steps outlined in this guide, you will be properly positioned to make a huge profit from your small-scale snail farming. Do you have any questions about snail farming? Ask me in the comments section and I’d respond. I’d be reading!

Are you looking for other profitable business ideas in Nigeria? Then get our researched guide;  35 booming business ideas.  It’s a strategic and financial breakdown of the most lucrative businesses in Nigeria. To keep track of our activities, follow us on  Instagram.

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12 thoughts on “how to start a profitable snail farming in nigeria”.

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Thanks so much for the piece. What type of baskets can be used. Plastic or the locally made ?

' src=

Greenhouse snail farming, and the intensive system of snail farming, which method is advisable?

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Where do one get quality snail for farming? Quality in terms of fast growing & disease resistant

' src=

Thanks for the information. How often do you feed snail in a day? What are the dangers associated with snail farming?

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Wow so, so amazing thank you so much because this an eye opener to me. God just reveal this snail farming to me tht was yesterday. Can you show us your own snail pen house. how often do you feed snail a day?

' src=

Great write up on snail business, keep it up.

' src=

Cool insight.

' src=

Great piece!

' src=

Thank you very much Rashidat. I am glad you found value!

' src=

Good evening, sir/madam You made mention of giving those snails clean drinking and tea as well.. How do one go about that? Please enlighten me on that. Thank you!!

' src=

An elaborate write-up on snail farming. A good read.

Thank you for your kind words.

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What is snail farming?

Heliciculture (snail farming) is breeding edible land snails for human or industrial consumption. People eat both snail meat and eggs (white caviar).

How to start snail farming in Nigeria

Snails are an idea for business because they are expensive delicacies. These creatures are also in making cosmetics. You might never do any other type of farming once you discover how to start snail farming at home. Below is a simple snail farming for beginners guide:

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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1. Decide which species of snail to farm

The most preferred snail species in Nigeria are Achatina Fulica (the East African land snail), Achatina Achatina (the giant Ghana or tiger snail) and Archachatina Marginata (the giant West African snail). Achatina Achatina can lay up to 1,200 eggs yearly and is one of the largest snails in the world .

2. Decide the snail farming technology you want to use

There are many ways of rearing snails. The most common places people keep snails in Nigeria are:

  • In a large room aquarium (it can be your garage).
  • In plastic or wooded snaileries (a place where edible snails are bred) on the balcony.
  • In a greenhouse.
  • Outdoors on a farm.

3. Set up your snail breeding area

Growing snails for meat is not a complicated but demanding process. Therefore, breed a small number of snails if you are in an apartment. For breeding, you will need the following:

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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  • 20 to 50 square meters of space (land, greenhouse, or room)​​.
  • Special terrariums for gastropods.
  • Soil fertilizers (specifically for snail rearing).
  • Twigs and leaves.
  • Watering cans, pipes, or hoses.
  • Hand trowel.
  • Weighing scale (digital preferably).

snail farming for beginners

4. Purchase your snails

Start with at least 800 adult species or a few dozen. You can collect them from the forest or bushes during the rainy season. The mollusk is a hermaphrodite (it has male and female reproductive abilities).

5. Feeding and rearing of the snails

You can grow up to 40 snails per square meter (indoors or outdoors). Some professional farmers use artificial snail feeds to increase the figure to 200 pcs on 1 square metre.

Maintain a normal temperature at the breeding area, clean snail waste every three days, and monitor the moisture in the soil. For farming outdoors, fence your 20 to 50 square meters of space to prevent snails from crawling away.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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For those farming indoors or in a greenhouse, prepare a 10 inches deep soil base and keep it moist. Overcrowding your snailery impedes their development. A well-spaced snail house reduces the risk of disease outbreaks caused by overcrowding.

Snails are vegetarians. They feel soft things like cabbage, mango, cucumber, banana, pear, tomato, eggplant, paw-paw, okra leaves, cassava, pineapple, and lettuce. You can buy packaged snail feeds from your local market or plant weeds and leaves on the farm for snails to feed on.

Snails mate and lay eggs in spring and summer. Use fertile soil (rich in calcium and other nutrients that promote snail development), and maintain the right temperature and humidity to boost the egg-laying process.

Protect your brood against pests such as carnivorous beetles, birds, lizards, rats, and moles. Install the fence 30 cm deep into the ground and 70 cm above the ground (along the entire perimeter) to prevent rodents and other animals that feed on snails from entering your farm.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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How to treat the soil for snail farming

Spray the soil with water for two days, then add the snails. You can also use hot boiling water to treat the soil for snail farming because the hot water will kill insect larvae and pathogens in the soil.

Predators of land snail

Vertebrate predators of snails are small mammals like shrews, mice, squirrels, salamanders, toads and turtles like thrushes, grouse, blackbirds, and wild turkeys also feed on snails. Keep your snails away from them.

how to start snail farming at home

How to harvest snails?

Harvest mature snails once a week in spring or autumn. The edge of the sole of a mature snail is firm (the snail stops growing after this). It is important to keep a few for breeding to continue.

Buy slate sheets for collecting the snails. After collecting them, keep the gastropods in the cage for seven days so that their digestive system removes the soil in their bodies.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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Do not feed the snails or give them water and keep the temperature at +4 degrees. They can survive for two months under these conditions. Pack the shells into boxes or mesh bags and sell them as they are.

How to find a market for snails in Nigeria

Before you start to grow snails, you need to analyze and test sales in the market. All your efforts will be in vain if selling them at your local market cannot earn you enough profits. Some of the major markets for snail meat are:

  • Supply snails to restaurants that prepare snails cuisines.
  • Sell snails to institutions with snail meat dishes on their menus (e.g. high-end schools).
  • Supply snails to events like weddings.
  • Sell them to food companies that sell packaged frozen snails or snail dishes.
  • Supply snails to companies that use them to make medications and beauty products /cosmetics.
  • Export to European and Asian countries like China.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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Benefits of snail farming in Nigeria

Snail farming has created employment opportunities and requires little land or space. Its other benefits are:

  • Snail farming has low start-up capital and maintenance costs. Forty snails consume about 2 kg of snail feeds (a mixture of crushed corn, chalk, milk powder, and herbs).
  • Snail meat and eggs are very profitable. Meat costs N1,800-N3,600 per 1 kg, while snail eggs can reach up to N7,000 per 100 g.
  • Snail meat demand is high in the dry season.
  • Snails are environment-friendly because neither the snails nor their droppings have an offensive smell.
  • Snail is more nutritious than chicken meat , for it does not contain fat and cholesterol.
  • Snail meat is natural Vi*gra since it has the properties of increasing potency.
  • Snails are a rich source of proteins, iron, calcium, Vitamin A, and more minerals. Vitamin A boosts your immune system and strengthens your eyes.
  • Snail manure improved the organic content of the soil.
  • The snail mucin is important to a human's skin. It hydrates the skin and treats dry skin conditions.
  • The snail mucin slows ageing and eliminates wrinkles, scars, and stretch marks.
  • An integrated farming system is very feasible with snail production. You can do snail-banana-earthworm-rabbit-palm tree and plantain farming.
  • Snail shells serve as calcium used for animal feeds.
  • Snails have a low mortality rate because they can live up to 20 years.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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problems of snail farming in Nigeria

Problems of snail farming in Nigeria

  • Nigerian markets experience low snail meat demand during the rainy season. Most people handpick them from the forest because this is favourable weather for snails to come out of hiding.
  • Snail farming is restricted to humid tropical forest zones, which offer constant temperatures, have high relative humidity, and do not experience dry seasons. The place should also have a fairly constant day/night rhythm throughout the year.
  • If you are not in humid tropical forest zones, you should buy expensive artificial climate control technology for snail breeding.
  • Snails require good management, for they become serious pests in agriculture and horticulture; if they escape to other farms or sections of your land, they should not be.

Is snail farming profitable?

Snail farming is 100% profitable. According to experts, Nigeria's snail farming sector is worth $12,000,000,000. Nigeria's annual snail consumption is about 450,000 tons, while annual demand is around 7.5 million kilograms. A medium-sized snail costs ₦250 – ₦600, depending on the size.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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How do you start a snail farm?

You can start the business with N60,000 or N100,000, depending on how large you want your snail farm to be. The amount can yield 1,000,000 snails worth more than N5 million twice a year.

How many months does it take snails to grow?

Snails mature after 6 to 16 months, depending on the species, weather, and the availability of calcium. They can produce over 300 eggs at once, and the eggs take 14 to 30 days to hatch.

How long does snail farming take?

You can harvest 12-to-18-months old snails, for they stop growing after this duration. Get training on snail farming from professionals like Agriexperts and Jovana Farms .

You don't have to rent large rooms or pieces of land for snail farming in Nigeria. Buy snaileries that fit your room, balcony, or piece of land and start cultivating snails. Keep them under normal room temperature, feed them with enough snail mixture, and protect them from predators.

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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READ ALSO: How to make money online in Nigeria without spending a dime shared various ways of making money in Nigeria without spending a dime. Getting money to finance a business idea is hard for most people, especially the youth.

You can start earning from multiple online jobs. For instance, post photos on Getty Images and other platforms that enable you to sell pictures. You can also play video games on sites that pay people to do this.


Peris Walubengo (Lifestyle writer) Peris Walubengo is a content creator with 3 years of experience in writing informational and entertainment articles, researching, editing, and proofreading. She has a Bachelor of Commerce & IT from the University of Nairobi (class of 2019). She joined in April 2022. She covers bios, marketing & finance, tech, fashion & beauty, recipes, movies and video game reviews, culture & traveling. In 2023, Peris finished the AFP course on Digital Investigation Techniques. Email: [email protected].

Adrianna Simwa (Lifestyle writer) Adrianna Simwa is a content writer at where she has worked since mid-2022. She has written for many periodicals on a variety of subjects, including news, celebrities, and lifestyle, for more than three years. She has worked for The Hoth, The Standard Group and Triple P Media. Adrianna graduated from Nairobi University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in 2020. In 2023, Simwa finished the AFP course on Digital Investigation Techniques. You can reach her through her email: [email protected]

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Agriculture Nigeria

How to Establish a Lucrative Snail Farming Venture in Nigeria | 9 Comprehensive Guide |

snail rearing business plan in nigeria

Muhammed Alhassan

If you’re interested in starting a snail farming venture in nigeria, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the essential steps to establish and manage a thriving snail farm., introduction:.

Snail farming, also known as heliciculture, is a lucrative and sustainable agricultural venture that is gaining popularity in Nigeria. Snails are highly sought after for their nutritional value and are in high demand in local and international markets.

Snail farming

If you’re interested in starting a snail farming venture in Nigeria, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the essential steps to establish and manage a thriving snail farm.

  • Understand the Basics:
  • Learn about the different snail species suitable for farming in Nigeria, such as the Achatina species.
  • Familiarize yourself with the snail’s life cycle, behavior, and environmental requirements.
  • Selecting the Right Location:
  • Choose a location that provides the necessary environmental conditions for snail farming, including suitable soil type, temperature, and humidity.
  • Consider accessibility, availability of water, and proximity to the market.
  • Constructing the Snailery:
  • Design and construct a snailery that provides adequate space, protection from predators, and proper ventilation.
  • Use materials like wire mesh, concrete, and shade netting to create secure enclosures.
  • Sourcing Snails:
  • Purchase healthy snails from reputable suppliers or collect them from the wild.
  • Ensure that the snails are free from diseases and pests.
  • Feeding and Nutrition:
  • Understand the nutritional requirements of snails and provide a balanced diet.
  • Feed them with a combination of fresh fruits, vegetables, leaves, and calcium supplements.
  • Snail Health Management:
  • Implement preventive measures to keep the snails healthy, including regular cleaning, proper sanitation, and monitoring for diseases and parasites.
  • Consult with veterinary professionals for expert guidance on snail health management.
  • Breeding and Reproduction:
  • Create conducive conditions for snail mating and egg-laying.
  • Ensure proper incubation of eggs and hatchling care.
  • Marketing and Sales:
  • Develop a marketing strategy to target potential customers, such as restaurants, hotels, and individuals.
  • Utilize online platforms, social media, and local agricultural markets to promote your snail products.
  • Government Support and Regulations:
  • Research government policies, incentives, and grants available for snail farmers in Nigeria.
  • Comply with relevant regulations and obtain necessary permits for your snail farming venture.


Establishing a thriving snail farming venture in Nigeria requires careful planning, dedication, and attention to detail. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to start and manage your snail farm successfully. Embrace the opportunities in the snail farming industry and contribute to Nigeria’s agricultural growth.


  • Snail Farming in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide
  • Guide to Starting a Snail Farm in Nigeria
  • Snail Farming: A Viable Venture for Nigerian Entrepreneurs
  • Snail Farming Business: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners
  • Snail Farming in Nigeria: Profitability and Prospects
  • Agricultural Development Projects and Programs in Nigeria


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How To Make Money Starting A Snail Farming Business In Nigeria

Snail farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative agricultural business ideas for young entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Snail farming is a practical and viable business venture that is yet to be fully explored in Nigeria and the rest of Africa.

Snail farming may not be the first thing that jumps to mind when thinking of profitable businesses to start in Nigeria . This post will open your eyes to the amount of hidden-wealth that can be realized by starting a snail farming business in Nigeria.

Why Snail Farming?

The market opportunity for snail farming in Nigeria and in Africa is huge but grossly underrated. Snails are a huge part of the diet in many parts of Africa, although they are not always affordable and available all year round. If you rear snail in commercial quantity, hotels, and fast food restaurants will be your regular customers.

In Nigeria, the prices of raw, matured snails go for N250 to N600 depending on the size. However, the annual demand for snail in Nigeria is about 7.5million kg annually. The international trade in snails is flourishing in Europe and North America. The United State America imports more than $4million worth of snails annually from all over the world, including Nigeria.

For many years now, snails handpicked from the farm or bush has been the only way to get snails to the market and dinner table. Currently, the demand for snail is higher than the supplies, an indication that the market potential of snail is inexhaustible, locally and internationally. Starting both small and large scale snail farming businesses in the only way to fill up the spaces between the demand for snail and its supply in Africa.

Also Read: Most Lucrative Agricultural And Farming Business Ideas In Nigeria.

5 Steps To Starting A Snail Farm In Nigeria

If it has worked elsewhere, it will work in Nigeria.  Below are the five basic steps you need to follow to start a profitable snail farming business in Nigeria.

Step 1 – Decide which species of snail to farm.

When creating a snail farm, you’ll have to use a single species of snail. Research has shown that snail species such as Achatina achatina are the best for warm climate regions like Africa.

Step 2 – Set-up your farmland for housing.

Your snail housing must have enough space for your snails to graze freely. Overcrowding your snailery impedes the development of snails and therefore should be avoided. A well-spaced snail housing reduces the risk of disease outbreak caused by overcrowding.

Snails are good at escaping from where they are kept, so you should endeavour to construct escape proof housing. You can use a pen house that will be spacious and accessible with a soil depth of 10 inches and trees around it.

Step 3 – Purchase your snails

If you want to start a snail farm, you’ll need to get snails. After setting-up proper housing and farmland for the snails, it’s time to buy some fresh quality snails from the market or any farm. It’s always best to be able to examine the snails before you buy them so that you know they are healthy.

When you first start your snail farm, you’ll want to get healthy, fully grown snails that will lay eggs and help populate your farm. Look at the shell of the snail. If there is a lip, that means they are a fully grown snail.

Also Read: How To Start A Profitable Business In Nigeria.

Step 4 – Feeding and rearing of the snails

Snails are vegetarians and can be fed with wide varieties of foods such as cabbage, cucumber, mango, banana, eggplant, pear, tomato and paw-paw, cassava, okra leaves or lettuce. However, you can as well feed snails with pineapple, banana or paw paw.

Mating and laying eggs are a vital part of snail farming. Typically, mating occurs during spring and summer. As hermaphrodites, snails can fertilize each other as soon as they are mature enough. In order for the egg laying to go over smoothly, you should use high-quality soil with the right temperature and humidity.

Step 5 – Harvesting and selling of the snails

It is not economically wise to harvest your snails before it’s maturity, it has to be mature before harvesting. Do not harvest all the matured snails at once to sell in the market. It is important to keep few for breeding and to serve as base stock for your snail farm.

Snail has good market demand and price. You can easily sell the snails in the local market. Snail meat consuming rate is growing very fast around the globe. So, exporting in the international market can make you more money.

Cost of Starting A Snail Farming Business

The mandatory expenses you need to account for if you’re wondering how to set up a snail farm include: housing, buying fresh snails, feeding, handling and processing the snails, marketing, and transportation.

You can start the business with N60,000 or N100,000 depending on how large you want your snail farm to be. Asides the amount of your investment, it is possible to produce 1,000,000 snails now worth more than N5 million twice a year.

Also Read: How to Write a Business Proposal for Clients in Nigeria.

This is made possible because of the availability of very highly prolific Achatina achatina species of snails, which lay 200 – 400 in one batch two-three times a year. If you produce 100,000 snails that sell for N250 each, which is N250 X 100,000, you will be making N2,500,000. You will be making N25,000,000 per annum or more than that if you produce 1,000,000 snails.

For beginners, creating a snail farming business plan is a crucial step that needs to be accomplished before starting. This will give you a deep understanding of everything that needs to be done.

In terms of cost and time, snail farming is a low-risk business. Unlike many other livestock businesses, snail farming requires very little startup and operating costs. You can even set up your snail farm at the backyard of your house to save cost on the purchase of farmland.

The best time to start up a snail farming is the rainy season especially from July to October because that is the time snails normally start to breed. You should also note that prices of snails multiply during scarcity between March and December, which is the dry season.

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Profitable Snail Farming In Nigeria: Nos 1 Beginner’s Guide (Updated)

snail farming in Nigeria

Commercial snail farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative farming business ideas in Nigeria that a farmer could invest in and expect an outstanding return on investment.

Popularly called Igbin by the Yoruba people of Nigeria, snail meat is a delicacy in the homes of many Nigerian tribes, especially the Igbos and Yorubas. The largest land snail is the Achatina achatina, the Giant African Snail.

There are several species of snails, some are not edible, for example, the marine cone snail has one of the most powerful poisons in nature. There are, however, two species of edible snails.

In some places, people eat snail eggs, and call them “white caviar.”

Edible snail meat contains a high amount of helpful Nutrients – protein, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and very low in fat.

How To Make Money With Snail Farming in Nigeria

Farming edible snails for food as a business in Nigeria requires very little capital investment, and it has a surprisingly high return on investment. It usually involves three major steps. These steps are:

  • Build An Adequate Sized Snail Pen – You would need to decide on the number of snails you would love to farm to know the type of snail pen that would be suitable.
  • Get healthy Starting Stock Snails – The best type of stock to start with are usually those hand-picked from the bushes, but where it is not easily sourced, you should get matured stock from reputable farmers.
  • Understand How to and What to Feed Snails in Nigeria – Snails eat vegetables and fruits. If you want a healthy snail population, it is best to source for fresh vegies rather than pick and feed your snails with bad fruits and vegies from markets. Please take note to include always ensure that your snails have a steady supply of calcium to help with their growth.

Snail Farming In Nigeria

Sadly, until recently, in spite of being lucrative, most farmers prefer poultry farming because they lack the practical know-how to go about snail farming in Nigeria.

This article gives a complete expose on the rudiments of farming snails, the cost requirements, their food, mating period, management, and even marketing ideas.


Some people argue that the best snails are those picked from the bushes; picking snails from bushes was a traditional commercial practice that dates back to hundreds of years.

I had picked snails from the forests of Adeola Odutola College Ijebu-ode, while I was in secondary school. It was fun; I picked snails to supplement the meals we got back then; our meals then were hardly anything but sustenance diets.

The modern-day reality of that practice, however, is that it is no longer feasible to hand-pick snails for commercial purposes. Such practice can no longer meet the steady demand for snail meat.

Eating hand-picked snails is considered dirty. Unfortunately, it is also the reason why most people shy away from eating snails.

Recent studies put the nutritional value of snails to be very high, with protein at 12.5% to 16%) and iron (45-50 mg/kg).

Responding to the demand, smart farmers have started snail farms at varying levels of intensity to great results. Already, there are so many examples of successful snail farmers that people ought to have taken note of. One such proud example is – Kester Amos

In Nigeria, with the campaign from snail farmers like Kester, snail meat and snail farming in Nigeria is increasingly being accepted as a protein of choice; Supermarkets in Nigeria now serve snails alongside other sources of protein and big hotels and restaurants find it difficult to cope with demand.

