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1000+ FREE Research Topics & Ideas

If you’re at the start of your research journey and are trying to figure out which research topic you want to focus on, you’ve come to the right place. Select your area of interest below to view a comprehensive collection of potential research ideas.

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Research Topic FAQs

What (exactly) is a research topic.

A research topic is the subject of a research project or study – for example, a dissertation or thesis. A research topic typically takes the form of a problem to be solved, or a question to be answered.

A good research topic should be specific enough to allow for focused research and analysis. For example, if you are interested in studying the effects of climate change on agriculture, your research topic could focus on how rising temperatures have impacted crop yields in certain regions over time.

To learn more about the basics of developing a research topic, consider our free research topic ideation webinar.

What constitutes a good research topic?

A strong research topic comprises three important qualities : originality, value and feasibility.

  • Originality – a good topic explores an original area or takes a novel angle on an existing area of study.
  • Value – a strong research topic provides value and makes a contribution, either academically or practically.
  • Feasibility – a good research topic needs to be practical and manageable, given the resource constraints you face.

To learn more about what makes for a high-quality research topic, check out this post .

What's the difference between a research topic and research problem?

A research topic and a research problem are two distinct concepts that are often confused. A research topic is a broader label that indicates the focus of the study , while a research problem is an issue or gap in knowledge within the broader field that needs to be addressed.

To illustrate this distinction, consider a student who has chosen “teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom” as their research topic. This research topic could encompass any number of issues related to teenage pregnancy such as causes, prevention strategies, health outcomes for mothers and babies, etc.

Within this broad category (the research topic) lies potential areas of inquiry that can be explored further – these become the research problems . For example:

  • What factors contribute to higher rates of teenage pregnancy in certain communities?
  • How do different types of parenting styles affect teen pregnancy rates?
  • What interventions have been successful in reducing teenage pregnancies?

Simply put, a key difference between a research topic and a research problem is scope ; the research topic provides an umbrella under which multiple questions can be asked, while the research problem focuses on one specific question or set of questions within that larger context.

How can I find potential research topics for my project?

There are many steps involved in the process of finding and choosing a high-quality research topic for a dissertation or thesis. We cover these steps in detail in this video (also accessible below).

How can I find quality sources for my research topic?

Finding quality sources is an essential step in the topic ideation process. To do this, you should start by researching scholarly journals, books, and other academic publications related to your topic. These sources can provide reliable information on a wide range of topics. Additionally, they may contain data or statistics that can help support your argument or conclusions.

Identifying Relevant Sources

When searching for relevant sources, it’s important to look beyond just published material; try using online databases such as Google Scholar or JSTOR to find articles from reputable journals that have been peer-reviewed by experts in the field.

You can also use search engines like Google or Bing to locate websites with useful information about your topic. However, be sure to evaluate any website before citing it as a source—look for evidence of authorship (such as an “About Us” page) and make sure the content is up-to-date and accurate before relying on it.

Evaluating Sources

Once you’ve identified potential sources for your research project, take some time to evaluate them thoroughly before deciding which ones will best serve your purpose. Consider factors such as author credibility (are they an expert in their field?), publication date (is the source current?), objectivity (does the author present both sides of an issue?) and relevance (how closely does this source relate to my specific topic?).

By researching the current literature on your topic, you can identify potential sources that will help to provide quality information. Once you’ve identified these sources, it’s time to look for a gap in the research and determine what new knowledge could be gained from further study.

How can I find a good research gap?

Finding a strong gap in the literature is an essential step when looking for potential research topics. We explain what research gaps are and how to find them in this post.

How should I evaluate potential research topics/ideas?

When evaluating potential research topics, it is important to consider the factors that make for a strong topic (we discussed these earlier). Specifically:

  • Originality
  • Feasibility

So, when you have a list of potential topics or ideas, assess each of them in terms of these three criteria. A good topic should take a unique angle, provide value (either to academia or practitioners), and be practical enough for you to pull off, given your limited resources.

Finally, you should also assess whether this project could lead to potential career opportunities such as internships or job offers down the line. Make sure that you are researching something that is relevant enough so that it can benefit your professional development in some way. Additionally, consider how each research topic aligns with your career goals and interests; researching something that you are passionate about can help keep motivation high throughout the process.

How can I assess the feasibility of a research topic?

When evaluating the feasibility and practicality of a research topic, it is important to consider several factors.

First, you should assess whether or not the research topic is within your area of competence. Of course, when you start out, you are not expected to be the world’s leading expert, but do should at least have some foundational knowledge.

Time commitment

When considering a research topic, you should think about how much time will be required for completion. Depending on your field of study, some topics may require more time than others due to their complexity or scope.

Additionally, if you plan on collaborating with other researchers or institutions in order to complete your project, additional considerations must be taken into account such as coordinating schedules and ensuring that all parties involved have adequate resources available.

Resources needed

It’s also critically important to consider what type of resources are necessary in order to conduct the research successfully. This includes physical materials such as lab equipment and chemicals but can also include intangible items like access to certain databases or software programs which may be necessary depending on the nature of your work. Additionally, if there are costs associated with obtaining these materials then this must also be factored into your evaluation process.

Potential risks

It’s important to consider the inherent potential risks for each potential research topic. These can include ethical risks (challenges getting ethical approval), data risks (not being able to access the data you’ll need), technical risks relating to the equipment you’ll use and funding risks (not securing the necessary financial back to undertake the research).

If you’re looking for more information about how to find, evaluate and select research topics for your dissertation or thesis, check out our free webinar here . Alternatively, if you’d like 1:1 help with the topic ideation process, consider our private coaching services .

what are the best topics for a research paper

Psst… there’s more (for free)

This post is part of our dissertation mini-course, which covers everything you need to get started with your dissertation, thesis or research project. 

Research Paper Topics

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Choose your Topic Smart

What starts well, ends well, so you need to be really careful with research paper topics. The topic of a research paper defines the whole piece of writing. How often have you chosen the book by its title? First impression is often influential, so make sure your topic will attract the reader instantly. By choosing your topic smart, the half of your job is done. That is why we have singled out several secrets on how to pick the best topic for you.

Browse Research Paper Topics by Category:

  • Anthropology
  • Argumentative
  • Communication
  • Criminal Justice
  • Environmental
  • Political Science

What is the Key to a Perfect Topic for a Research Paper?

The key to a perfect topic includes three main secrets: interest, precision, and innovation.

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It is impossible to do something great if you have no interest in what you are doing. For this reason, make sure you choose the topic that drives you. If you are bored by what you investigate, do not expect that your paper will be exciting. Right now, spend some minutes or even hours thinking about what interests you. Jot down all your preferences in life, science, politics, social issues etc. It will help you get the idea what you can write about.

After realizing what drives you, narrow this general idea to a more specific one. A research paper is not about beating around the bush. You will need clear facts and data. You will have to provide evidence to your ideas. You will need to be precise, specific and convincing.

Finally, the idea of any research is that it should be surprising and distinctive. Think what makes your perspective and approach special. What is the novelty of your research?

Use Technology

If you are still stuck, use technology. Today we have an opportunity to make our lives easier with a bit of technology used. You can find paper topic generators online. This software will examine the category you want to investigate and the keywords from your research. Within several seconds, this program generates paper topics, so you can try it yourself. It can help you get started with your assignment.

100% Effective Advice

We will now give you advice that is 100% effective when picking the topic. Firstly, forget about what others may think about your topic. This is your topic and this is your perception of the world. Stay personal and let your personal style get you the top grades. Secondly, never decide on the topic before analyzing the background for your research. By this we mean, investigate the topic before you start the research proper. It happens quite often that students choose the topic and later they realize there is no data or information to use. That is why conduct some research beforehand. Thirdly, read other researchers’ papers on the topic you want to write about. It will help you get the idea of the investigation. Moreover, it will help you understand whether you truly want to write a paper on this topic. Finally, when you have picked the topic, started your research, make sure you dedicate your time and energy. If you want to get high results, you need to study every little details of your research.

Examine Different Ideas

People often come up with genius ideas after analyzing thousands of other people’s ideas. This is how our brain works. That is why you can analyze other people’s ideas for research paper topics and think up your own. If you have never written any paper of that kind, it will help you understand the gist of this assignment, the style and the requirements. By comparing different topics, you can motivate yourself and get inspired with these ideas. Luckily, you have come to the right place. Here is our list of top 100 research paper topics.

Top 10 Argumentative Research Paper Topics:

Argumentative research papers examine some controversial issues. Your task is to provide your point of view, your argument, and support your idea with the evidence. This academic assignment requires appropriate structuring and formatting.