One of the major reasons why the campaign has been widely successful is that snail meat is very low in fat and contains almost all the amino acids needed by humans. A recent study has also shown that the glandular substances in the edible species of snail meat cause agglutination of certain bacteria, which could be of value in fighting a variety of ailments, including whooping cough.

Suggested Reading: Best Way To Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Some Snail Farming in Nigeria Acronyms To Know

  • POL – Point of Lay (Sexually Matured Snails)
  • AA – Archatina Archatina (Ghana Specie of the African Giant Snails)
  • AM – Archatina Marginata (Nigerian Species of the African Giant Snails)
  • AF – Archatina Fulica. (African Specie of the AGS, common in Uganda and other African Countries)
  • AGS – African Giant Snails (These are the African Snail Species, size doesn’t determine this)
  • AMO – This is the Ovum breed of the AM.
  • AMS – This is the Saturalis breed of the AM.
  • SFF – Snail Feed Formula (This is the compounded feed for Snail growth, and it is highly rich in Calcium).

Profitability Justification For Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail farming is truly a money-spinner. It is highly lucrative, with a very high return on investment if the management steps here are followed significantly. An average ROI on snail farming is way above 50%; this is partly due to the fact that snails are hermaphrodites and lay eggs in large quantities.

Nutritional Justification For Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail meat is better than any other red meat for a lot of reasons and some of these are listed below

  • Snail meat has anti-inflammatory properties
  • It is rich in anti-cancer properties
  • Snail is high in iron, protein, phosphorus, and calcium. It is very low in cholesterol, sodium, and fat.

How much does it cost to start a snail farm in Nigeria?

Snails are very easy to rear. Set up a pen, get the snails, feed them, get your customers, and you would be in business.

That said, let us get to the setup cost and take a dive into the capital outlay for setting up a profitable snail farm. A snail farm setup cost depends on the scale of the farm you want to achieve. The list is below are the must-haves. 

  • Land – We want to assume that most farmers going into snail farming in Nigeria would do that at a small or medium level of commercialization. So we will not put so much cost to the land and assume that you would need about N5,000 to N10,000 preparing your land and getting it ready for the snail pen.
  • Snail Pen – This is where you must spend significantly, depending on the level of commercialization you intend to achieve. A typical snail pen capable of housing about 50 breeder snail stock can cost between N5,000 to N10,000 depending on location.
  • Water -Water, though free to most, is not free to all. Put your cost here accordingly, even the cost of a water hose needs to be considered.
  • Parent stock – It is ideal to go for a minimum breeding stock of about 200 snails, so multiply that with 300 per snail and you get the sum of N60,000
  • Snail Feeding – Place a budget of another N5,000 for the feeds
  • Marketing – Yes, the almighty marketing – Advertisement, branding, etc – I always love to put in generous amount here – Another N20,000 to N50,000 at the take-off
  • Processing and packaging – Not so compulsory, in fact most farmers just directly to their clients without the need to clean and process the snail for safe consumption.

Putting the right figures to the items listed above, the capital requirement outside land for a small or medium-scale farm should be within the range of N150,000 to N850,000.

Steps To Start Profitable Snail Farming In Nigeria

These are the steps you should take to start snail farming in Nigeria. Yes, there might be several ways and extensive systems to approach these steps, but I’ve proposed these using my experience and those of other snail farmers. This article is actually a how-to guide on snail farming for beginners.

15 minutes 15 minutes

Prepare The snail Pen

Snail Pen

The snail pen (Snail house) is the very first thing you must do once you have made up your mind on going all out to farm snails, and have done your business planning . There are, however, many types of pen setup you could use to farm snails. Some farmers use chicken wires as the main item in constructing their snail pens, while others use old rubber tires. A quick online search would yield results on the different kinds of snail pens, their costs, and several benefits over the others.

Snail Pen

Get Healthy Parent Stock

There are a lot of snail farmers out there from whom you could buy healthy snail stock to start your snail farm. Ensure that you get from reliable farmers, and request mature snails; snails that are almost ready to start laying eggs. One of such is Jovana farms, and they do deliver nationwide. The advantage of such is that you would quickly get a new generation of healthy snails that could start adapting to your pen environment.

Though from feedback gotten from the field, the best way to source for your stock snails is directly from the forest, instead of purchasing from third party sources.

If you can’t pick large enough sizes directly from the forest, you may want to buy from the rural communities where the likelihood of getting hand-picked snails would be higher.

The reason behind starting with forest-sourced snails is because having survived in the wild, they are very adaptable to their environment, unlike bred snails that may be very sensitive to environmental changes and die.

A second approach is to source snail eggs from local traders who prepare snails for sale. Gather the eggs that look good into a container half-filled with suitable soil for snail production. Use a cocoyam leaf to cover the top of the container; Within three to four weeks, the snail eggs will hatch into tiny snails.

Start feeding them until they are sufficiently grown to be transferred into a bigger pen. 

Understand How to and What to Feed Snails

There are lotf of problems associated with snail farming in Nigeria. Snails are so straightforward to feed – as vegetarians, they eat almost everything we humans eat. However, for best results, make sure they have a healthy dose of fruits and leafy greens. Keep in mind that they need food to grow their tissue.

Some feeding ideas would include cucumbers, lettuce, eggplant leaves, pawpaw, pawpaw leaves, mango, palm fruit, cocoyam, cabbage, and tomatoes.

You do not need to buy fresh fruits for your snails. Lots of fruits and vegetables go waste and are discarded. You could arrange with fruit sellers and grocery stores in your area to uptake their food wastes. 

The residues of Moringa leaf extract can well replace the feed used in feeding snails. This is the conclusion reached from an experiment conducted by a Songhai team, seeking the best feed for better growth of these mollusks .

Something else to keep in mind is that while the snails need food to grow their tissues, calcium is an important part of their diet if they are to grow hardy shells. Apart from the natural calcium they will get from the soil, it is smart to artificially introduce calcium to the soil to make up for the concentration of confined snails in a small space. Consider adding ground limestone to the soil of the pen, as well as ground eggshells. 

Snail Marketing and Sales techniques

Being successful with snail farming in Nigeria, asides the farming techniques, depends largely on your marketing skills.

Depending on where your farm is, there is a large local market for snails. However, you will notice increased sales during the dry seasons when wild snails generally enter dormancy. However, if you sign long term supply contracts with hotels and supermarkets, you can be sure of a steady market for your snails for a long time to come.

To remain relevant with your customers, ensure to have enough stock to maintain good supplies during the dry seasons.

Estimated Cost: 100000 NGN

  • All snail farming equipment
  • Starting stock of snails
  • Normal farming tools

Materials: Snail farming tools

Frequently Asked Questions on Snail Farming in Nigeria

What do snails eat.

Land snails enjoy plants, fungi, algae, and fruits. They particularly love watermelons. Experiment with different types of vegetables such as lettuce, dandelion greens, cucumbers, and carrots to see what your snails enjoy eating. Please note that once the food begins to rot, you should discard it and introduce fresh ones.

Is Snail Farming Labour Intensive

No, snail farming in Nigeria is not labor-intensive. Snails are generally neat animals and farming them is not as laborious as other livestock.

What Is The Best Environment For A Snail Farm?

It is essential to give serious consideration to the environment where you build the pen for your snailery. Snails go into dormancy if they are not in ideal environments. An ideal location would be a way to, if not outrightly prevent, at least reduce dormancy in your stock.

What Does It Mean For Snails To Go Into Dormancy

This is a safety act done by snails to protect themselves during extreme conditions that are not favorable to them. What you would notice is that they close their shell mouth with a membrane of dried mucus, after settling at their place of dormancy. Snails can survive inside their shells for up to three years in that condition. It is important to understand what triggered it and help the snail get out of it as dormancy inhibits their growth.

How Do I Know If My Snail Is Sick?

When a snail gets sick, they usually do not want to eat. They most times produce bubbles from their mouth.

How Do You Know That Your Snails Are Ready For Harvest

You can tell by inspecting the edge of the snail sole. Snails will no longer grow once their sole becomes firm. It means they have reached maturity and would not grow any bigger.

Are the non-edible parts of a snail useful?

The shell, for example, is very rich in Calcium and it is used by feed makers in several feeds, including feeds given to snails.

How much money can you make snail farming

The profit on snail farming in Nigeria is estimated to be at a minimum rate of 180% to 500%. But this depends on the market trend for snail as recorded by seasons and harvest quality.

How is this calculated? Snails, especially the giant African snail lays her eggs in very nice environments as described above, 2 or 3 months. It, therefore, means that a healthy snail can lay up to 6 times per year, with each clutch having between 5 to 20 eggs. Take note, however, that a snail can lay between 100 to 500 eggs per its lifespan.

Each of these eggs hatch between 11 to 15 days at a hatch rate of a minimum of 90% per clutch. It, therefore, means that you could have a single snail give you up to 100 young snails per year.

So multiply your possible production by N300, the average cost of 1 giant snail and you can get how muct there is to be made from your farm.

Do snails eat Banana

Yes, snails eat bananas, in fact, they love bananas.

What soil is the best for rearing snails

Loamy Soil, but please ensure to get the moisture level right, ream my posts and watch the videos there for practical demonstrations.

How much is 1kg of snail in Nigeria?

A KG of snail in 2022 is between NGN7,000 to NGN10,000

Which snail is best for rearing in Nigeria?

There are different species of Snails, with the popular species in Nigeria: 1. Achatina Achantina 2. Achatina Marginata 3. Achatina Fulica But the best amongst the 3 for commercial purpose is the Achatina Marginata.

How long does it take for a snail to grow to full size?

It takes about 12 months for a snail to get to its maximum size.

Snail Farming Tips for Nigerians

  • Avoid termites
  •  Achatina achatina are the best snails for cultivation in warm climate regions like Africa.
  • A single, well-fed snail can lay between 80 to 100 eggs, 6 times in a year.
  • Climate control is important, use devices like sprinklers to keep the soil moist. Snails thrive most during the rainy seasons
  • Secure your pen as rodents
  • Snails are sensitive to high temperatures so, it is important to keep them cool
  • To get rid of soil matter from snails ready for the market, it is important to keep the snails in a clean cage for at least seven days without food or water so that their digestive system completely gets rid of the soil content.
  • Try to rear quality snails fit for the international markets; depending on the size, exporting snails is a very good business idea.

The low cost of entry for snail farming makes it the most attractive for budget-constrained agric-entrepreneurs. Surprisingly, the potential for profit is very high – naira for naira, this is one of the most lucrative farm ventures that you can get into. Why not start a snail farm at the back of your house for a taste of what is involved here? That could be a good test case before you launch a full-fledged commercial snail farm operation. 

By all means, rear snails. It has a very high ROI as a livestock business. Trust me, you would smile when you harvest your snails.

Do you have a question? We would love to take your questions, please ask and share this article with others.

Contact Details of Snail Farmers in Nigeria (Updated 2021)

S/NFarm NameStateAddressPhone Nos
1Mikky Snail FarmOyo stateAbayomi Iwo Road, Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria+234 703 255 4633
2Dika Farms and ConsultsFCTBehind Shoprite, Airport Road, Lugbe, Abuja FCT Nigeria+234 703 900 9107

Snail Farming In Nigeria,Snails In Nigeria


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I truly appreciate this article. Really thank you! Really Great.

Thank you for the comment.

Brilliant job. Thanks for the promo bro. More grace

This is great, thanks for this article.

Thank you so much for the insight and for the information you see snail rearing is one of the biggest business and it fetch alot of good money for someone’s people think is based on agriculture aspect and is a little bit dirty job they find it difficult to do it although it has his season like this raining season if plan to do you will enjoy it because in a little while it will boom and fetch you a good money as a graduate too hunting for job can also do before you it boom and you started supplying nation wide thank you once again for this website and for this information.

Thanks so much for the article.

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Complete Snail Farming Guide: A Profitable Business in Nigeria

Snail farming is very profitable and lucrative. The profit and ROI is unimaginable. Snail farming is an agribusiness practice that involves the breeding and rearing of snails for commercial purposes. Proper Snail disease management is key to successful snail farming. The business is gaining popularity in Nigeria due to its profitability and the increasing demand for snail meat, which is considered a delicacy and a good source of protein.

Here are some key points to consider if you are interested in starting a snail farming venture in Nigeria:

  • Species Selection: Nigeria is home to various snail species, but the most commonly farmed ones are the giant African land snails (Achatina species), such as Achatina achatina and Achatina marginata. These species are easy to handle, have a fast growth rate, and are well-suited for farming.
  • Suitable Climate and Environment: Snails thrive in a tropical climate with moderate humidity. They are sensitive to temperature extremes and can easily desiccate in dry conditions. Ensure your farm has adequate shade and protection from direct sunlight, as well as proper drainage to prevent waterlogging.
  • Housing and Enclosure: Snails are usually reared in pens or houses, and these can be constructed using locally available materials like wood, bamboo, or concrete. The pens should protect from predators and ensure proper ventilation.
  • Feeding: Snails are primarily herbivores, so their diet consists of fresh, leafy vegetables, fruits, and other organic materials. Some common feed options include lettuce, cabbage, pawpaw, banana, and kitchen waste. Provide a balanced diet to promote healthy growth.
  • Breeding: Snails are hermaphrodites, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs. However, they still require a mate to reproduce. Ensure a balanced male-to-female ratio in the snail population to facilitate breeding.
  • Management and Care: Regular monitoring of the snails’ health and environment is crucial. Remove any sick or dead snails promptly and maintain hygiene in the enclosure to prevent diseases.
  • Market and Marketing: Before starting the farm, research the market demand for snail meat in your target region. Identify potential buyers, such as local markets, restaurants, and individuals. Effective marketing strategies can help you reach your target audience.
  • Regulations: Familiarize yourself with the relevant laws and regulations related to snail farming in Nigeria. This includes permits, certifications, and compliance with animal husbandry guidelines.
  • Training and Knowledge: If you are new to snail farming, consider attending training programs or workshops to learn best practices and gain practical knowledge from experienced farmers.

Snail farming in Nigeria has the potential to be a profitable venture, but like any business, success requires proper planning, dedication, and attention to detail. Conduct thorough research, seek advice from experienced farmers, and start on a manageable scale before scaling up your snail farming operation.

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Benefits of Snail Farming as a Lucrative Business

Snail farming is a type of agricultural venture that involves the breeding and rearing of snails for commercial purposes. This practice has gained popularity in recent years due to the numerous benefits it offers as a lucrative business. Some of the key benefits of snail farming are:

  • High demand: Snails are a delicacy in many cultures around the world, and there is a significant demand for them in the culinary industry. As a result, snail farmers can find a ready market for their products locally and internationally.
  • Low startup and maintenance costs: Starting a snail farm requires relatively low capital compared to other livestock farming ventures. The cost of feed and housing is generally affordable, making it accessible for small-scale farmers.
  • High-profit potential: With proper management and marketing, snail farming can be a profitable venture. The growth rate of snails is relatively slow, but their reproduction rate is high, which can lead to a substantial increase in the snail population over time.
  • Easy to manage: Snails are low-maintenance animals compared to other livestock. They require less space, and their feeding and watering needs are minimal. As a result, the labor and time required to manage a snail farm are relatively low.
  • Eco-friendly and sustainable: Snail farming is considered environmentally friendly as it has a low carbon footprint. Unlike traditional livestock farming, snails do not produce methane or other harmful greenhouse gases, making them a sustainable agricultural option.
  • Additional income streams: In addition to selling live or processed snails for food, snail farmers can generate income from selling snail slime, which is used in cosmetics and skincare products, and snail shells, which are used in jewelry and crafts.
  • Year-round production: Snails can reproduce and grow throughout the year, making snail farming a continuous and steady source of income.
  • Low disease risk: Snails are generally less susceptible to diseases, which reduces the risk of significant losses due to health issues.
  • Diverse product range: Snail farming offers a range of products, including live snails, frozen snails, canned snails, snail caviar (eggs), and snail-based products like slime-based cosmetics, all of which can be sold for different purposes.
  • Rural development: Snail farming can contribute to rural development by providing employment opportunities and income for local communities.

It’s important to note that the success of a snail farming business depends on factors such as proper farm management, access to a consistent market, and adherence to regulations and best practices. As with any business venture, thorough research, planning, and dedication are essential for achieving long-term profitability.

Challenges of Snail Farming and How to Overcome Them

Snail farming, like any agricultural activity, comes with its own set of challenges. Here are some common challenges of snail farming and suggestions on how to overcome them:

  • Climate and environmental conditions: Snails are sensitive to extreme temperatures and environmental changes. Inadequate climate conditions can affect their growth and reproduction.

Solution: Choose a suitable location for your snail farm with a moderate and consistent climate. Provide appropriate shade and shelter to protect snails from extreme weather conditions. Consider using temperature and humidity control systems if necessary.

  • Predators and pests: Snails are vulnerable to predators like birds, rats, snakes, and other pests, which can lead to significant losses.

Solution: Install physical barriers such as wire mesh fences or netting around the snail pens to prevent predators from gaining access. You can also employ natural predators of common pests to help control their populations without using harmful chemicals.

  • Disease and health management: Snails are susceptible to various diseases, which can quickly spread and devastate your snail population if not managed effectively.

Solution: Practice good hygiene and maintain a clean environment in the snail pens. Quarantine new snails before introducing them to your farm to prevent the spread of diseases. Regularly inspect the snails for any signs of illness, and consult a veterinarian experienced in snail health if you notice any health issues.

  • Feeding and nutrition: Snails require a balanced diet to grow and reproduce efficiently. Incorrect feeding practices can lead to slow growth or malnutrition.

Solution: Offer a varied and balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, leaves, and calcium-rich supplements. Monitor the snails’ feeding habits and adjust their diet as needed.

  • Breeding challenges: Snails have specific breeding requirements, and successful mating can be a challenge.

Solution: Ensure that the snails are of the right age and size for breeding. Create a suitable breeding environment with proper humidity and temperature. You may need to separate male and female snails during the breeding season and provide them with ample hiding places to lay their eggs.

  • Market and sales: Finding a consistent and profitable market for your snails can be difficult, especially if the demand is limited in your area.

Solution: Conduct market research to identify potential buyers and outlets for your snails. Establish partnerships with local restaurants, markets, or export companies. Consider marketing your snails online or through social media to reach a broader customer base.

  • Regulatory and legal considerations: Some regions may have specific regulations or permits required for snail farming.

Solution: Familiarize yourself with the local laws and regulations related to snail farming in your area. Obtain any necessary permits or licenses before starting your snail farm to avoid legal issues in the future.

By addressing these challenges proactively and implementing best practices, you can increase the chances of running a successful and sustainable snail farming venture. Remember that snail farming, like any business, requires dedication, continuous learning, and adaptability to be successful.

Choosing the Right Species for Snail Farming

Choosing the right species for snail farming depends on several factors, including your geographical location, climate, market demand, and the purpose of your snail farming venture. Here are some popular snail species used in snail farming:

  • Helix aspersa (Common Garden Snail or Brown Garden Snail): This species is well-suited for snail farming due to its adaptability, fast growth rate, and high reproduction capacity. It is widely farmed in many parts of the world.
  • Helix pomatia (Roman Snail or Burgundy Snail): This species is one of the most popular snails for gastronomy in Europe. It is slower-growing compared to Helix aspersa but is considered a delicacy in some regions.
  • Achatina Marginata (Giant African Land Snail): This species is popular in tropical regions due to its large size, fast growth rate (The jumbo species), and high reproductive potential. This is best especially if your sole aim of going into snail farming is for meat. However, it is considered an invasive species in some countries, so be cautious about its usage.
  • Cornu aspersum (formerly Helix aspersa maxima) (Gros-Gris or Gray Garden Snail): Similar to the common garden snail, this species is well-suited for farming in temperate climates.
  • Otala lactea (Spanish Snail or Milk Snail): This species is common in Mediterranean regions and can be suitable for snail farming in those areas.