  • Does a College Education Pay?
  • Dual Career Families and Working Mothers
  • Electronic Copyright and Piracy
  • Drinking on Campus
  • Education for Homeless Children
  • Glass ceiling
  • Honor System at Colleges
  • Sex and Violence on TV
  • Word Population and Hunger
  • World Trade and Globalization

Top 10 Economics Research Paper Topics:

If you are studying economics, you can find various topics at our site. Check out topics of micro- and macroeconomics. See ideas for urgent economic problems, economic models and strategies. Get inspired and come up with your perfect topic.

  • Beyond Make-or-Buy: Advances in Transaction Cost Economics
  • Economic Aspects of Cultural Heritage
  • Economics of Energy Markets
  • Globalization and Inequality
  • International Trade and Trade Restrictions
  • Aggregate Expenditures Model and Equilibrium Output
  • Taxes Versus Standards
  • Predatory Pricing and Strategic Entry Barriers
  • Marxian and Institutional Industrial Relations in the United States
  • Twentieth-Century Economic Methodology

Top 10 Education Research Paper Topics:

Education has so many questions, and yet few answers. The list of education topic is endless. We have chosen the top 10 topics on the urgent issues in education. You can find ideas related to different approaches, methodology, classroom management, etc.

  • Teachers Thinking About Their Practice
  • Cognitive Approaches to Motivation in Education
  • Responsive Classroom Management
  • Ten Steps to Complex Learning
  • Economics and School-to-Work
  • Reading and Literacy in Adolescence
  • Diversifying the Teaching Force
  • Teacher-Student Relationships
  • Preparing for College and Graduate School
  • Role of Professional Learning

Top 10 History Research Paper Topics:

Choose your topic regarding cultural, economic, environmental, military, political or social history. See what other researchers investigated, compare their ideas and pick the topic that interests you.

  • European Expansion
  • Orientalism
  • Current trends in Historiography
  • Green Revolution
  • Religion and War
  • Women’s Emancipation Movements
  • History of Civilization

Top 10 Psychology Research Paper Topics:

The list of psychology categories and topics is enormous. We have singled out the most popular topics on psychology in 2019. It is mostly topics on modern psychology. Choose the topic the appeals to you the most or ask our professionals to help you come up with some original idea.

  • Imaging Techniques for the Localization of Brain Function
  • Memory and Eyewitness Testimony
  • Traditional Neuroscience Research Methods
  • Meditation and the Relaxation Response
  • Assessment of Mental Health in Older Adults
  • Cross-Cultural Psychology and Research
  • Industrial and Organizational Psychology
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Prejudice and Stereotyping
  • Nature Versus Nurture

Top 10 Biology Research Paper Topics:

Here you can find topics related to the science of all forms of life. Examine the topics from different fields in biology and choose the best one for you.

  • Biological Warfare
  • Clone and Cloning
  • Genetic Disorders
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Kangaroos and Wallabies
  • Mendelian Laws of Inheritance
  • Molecular Biology
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Top 10 Chemistry Research Paper Topics:

The best way to understand chemistry is to write a paper on chemistry topic. Below you can see the topics from different fields of chemistry: organic, inorganic, physical, analytical and others.

  • Acids and Bases
  • Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Dyes and Pigments
  • Chemical Warfare
  • Industrial Minerals
  • Photochemistry
  • Soaps and Detergents
  • Transition Elements

Top 10 Physics Research Paper Topics:

Check out the topics on classical and modern physics. Find ideas for writing about interrelationships of physics to other sciences.

  • Aerodynamics
  • Atomic Theory
  • Celestial Mechanics
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Magnetic recording
  • Microwave Communication
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Subatomic particles

Top 10 Sociology Research Paper Topics:

Find ideas related to different sociological theories, research and methodologies.

  • Feminist Methodologies and Epistemology
  • Quality-of-Life Research
  • Sociology of Men and Masculinity
  • Sociology of Leisure and Recreation
  • Environmental Sociology
  • Teaching and Learning in Sociology
  • The History of Sociology: The North American Perspective
  • The Sociology of Voluntary Associations
  • Marriage and Divorce in the United States
  • Urban Sociology in the 21 st Century

Top 10 Technology Research Paper Topics:

See topics related to the cutting-edge technology or dive into history of electronics, or even early advances in agriculture.