When choosing the right species, consider the following factors:

  • Climate and Environment: Some snail species prefer specific climates and environments. Ensure the chosen species can thrive in your local climate and available farming conditions.
  • Market Demand: Research the local or international market demand for the species you plan to farm. Select a species that has a good market value and demand to ensure profitability.
  • Legal and Environmental Considerations: Check the regulations and laws regarding snail farming and the potential impact on the local ecosystem, especially if you plan to introduce non-native species.
  • Growth Rate and Reproduction: Some species grow faster and reproduce more rapidly than others. Consider the rate of growth and reproduction to meet your production goals.
  • Feeding Habits: Different species have varying dietary preferences. Ensure you can provide the appropriate feed for your chosen species.
  • Disease Resistance: Some species are more resistant to certain diseases and parasites, which can affect the success of your snail farm.
  • Handling and Care: Some species are more docile and easier to handle than others. Consider your comfort level and experience in handling snails.

It’s essential to conduct thorough research and possibly consult with local experts or agricultural extension services to choose the most suitable snail species for your farming venture. Each species has its unique characteristics and requirements, so understanding these factors will contribute to the success of your snail farming business.

Creating the Ideal Environment for Snail Farming

Creating the ideal environment for snail farming is essential for the health and productivity of the snails. Snails are sensitive creatures that require specific conditions to thrive. Here are some key factors to consider when setting up a snail farm:

  • Climate and Temperature: Snails prefer a moderate and humid climate. The temperature should be between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Extreme temperatures can stress the snails or lead to hibernation (estivation) or death.
  • Shelter and Protection: Snails need protection from harsh weather conditions, predators, and direct sunlight. You can use greenhouses, shade nets, or other protective structures to provide a controlled and safe environment.
  • Soil: The soil should be well-draining, loamy, and rich in calcium. Calcium is crucial for the development of snail shells. Avoid waterlogged or acidic soils, as they can harm the snails.
  • Humidity: Maintain a consistently high level of humidity (around 70-90%) in the snail enclosure. This can be achieved by regular misting or providing a water source within the enclosure.
  • Ventilation: Adequate ventilation is necessary to prevent the build-up of ammonia and maintain a fresh supply of oxygen. Good airflow also helps to prevent mold and fungal growth.
  • Food and Feeding: Snails are herbivores and prefer a diet rich in green leafy vegetables, fruits, and other plant-based materials. Provide a balanced diet to ensure their growth and reproduction. Avoid feeding them with pesticides or plants that are toxic to snails.
  • Water Source: Snails need access to clean, fresh water at all times. Provide shallow water dishes or containers to prevent drowning.
  • Density and Space: Avoid overcrowding the snails as it can lead to stress and the spread of diseases. Provide ample space for the snails to move around and forage.
  • Hygiene and Sanitation: Maintain a clean and hygienic environment to prevent the spread of diseases. Regularly remove waste and uneaten food to keep the enclosure clean.
  • Protection from Predators: Ensure that the snail farm is protected from predators like birds, rodents, and other pests that may harm the snails.
  • Reproduction and Breeding: Familiarize yourself with the reproductive habits of the specific snail species you are farming to encourage successful breeding.
  • Monitoring and Record-Keeping: Regularly monitor the health and growth of your snails. Keep records of their activities, feeding habits, and any observed changes to help identify potential issues and optimize their care.

By providing the ideal environment, you can create a successful and sustainable snail farming operation. Keep in mind that different snail species may have slightly different requirements, so it’s essential to research the specific needs of the snails you plan to farm.

Feeding and Nutrition Requirements for Snails

Snails are fascinating creatures and are commonly kept as pets or for commercial purposes. Their feeding and nutrition requirements may vary depending on the species, habitat, and intended use. However, here are some general guidelines for feeding and nutrition requirements for snails:

  • Diet: Snails are primarily herbivores, and their diet mainly consists of plant matter. They prefer fresh vegetables, fruits, and leafy greens. Some suitable foods for snails include lettuce, cucumber, zucchini, broccoli, spinach, kale, and carrot tops. It’s essential to provide a varied diet to ensure they receive a balanced mix of nutrients.
  • Calcium: Calcium is crucial for snails because it helps in maintaining a healthy shell. Ensure they have access to calcium-rich foods, such as crushed eggshells, cuttlebone, or specialized snail calcium supplements. This is especially important for growing snails and breeding females.
  • Avoid toxic foods: Do not feed snails with foods that are toxic to them, such as citrus fruits, onions, garlic, and processed or salty foods. These can harm the snails and lead to health problems.
  • Moisture: Snails need a moist environment to function properly and maintain their health. Ensure their enclosure or habitat has a humidity level of around 70-80% to prevent dehydration and keep their skin and shells healthy.
  • Feeding frequency: The feeding frequency can vary depending on the snail species and their size. In general, feeding every other day or a few times a week is sufficient. Overfeeding can lead to waste buildup and negatively impact the snails’ health.
  • Clean and fresh water: Always provide clean, fresh water in a shallow dish or a water source that snails can access easily. Water is essential for their hydration, and it also helps maintain a suitable humidity level in the enclosure.
  • Commercial snail food: If you are breeding snails or keeping them for commercial purposes, there are commercially available snail foods formulated to provide the necessary nutrients for their growth and reproduction. These can be used as part of their diet but should be supplemented with fresh vegetables and calcium-rich sources.
  • Monitor feeding behavior: Keep an eye on the snails’ eating habits. If you notice any sudden changes in appetite or abnormal behavior, it might be an indication of health issues or unsuitable conditions.

Remember that different snail species might have specific dietary needs, so it’s always a good idea to research the particular species you are keeping to ensure you meet their specific feeding requirements. Providing a proper and balanced diet will help keep your snails healthy and thriving.

The Reproduction Process in Snails

The reproduction process in snails, like many other gastropods, involves both sexual and asexual methods. Snails are hermaphrodites, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs, but they still require another snail to reproduce sexually. Here’s an overview of the reproduction process in snails:

  • Mating: When two adult snails are ready to mate, they come together and exchange sperm. Each snail has a reproductive opening called the genital pore, through which they transfer sperm into the other snail’s body.
  • Fertilization: Once the sperm is transferred into the partner’s body, fertilization occurs internally. The sperm fertilizes the eggs within the partner’s reproductive system.
  • Egg-Laying: After fertilization, the snail will produce eggs. The eggs are usually deposited in a gelatinous mass, which protects them from drying out and provides some level of shelter. The snail typically buries this mass in soil or another suitable substrate.
  • Asexual Reproduction (optional): Snails are also capable of asexual reproduction through a process called parthenogenesis. In this method, unfertilized eggs develop into new offspring without the need for mating. However, this form of reproduction is less common than sexual reproduction.
  • Development: The eggs undergo development, and eventually, young snails (called juveniles) emerge from the eggs.
  • Growth: The juvenile snails will continue to grow and develop into adults, and the cycle repeats as they reach sexual maturity.

It is important to note that the reproduction process in snails can vary among different species, and some species may have unique reproductive behaviors and adaptations. However, the general process mentioned above is common among many snail species.

Harvesting and Marketing Strategies for Snails

Snail disease management

Harvesting and marketing strategies for snails can vary depending on the purpose, whether it’s for personal consumption, pet food, or the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. Here are some general guidelines for harvesting and marketing snails:

  • Snail Farming: If you plan to harvest snails for commercial purposes, consider starting a snail farm. This will enable you to have better control over the breeding, feeding, and harvesting process. Snail farming, also known as heliciculture, can be done both indoors and outdoors.
  • Species Selection: Choose the right snail species based on your target market and the local climate. The most common species used for snail farming are Helix aspersa (common garden snail), Achatina fulica (giant African snail), and Cornu aspersum (also known as Helix pomatia, Roman snail, or escargot).
  • Habitat and Environment: Create a suitable habitat for the snails with adequate shelter, moisture, and temperature. Snails are sensitive to environmental changes, so maintaining optimal conditions is crucial for their growth and reproduction.
  • Feeding: Ensure a proper diet for the snails, which usually includes fresh vegetables, fruits, and calcium-rich sources. A healthy diet is essential for the quality and taste of the snails.
  • Harvesting: Harvest snails when they reach the desired size and weight, which typically takes several months. This will depend on the species, climate, and feeding practices. Gently handpick the snails to avoid damage.
  • Cleaning and Sorting: Clean the harvested snails to remove any debris and sort them according to size and quality. Customers usually prefer snails of similar size and appearance.
  • Marketing: Develop a marketing strategy to sell your snails. This can include selling directly to local markets, restaurants, and gourmet food suppliers. Alternatively, you can sell online through platforms that specialize in exotic foods like Consider promoting the health benefits and culinary value of snails to attract potential customers.
  • Packaging and Storage: Packaging the snails in suitable containers to maintain freshness and prevent damage during transportation. Proper storage is essential to keep the snails alive until they reach the customer.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Ensure you comply with local regulations and requirements for snail farming and selling. This includes obtaining any necessary licenses or permits.
  • Education and Outreach: Educate potential customers about the benefits of consuming snails. Many people may not be familiar with snails as food, so informative brochures or online content can help create awareness.

Remember that successful snail farming and marketing require careful planning, continuous monitoring, and a commitment to providing high-quality products to your customers. Always prioritize the well-being of the snails to ensure the sustainability of your operation.

Processing and Packaging of Snails for Market

Snail marketing and packaging

Processing and packaging snails for the market involves several steps to ensure that the snails are safe for consumption, have a good shelf life, and meet the quality standards expected by consumers. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to process and package snails for the market:

  • Harvesting: Snails can be harvested from snail farms or collected from the wild. If you are sourcing snails from the wild, make sure to collect them from areas free of pollution and contaminants.
  • Cleaning: Thoroughly clean the snails to remove any dirt, debris, or slime. Use clean water and a soft brush to gently clean the shells and the body of the snails.
  • Purging: Place the snails in a container with clean, dampened, and ventilated material (like coconut husks, damp cloth, or paper towels) for 2-3 days. This process allows the snails to purge themselves of any impurities and ensures that they are safe for consumption.
  • Starvation: Before processing, you may want to starve the snails for a day or two to empty their digestive tracts. This can help improve the taste and quality of the meat.
  • Boiling: Boil the snails in salted water or water with other herbs and spices for about 5 minutes. This will further remove any remaining impurities and help in loosening the flesh from the shells.
  • Removal from Shells: After boiling, remove the snail meat from the shells using a small fork or a pick. Discard the shells properly.
  • Cleaning and Trimming: Clean the snail meat again to remove any remaining debris and trim off any excess parts.
  • Further Processing: Depending on the market demand and your business plan, you can process the snail meat into various products, such as snail kebabs, snail pies, or canned snail meat.
  • Packaging: Once the snail meat is processed and ready for sale, package them in suitable containers. You can use vacuum-sealed bags, airtight containers, or cans. Proper packaging will help extend the shelf life and maintain the quality of the snail meat.
  • Labeling: Ensure that each package is properly labeled with information such as the product name, weight, expiration date, storage instructions, and nutritional content. Compliance with labeling regulations is essential for selling food products.
  • Storage and Distribution: Store the packaged snails in a cool, dry place or refrigerate them, depending on the product’s requirements. Make sure to adhere to proper storage conditions to maintain freshness.
  • Marketing: Develop a marketing strategy to promote your snail products. Reach out to potential customers, restaurants, and supermarkets. Consider attending farmers’ markets or food trade shows to showcase your products.

It’s worth noting that regulations and standards for processing and packaging food products may vary depending on your country or region. It is essential to research and comply with all relevant laws and safety standards to ensure that your snail products meet the required quality and safety criteria for the market.

Recommended for you;  How to Start a Successful Snail Farm: A Step-by-step Guide

Exploring the Profitability of Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail farming profit

Snail farming can be a profitable venture in Nigeria due to the high demand for snail products in the country and internationally. Nigeria has a conducive climate and environment for snail farming, making it a viable option for farmers and entrepreneurs. Here are some key factors that contribute to the profitability of snail farming in Nigeria:

  • High demand: Snail meat is a delicacy in Nigeria and is in high demand in local markets, restaurants, and hotels. Additionally, there is a growing demand for snail products in the international market, which provides export opportunities for snail farmers.
  • Low startup costs: Snail farming does not require significant upfront investment compared to other types of livestock farming. The cost of setting up a snail farm can be relatively low, especially if the farmer utilizes locally available materials for housing and feeds.
  • High reproductive rate: Snails have a high reproductive rate, and under favorable conditions, they can lay many eggs multiple times a year. This allows snail farmers to quickly expand their stock and meet market demand.
  • Low feed requirements: Snails are herbivores and can feed on a variety of plant materials, including leaves, fruits, and vegetables. This means that feed costs can be relatively low, especially if farmers can source feed materials from their surroundings.
  • Suitable climate: Nigeria’s climate is generally suitable for snail farming. Snails thrive in a humid environment with moderate temperatures, making many regions in the country suitable for this venture.
  • Minimal space requirements: Snails can be reared in small spaces, making it ideal for both rural and urban farmers with limited land availability.
  • Sustainable and eco-friendly: Snail farming is considered an environmentally friendly practice as snails have a low carbon footprint and do not produce harmful waste or emit greenhouse gases.

However, to ensure profitability in snail farming, it is crucial to consider some challenges and best practices:

  • Knowledge and training: Farmers should acquire adequate knowledge and training on snail farming techniques, including housing, feeding, and pest management, to maximize productivity.
  • Disease management: Snails can be susceptible to diseases and parasites. Farmers need to implement proper hygiene and sanitation practices to prevent disease outbreaks.
  • Market access: While demand for snails is high, farmers must have a reliable market for their products. Building relationships with local markets, restaurants, and potential export partners is essential.
  • Regulatory compliance: Familiarize yourself with any relevant regulations and certifications required for snail farming and export to ensure smooth operations.
  • Predators: Protecting snails from predators like rodents, birds, and reptiles is crucial to prevent losses.

Snail Disease Management

Snail diseases can be a concern, especially in agricultural settings, aquariums, and gardens. You need to prevent your snails from dying. Managing snail diseases involves a combination of preventive measures and treatment options. Here are some general guidelines for snail disease management:

  • Quarantine : If you are introducing new snails into your aquarium or garden, always quarantine them for some time before adding them to the existing population. This helps prevent the spread of any potential diseases.
  • Clean Environment : Maintain a clean and well-maintained habitat for your snails. Regularly remove debris, uneaten food, and decaying matter from the enclosure to reduce the risk of disease transmission.
  • Water Quality : For aquatic snails, monitor and maintain good water quality. Use a filtration system and perform regular water changes to keep the water clean and free from harmful pathogens.
  • Proper Nutrition : Provide a balanced and appropriate diet for your snails. A well-fed and healthy snail is more likely to resist diseases.
  • Avoid Overcrowding : Avoid overcrowding snails, as this can stress them and make them more susceptible to diseases. Provide enough space for each snail to thrive.
  • Identify Symptoms : Familiarize yourself with common signs of snail diseases, such as changes in behavior, appearance, or the presence of abnormal growths.
  • Isolation : If you notice a snail showing signs of illness, promptly isolate it from the rest of the population to prevent further spread.
  • Treatment : Depending on the specific disease, there may be treatment options available. Consult a veterinarian or an expert in snail diseases to identify and apply the appropriate treatment.
  • Disinfection : If you have handled an infected snail or have equipment that may have come into contact with diseased snails, make sure to disinfect them properly before using them with healthy snails.
  • Biosecurity : If you are involved in farming or commercial snail keeping, implement biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases within your operation.

Remember that specific diseases may require different approaches, and it’s essential to research and consult with experts or veterinarians if you suspect a disease in your snails. Also, be aware that some diseases can affect both snails and other organisms, so it’s crucial to be cautious if you have multiple species in the same environment.

Success Stories of Snail Farmers in Nigeria

  • Zainab Usman: Zainab Usman is a successful snail farmer from Kano State, Nigeria. She started her snail farming business with just a few snails in a small space and gradually expanded her farm. With dedication and proper management, her farm grew significantly, and she became a prominent figure in the snail farming industry. Her success story has inspired many aspiring snail farmers in the country.
  • Chinedu Ogbonna: Chinedu Ogbonna is another Nigerian entrepreneur who found success in snail farming. He started his farm in Abia State and used innovative techniques to breed and rear snails efficiently. By adopting modern technology and best practices, Chinedu was able to increase his production and meet the rising demand for snails in the market.
  • Maryam Abdul: Maryam Abdul’s success story in snail farming is worth mentioning. She established her farm in Kaduna State and focused on producing high-quality, organic snails. Her dedication to sustainable farming practices and the use of organic feed helped her gain a competitive advantage in the market. Maryam’s farm became one of the go-to places for those looking for premium snail products.
  • Segun Adeyemi: Segun Adeyemi is a snail farmer from Ogun State, Nigeria, who managed to turn his small-scale snail farming venture into a profitable business. By networking with other farmers and attending workshops on snail farming, he gained valuable knowledge and insights into the industry. He also leveraged social media and e-commerce platforms to market his snail products, expanding his customer base and boosting his sales.

These are just a few examples of successful snail farmers in Nigeria. Snail farming has been gaining popularity in the country due to its potential for profitability, low startup costs, and relatively low maintenance compared to other livestock farming options. As the demand for healthy and organic food continues to rise, snail farming offers a promising opportunity for enterprising individuals in Nigeria. Always make sure to research and learn from these success stories and adapt their best practices to your specific circumstances if you plan to venture into snail farming.

Conclusion: The Future of Snail Farming in Nigeria

Snail farming has been gaining popularity in Nigeria due to its low cost of entry, relatively low maintenance requirements, and the increasing demand for snail meat both domestically and internationally. Some factors that could influence the future of snail farming in Nigeria include:

  • Market Demand: The demand for snail meat, which is considered a delicacy and a good source of protein, may continue to grow, providing opportunities for snail farmers to meet this demand.
  • Economic Factors: Snail farming can be a profitable venture, especially for small-scale farmers, as it requires less land and capital compared to other livestock farming. Economic conditions and government support can impact the growth of this industry.
  • Environmental Awareness: As people become more conscious of sustainable and eco-friendly food sources, the demand for snail meat, which has a lower carbon footprint compared to traditional livestock, may rise.
  • Technological Advancements: The adoption of modern farming techniques and technology could improve productivity and efficiency in snail farming, making it more attractive to potential farmers.
  • Government Policies: Supportive policies and incentives from the government can boost the development of the snail farming industry and encourage more farmers to venture into the sector.
  • Awareness and Education: Educating the public about the benefits of snail farming and how to care for snails can increase interest and participation in the industry.

However, there may also be challenges that could affect the future of snail farming in Nigeria:

  • Pests and Diseases: Snails are susceptible to certain diseases and parasites, which can impact the productivity of the farms if not managed properly.
  • Lack of Infrastructure: Insufficient infrastructure, such as transportation and storage facilities, can hinder the growth and distribution of snail products.
  • Cultural Perceptions: Some cultural beliefs may affect the acceptance and consumption of snail meat, limiting its market potential in certain regions.
  • Climate Change: Changing weather patterns and extreme weather events could impact the habitat and availability of snails in certain regions.

Overall, the future of snail farming in Nigeria will depend on the collective efforts of farmers, policymakers, and stakeholders to address challenges and seize opportunities. With the right approach, snail farming has the potential to be a sustainable and profitable venture in Nigeria’s agricultural landscape.

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Snail Farming in Nigeria: How to Start in 2019

One of the most lucrative agriculture-based businesses in Nigeria is snail farming. Interestingly, very few people understand the process of starting and maintaining a snail farm in Nigeria.

Many people think that the only way to find and sell snails is by going to the bush during the rainy season to pick these animals. This is not true and snail farming can be an excellent way of meat the demand for snail meat in the country

snail farming in Nigeria

In this post, we take a look at how to start snail farming in Nigeria. But first, let’s take a look at the benefits of snail.

  • Snail meat is very nutritious. It contains choline (an important water-soluble vitamin). Choline is an essential vitamin that builds and maintains healthy cell membranes. It also protects the liver from fat accumulation by transporting triglycerides. The vitamin can also help children especially infant to boost their brain growth.
  • The meat also contains high levels of magnesium; which is needed in enzymatic reactions in the body. It is also involved in the production of fats, proteins and nucleic acids, neural activity, muscle contraction and relaxation, cardiac activity and bone metabolism.
  • The snail meat is high in selenium which are important minerals and nutrients that fights diseases such as cancer and heart disease. It can be found in every cell of the body including cells in the kidney, liver, spleen, pancreas and testes. It is also a vital antioxidant that helps to prevent the aging and hardening of tissues through oxidation.
  • Snail contains omega-3 fatty acids which help to prevent diseases related to the heart including hypertension because omega 3 can increase the elasticity of the make arterial organ. Additionally, Omega 3 is an important antioxidant that helps to improve eye health. Omega-3 is also an important element for optimal brain health because of its ability to promote the growth of cell membranes in the neurological system in the brain. It can also improve memory in children especially for those who often forgetful by boosting the physical and mental development of children that consume it.
  • Snail meat also contains Vitamin A which is an excellent vitamin for optimal eye health
  • Another interesting benefit of snail is its use in stopping excessive bleeding from open wounds. The animal secretes a blue liquid that can be used for this action.

Apart from the snail meat, there are other parts of the snail that can also be used to generate revenue. These include:

Snail shell

The snail shell is the outer and harder part of the snail which the snail uses to ward off predators or danger. The shell can be used in traditional medicine. It is also used as a part of ornament, beads or local tools.

Snail eggs or snail caviar

These are the reproduced part of the snail (snail eggs) which will gradually transfer into an adult snail. The snail eggs or snail caviar can be used in preparing soups. They can also be consumed alone. However, if you’re rearing snails, it is important that you preserve your snail eggs for reproduction.

Snail slime

This is an external secretion that resembles mucus. It is jelly in nature and contains 91-98% water. The slime could be used for the following purposes:

Traditionally, snail slime can be used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers, and in the form of syrup, to soothe a cough. It can also be used in the treatment of burns. This benefit is prevalent in Cameroun where the Bamiléké people use it to treat burns.

It can also be used for cosmetics purposes because it contains hyaluronic acid, glycoprotein, proteoglycans, antimicrobial and copper peptides, which are ingredients of beauty products and proven to be beneficial for the skin.

For serums, facial masks, moisturizers, and fading creams, the snail secretion filtrate is also an ingredient and one of the features that make it widely accepted is the neutral look, smell and texture.

Overall, snail slime can be used to treat dry skin, wrinkles and stretch marks, acne and rosacea, age spots, burns, scars, razor bumps, and even flat warts. The slime has been said to contain anti-aging ingredients because of its ability to stimulate the development of collagen and elastin. Also, it protects skin from free radicals, soothes the skin as well as helps to repair damaged tissues and restore hydration.

Now that you know the benefits of snails, let’s take a look at some of the things you should consider before starting this business.


Currently, a signification percentage of the snails supplied to the local markets in the country are picked from the forests. However, the growing population and the increasing interest in snail meat make the method of supply unsustainable.

In other words, there is a glaring opportunity for prospective snail farmers in the country. Starting your own snail farm will go a long way in satisfying the growing demand and your ability to provide snails on a consistent basis will ensure a steady stream of cash is going into your bank account.

Apart from the clear-cut opportunity, it is also quite interesting to note that in terms of cost and time, snail farming is a low risk business. This is very much unlike other livestock businesses which require a significant amount of investment to start up and operate.

In addition, your snail farm can be operated from your backyard and the animal is environment-friendly because their droppings are not offensive unlike poultry birds or pigs. They are also noiseless animals which mean that your backyard farm won’t be a nuisance in your neighborhood.

Snails are known to multiply quite fast as they can lay up to 100 eggs in one go. This is because they are hermaphrodites (have both male and female sexual organs) and they get to mate easily throughout the year. However, this high reproduction rate can make them a nuisance in the environment if they are not placed within an adequate housing system.

Hence if you’re looking to start your snail farm just ensure that the fast reproductive ability is curtailed by constructing the necessary housing system. And this feature should be a delight to you because your harvest will be plentiful giving you high returns on your investment.

Now, let’s take a look at the steps you need to take to successfully operate a snail farm in Nigeria in 2019.

Step #1: Write your business plan

The first step to starting any business is to create a business plan. The business plan is very important because it gives you a picture of how your business should be.

In this case, your plan will include the amount of capital you intend to start with, your revenue forecast, the number of snails you will be starting with and many more. Also, a good business plan will make it easy for you to access loans and capital from investors.

Step # 2: Choose the right species

Snails are grouped under the Molluscan, Gastropod class. There are many species of snails and the snail species that are suitable for snail farming include:

     1. Achatina fulica

The East African land snail or giant African land snail is known scientifically as Achatina fulica . This specie is the smallest in size when compared to other suitable species used for farming.

Achatina fulica is known for its narrow, conical shell, which is twice as long as it is wide and contains 7 to 9 whorls when fully grown. The shell is reddish-brown and it is complemented with weak yellowish vertical markings. However, the colour of the snail shell varies based on the environment and the diet of the snail.

The adult species sometimes grow beyond 20cm in shell length but the average is between 5 and 10cm. Also, the average weight of the snail is estimated at approximately 32 grams.

     2. Achatina achatina

Achatina achatina is known as the Giant West African Snail, it is also commonly called the giant Ghana snail or the giant tiger land snail.

Typically, the Giant African land snails are hemraphrodites which means they possess both the female and male reproductive organs but when breeding you still need two snails although these snails are very fertile breeders.

Similar to the other species in the genus, Achatina achatina’s shell can attain a length of 200 mm and a maximum diameter of 100 mm. typically, they have between 7 and 8 whorls with the wide shell being ovate.

Achatina achatina is an excellent commercial breed and it is quite profitable. This is mainly due to the volume of eggs it lays. For example, each snail can lay between 300 and 500 eggs at a time in clutches, three times a year.  So, if you start your farm with about 1000 snails, you can get as many as 1.5 million snails each year.

    3. Archachatina marginata

Archachatina marginata is commonly called the banana rasp snail. This specie can grow up to 20cm long, and live up to 10 years. The origin of this specie can be traced to Nigeria although it has also been found in Liberia and Ghana.

Archachatina marginata is one of the most desirable snail specie because of its size. It is also loved by snail farmers because of its high yield capacity.

Step #3: Select your location

Choosing the right location is extremely important. It is a well-known fact that snails can get easily dehydrated and the effect of the wind increase the rate of moisture loss in snail which in turn, leads to the dryness of the animal. If you’re looking to prevent the snails from losing water so quickly, your snaileries (the snail house) must be located in an environment that is protected from the wind.

The ideal site for snail farming is a low plain, downhill site with enough trees on the land area. You can also plant plantains and banana tree to reduce the effect of the wind on the farm.

Another important choice to make is the type of soil for your snail farming. The snail’s major habitat is the soil, and soil contains some of the components and chemical substances that it needed to survive. In fact, the shell of the snail is mainly calcium and it derives most of them from the soil. Snail also lays its eggs on the soil and drinks water out of the soil.

Hence, the right soil for snail farming must contain calcium. Additionally, it must not waterlogged, not too dry, and must not be acidic. The best soil for snail is sandy-loamy soil with a low water holding capacity. You should avoid clayey soil and acidic soil.

Step #4: Construct the snailery

The place where snails are housed is called snailery. This can be a fenced area that protects the snails from the wind. If you’re doing snail farming on a small scale, it can also be a covered box

If you are rearing a large population of snails, you can dig a trench or make a concrete pen with soil deep of about 10 inches but make sure you cover the area with a screen or wire mesh to prevent the snails from escaping.

Generally, snails reproduce very fast making it easy for them to become pests. This is why they must be housed in a suitable environment.

Also, snails are known to love a dark and cool place. You can use fresh leaves and regularly wet their abode to regulate the temperature.

It is a well-known fact that snails stay in dark and cold places, but you should ensure the humidity does not drop to levels harmful to the snails. Another option is to use fresh leaves and cloth to wet the ground in order to regulate the temperature.

The wire mesh is an excellent security measure to keep away pests and predators like rats and snakes or other predators from eating the snails in your snail farm. Snails can also be destroyed by ants and termites.

Step #5: Gather your snails

When starting your snail farm, it is recommended that you get your snails directly from the forest instead of buying from the market. The reason for this is because snails drink a lot of water and the ones sold in the market are already dehydrated. Typically, the stress of dehydration can affect their fertility adversely.

One of the most effective ways of picking snails from the bush is to clear a portion of land during rainy season and sprinkle spicy fruits like pineapple, pawpaw, plantain, banana etc at about 5 pm in the evening, when you go back there about 7pm or 8pm, you will pick up snails suitable for rearing. Repeat the procedure until you get enough quantity.

If you decide to buy the snail in the market, you can check for the fertility of the eggs. This is done by putting the egg inside a container of wet sand and covering with cocoyam leaf. Between 21 and 28 days, the eggs would hatch into baby snails. If the eggs don’t hatch during this timeframe, it means the snail’s fertility is low.

Step #6: Feed the snails

Generally, snails feed on green leaves and fruits although they can also eat other types of foods such as fruits and formula from the feed store. The types of leaves they feed on include cocoyam leaves, pawpaw leaves, okra leaves, cassava leaves, eggplant leaves, cabbage and lettuce leaves. They also eat fruits such as mango, eggplant, pawpaw, banana, tomatoes, oil palm fruits, pears and cucumber.

However, the most important factor when feeding snail is calcium. This is because low calcium intake will slow down the growth of the snails and cause the shells to be thinner. You can use the leaves of green cabbage as an excellent source of calcium.

Other sources of calcium for snails include broken rock fragments of limestone. You can place these rock fragments in pens or the habitat where you plan to house your snails. These stones can be found easily in stores where poultry feeds are sold or you can got to the hills of Okpella in Edo, Nkalagu in Ebonyi, Obajana in Kogi or Mfanmosing in Cross River to get sacks of this rock.

Step #7: Harvest the snails

It takes 1 to 2 years for the Achatina snail to get ready for harvest. If you can harvest a hundred thousand snails during harvest that can fetch 5 million considering each snail is sold for N50.

You should not harvest your snails before maturity because it isn’t economically wise. Also, you don’t have to harvest all your snails. You can keep a select few for breeding purpose in preparation for the next harvest.

Step #8: Marketing

After harvesting, the next step is to separate the big ones from the small ones. You can choose to sell the snail at the local market or you can export them. The export option is more lucrative but you need to harvest large quantities to meet the demands of the international market.

Overall, when you compare your revenue to the initial investment, you will discover that snail farming in Nigeria is quite profitable

1 thought on “Snail Farming in Nigeria: How to Start in 2019”

I am currently in Jos Plateau State and I wish to start the snail business. Please what should I do. Thanks.

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Snail farming in Nigeria; a complete guide

September 2, 2021

This Article was Reviewed by The Chief Editor, Godfrey

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Without a doubt, snail farming is one of the profitable business ideas and opportunities in Nigeria that are capable of giving out 100% return on investment (ROI).

Informatively, snail production is very popular in Nigeria because of the delicious taste of the species. This makes the huge demand for snail in the Nigerian market inevitable.

In fact, only a few people know about the high profitability and lucrativeness of the business and you can actually start with little to no capital investment.

Why not go into the agribusiness sector and venture into snail farming now that the business is less exploit with huge global recognition and popularity?

We must confess, snail farming business is exotic and the competition in the labor market is relatively low. If you are thinking of establishing an everlasting business venture here, then be our guest.

Historical Background of Snail Farming

Snail farming or snail production is also known as heliciculture and history has it that Humans have been rearing and feeding on snails from time immemorial.

People love eating it because of its yummy and delicious taste. Not only that, snails have very low cholesterol and very high protein, iron, and water which makes them beneficial to the human body.

Snail consumption is very popular in most of the world. Statistically, the global snail rearing or heliciculture industry generates over $12 billion from sales of snails annually.

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Countries are known for cultivating and eating snails

Snail consumption and snail cultivations are popular to some extent in Turkey, France, the U.S., Spain, China, Indonesia, Italy, as well as in many African countries like Nigeria, Algeria, Ghana, and Cote d’Ivoire.

In France, there is a famous delicacy known as escargot, it is actually a cooked snail and people love eating it; most especially, the tourist.

Domestic snail cultivation and snail-eating in Nigeria and anywhere in Nigeria can meet up the nutrition demands of any family.

Snail farming in Nigeria

Over the years, the popularity of snail cultivation as a business has grown exponentially. What is applicable before is subsistence cultivation.

Where people handpick snails in their neighborhood, rear them for some weeks, and then eat them. The story is changing now in Nigeria.

People are now seeing how useful and profitable a delicacy snail is. Its demand in the market is tempting and thus, people are venturing into the business.

Other than the fact that snails as delicacies are a bit expensive. They are as well widely used in the cosmetology industry for making cosmetics.

On this note, the cultivation and rearing of snails in Nigeria should be seen and taken as a lucrative and profitable business idea.

So what is actually needed for this business, where to start, how to grow it, how to harvest, sell, and more will be explicitly explained later in this article.

Features Of Rearing Snail In Nigeria

Evidently, one of the reasons why people are cultivating snails in Nigeria is their economic value. Many people see it as a money-spinning venture.

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However, there are many other benefits or features of cultivating snails in Nigeria than for economic reasons. Other features of snail production are highlighted below:

Nutritious : Snail meat is far better, in nutrition than any red meat you can think of. And it is very rich in nutritional ingredients.

Hermaphroditic in nature : Snails also belong to the hermaphrodite family with high reproductive. They have both male and female reproductive organs. As a result, they can recreate very fast.

Reproduction : Snails being hermaphroditic can lay eggs 7 times within the year. And each time they do, a single snail can lay more than 100 eggs.

Healthy meat : Snail meat is very high in calcium, protein, phosphorus, iron and very low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium. As such, snail meat is usually recommended by doctors and dietitians for people.

Market value : Snail has an exotic market value all over the country and in the wider world including Europe, Asia, and West African regions.

Email growth : Commercial snail farming can impact or decrease the importation of frozen foods like meat and fish from foreign Nations. This will save money and at the same time boost the economy.

Low-Risk involvement : Commercial snail rearing in Nigeria has a low risk of failure and the losses are minimal compared to any other livestock farming.

No irritation : Everything about the snail is usable including its shell. Snail farming is easier, not time-consuming, with no stress, noise, odor, or irritation.

Steps To Starting Snail Cultivation

Here, you will be exposed to all the various actions needed to start and keep your snail farming up and running in Nigeria.

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These steps involve the farming and business-related aspects of it such as serving, financing, producing, sorting, harvesting, processing, transporting, and marketing.

What’s more, you can do or merge snail farming cultivation with your current job or occupation. This livestock farming requires less investment capital and produces many animals within a short period.

Without further delay, we shall be looking into the various steps to starting and establish a successful and profitable snail farming business in Nigeria under the subheadings below.

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Snail Cultivation in a Suitable Environment

Generally speaking, snails dehydrate easily. Dryness occurs in them because of the amount of moisture they lose and this is often cost by the increased rate of wind that gets to them.

Hence, it’s a condition precedent that you look for a suitable environment before setting up a snail farm anywhere in Nigeria.

To get the best out of your heliciculture business, you are under obligation to build a snailery and place it in a wind-protected area or environment.

This will prevent the snails from losing the water contents in their body quickly. At least, an area with lots of trees will make an ideal environment for cultivating snails in Nigeria.

Suitable Soil For Rearing Snails in Nigeria

Another thing to consider before starting a snail rearing business in Nigeria is the soil content. They drink water from it, they lay their eggs on it, and lots more.

A neutral pH value is highly recommended, at least with an organic concentration that falls between the range of 20 to 40 percent. If necessary, limestone can equally be added.

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Note that not all soils are suitable for farming snails and it’s important you understand this. Snails shells are mainly calcium and the majority of the calcium’s are derived from the soil.

So since soil remains the major habitat of snails, for you to record a success in snail farming, then the selected land for cultivating the snails must contain some components or chemical substances necessary for their survival.

In addition, the fact that the selected soil has all the elements mentioned above, you must at the same time be very careful with it.

The appropriate soil conditions should be maintained. The soil components should be neither too heavy nor too sandy. Once they dry out, it won’t be difficult for them to dig in heavy soils.

As such, make sure to keep a proper balance. Under no circumstances should you let the chosen soil become too dry, too waterlogged, and be acidic.

Always avoid acidic and clayey soil. Go for the Sandy-loamy soil with a very low water-holding ability. Such is the perfect soil for farming snails in Nigeria.

Suitable Whether or Climate for Farming Snail In Nigeria

Research shows that snails thrive well in a mild climate weighing 59–77 °F and they also flourish in the high humidity of around 75% to 95%. Most livestock tolerates a wider range though.

At very lower temperatures, snails tend to stop growing and in the end, they go into hibernation. That is why you must study the climatic condition very well before starting up.

A controlled environment growing stands the chance of expanding the geographic range of places where snails can be grown.

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A very cool environment with mild temperatures is advisable. Remember that dry soil conditions as a result of excessive wind or higher temperatures may also lead to snail dormancy.

A snailery is a very small snail house. It is where you house the snails for breeding purposes and it is very important for snail farming or rearing in Nigeria.

Some of the features or attributes of a snailery include:

Security : A good and well-furnished snailery will keep the snails away from all forms of danger that might come their way.

Productivity : A well-constructed snailery will enhance the adults to comfortably lay their eggs and as such, increase production.

Housing : Although the essence of snailery is to serve as a house for the snails, other than a mere house, it actually prevents the snails from crawling out of the snail farm.

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How to build a snailery

There is no fixed or permanent style, way, or method of constructing snaileries, it depends greatly on the farmer’s choice or business scale.

In the case of cultivating snails on small scale, the snaileries can be in the form of a good patch fence-protected ground or a covered box with mesh or nets around it to aid ventilation.

But notwithstanding, you can construct a snailery by making a concrete pen with wet soil of about 10 inches deep or thereabouts, as simple as that.

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Better still, you can dig a trench, cover all of its sides with wire or screen to prevent the animals from escaping your captivity. This method is encouraging for commercial and larger snail production.

At least, make sure that the fence is 30 cm deepen to the ground and 70 cm above it to prevent the harmful predators from the entrance into the territory

You must also note that snails like it in dark and cold places. But make sure that they are far from any harmful humidity substance or level.

For control and regulation of the snailery temperature, wet cloth and fresh leaves can be used. Lay them on the snailery in such a way that water will be dripping or dropping down to the ground.

Again, it is your duty and responsibility to ensure that harmful animals or insects like snakes, rodents, soldier ants, rats, and other kinds of harmful predators can’t access them.

In such a situation, wire or mesh can be used around the snaileries to keep those animals away. Harmful and smaller insects like termites too should be taken care of.

Buy Fresh Snails to Cultivate or Rear

After you must have selected the most suitable soil and a perfect environment for your snail farming, you can now buy fresh snails to rear in the snail farm.

In the same vein, you can result into hand picking snails from the bush and nearby forest to cultivate your farm. Either of the two is okay.

In fact, some of the professional snail farmers opined that getting fresh snails to rear in your farm directly from the forest will yield better results than buying them.

They relied on the fact that the handpicked snails from the bush can adapt easily to the new environment than buying them from other farmers or in the market

How to Collect Snails From the Forest.

If you will be starting your snaileries from the scratch and will like to collect snails from any nearby forest, you can do that using this simple technique.

During the rainy season, clear out some portion of land in the bush and sprinkle any spicy fruit like banana, pawpaw, pineapple, etc there.

Once you’ve completed this process, leave the area and check back after 3 to 4 hours, you will see a bunch of snails gathering around the place.

Kindly pick all the gathered snails and take them to your snaileries or snail farm. Repeat the same process again and again until you are satisfied with the amount you got on your farm.

So as a beginner, you will need nothing less than 800 adults species since you are starting the snail business on large scale. But if you are starting to see how the business works, you can just gather few dozen from the wild place.

What really matters is that you select or pick the bigger ones for efficient performance. Remember, the mollusks are hermaphrodite in nature, they’ll reproduce in due time. 

Moreover, other than hand-picking snails from the bush or buying them from other snail farmers or in the market, there’s another way in which you can get fresh snails to rear.

This other way is known as mating and egg-laying.

Mating and Egg-laying

You will agree with me that snails are hermaphroditic in nature. They possess both the male and female genitals or reproductive organs.

Usually, mating occurs in snails in the early summer or during the springs. They lay whatever the number of eggs they are capable of within few weeks of mating.

Note that snails don’t just lay eggs anywhere they find, they need at least soil of two inches deep for laying the eggs.

On this note, if you will be starting heliciculture from the scratch by cultivating their eggs, you can get snail eggs from existing farmers or where they are being littered for sale in the market.

You can at the same time collect their eggs from the bush, but of course, that is going to be a hectic task. 

Endeavor to check the fertility or otherwise of the eggs. Reason being that some eggs might have lost fertility due to their exposure to sunlight.

Once you’ve gotten the snail eggs, put them in an empty snailery or container filled with wet sand, after that cover the container with the eggs in it with a cocoyam leaf.

After 21 days of this traditional incubation, start checking on the eggs. But most time, it took snail eggs 21-29 days to hatch into a baby.

Once all of the eggs or 95% of them have hatched into babies, start feeding them. Clear the surrounding from anything that can harm them. And make sure to give them regular and proper attention.

After a week or two, divide them into different snaileries to give room for space and ventilation.

Gradually, the snail babies will grow into adult snails, then you can kick-start your commercial snail farming in Nigeria.

Snail feeding and watering

Although snails can survive without food or water for two months nonetheless, feeding and watering is an important aspect of snail farming for better production.

Generally, snails eat green leaves, fruits, etc. Feeding snails as at when due will ensure that they grow and develop properly.

The kind of food you feed and how often you do will be responsible for helping the snails develop their tissues while adequate calcium will be responsible for growing their shells.

That being said, you can feed any of the plant leaves to your snails without any issue:

  • Lettuce leaves
  • Okra leaves
  • Cassava leaves
  • Eggplant leaves
  • pawpaw leaves

Also, some of the fruits which snails can feed on include:

  • Oil palm fruits
  • Pears, etc.

Not limited to the above-listed leaves and fruits, snails can also feed on most foods we eat or consume like cooked rice, yam, beans, etc.

 How to harvest matured snails

The fact that a snail has grown into an adult does not mean it’s ripe for harvest. It takes time before they grow into market value.

So it is important at this juncture to state that as profitable as snail farming is, it is not and has never been a get-rich-quick business idea or opportunity. It grows with time.

There and then, it takes snails up to 2 years or thereabouts for them to become sellable. You can tell if a snail is matured or not through the brim of its shell.

That is to say, the thicker or harder a snail shell is, the more mature such snail is.

So the moment the snails have reached this maturity stage, you can harvest and sell most of them and keep a few for breeding. After all, the snails can no longer grow, at this stage, again. 

According to experts, the most convenient time to harvest snails is during wet weather. The collection or harvest should be performed weekly, often in autumn or spring.

So to do this, you must firstly layout a few slate sheets where the harvested snails will be gathered.

After the collection of the gastropods, you must keep them in a cage for 7 days in other to completely get rid of the soil in their digestive system.

During this period, the snails should not be fed or watered, they can leave without these for 2 months. The temperature should be within the range of +4 degrees and have enough coolness.

Now, after a week the pre-sell preservation should be enough just pack the mollusks (the snails) into mesh bags or boxes and take them to the market for sale.

You may decide not to take them to the market yourself and prefer the interested buyers coming down to your farm. All you need to do is to advertise them using the various marketing tools and platforms.

Snail Marketing and Advertising

If you cut your onion well and everything goes smoothly as we have explained above, then your snail farm must have grown very fast at this moment.

After harvest, separate the bigger snails and put them in one cage, and do the same for the small ones. Snail market demand and pricing are tempting, there’s no need to worry.

At this juncture, you will agree with me that the rate at which snail meat is being consumed throughout the globe is growing very fast.

So selling your snails in your local market could be good but exporting them into the international market can even be better.

You will generate more income than you anticipate. To do this, you might want to adopt the following marketing tactics:

  • Run ads online : you can run advertisements on Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp, or even Google ads telling people about your snails.

Adopting these marketing techniques will ensure your advert reaches the international market where your potential customers are.

  • Personal ads on social media : you can equally upload pictures of your matured snails on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Instagram, etc. pages where your target audience is.
  • Mass media ads : In the same vein, you can run a promotion with any broadcasting station like a TV station or radio station where they advertise your snail farm for a price.

You can also do banners, fliers, billboards, and the likes with pictures of your snails, address of your farm, bonus (if any), etc., all fusion there.

Whether or not you will be able to run all or a few of the above marketing tactics depend greatly on your financial capability.

But if you can afford any of them, word of mouth referral also works well. Talk to your friend who has a neighbor to tell him that your snail farm is harvesting.

Go to hotels, restaurants, eateries, and the likes and tell them about your farm. Give than reasons why they should patronize you and be humble with your sale pitch.

Lastly, go to a public gathering where your target audience is and make an announcement regarding your farm and your matured snails.

Tell them you are currently selling at a discount rate, and there’s a gift for anybody who refers buyers to you to buy a certain amount of snails from you.

All these methods will in one way or the other work for you. Try them out and see the power of effective marketing.

Major Markets to Sell Snails

As it has been stated earlier on that other than consuming, the snail can be used for many things. So before you start the snail’s production proper, it’s ideal you analyze the available sales markets.

Though not exhausted, below are some of the local and international snail markets or consumers:

Hotels or restaurants with special cuisine, in which the snail meat is an exotic and expensive delicacy.

  • Companies that produce semi-finished frozen products.
  • Pharmaceutical companies that produce medications.
  • Cosmetology industry that manufactures cosmetics, etc.

Other ways to start snail farming in Nigeria

While the above steps discussed on how to start snail cultivation in Nigeria might look difficult or confusing to you, there are other ways you can adopt though.

These other ways are simple, straightforward but cannot be relied upon if you are aiming millions from your snail farm or snail production.

These other ways or methods are generally referred to as “snail farming technology” for beginners. They include

Snail farming technology for beginners

Any wannabe farmer or future entrepreneur who is desirous to become a snail farmer but doesn’t have all it takes, there are other three options available for him.

These options allow him to start and grow the farm at home. They include:

  • Homemade farm;
  • Farm made in a cellar, garage, shed, or greenhouse, and
  • Outdoor farm.

Homemade snail farm

The homemade snail farming could be carried out in a plastic container that will be kept on the balcony or in a large room aquarium.

This method is perfect and ideal for people who stay in an urban area. Plus, this snail breeding option is excellent for aspiring farmers who are not too sure about the business.

This is because breeding the snails in an apartment will give you all the opportunities to see and feel all the smoothness or pitfalls of the rearing process.

Testing running a business to see its pros and cons is an important step that most aspiring entrepreneurs miss and thereby risking their investments greatly.

Although business experts recommend having the desire to take risks in any business venture, yet this method is advisable still.

Farm made in a cellar or greenhouse

The second option on the list of snail farming technology for aspiring snail farmers is to run the snail farm in a shed, cellar, garage, or greenhouse.

This method is similar to the first one but the only difference is that the former is smaller in scale compared to the latter.

For breeding snails in a cellar, garage, or a container place in your balcony, you will need the following:

  • An equipped area such as balcony shed, greenhouse, etc;
  • Special terrariums for the snails or gastropods;
  • Soil that is fertilized with all the useful elements;
  • Food for growing twigs and mollusks; etc.

Note that breeding snails purposely for meat is not that complicated as it seems, although its process is demanding. Among these processes are:

  • It is a must you maintain a strict and adequate temperature
  • You must clean the snails waste products at least once in three days
  • You must monitor the snailery soil moisture
  • You must feed them food such as leaves, plants, human consumables, most especially the soft or decaying ones, etc.

Lastly, if you tried either of these first two steps successfully without any problem, and you even got your first proceeds or profits, then you can go into full-scale snails cultivation.

Outdoor snail farming

For farming outdoors, this is similar to the steps explained earlier on but the only difference is that here, you are starting to learn the process while there, you are starting for the profits ASAP.

For outdoor snail breeding, the cultures to be grown on a particular farm should not exceed 50 centimeters and the soil should be piped and regularly fertilized for calcium.

Also, fresh weeds, leaves, and grasses should be planted. And make sure to protect the species against insects and pests like carnivorous beetles, rats, birds, lizards, moles, etc.

We must at this juncture state that snail meat is delicious and highly celebrated all over Nigeria. The most interesting thing about it is that no single religion or tribe prohibits eating snails as a lump of meat.

Whatever your reasons are for picking interest in heliciculture or snail farming and production, this blog post is comprehensive enough to lead you to the promised land.

Take your time to read it over and over again, in case you have any questions or clarification, you are one step away from the comment box.

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Everything You Need to Know About Snail Farming in Nigeria


Everything you need to know about Snail Farming in Nigeria

You might not think of snails as a delicacy, but in Nigeria, they are a prized ingredient in local cuisine. In fact, snail farming is a good way to make money and is becoming more popular all over the country.

But what does it take to start a snail farm? What are the challenges involved? How can you make the most of this business venture? In this article, we’ll answer all of your questions about snail farming in Nigeria. So, whether you’re thinking about starting your own snail farm or you’re just curious about this unique industry, keep reading for everything you need to know.

What Is Snail Farming?

So what is snail farming ? In a nutshell, it’s the process of breeding and raising snails for human consumption.

Now, before you write snails off as icky, gross, and slimy, consider this: they’re a great source of protein, and they taste delicious when cooked properly. Not to mention, they’re low in cholesterol and fat, and they’re a good source of vitamins and minerals.

Plus, snail farming is a relatively easy business to get into. All you need is some land, some cages or pens, and some snails to get started.

But there’s a lot more to snail farming than just collecting snails and putting them on your farm. You need to make sure that you have the right environment for them, and you need to provide the right food and care for them.

What are the Benefits of Snail Farming?

Here are 10 benefits of snail farming in Nigeria:

  • Snails are a good source of protein.
  • Snails are a good source of calcium.
  • Snails are a good source of magnesium.
  • Snails are a good source of phosphorous.
  • Snails are a good source of zinc.
  • Snails are a good source of copper.
  • Snails help with soil conservation.
  • Snails help to reduce deforestation.
  • Snails help to reduce soil erosion.
  • Snails improve crop yields.

How to Start Snail Farming in Nigeria

So you want to get into snail farming? It’s a great idea that snails are a delicious and sustainable source of protein, and they’re not that difficult to care for.

Here’s a step-by-step guide for how to get started:

  • Decide on the size of your farm: Do you want to grow snails on a small or large scale?
  • Purchase some snails from a reliable source.
  • Create a snail-friendly environment. This means providing the right food, water, and shelter for your snails.
  • Harvest your snails regularly and sell them to local restaurants or grocery stores.

What to Consider Before Starting Snail Farming in Nigeria

So you’re thinking of starting a snail farm in Nigeria? That’s a great idea! There’s a lot of potential in this business, but you need to make sure you’re prepared for it before you dive in.

Here are eight things to consider before you get started:

  • What kind of snail do you want to farm?
  • What kind of climate do they need?
  • What will you use as a shelter for them?
  • What kind of food will they eat?
  • What kind of soil do they need?
  • How will you deal with pests and diseases?
  • How will you market your snails?
  • What are your start-up costs?

What are the Equipment  Needed for Snail Farming in Nigeria?

You would need the following equipment for snail farming in Nigeria:

-A Snail Pen or Cage: This is where the snails will live and be housed. The size of the pen or cage will depend on how many snails you plan to keep.

-A Feeding Tray: This is used to feed the snails. It can be a simple tray made from wood or metal.

-A Watering Can or Bottle: The snail pen or cage should be kept moist at all times, so a watering can or bottle is essential.

-Snail Food: There are many different types of snail food, so you will need to find one that your snails will enjoy eating.

-Bricks, stones, or wood: These are used to create a wall around the snail pen or cage, as snails do not like direct sunlight.

-Saw, hammer, and nails: These are needed to build the snail pen or cage.

What are the Most Common Snail Species Farmed in Nigeria?

So you’re thinking of starting a snail farm in Nigeria ? That’s great! In this section, we’ll take a look at the most common snail species that are farmed in Nigeria.

The giant African land snail is the most popular species, and it’s easy to see why. This snail is big, and it grows quickly, making it a great choice for farmers who are looking to produce a lot of snails in a short period of time.

Another popular choice is the brown garden snail. This snail is smaller than the giant African land snail, but it’s still a good choice for farmers who are looking to produce a lot of snails. It also has a longer lifespan than the giant African land snail.

There are also a few other species that are commonly farmed in Nigeria, including the Roman snail, the African apple snail, and the black-pomfret land snail. Each of these species has its own unique set of characteristics, so it’s important to do your research before choosing which one to farm.

What are the challenges of snail farming in Nigeria?

So you’re thinking about starting a snail farm in Nigeria? There are a few things you need to know before you get started.

The first thing you need to understand is that snail farming is a challenging business. You’re going to be dealing with a lot of obstacles, from pests and diseases to erratic weather patterns.

Another challenge you’ll face is getting your snails to breed. Snails are hermaphrodites, which means they can mate with any other snail, but they can also self-fertilize. So it can be tough to get them to reproduce in large numbers.

But with a lot of hard work and dedication, you can make snail farming a successful business in Nigeria. Just make sure you’re prepared for the challenges ahead!

Tips to make the most of snail farming in Nigeria

Here are a few tips to help you make the most of snail farming in Nigeria:

  • Choose the right location: Snails love moist, humid environments, so make sure you select a spot that’s shady and has plenty of vegetation.
  • Build a snail pen: This can be as simple as a wooden frame covered in wire mesh or chicken wire.
  • Supply your snails with food and water. Snails love to eat leaves, fruits, and vegetables, so make sure you have a steady supply of fresh food for them to nibble on. And be sure to provide them with fresh water daily.
  • Protect your snails from predators: Raccoons, possums, dogs, cats, and other animals love to feast on snails, so be sure to protect your snail farm from predators.
  • Harvest your snails regularly. Snails reach maturity at around 8 months of age, so start harvesting them when they reach this age.

So you want to start snail farming in Nigeria?

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started with snail farming in Nigeria:

  • Choose a good location for your farm. You’ll need a place with plenty of sunlight and good drainage.
  • Buy some healthy snails from a reputable source.
  • Create a suitable environment for your snails, with plenty of food and water.
  • Harvest your snails regularly and sell them to local restaurants or markets.

By following these simple steps, you can start your own successful snail farm in no time!

At the moment, snail farming is still in its early stages in Nigeria, so there is a lot of room for growth. If you’re interested in starting a snail farm, there are a few things you need to know.

Snails are easy to care for and they reproduce quickly, so they can be a profitable business venture. There are several ways to raise snails, and you can choose the method that best suits your needs.

There is a growing demand for snail meat and eggs, so there is potential for a successful snail farming business. However, there are some things you need to consider before starting a snail farm.

There is a lot of potential in the snail farming industry in Nigeria. If you’re interested in starting a farm, make sure to do your research first to learn as much as you can about this exciting business venture.

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Niger Investor

No. 1 website for nigeria green investment information, snail farming in nigeria: a comprehensive guide.

Snail farming in Nigeria is one of the thriving agricultural businesses in the country, with high demand and low competition. Snail farming, also called Heliculture, is a very profitable venture that several farmers in Nigeria have not been paying maximum attention to. Perhaps you are not such a farmer who would shy away from snail farming in Nigeria; then you are looking at a lucrative farming business to invest in.

Understanding Snail Farming

Snails are characteristically slow and slimy, and that’s a lot of how the business looks. Return on investment in snail farming could go at snail speed. Unless you are a Spongebob (Video Cartoon Series) fan, not many people out there, especially in Nigeria, keep snails as pets, so the practical reason for snail farming is either for consumption as food or for slime and other snail products. The majority of snail demand in Nigeria is as food. Snail farming is not a get-rich-quick enterprise; it takes an average of two years of dedication to start making a reasonable profit in snail farming. This is because it takes an average of two years for most snail species to mature.

Two categories of Snail Farming in Nigeria

There are two categories of snail farming practiced in Nigeria. They are Traditional/Subsistence  Snail farming and Modern/Large-scale snail farming.

Traditional or subsistence snail farming is the native practice of snail farming, where locals create small-scale snail farms, usually after a successful snail hunt or after buying from the local snail hunters. Small-scale snail farming is usually practiced using broken local clay pots or building a small shelter for the snails where they are fed with grasses and other available materials in the environment. Subsistence snail farming usually has a smaller number of snails.

Modern snail farming has to do with large-scale farming of the animal; it doesn’t chiefly rely on hunted snails, nor does it chiefly rely on the snail species available in the locality; large-scale production can outsource the snail or even the eggs then hatch, food for both modern snail farming and traditional snail farming are nearly same however the scale drastically changes for large scale farming, also although snails are less likely to need extensive veterinary attention than other farm animals, it should be noted that we recommend that modern snail farming should include occasional veterinary consultation and standard animal care practice. Aside from veterinary care, proper snail farm housing and associated facilities should also be considered.

Traditional and modern snail farming in Nigeria is lucrative; however, traditional snail farming and hunting are more popular. Still, modern snail farming in Nigeria is growing and even more profitable.

How to Start Traditional  Snail Farming in Nigeria

Traditional snail farming is the easiest to set up; usually, this type of snail farming is practiced in rural areas where there’s enough greenery. The local snail farmer can start with a handful of snails at about ten snails. Requiring a small space, this type of farming can be done with a collection of local clay pots. Also, a small makeshift snail housing is usually built with building blocks, of which more blocks could be added to expand the snail house as the snail grows or reproduces.

Once the clay pot or the makeshift blocks are set up, it is time to introduce some snails to the farm. For the locals, this snail could be gotten from the local snail hunter, hunted for by the farmer or from the local market. Then snail farming starts.

Snails are diverse eaters, easily adapted to the traditional rearing method. Regarding feeding habits, most species of snails are not very selective; they eat just about anything. The fact that snails eat just about anything in the wild doesn’t mean that rearing snails at home or on the farm doesn’t have to account for snail food.

Several of the snail foods available in the wild may not be easily accessible at home or snail farms; as such, most traditional snail farmers rely on different classes of grasses. Grasses are preferable in traditional snail farming as they can be easily sourced in large quantities in most Nigerian neighborhoods; for large-scale farming, a combination of grasses and other types of snail food can be adopted.

How to Start Modern Snail Farming in Nigeria

Modern snail farming in Nigeria is becoming a popular farming practice; the first thing to consider in the snail farming business would be building your snail pens or farmhouses. Well, don’t think too much; it is just a house for snails, so it doesn’t always need a complex structure, although sometimes it could be more because the snails would be cared for by people, and that aspect should be considered while building your snail farm.

Building Your Snail Pen

The snail pen refers to the house or environment for your snails; it is where your snail would live, grow and hatch depending on your type and purpose of snail farming. You should build three different pens if you intend to raise hatchlings (young or baby snails) on your farm. The first pen is for the parent snails or the breeders, the second pen is for the incubation of the eggs, and the third pen is for the nursery; most of your snails would pass through this three-life circle in your farm, which is the egg (incubation stage pen), nursery (from hatchlings to a considerate growth range), to adult or breeders pen.

What to know about the Reproduction in Snails

Reproduction is one key aspect of animal husbandry; nearly every farmer wants real-time growth. This reproduction aspect helps to sustain the farm in the long run and ensures that we always have new snails; lucky for snail farmers or intending snail farmers, snails are hermaphrodites, which means an individual snail possesses both male and female reproductive features. In this case, snail farmers don’t have to worry whether they need a particular number of male or female snails; reproduction would certainly go on in your snail farm. It doesn’t matter the gender distribution so long as the snails are healthy.

Snails reach reproductive maturity between 8 months and one year; once reproductive maturity is reached, a typical snail is ready to lay eggs, which could be as high as 10 to 20 eggs per clutch and even more depending on the species of snail and other factors, typically some snails could have up to 5 clutches a year, usually, it takes roughly six weeks for these eggs to hatch. Naturally, snails lay their eggs in or on the soil, so we recommend that your snail farm soil be loose and moist, loamy or sandy to make it possible for the snails to lay their eggs in or on such soil easily.

To ensure that the majority of the eggs get hatched, it is appropriate to pick the snail eggs from the parent pen and transfer the eggs to another pen primarily for incubation and hatching the eggs; this is partly to avoid complications that could arise if the snail eggs are left at the parent pen. Such complications like adult snails weighing down on the egg and potentially cracking them is a scenario that can be avoided if snail eggs are separated from their parent’s pen. While we recommend that the soil be moist in the parent’s pen, the level of moistness there may sometimes not be in the best interest of the eggs as the pen could sometimes get overly wet and waterlogged, thereby creating conditions that may not be very appropriate for the eggs. For this reason, Niger Investor recommends that for more successful snail farming in Nigeria, intending snail farmers ought to create a different pen for snail egg incubation.

Collecting your snail eggs from the breeder or parent pen to the hatchery or incubation pen must be handled with extreme care; it requires careful tilling of the soil and picking the snail eggs NOT with your hands but a plastic spoon; there’s a phenomenon behind snail eggs where it becomes less likely to hatch if picked with the bare hands.

Preparing the incubation pen 

The incubation pen is very important in modern snail farming; once the eggs are collected in the parent’s pen, there are a few important steps to take to ensure that the majority of your snail eggs get hatched.

Ensure that the soil is suitable: Like the parent’s pen, the suitable soil for the snail incubation pen is loamy or a mix of loamy and sandy soil. The moisture content of the soil also has to be considered; it shouldn’t be dry soil, nor should it be waterlogged; it has to be moist, not waterlogged, and not dry.

After ensuring that the soil is suitable, make shallow holes in the soil, place your eggs in the holes, remember with your plastic spoon once again, also take note of each egg per hole and cover the hole, but this time NOT with much soil, remember we are dealing with eggs here, and too much soil on top could damage the eggs, aside the eggs, you don’t also want too much weight on the newly hatched snails when they finally hatch.

You should note how many eggs per hole; 10 to 20 eggs per hole could be appropriate. Remember, the hole should be shallow and relatively expanded in diameter to contain the eggs comfortably. The notes should also include the number of eggs in each hole and the day the eggs were introduced to the incubation pen; this will give hints on the potential due date. We recommend that the note be pinned near the hole or find a way to mark the hole for easier tracing. It usually takes 21 to 35 days for eggs of most snail species to hatch.

Caring for the snail egg incubation pen

The moistness of the incubation pen is very critical to the performance of the snail eggs. Snail farming in Nigeria must include routine care for the incubation pen to sustain moistness. Given the hot weather in Nigeria, this aspect of snail farming in Nigeria has to be paid utmost attention to; this is because once the soil around the snail eggs loses its moistness, the snail eggs may begin to experience dryness, which is not good for the eggs. To keep the snail egg incubation pen moist, we recommend that water is LIGHTLY spayed on the pen daily; the pen should NOT be flooded. NOTE that this recommendation applies to snail farming in Nigeria; people in colder Geography may not need to spray water on their snail egg incubation pen daily.

Hatchery Due Date

After 21 days of providing adequate care for your snail egg incubation pen, it is time to check on your snails; most times, all of the eggs don’t hatch at the same time; in this case, you have to check to find the ones that have hatched, uncover the hole and pick the hatched snails then transfer them to the nursery while covering back the yet to be hatched snail with light soil; continue using the plastic spoon even at this stage. Cover the yet-to-be-hatched eggs again with light soil and continue caring for the incubation pen for another fourteen days. Note that it is not guaranteed that all the eggs must hatch as such that any egg that did not hatch after a total of 35 days may as well be concluded.

It is important to set up the nursery pen beforehand; this is because keeping the hatchlings (young snails) and the yet-to-be-hatched eggs together could lead to the young snails eating the shells of the yet-to-be-hatched snails as they need the calcium from the egg for shell development however a mixture of calcium-rich nutrients addition to the nursery soil could be a source of calcium for proper shell development for the little snails.


It has been a long read, but if you have come this far in reading about the Snail farming business in Nigeria, you would be patient enough to digest the very bone of the content. The profitability of snail farming is high once you have endured the snail speed of investment maturity. Unlike several other ventures, snail farming isn’t quite capital-intensive, but you must be dedicated and patient. Snail farming is also best practiced in rural or agricultural communities where snail food like grass, cassava peels and several other kinds of snail food abound. Since snail farming is not very capital intensive, depending on the species, profit can be high.

We can only give a rough estimate of how profitable the snail business can be; still, a snail business started with one million naira, where about N300,000 (three hundred thousand naira) is used to build the snail pen with about 4,00,000 (four hundred thousand) used to procure about 5000 young snails at the price of N80 (eighty naira) each. At the same time, the remaining N300,000 would be kept for other farm expenditures and unforeseen circumstances.

Perhaps we followed the above estimate and set up our snail farm with N1,000,000 (one million nairas). These snails could grow into adults in about two years, when they would be sold for around N380 (three hundred and eighty naira) each. This could turn out to yield over 1.5 million nairas in two years, and if they were to be kept for longer, they could lay thousands of eggs and bring in thousands of new snails; noteworthy is that you don’t have to build a new structure in about two years when the return chain truly begins. This level of profitability takes approximately two years, and the longer the farm flourishes, the larger the gain.

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Business Plan

Snail Farming Business Plan in Nigeria

by BusinessPlan 1 Comment

Do you have interest in starting a snail farming business in Nigeria?  Do you need a sample template for a snail farming business plan in Nigeria? Did you answer YES to the above questions? Then you should carefully read this article.

Read: Feasibility Study on Snail Farming in Nigeria

To quickly get your snail farming business plan in Nigeria, pay N10,000 to:

Bank Name: Guaranty Trust Bank (GTB)

Account Name:  Chibuzor Tochi Onyemenam

Account Number: 0044056891

After payment, send your full name, email address and topic (i.e. poultry farming business plan sample pdf) to 07033378184. Your business plan will be sent to your email within 20 minutes.

Before we get into the details of how to start a snail farm in Nigeria, let me show you the table of contents to the Snail Farming Business Plan in Nigeria

snail farming business plan in nigeria

1)      Executive summary the snail farm business: The summary includes introduction, products and services description, marketing and sales, etc

2)      Company Overview of the snail farm : This section includes the mission statement, history and current status, markets and products, objectives, keys to success of the snail business

3)      Product or Service description: Here we have described the product (snails)

4)      Industry and Market Analysis: Introduction, industry analysis, market analysis, customer analysis, competitor analysis, SWOT Analysis

5)      Marketing Strategy: Target market strategy, product/service strategy, pricing strategy, distribution strategy, advertising and promotion strategy, sales strategy, marketing and sales forecasts

6)      Operations: Operations strategy, scope of operations, operating expenses

7)      Development: Development strategy, development timeline, development expenses

8)      Management: Company organization, management team, administrative expenses

9)   Summary of Financials: Financial assumptions, financial forecasts, projected cash flow, income statement, balance sheet, profit and loss, profit margin, chart etc, financial risks

10)   Appendices: Support for Product/Service Description (e.g., diagrams, pictures, etc.)

Financial Statements: Income Statement, balance sheets,   cash flow statements , ratio analysis [3 years]


Heliculture is the branch of agriculture that deals with the study and rearing of snails (either for personal or commercial purposes). Snails are from the family of animals known scientifically as Molluscs (shell-bearing), other animals in this family include, mussels, squids, cuttlefish and slugs.

Humans have consumed snail meat from prehistoric times and so there is no proper documentation of when or where man started to consume snail meat as a food supplement. Predominantly in Africa, snails were handpicked in the bush usually in the night time but as human population increased and forests were turned into cities, the demand of snails fast outgrew the supply. This has created a need for commercial rearing of snails. Snail farming is one of the most underrated and overlooked forms of agriculture, especially in Nigeria. This is because some folks believe you can just walk into any bush and pick up snails so it cannot yield much income; permit me to say that they are woefully wrong. Understanding snail farming and taking proper steps will make the farmer so much income because there is a ready market of snail consumers.

One of the major advantages of snail farming is that it does not require much capital, meaning it is just perfect for the present economy of the nation.


The snails consumed in Africa are known as the Giant African Land Snails (GALS) and they are further divided into the following groups:

  • Achatina fulica
  • Archachatina marginata
  • Achatina achatina (the specie most consumed in Nigeria)

Achatina achatina is the most widely spread snail in West Africa, it is found in countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Togo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, etc. It is the most favorable snail as it grows to a very large size, sometimes up to 30cm, though it requires more humidity and it takes a longer time to reach sexual maturity than the other two species.

Also Read: Poultry Farming Business Plan in Nigeria


Just like any business, there are steps that must be taken and factors that must be considered for the success of the business. Snail farming is not different, I will state below and try to explain as much as possible each requirement. Please note however that this is just a guide and you will require an in-depth feasibility study and proper business plan, just like any business venture, to succeed. Moreso, you will need to visit an experienced farmer to understand practical methods on how to raise your snails, as there are some practical issues that write ups will most likely never cover.

Join me on a journey of the basic requirements in starting your snail farm on a small/medium scale:

CAPITAL : Unlike most agribusinesses, snail farming is not capital intensive, as a matter of fact, it is one of the cheapest agribusinesses to venture into. Do I see a smile on your face? Yes, you are thinking what I am thinking, it is just perfect for a young graduate looking for a way to make income. The money needed is basically proportional to how large you desire the farm to be. So if you do not have so much to start, you can use the little capital you have to set up and gradually grow the business with patience and diligence to your dream business.

SITING THE FARM : A major advantage of snail farming is that they are environment friendly, they hardly pollute the environment with their waste plus they do not produce any noise. This means they can be raised in a residential area, the backyard of the farmer, or any other place the farmer finds conducive for him. Even though the farm can be sited anywhere, some guidelines still need to be followed in siting the farm, some of them include:

  • Suitable climate : Climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction all affect optimal growth in snails. Snails thrive in areas with moderate temperature and high humidity; with very high temperatures they go into aestivation and the hibernate when the temperature is too low. Low humidity and high wind speed make the snails dry up fast, leading to dormancy. The farm is best situated in an area protected from high winds and dryness, with stable/not frequently fluctuating temperatures.
  • Pest/predator free : The farm should also be in a place free from predators and pests that can be of harm to the snails. There are several animals on this list such as rats, field mice, frogs, snakes, crows, lizards, millipedes, centipedes, etc.
  • Soil requirements : The soil is the major habitat of the snail, in fact, the soil is to snail what water is to fish. This is because one of the major constituents of the snails’ shell, calcium, is gotten from the soil. The snail also satisfies its water need from the soil, as well as lays eggs in the soil. The soil needed for raising snails should be moist, loose, with high organic, calcium and magnesium content

All these must be considered as they are paramount to the survival of the snail and the thriving of the farm. The farmer should also make economic decisions such as distance from market, transportation, etc. in making a decision on what location best suites his snail farm.

HOUSING SYSTEMS : Just as in any other branch of livestock farming, there are several housing systems that the farmer can choose from to house his snails, depending on what kind of farming the farmer wants to indulge in and how much capital the farmer has. Broadly, there are three kinds of housing systems:

  • Extensive system : This involves outdoor pens with free range grazing.
  • Semi intensive system : In this form, the eggs are laid and left to hatch in a controlled environment for 6-8 weeks, after which the snails are released into the open field/free range.
  • Intensive system : This kind involve closed systems or controlled environments. Several examples of this include car tires, hutch boxes, trench pens, greenhouses, plastic tunnel houses, etc. In this housing system, the farmer basically provides the feeding needs of the snails.

In setting up a housing system for the snails, some guidelines must be followed to avoid unnecessary eventualities on the farm, some of them are stated below:

  • The place should be spacious to accommodate their growth needs. One of the major problems snails suffer from is overcrowding which could lead to high risk of diseases and hindrance to optimal growth.
  • The place must be escape-proof as snails are master escapists. Within a seemingly short time, if proper measures are not taken, the snails could escape their pens and spread all over.
  • The place should be easily accessible, flexible to work with, easy to place feeds and water and also easy to clean.
  • The place should be predator-proof. As stated earlier, several predators attack snails and could cause damage to the farm. It is expedient that the farmer takes measures to protect the farm against such to avoid unnecessary losses.

It highly recommended for small/medium scale farmers to use old tires, drums or tanks to house their snails. It is also important to note that the floor of the pen should be loose, natural soil and not cement.

FEEDING YOUR SNAILS : Of note is that snails are vegetarians, meaning they feed basically on plants. The great advantage about their feeding is that they are hardly selective, the will eat anything plant-based such as lettuce leaves, cassava leaves, cassava tubers, pawpaw leaves, okra leaves, kola leaves, cucumber, banana, cocoyam, potatoes, etc. Household feed wastes are also recommended such as leftover rice, beans, yams, etc. But note that whatever is served as feed to the snails must not contain salt . Young snails however prefer tender leaves, and they usually consume twice the amount of feed the mature snails consume. On the other hand, mature snails prefer fallen leaves and rotten fruit.

To save cost, instead of buying fresh fruits, you can visit the market places and collect rejected food items from vendors or waste dumps. In doing this however, do not collect rotting food materials as they are breeding ground for bacteria harmful to the snails. In the case that the soil is not rich in calcium and magnesium contents, supplements should be used as these minerals among others are required by the snail for optimal growth and performance.

SELECTING BREED STOCK : Snails are hermaphrodites, meaning they possess both male and female reproductive organs. So you really do not have to worry about which sex to buy. They all lay eggs after mating on their own. The best time to get breeding stock is the beginning of the wet season, this is because snails start to breed at this time. It is best to pick snails that sexually mature, about 100-130grams in weight with strong shells as breeding stock.

Breeding stock should be selected based on the following criteria:

  • Fecundity e. the expected number of eggs the snail can lay. This is gotten from data of previous seasons.
  • Hatchability which refers to percentage of eggs likely to hatch from the total number of eggs laid.
  • Establishment rate which is the percentage number of snails likely to survive after hatching.

With the above data, the farmer is assured of bountiful harvest from his snail farm.

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT REQUIRED : There are several tools required for use on a snail farm. The first set of tools are the customary gardening tools such as hoes, cutlasses, rakes, brooms, etc. However, other tools are required on the farm some of which are listed below:

  • Measuring tapes
  • Weighing scale for weighing snails
  • Watering can for keeping the soil moist.
  • Hand trowels for loosening the soil.
  • Notebook for keeping records.

FARM MANAGEMENT : To keep the farm thriving, several measures must be taken on a daily basis:

  • Timely feeding : The snails should be feed after sunset as this is the time they are most active. The food should not contain rotten materials or mold as well as not be stale. All leftovers should be removed the next morning to avoid breeding of bacteria.
  • House maintenance : The pens must be cleaned frequently; the wire meshes must also be checked for breakage. All breakages should be duly repaired to avoid pest and predator attacks or escaping of the snails.
  • Soil maintenance : The soil in the pen must be kept moist and loose at all times. It should be changed within a three-month interval and fresh poultry dropping should never be added to it. Humus can be added to the soil from time to time to enrich it with nutrients needed by the snails for optimal growth.
  • Records : Proper records should be kept on a daily basis as these records will be referred to during the breeding period.


As our population becomes more and more aware and interested in healthy living, snail meat has become one of the choicest foods in this part of the world. The reason being that snail meat is very high in protein content and low in fat and cholesterol content when compared to other sources of animal protein like beef and pork. Snails also contain most of the essential amino acids needed by the human body and their by-products are also very useful in the curing of several diseases. Snail meat is high in magnesium, choline, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids.


Every part of the snails’ body including its shell has economic importance.

  • The shell can be used as ornaments, beads or decorations. It can also be used in traditional medicine.
  • The snail slime, a mucous-like liquid secreted from the snail can be used in treating burns, cosmetics and tradomedical care.


The following are the advantages of snail farming:

  • They are environment friendly. Asides the fact that they do not cause pollution, they also help fertilize with their waste materials as well as help to loosen the soil.
  • They are not capital or labor intensive.
  • The meat is a source of protein.
  • The by-products can be used for several purposes.


The following are the disadvantages of snail farming:

  • They are very choosy climate wise.
  • They have a very slow growth rate.
  • They are susceptible to pest and predator action.
  • They can become pests if not properly managed.


As stated earlier, snail meat is gradually becoming a household name in this part of the world majorly because of its nutritional value and its palatability. Several delicacies can be prepared from snail meat thus making it widely acceptable. Another economic advantage to the farmer is that the snails have an off season, if he takes advantage of this, he gets to make more profit in the dry season.

Several businesses patronize the snail farmer, some of them include market women, restaurants, bars, hotels, families, etc. The farmer can take advantage of this to gain substantial profit even though the growth rate of the snail is quite slow, about 10 months to a year.

Ultimately, the snail business requires patience and diligence, but with time, especially once the first set of snails reach maturity, the farmer begins to enjoy great dividends.

To Get Your Snail Farming Business Plan In Nigeria, Pay N10,000 To:

Bank Name: First Bank Plc

Account Number: 3066880122

After payment, send the following details to 07033378184

  • Amount Paid
  • The Business plan you paid for (snail farming business plan)
  • Your Email Address

We will send your complete snail farming business plan in Nigeria /feasibility study to your email within 15 minutes after payment.

For Inquiries call – 07033378184

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Snail is an essential part of the diet of many Africans. Their high protein, low fat, and cholesterol content make them a nutritional favourite and non-resistible. Snail meat is much cheaper than red meat, with greater health benefits. Over 90 percent of the snails supplied to our local markets are picked from the bush/forest. While this has been the traditional force source, our growing population and rising pastoral to civic migration rates make it unsustainable.

The traditional supply of snails cannot be sustained due to new development. Hence, this gap has created an opportunity in the market for F&T company to rear snails and make an exorbitant profit. You can contact us at F&T snails on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. We attend to customers swiftly, and we also value your opinions.

To become the top producer of snail, reach out to more customers, and make snail meat accessible and very palatable.

  • To provide healthy snails for consumption
  • To provide affordable snail for consumption
  • To become a leading manufacturer of healthy, matured snail
  • To build a favourable and healthy reputation and customers.
  • Snail shells
  • Matured snail
  • Sales of snails and snail products
  • Storage and marketing of snail
  • Offering training to farmers
  • Processing of dried snail

Why  you should patronize our products and services 

Apart from offering the best and most modernized ways of snail farming, we also use top-notch technology, and we can never run out of supplies because we rear snails, and they are hermaphrodites. After deshelling our snails, we save the shell for sales to other industries for production  (cosmetic, ceramics, paints, paper animal feed). All production processing is effective, with no loss in nutritional value, and products are free from chemicals.

Our farm is located in a town where snails are easily reared, and there is easy access for customers.

Our competitive advantage as a snail farming business in Nigeria 

Our services are top-notch. We do not use local methods of production. Our facilities are spacious, and we do not congest the snail pen. We attend to all customers swiftly and even give additional products to the best customer, and we also run promos every festive period.  How can we run out of supplies when we rear snails that are hermaphrodite? We also maintain a team of qualified experts that help deliver the best and succeed as a company.

Equipment for snail rearing business plan in Nigeria 

Our equipment/tools are :

Water tank,

Watering can,


Weighing scale,

Feeding through,

Hand trowel,

Hand sprayer,

Drying oven and refrigerator, as well as brand packaging materials.

Standby generator and other essential production machines.

Expected profit 

We are expecting a daily turnover of  N180,000 – N250,000, which evaluates to about N5.4 million – N7.7 million every month based on the efficiency of production, output and demand of the product

Management team 

We have the best and most qualified set of  management teams available:

Mr Ogini Charles is a product of zoology from the University of Ibadan. As an ex-lecture of the department, his knowledge is applicable to the management and care of snails

Mr Ogundele Victor is also a product of zoology from the University of Ibadan. His knowledge is useful for monitoring the various environmental condition of the snail house and ensuring that the snail gets the best.

Mrs Ekundayo Seun Is a first-class graduate of food science and technology from the University of Ilorin, and she ensures that snails are properly processed and packed for consumption.

Mr Imuoto Samuel is a quality control specialist with a degree in biochemistry, and a master’s in nutritional biochemistry from UNIBEN. He ensures that the snail gets the appropriate amount of feed and ensures that the products are well packaged.

Miss Olaogbebikan Shalom is a business administration graduate from the university of Port Harcourt and also attended a business school. Her input is valuable in running the snail farm.

Mr. Ayuba Sodiq  Is a graduate of accounting from Ekiti state university, and he’s also a registered accountant. He is in charge of auditing the snail farm account to make sure finances are optimized.

Mr. Sule Ibrahim is the technology equipment manager, he is responsible for the maintenance of technological and electrical equipment in the snail farm. He has an HND in electrical, electronic engineering from the federal polytechnic ado Ekiti.

Mrs. Lara Akinyemi is the head of human resources with a degree in business administration, and she is in charge of recruiting the best employees for the job

Our team also consist of unskilled staff, which ensures that the environment is healthy, clean and tidy for our business processes from start to finish. We have the best team, comprising of intellectuals in their various fields, and they work towards the success of the company.


PLEASE CALL OUR BUSINESS PLAN CONSULTANT: +2348147161686 [email protected]


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snail rearing business plan in nigeria

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Snail Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

By: Author Tony Martins Ajaero

Home » Business Plans » Agriculture Sector » Livestock Farming

Are you about starting a snail farming business? If YES, here is a complete sample snail farming business plan template & feasibility report you can use for FREE .

Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a snail farming business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample snail marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for snail farms. So let’s proceed to the business planning section.

Snail farming is another interesting, thriving and profitable business venture that an entrepreneur for is interested in making money from livestock breeding should consider going into. As a matter of fact, snail farming requires low start – up capital and anyone who is serious about business can generate good income from the business.

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Snail meat has been severally affirmed as a most safe and nutritious delicacy. In these days of increased coronary implications and other health implications, snail farmers are certain to hit it big because many people are shunning away from beef or red meat.

It is also pleasing to note that snail production venture could be kick-started with a little initial capital. The best period to commence snail farming is the rainy season; you can start about 50 to 60 snails to have a good knowledge of how snail breeding works.

Make sure you go for a fully matured and big nails. In starting your own snail farming business, you will need to write out what your plans are. This can be your long term goals, as well as your short term goals.

Other things to be included in your plan includes; your choice of location, the sales projection you have, the staff strength that you plan to launch out with, as well as other things that must not be toyed with as you look to build a world-class business. There is a sample snail farming business that you can use to work on your own business plan;

A Sample Snail Farming Business Plan Template

1. industry overview.

One good business that falls under the agriculture cum meat production industry that an entrepreneur can successful start is snail farming.

Snail farming is not capital intensive and management tasking, especially when compared to other meat rearing business like poultry and catfish farming. The feeds are readily available and you can even produce it yourself as snails feed on waste.

You can start small from your backyard and grow from there. Due to its high nutritional value, snails have become a very popular delicacy. Snail meat is very rich in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, vitamin E as well as vitamin C.

Snail meat is very popular among weight watchers because they are extremely low in calories and fat. Snail meat is also very beneficial to people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and people trying to recover from an injury.

The Livestock Farming industry of which snail farming line of business is a part of is indeed a large industry and pretty much active in countries such as United States of America, Israel, Brazil, China, Germany, Argentina and Nigeria et al. It is a fact that there is no single snail farming business that has dominate market share in the industry hence smaller snail farming business can successfully compete in the industry and still make appreciable profits.

If you are looking towards leveraging on the livestock industry to generate huge income, then one of your best bet is to start your own snail farming business. Snail farming business is all about mass – breeding of snails for the sole aim of making profits.

One thing is certain about snail farming business, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies , you are more likely not going to struggle to sell your snails because there are loads of people out there we eat snails especially in Africa and of course African communities in the united states of America.

Over and above, snail farming business is indeed a profitable and thriving livestock breeding business that an entrepreneur who is interested in farming should consider going into.

2. Executive Summary

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is a registered and licensed livestock farming company that will be based in the outskirt of Dallas, Texas – United States. We have done our detailed market research and feasibility studies and we were able to secure five hectares of land to start our livestock breeding business.

Our livestock breeding business is a going to be standard one hence will be involved in commercial breeding of snails and other livestock.

We choose to start our snail farming business in Dallas Texas because we are sure of generating enough market for our snails considering the robust populations of African communities in the Dallas – Texas and of course throughout the United States of America.

We have plans in the pipeline to start our snail processing plant and also start exporting our products to other parts of the world where they have active African communities.

This is why aside from the fact that we’ve secured the required farming land for breeding snails in commercial level, we have also secured all the necessary permits that will enable us successfully run this type of business in the United States of America.

We are in the snail farming business because we want to leverage on the vast opportunities available in the livestock farming industry, to contribute our quota in growing the U.S. economy, in national food (meat) production, to export agriculture produce from the United States to other countries and over and above to make profit.

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is well equipped and well positioned to become one of the leading snail farming business in the United States of America, which is why we have been able to source for the best hands and equipment to run the business.

We have put process and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to livestock breeding/snail farming processes and meat processing and packaging as required by the regulating bodies in the United States of America.

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is a family registered livestock farming company that is owned and managed by Blake Morrison and his immediate family members. The company will be fully and single handedly financed by the owner – Blake Morrison and his immediate family members at least for a period of time.

Blake Morrison is an African American that has robust relationship with the African communities in throughout the United States of America and with intercontinental hotels who serve snail meat as part of their cuisine.

3. Our Products and Services

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is a licensed livestock farming business that is committed to snail farming and snail meat processing and packaging for both the United States’ market and the global market. We will also ensure that we operate a standard food processing plant as part of our complimentary business offering.

We are in the snail farming line of business to make profits and we are going to do all that is permitted by the law in the United States of America to achieve our business aim and objectives.

4. Our Mission and Vision Statement

  • Our Vision is to become one of the leading snail farming company not just in Dallas – Texas, but also in the United States of America and Canada.
  • Our mission is to sell our produce (live snails), and processed snail meat in commercial quantities both locally, nationally and internationally. We want to build a snail farming business that will become the pacesetter for snail farming business in the United States of America and Canada.

Our Business Structure

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is a livestock cum snail farming company that intend starting small in Dallas – Texas, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading livestock farms in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage.

We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of world class business we want to own. This is why we are committed to only hire the best hands in and around Iowa.

At Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, dedicated, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers).

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the management of the farm. In view of the above, Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions;

  • Chief Operating Officer (Owner)

Snail Farm Manager


  • Sales and Marketing Executive
  • Field Employees
  • Front Desk Officer

5. Job Roles and Responsibilities

Chief Operating Officer:

  • Increases management’s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities.
  • Responsible for providing direction for the business
  • Creates the organization’s vision, mission, and overall direction – i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization’s strategy.
  • Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company
  • Evaluates the success of the organization
  • Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on behalf of the organization
  • Supervise other section manager
  • Ensures compliance during project executions
  • Provides advice on the management of farming activities across all section
  • Responsible for carrying out risk assessment
  • Uses IT systems and software to keep track of people and progress of the growth of crops, fishes, birds and animals
  • Responsible for overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of farm produce after harvest
  • Represents the organization’s interest at various stakeholders meetings
  • Ensures that farming goals desired result are achieved, the most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization
  • Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process
  • Carries out staff induction for new team members
  • Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees
  • Oversees the smooth running of the daily snail farming activities
  • Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis.
  • Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies
  • Responsible for administering payrolls
  • Ensures compliance with taxation legislation
  • Handles all financial transactions for the company
  • Serves as internal auditor for the company

Sales and Marketing Officer

  • Identifies, prioritizes, and reaches out to new partners, and business opportunities et al
  • Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of new business
  • Writes winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with company policy
  • Responsible for handling business research, marker surveys and feasibility studies for clients
  • Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients
  • Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales
  • Document all customer contact and information
  • Represents the company in strategic meetings
  • Helps to increase sales and growth for the company.

Field Workers/Contract Staff

  • Responsible for feeding snails as instructed by the supervisor
  • Responsible for cleaning the snail farm/cage
  • Handles snail farm implements and machines as instructed by the section manager / supervisor
  • Assists in handling the breeding and harvesting of snails
  • Carries out task in line with the stated job description
  • Assists in transport working tools and equipment from the farm and back to the designated store room
  • Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager

Client Service Executive/Front Desk Officer

  • Welcomes guests and clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.
  • Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level
  • Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services
  • Manages administrative duties assigned by the manager in an effective and timely manner
  • Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the company’s products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients
  • Receives parcels/documents for the company
  • Distribute mails in the organization

6. SWOT Analysis

We are aware that loads of people in the United States of America do not eat snail meat which is why we want to do our due diligence before launching the business. Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis.

We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard snail farming business that will favorably compete with leading livestock farms in the United States of America and in the rest part of the world.

As a snail farming business, we look forward to maximizing our strength and opportunities and also to work around our weaknesses and threats. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd;

Our strength as a snail farming business is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants, African communities and intercontinental hotels who serve snail meats) in the meat production industry; both suppliers and buyers within and outside of the United States.

We have some of the latest snail farming tools and equipment that will help us breed snails in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in snail farming line of under our payroll.

Aside from the fact that loads of people do not eat snail meat in the United States of America, one of our weaknesses could be that we are a new livestock cum snail farms in the United States and we may not have the required cash to pump into promoting of our business and encourage people to eat snail meat.

We are aware of this and from our projection will overcome this weakness with time and turn it to a major advantage for the business.

  • Opportunities:

Despite the fact that the average Americans do not eat snail meat, the opportunities that are available to us as a snail farming business cannot be quantified, we know that there are loads of African communities and intercontinental hotels that will source for snail meat from our snail farms both in the United States of America and other parts of the world.

Some of the threats and challenges that we are likely going to face when we start our own livestock farm cum snail farming business are global economic downturn that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), unfavorable government policies and the arrival of a competitor within same location.

There is hardly anything you can do as regards this threats and challenges other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for your good.


  • Market Trends

In the United States of America, it is not trendy to find people who do eat snail meat except for people from Nigeria and other African countries. As a matter of fact, some Americans will find it strange that people do eat snail meat.

In view of the above, people who are into snail farming ensure that they target Nigerian or African communities in the United States or wherever they intend selling their snails. They also ensure that they target intercontinental hotels that serve snail meat as part of their cuisine.

Lastly, snail farmers ensure that they leverage on health benefits of snail in marketing snails. As a matter of fact, snails are very popular among weight watchers because they are extremely low in calories and fat. Snail meat is also very beneficial to people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and people trying to recover from an injury.

8. Our Target Market

As you would expect, the target market of those who are the end consumer of snails and also those who benefits from the business value chain of snail farming is all encompassing; it is far – reaching.

We will ensure that we position our business to attract consumers of snails not just in the United States of America alone but also other parts of the world which is why we will be exporting some of our snails either in live form or processed form to other countries of the world. Here are the people and organizations we will market our snails to;

  • Nigerian cum African Communities in Dallas – Texas and other states in the United States of America
  • Weight watchers
  • People recovering from cardiovascular disease, cancer and those trying to recover from injuries
  • Intercontinental hotels and restaurants that serves snail meats

Our Competitive Advantage

It is important to state that snail farming is not a common enterprise in the United States of America hence the level of competition is not as stiff as it is amongst other livestock farming businesses.

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is fully aware that snail farming is not a popular line of business in the United States which is why we decided to carry out thorough research so as to know how to take advantage of the untapped market in the United States and in other parts of the world.

We have done our homework and we have been able to highlight some factors that will give us leverage in the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and reliable snail farming processes that can help us sell our snail and processed snail meat at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management.

Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups snail farming companies in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives.


  • Sources of Income

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is in the livestock breeding industry cum snail farming business for the purpose of maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within this line of business to achieve our corporate goals and objectives.

In essence we are not going to rely only on the sale of our live snail and processed snail meat to generate income for the business but also other business interests within the value chain.

10. Sales Forecast

From the survey and market research conducted, we are able to discover that the sales generated by a commercial livestock farm cum snail farms depend on the size of the farm, the network of the farm.

We have been able to critically examine the snail farming line of business cum commercial livestock farm business and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.

The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some workable assumptions as well with respect to the nature of commercial livestock farm/snail farming business that we want to run. Below are the projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd;

  • First Fiscal Year-: $200,000
  • Second Fiscal Year-: $450,000
  • Third Fiscal Year-: $700,000

N.B: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.

  • Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy

We are fully aware that marketing snails in a country like the United States of America can be a bit tasking because loads of people do not eat snail meat. It will take conscious effort for us to convince people who do not eat snail meat to patronize us and start eating snails.

Our goal is to grow Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd to become the leading livestock cum snail farms in the whole of Dallas – Texas and the whole of the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the potential market and grow to become a major force to reckon with in the snail farming cum livestock farming industry.

Over and above, we have perfected our sale and marketing strategies first by networking with agriculture merchants and intercontinental restaurants and hotels that rely on live snail from the snail farms cum livestock farming industry who are likely to refer become our customers.

In summary, Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd will adopt the following strategies in marketing our commercial farm produce;

  • Introduce our snail farming business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stake holders in the agriculture industry, intercontinental restaurants and hotels that rely on live snail from the snail farms cum livestock farming industry, Nigeria cum African communities, and agriculture produce merchant et al.
  • Advertise our business and livestock farms in agro – allied and food related magazines and websites
  • List our snail farms on yellow pages ads (local directories)
  • Print out fliers and business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities and train stations et al.
  • Attend related agriculture/livestock and food expos, seminars, and business fairs et al
  • Leverage on the internet to promote our business
  • Engage in direct marketing
  • Encourage the use of Word of mouth marketing (referrals)

11. Publicity and Advertising Strategy

Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means (both conventional and non – conventional means) to advertise and promote the business.

We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means. We know that it is important to create strategies that will help us boost our brand awareness and to create a corporate identity for our snail farming business.

Below are the platforms we want to leverage on to boost our commercial livestock cum snail farm brand and to promote and advertise our business;

  • Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms
  • Sponsor relevant community based events/programs
  • Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our business
  • Install our Billboards on strategic locations all around Dallas – Texas
  • Engage in road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods
  • Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas
  • Contact Nigeria cum African communities, intercontinental hotels and restaurants and residence in our target areas by calling them up and informing them of Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd and the farm produce we sell
  • List our snail farms in local directories/yellow pages
  • Advertise our snail farms in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site.
  • Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and trucks are well branded with our company logo et al.

12. Our Pricing Strategy

We are aware that if you want to get the right pricing for your livestock or snails, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for your snail farm, choose a good breed that will guarantee steady and multiple breeding (prolific breeds), cut the cost of running your snail farm to the barest minimum.

You should try as much as possible to attract buyers to your farm as against taking your snails to the market to source for buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminate the cost of transporting the goods to the market and other logistics.

So also, we are quite aware that one of the easiest means of penetrating the market and acquiring loads of customers for all our snails is to sell them at competitive prices hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our snails and processed and packaged snail meat are going to be what other snail farmers would look towards beating.

One thing is certain, the nature of snail farming business we are involved in makes it possible for farmers to place prices for their snails and processed and packaged snail meats based on their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry.

The truth is that it is one of the means of avoiding running into loss. The easier you sell off your snail when they are mature the better for your business.

  • Payment Options

The payment policy adopted by Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America.

Here are the payment options that Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd will make available to her clients;

  • Payment via bank transfer
  • Payment with cash
  • Payment via online bank transfer
  • Payment via check
  • Payment via bank draft

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for farm produces purchase without any stress on their part. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer for our live snails and processed and packaged snail meat.

13. Startup Expenditure (Budget)

When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a commercial livestock farm cum snail farm, there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The most important expenses is the construction of the snail farm or confinement as the case may be.

For example, the start – up cost for a fish farm is different from the start – up cost for mechanized crop farming, so also the start – up cost for poultry farming is different from the start – up cost of cattle ranch (dairy farm) et al.

As a matter of fact, if you choose to start a mechanized crop farming, then you should be willing to raise huge capital base to start the business. This is so because some cultivation machines / equipment can be pretty expensive. Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start – up capital in setting up our commercial livestock cum snail farm;

  • The Total Fee for incorporating the Business in United States of America – $750.
  • The total cost for payment of insurance policy covers (general liability, workers’ compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium – $9,400
  • The amount needed to acquire / lease a farm land  – $50,000
  • The amount required for preparing the farm land (for construction of snail cages / fencing et al et al) – $70,000
  • The cost for acquiring the required working tools and equipment / machines / fencing et al– $50,000
  • The amount required for purchase of the first set of snails – $50,000
  • Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $40,000
  • The Cost of Launching an official Website – $600
  • The amount required for payment of workers for a period of 3 months – $100,000
  • Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) – $2,000

Going by the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $200,000 to start a standard commercial livestock cum snail farming business in the United States of America.

Generating Funding/Startup Capital for Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd

No matter how fantastic your business idea might be, if you don’t have the required money to finance the business, the business might not become a reality. Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a business such as snail farming.

No doubt raising start – up capital for a business might not come cheap, but it is a task that an entrepreneur must go through.

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is a family business that will be owned and managed by Blake Morrison and his immediate family members.

They are the sole financial of the firm, but may likely welcome other partners later which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd;

  • Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks
  • Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members
  • Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility).

N.B: We have been able to generate about $50,000 (Personal savings $30,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited.

14. Sustainability and Expansion Strategy

The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop.

One of our major goals of starting Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running.

We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to sell our farm produce (live snails and processed and packaged snail meat) a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while.

Blake Morrison & Family Farms Ltd will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our organization’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and retraining of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy.

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as determined by the management of the organization. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.

Check List/Milestone

  • Business Name Availability Check : Completed
  • Business Incorporation: Completed
  • Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed
  • Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed
  • Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress
  • Application for business license and permit: Completed
  • Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed
  • Leasing of snail farm land in Dallas – Texas: Completed
  • Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed
  • Start – up Capital Generation: Completed
  • Writing of Business Plan: Completed
  • Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed
  • Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed
  • Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed
  • Recruitment of employees: In Progress
  • Building /construction of cages and fence et al: In Progress
  • Purchase of the needed working tools, machines and equipment: Completed
  • Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress
  • Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress
  • Farm land Treatment, Health and Safety Arrangement: In Progress
  • Establishing business relationship with vendors and key players in the industry the (agriculture industry, intercontinental restaurants and hotels that rely on live snail from the snail farms cum livestock farming industry, Nigeria cum African communities, and agriculture produce merchant et al): Completed


This  Snail farming business plan in Nigeria Pdf  is regularly updated and can also be used to obtain loans and grants etc.

Snail Farming Business Plan In Nigeria Pdf

Snail Farming in Nigeria is one of the most neglected and yet one of the most profitable animal rearing businesses anywhere in the country. It provides one of the finest opportunities to make good money in a very short time. But why are many Nigerian people not yet fully engaged in snail farming?

The reason is ignorance !!!

Just like in many other aspects of farming in the country, Nigerians are yet to discover the great money-making potential in snail rearing business and that is why we suffer in hunger and poverty.

Sample Business Plan On Snail Farming In Nigeria Pdf –

The good news: If you are interested in getting into snail farming in Nigeria or Africa, After reading this article, you will be on your way to starting your own snail business in easy and simple steps and once you have a business plan you are fully equipped to get into the industry.

Table Of Content

  • INTRODUCTION/Executive Summary


Objectives of the business.



  • Financial Forecast and Analysis


Brief history of snail.

The African giant snail (Achatina achatina) has coiled shells in their adult stage. They are hermaphrodites and so, they do not require a partner to copulate. They are oviparous and can lay eggs between 10 and 30days after mating. Eggs laying takes place during the rainy season or when provided with the required food, which are mostly juicy vegetables, constant water, a favourable weather condition of an average of 250C to 300C, and humidity of 80%. The species lays about 200 to 400 eggs in one batch 2 to 3 times a year. It takes about 11 days for its egg to be hatched in the humus-rich soil.

All species of snail get matured for harvesting by the 5th to 7th months and are actually ready for consumption or marketing. Snails could live as long as 7 to 10 years in their natural habitat.

Executive Summary

Miracle FARM is a Snail Farming and Agricultural Training outfit involved in breeding and selling table-size live snails of different breeds including Archachatina Archachatina, Achatina marginata, etc. selling to Nigeria and the international market.

We ensure we always use the best quality inputs and proper hygienic conditions for our stock at all times. With the right combination of input, we get our snails to reach weight in a quick time. Again, all of our production inputs are organic.

  • To improve the standard of living of people through the provision of highly prolific Achatina achatina snail that does not contain fat and cholesterol.
  • To promote and encourage bilateral relations between Nigeria and other countries by way of trade.

Mission Of The Business:

  • To make african meat accessible across the globe
  • A desire to pressure and conserve the very highly prolific species of Achatina achatina snail for future reference, research purposes, recreational activities, and medicinal uses.

–    Constant growth in sales in 12 months. –    To generate customer satisfaction so that at least 60% of our customer base is repeat business. – product at reasonable prices with exemplary services.

Goal Of The Business

  • To be a one Stop-Farm in South East for Snail meat and its derivatives in Nigeria.
  • Our Vision for the  Snail Farming Business plan in Nigeria  To provide exceptional Snail meat and its derivatives in Nigeria at an affordable cost.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION (  Business Plan For Snail Farming In Nigeria )

Snail farming Business Idea:  The business idea was the setting up of a 200 capacity snail farm business in Owerri City, Imo State. The snail of the farm was located at Koro Farm Garden (KFG) in Ohaji Community while the business office was on 34 ikenegbu streets, Owerri Municipal Local Government Area of Imo State.

Conceptualizations Of Idea:

  • It is a practicable and viable venture yet unexplored in Nigeria.
  • This technology has been approved for most lucrative farming venture presently, as it requires far less capital investment, which much profit is being generated in a considerable short period.
  • Virtually every part of snail is of vital use in food, pharmaceutical, manufacturing and fishing industries.


The SWOT analysis reveals the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of snail farming business in Nigeria.

The following constituted the strengths of the business: Adequate beginning up capital

Adequate start-up capital

  • Low risks of production
  • Accessibility to excellent types of snails
  • Appeal for snails
  • Good market potential
  • Best location (area with fresh vegetation)
  • Best weather condition
  • Few competitors
  • Availability of Land space

Weaknesses: The following are my weaknesses:

  • Delays with Registration (e.g., with corporate affairs commission, C.A.C)
  • Local competitors (e.g., rural dwellers)
  • Getting licenses and permits

Opportunities: The opportunities include:

  • If a grower begins a snail farm with say 50 snails, it can produce averagely up to 250,000 adult snails worth over #500,000 in a year.
  • The risk of losing snails on the farm is very low compared to other livestock farming.
  • Huge market demand for snails in Nigeria
  • Lastly, snails hardly fall sick, they are hermaphrodite; you don’t have to buy food, you don’t spend much to create an abode for them, they reproduce rapidly and are very important foreign exchange income earner of our days.

The basic threats to the business are mainly unsystematic risks including the following:

  • Human interferences including vibration and pointless commotion from cars and industries around the enviroment
  • Brutal lighting torch, lamps and sounds.
  • Pens wetting particularly during the dry season.

The other threats that could affect the business are political and could occur when there is a change of power which may lead to a change of policies.

Location:  The 200 capacity snail farm business otherwise named “Miracle Snail Farm Nigeria Limited” is located at: Koro Farm Garden, Owerri City, Imo State. The above address represented the site of snail rearing while the address below represented the marketing office: 34 ikenegbu streets, Owerri Municipal Local Government Area of Imo State.

For the remaining part of this business plan, including the detailed financial analysis, call any of our business plan consultants on 08122230861 or send me an email at  chibuezemicah e @gmail. com .

Step On  How To Start A Snail Farming Business In Nigeria.

Snail Farming Business Plan In Nigeria

Snails-farming  is an environment-friendly venture, because, unlike poultry or pigs, the snail does not have a bad smell. Snails can also be reared in the backyard and snails manure improves the organic content of the soil.

1.. SELECTING SUITABLE SNAIL SPECIE FOR BREEDING:   The edible and most common snail species in West Africa are:

Achatinaachatina or Giant African snail, Tiger snail Archachatinamarginata or Big black snail, GiantAfrican Achatina Fulica or Garden snail, Foolishsnail

2. Write a Snail farming business plan in Nigeria pdf:

For you to be able to structure your business properly and run it efficiently you need to be able to create a business plan for your snail farming business in Nigeria.

 3. SOIL:  The best soil for snail production is the sandy-loamy soil which is devoid of laterite or mud, which might lead to a waterlogged snail environment. The soil used should also be rich in some minerals, most especially calcium, which is a major component of the snail shells.


Snails  are good at escaping from enclosures. A priority in setting up a productive sail farming venture, therefore, is to construct escape-proof housing. There are several types of snail housing (snaileries) to choose from, depending on the size of the venture. The first step, however, is to select an appropriate site. The main factors to consider in site selection are the following:

(Micro)climate Wind speed and direction Soil characteristics Safety(protecting the snails from diseases, predators and poachers)


Snails most feed on green leaves and fruits though they can choose from a variety of different foods. It is also best to feed them with concentrate feeds specially formulated to meet their nutrient requirements.


A commercial value snail will grow to full maturity in less than a year. It can even be harvested for marketing after 8 months if adequate feeding is applied. A matured snail will sell for close to N500 depending on the size and the cost of breeding a snail from hatching to maturity will not be more than N150, giving a profit margin of close to N350/snail which if multiplied by the large number of snails harvested, will yield a very wide profit margin for the farmer.

One million snails after a year or two sold at the rate of N50 each (highly reduced price) will give about N50 million! Isn’t that a good investment?

How Lucrative Is Snail Farming In Nigeria?

If you are wondering how lucrative snail farming is in Nigeria, then you should know that an acre of land under snail cultivation can generate a potential  profit  of N5 million+, 

Why you should start a snail farm in Nigeria

  • SNAILS ARE HIGHLY NUTRITIOUS: Snails have become a very much cherished delicacy among a lot of people across the world. This is due to its high nutritional value. The meat is rich in calcium, phosphorous, selenium and other essential minerals plus vitamins.
  • LOW CAPITAL REQUIREMENT:  The capital required to start off a snail farming business is quite low, especially when compared to other agricultural businesses. 
  • AVAILABILTY OF MARKETS:  With the population of Nigeria estimated to the tune of about 180 million people. The market for snails is every much large and will not be so difficult for a farmers to dispose of his produce

This shows you why and How Lucrative snail farming is.

Ready To Start Your Snail Farming Business In Nigeria Or Africa?

Maybe you dream of opening your own  Snail Farming  Business In Nigeria , but you’re still working out the details on how to make that dream a reality.

Well we are the leading Business consulting firm in Nigeria and can help you make the process much easier contact us with 08122230861

Get your Snail Farming Business Plan in Nigeria PDF Sample Now 

Business Plans In Nigeria Poultry Farming Business Plan Bread bakery Business Plan Fish Farming  Business Bottled / Pure Water Business Plan In Nigeria Sewing And Tailoring Business Plan In Nigeria


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Micah Erumaka

Micah Erumaka

About Micah Erumaka

Micah Erumaka is the Founder of LiaonCEM solutions which owns NaijaCEO. He is an Internet Entrepreneur and a content creator. After the failure of his first company at age 18 he started NaijaCEO to help entrepreneurs with the information they need in operating a successful business in Africa

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snail rearing business plan in nigeria

Snail Farming In Nigeria For Business Entrepreneur

Snail Farming In Nigeria, 2022, Snail Business Opportunity For Entrepreneurs

Snail farming in Nigeria is less known but one of the most lucrative business ideas in 2019 . It is less popular because more than 50 percent of the population is yet to explore this profitable business.

For entrepreneurs who want a profitable business to invest in, I recommend snail farming for you .

You will never regret making that decision.

Snail business in Nigeria can be done on a small or commercial scale depending on your budget and the scope of your business plan.

It requires very little capital to start up and is a low-risk investment.

With the demand for snails in Nigeria and other foreign countries increasing yearly , starting this business can, undoubtedly, be a very lucrative way to generate more income.

Such a business can be used to eradicate the unemployment and poverty we are experiencing in Nigeria today.

Snails mainly feed on plants, and they rarely get infected with any disease, this saves you from spending money buying animal feeds.

Besides their economic potentials, the health benefits of snails are enormous because of their high protein, iron, and low-fat composition.

Snail farming is also very lucrative because snails reproduce rapidly and can produce hundreds of eggs in the right environment (150-400 at a time and 3-5 times in a year).

Because of this, some commercial snail farmers make up to N3 million annually.

The market for snails is always there, and because demand consistently exceeds supply, a huge employment opportunity is created for entrepreneurs in Nigeria.

The target market for snail businesses in Nigeria are hotels , fast food , superstores , restaurants , and barbeque joints .

Note: If you don’t want to read all the post, you can use the table of contents below to get the information you want:

Read this also : Brilliant Agriculture Business Ideas In Africa For Successful Entrepreneurs .

Steps To Start Snail Farming In Nigeria

Before you start this business, there are certain things you need to know about the business.

Steps to the biggest snail rearing in Nigeria for successful entrepreneurs

Read also : Palm Oil Business Ideas In Nigeria .

1. Find suitable soil for your snail farm

For you to have a successful snail business in Nigeria, the nature of the soil must be considered.

The land must contain minerals and nutrients required for the growth and development of snails.

Here is a fact.

Snails thrive in soil with high calcium and moderate water content. You need the right soil for the success of your snail farm in Nigeria.

Related guide : Ecobank Transfer Code For Nigeria – How To Register, Activate & Use .

2. Have a budget plan

Setting up a snail farm in Nigeria requires a low capital of about 50,000 to 80,000 naira depending on the size of your farm.

However, the larger the snail farm, the more income you generate as snails have a high rate of reproduction.

3. Select the most reproductive snail species

This is one of the secrets of the biggest snail farms in Nigeria.

When starting a snail farm, it is best to rear species with a high rate of reproduction.

The species of snails recommended for snail farming in Nigeria is the Achatina species.

This brings us to one of the questions most start-up snail farmers keep asking.

How many eggs can a snail lay at a time?

It largely depends on the type of snail, but on average, a snail can lay between 50 and 180 eggs in a nest.

The African giant snails are known for laying more eggs ranging between 80 and 400 under favorable conditions.

The Roman and Garden snails are the least egg producers.

The Roman snail lay between 8 to 80 eggs whereas the Garden snails can lay from 70 to 90 eggs .

4. Build a snail pen (snailery)

The snail pen must have enough space for the snails to move freely in other to avoid overcrowding and enhance ventilation.

READ ALSO : List Of The Most Profitable Business Ideas In Ghana .

5. Identify the right seasons for snail rearing

When starting your snail farm, it is crucial to take into consideration the various seasons for mating and laying of eggs.

Snails mate during the spring and summer periods while they require soil with the right humidity to lay their eggs.

6. Acquire your snails

When starting a snail farm, you can get your fresh snails from the market or randomly pick them from their natural habitat (forest).

It is essential to start with healthy and fully grown snails when setting up your snail business. A pro tip here is to look at the shell as compared to the snail inside the shell.

If the snail fits the shell, is an indication that the snail is healthy.

Check out the List Of The Most Lucrative Farming Opportunities In Africa .

7. Feeding the snails

You will learn the following: How long does it take for a snail to grow to full size. How much is a snail in Nigeria. How many times do snails lay eggs in a year. How do you make a snail house. How can I start snail farming in Nigeria. Is Snail Farming Profitable. How do you make snails grow faster. How long does it take for Ramshorn snails to grow. How long do snails live for?

Snails are primarily herbivores and eat a wide variety of food that they find in their habitat.

It also depends on the species as well as the natural habitat of the snails.

However,  snails sometimes feed on the sand for calcium.

They eat bitter leaves, scent leaves, pawpaw leaves, lettuce, vegetables, cabbage as they are mainly high sources of calcium and iron.

There is another method some of the best snail farmers in Nigeria use.

Before they feed their snails, they provide a wide variety of food which is basically plants in the snail pen.

These farmers then stay close, usually, at night and watch the snails eat.

The leaves that are consumed the most are the ones that the snails will be fed.

This feeding method is employed by farmers who rear different varieties of snails.

For those seasoned snail farmers in Abuja and other places in Nigeria , already know what kind of food to provide for their snails.

But how do you know when the snail is eating?

It is pretty obvious.

Snails usually move their heads when scrapping the food so you will know by that action.

Moreover, you will know if they ate a particular food by the holes that are created in the leaves.

8. Harvesting and selling the snails

Only mature snails should be harvested and sold. Harvesting snails that are not fully grown should be avoided.

However, it is not advisable to sell all your fully grown snails because you will need the matured ones for breeding.

Recommended reading : Top 20 Super Easy Business Ideas In Africa .

 Tips For Successful Snail Farming In Nigeria

Starting a snail farm business in Nigeria could be quite straightforward .

Things could, however, get complicated if not properly managed.

The Best Tips For The Snail Farming For Entrepreneurs

Below are some tips required to run a successful snail farm business in Nigeria;

  • The farm soil must maintain a proper balance. The soil must not be waterlogged, and you must avoid soil with high acidity. The farm soil must be favorable to support the growth and reproduction of the snails.
  • Market your snails properly by targeting premium customers such as hotels and restaurants who are willing to pay a high amount for your snails.
  • Always make sure your snails are fully matured before selling them. Snails that are large in size always have more demand and are likely to have a high payout.
  • Rear the right species of snails. If you want to attract premium customers to your snail business, it is recommended to start your business with the Giant African species of snails.

Related guide : Profitable Smoothie Business In Nigeria .

Things You Should Consider Before Starting Your Snail Farm In Nigeria

Before starting a snail farm in Nigeria, there are certain things one must consider or take note of before entering into such a lucrative venture;

  • Snail farming is a low-risk business that requires low capital, and the cost of operation is also minimal. You can set up a snail farm with a budget as low as N40,000 and grow your business over time.
  • Snails are slow and gentle animals, with droppings that are not offensive to people living in that environment. It is not like poultry farming where you will have issues with your neighbors due to foul smells.
  • You must have sound knowledge about the dynamics of the snail business. Frankly speaking, no active training is required to start snail farming in Nigeria . However, it is important that you get basic knowledge about the snail business in other to be successful.
  • The construction of a snail pen is an instrumental factor to consider when starting up a snail farm. You must know the type of snail pen that fits your budget. It can be an intensive, free-range, semi-intensive, or extensive housing system.
  • The location of the farm. The snail farm must be built in an area with a suitable soil profile necessary for the growth and development of the snails.

Read also : Profitable Business Ideas In Kenya For Young Entrepreneurs .

Suitable Environment For Snail Farming In Nigeria

A snail-friendly environment is also one of those things to consider when starting a snail business in Nigeria .

Snails grow and develop at a rapid rate in soils with high organic matter such as sandy-loamy soil. This is mainly because of its rich nutrients and low water holding capacity.

Also, the snail farm should be sited in a low-wind environment to prevent dehydration of the snails.

How To Get The Snail For Your Farm

Snails needed to start your farm must be healthy and in good condition, unless you want them to die off.

Sourcing for snails can be done in two ways;

  • By getting them directly from the forest using fruits like pawpaw or banana as bait to lure them or
  • Purchasing them from a reliable dealer who knows their health condition.

Market Opportunities For Snail Farmers In Nigeria

Snail farm business in Nigeria market distribution

You may be wondering how lucrative is snail farming in Nigeria.

This kind of business is profitable in Nigeria, especially when done under favorable conditions.

There is always a huge market for snails in Nigeria as demands exceed supply. Snail farmers can always sell their snails to premium customers like hotels, restaurants, bars, small joints, and eateries.

Large-scale snail farmers can export their snails to countries in Europe and America where there is high demand.

Related guide Top 20 Richest Countries In Africa According To World Bank .

How To Build A Snail Pen

Constructing a snail pen is essential for your business especially for commercial snail farmers.

You need to, however, consider the type of housing unit you want for your business.

The basic types of snail pens are the I ntensive , S emi-intensive , and E xtensive snail housing systems.

The Extensive Snail Farming System

The free-range or extensive system of rearing snails in Nigeria is the best means to get the most out of your farm.

This is because it allows the snails to move freely in their natural habitat. It reduces most of the challenges encountered by the intensive system.

For example, snails under the intensive system are limited by space and other resources.

Because of that, the accumulation of slime and feces can lead to the spreading of infection, which affects productivity.

The only downside of the free-range farm is the cost of construction. If you can afford the extra cost then while not?

Most of the biggest snail farms in Nigeria use the free-range farming system.

Related guide : Ecobank Ghana – The Ultimate Customer Support Guide .

The Intensive Snail farming System

This is most suitable for commercial snail farming.

A good snail pen must have enough space and be able to protect the snails from predators.

The various ways to build a snail pen under the intensive system are;

Using baskets

Snail pens made with baskets are basically used for the incubation of eggs or raising of the hatchlings.

The basket should be filled with loamy soil. You also need to put dry leaves on it and cover it with a lid.

Wooden snail cage

It is also known as a hutch box. With the wooden cage, you can easily identify eggs and young snails and care for them.

It is particularly useful when constructing semi-intensive snail pens.

Here are a few things you need to know:

  • Because snail slime and droppings can promote the spread of infection, the soil should be changed occasionally.
  • The box should be built with hardwood and perforated to allow water to pass out as well as enhance ventilation.
  • The hutch box should be erected above the ground to prevent predators from feasting on your snails.

Using old tires to construct the snail pen

If you are planning of starting snail farming in Nigeria on a low budget , then I encourage you to use old tires to house them.

Old tires are used mainly for the construction of backyard snail pens as they are less expensive and are readily available.

These tires should also be perforated to allow water drainage.

You should note, however, that this housing unit can hold a very limited number of snails depending on the size of the tire.

Packing more snails in a small space leads to competition for food, space, and also the spread of infection. Bear in mind that direct sunlight can have an effect on the development of snails.

It is therefore advisable to put your tire snail pen under a shade.

Please note; this housing unit is not recommended for large and commercial snail farming.

Using drums and old tanks

Drums and old tanks are mainly used to construct snail pens for a small-scale snail business, primarily for family consumption.

These drums should be filled with hummus and perforated to allow water drainage.

Related guide : Bingle Car Insurance – Cheap Comprehensive & Third Party Insurance In Australia .

How To Maintain Your Snail Farm

To keep your snail farm in good shape, you have to ensure the following: 

  • Make sure there is food available for the snails to feed on.
  • Always remove snail food once it starts to grow molds and mucus.
  • The soil in the snail pen should be changed every 3 months to avoid the build-up of mucus and snail feces.
  • Always water your snail farm but do not flood it.

How Profitable Is Snail Farming In Nigeria

As I said earlier, the snail business is one of the most lucrative enterprises in Nigeria, which most people are yet to explore.

The cost of snail farming depends on many factors.

It requires low start-up capital, but its returns on profit are massive when compared to the initial amount invested.

The average cost of a snail in Nigeria is about N250-N400 depending on the size . Snails can also be exported to Europe and the United States for money.

Research shows that commercial-scale snail farmers generate an income of about N2-N3million annually.

Now that you know how lucrative snail farming is in Nigeria , what are you waiting for?

Related Article : Excellent Business Ideas In Zimbabwe For Smart Startups .

What Are The Benefits Of Snail Farming In Nigeria

Here are the main advantages of rearing snails in Nigeria:

  • Snail meat is delicious , and this creates demand for the business.
  • They are highly productive. The snail is a hermaphrodite , and because of that, they reproduce very fast.
  • It doesn’t take long for snails to grow to full size. It takes a few months to mature.
  • As pointed out earlier, snail farming produces no offensive odor so you will have no issues with your neighbors. Moreover, the activity is both noise-free and with no stress.
  • Snail farming creates job opportunities for many entrepreneurs in Nigeria.
  • Apart from the enormous economic value, snails are also used for medicinal purposes. For example, mucus from garden snails is used to treat scars and wrinkles.
  • The business is not as risky as compared to other livestock farming.
  • So many products are generated from snail. Ranging from the shell to the meat, every part of the snail is useful.
  • Snail rearing can be a hobby or a part-time job.

Related guide : How To Start Dairy Farming In Kenya .

Best Types Of Snails For Your Business In Nigeria

There are various types of snails, but for the purpose of livestock farming, we will limit ourselves to the three mainland snails.

  • Giant African snail (Achatina Fulica)
  • Roman snail (Helix pomatia)
  • Garden snail (Helix spersa)

Of the three types of snails listed above, it is the Giant African snail that is predominant in Nigeria and one of the largest.

The Achantina snail is mostly active at night and remains dormant during day time.

The periwinkle snail is another type that people consume in some parts of Nigeria.

Related guide : Full List Of 23 Savings And Loans In Ghana With License Revoked & Closed Down .

How long do snails live?

The lifespan of most snails ranges from 2 to 10 years. Land snails have an average lifespan of five (5) years.

Are snails dangerous?

In general terms, some species of snails can be poisonous, and they are mainly marine species. But since we are talking about land snails, I can say that land snails are not dangerous .

If you are an escargot fan and you are wondering if it is safe to eat snail, then you have the green light. Escargot and the other land snails mentioned are edible.

For those who have already started snail farming in Nigeria , share your experience in the comment section. If you haven’t started yet and you want more information too, we are here to help each other. Feel free to ask anything.

This simple and easy article Was Last Updated on December 6, 2022 by Nana Abrokwa

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  1. How To Start Snail Farming In Nigeria [Beginners Guide]

    Step 2: Get Your Favorite Snail Breed. Several snail breed species are available for purchase and farming in the market. Snail breeds differ in size, breeding cycles, cost, as well as taste. Choose your snail breed based on your intended consumers or customers. To purchase your snail breed, you should go to a well-known snail farm.

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