  • Food Preservation: Freeze Drying, Irradiation, and Vacuum Packing
  • Tissue Culturing
  • Digital Telephony
  • Computer-Aided Control Technology
  • Minerals Prospecting
  • Prefabricated Buildings
  • Timber Engineering
  • Quantum Electronic Devices
  • Thermal Water Moderated Nuclear Reactors
  • Long Range Radars and Early Warning Systems

What Makes a Good Topic for a Research Paper?

A good research paper topic is the one that is successful and manageable in your particular case. A successful research paper poses an interesting question you can actually answer. Just as important, it poses a question you can answer within the time available. The question should be one that interests you and deserves exploration. It might be an empirical question or a theoretical puzzle. In some fields, it might be a practical problem or policy issue. Whatever the question is, you need to mark off its boundaries clearly and intelligently so you can complete the research paper and not get lost in the woods. That means your topic should be manageable as well as interesting and important.

A topic is  manageable  if you can:

  • Master the relevant literature
  • Collect and analyze the necessary data
  • Answer the key questions you have posed
  • Do it all within the time available, with the skills you have

A topic is  important  if it:

  • Touches directly on major theoretical issues and debates, or
  • Addresses substantive topics of great interest in your field

Ideally, your topic can do both, engaging theoretical and substantive issues. In elementary education, for example, parents, teachers, scholars, and public officials all debate the effectiveness of charter schools, the impact of vouchers, and the value of different reading programs. A research paper on any of these would resonate within the university and well beyond it. Still, as you approach such topics, you need to limit the scope of your investigation so you can finish your research and writing on time. After all, to be a good research paper, it first has to be a completed one. A successful research paper poses an interesting question you can actually answer within the time available for the project. Some problems are simply too grand, too sweeping to master within the time limits. Some are too minor to interest you or anybody else.

The solution, however, is not to find a lukewarm bowl of porridge, a bland compromise. Nor is it to abandon your interest in larger, more profound issues such as the relationship between school organization and educational achievement or between immigration and poverty. Rather, the solution is to select a well-defined topic that is closely linked to some larger issue and then explore that link. Your research paper will succeed if you nail a well-defined topic. It will rise to excellence if you probe that topic deeply and show how it illuminates wider issues.The best theses deal with important issues, framed in manageable ways. The goal is to select a well-defined topic that is closely linked to some larger issue and can illuminate it.

You can begin your project with either a large issue or a narrowly defined topic, depending on your interests and the ideas you have generated. Whichever way you start, the goals are the same: to connect the two in meaningful ways and to explore your specific topic in depth.

Of course, the choice of a particular research paper topic depends on the course you’re taking. Our site can offer you the following research paper topics and example research papers:

Moving from a Research Paper Idea to a Research Paper Topic

Let’s begin as most students actually do, by going from a “big issue” to a more manageable research paper topic. Suppose you start with a big question such as, “Why has the United States fought so many wars since 1945?” That’s certainly a big, important question. Unfortunately, it’s too complex and sprawling to cover well in a research paper. Working with your professor or instructor, you could zero in on a related but feasible research topic, such as “Why did the Johnson administration choose to escalate the U.S. war in Vietnam?” By choosing this topic, your research paper can focus on a specific war and, within that, on a few crucial years in the mid-1960s.

You can draw on major works covering all aspects of the Vietnam War and the Johnson administration’s decision making. You have access to policy memos that were once stamped top secret. These primary documents have now been declassified, published by the State Department, and made available to research libraries. Many are readily available on the Web. You can also take advantage of top-quality secondary sources (that is, books and articles based on primary documents, interviews, and other research data).

Drawing on these primary and secondary sources, you can uncover and critique the reasons behind U.S. military escalation. As you answer this well-defined question about Vietnam, you can (and you should) return to the larger themes that interest you, namely, “What does the escalation in Southeast Asia tell us about the global projection of U.S. military power since 1945?” As one of America’s largest military engagements since World War II, the war in Vietnam should tell us a great deal about the more general question.

The goal here is to pick a good case to study, one that is compelling in its own right and speaks to the larger issue. It need not be a typical example, but it does need to illuminate the larger question. Some cases are better than others precisely because they illuminate larger issues. That’s why choosing the best cases makes such a difference in your research paper.

Since you are interested in why the United States has fought so often since 1945, you probably shouldn’t focus on U.S. invasions of Grenada, Haiti, or Panama in the past two decades. Why? Because the United States has launched numerous military actions against small, weak states in the Caribbean for more than a century. That is important in its own right, but it doesn’t say much about what has changed so dramatically since 1945. The real change since 1945 is the projection of U.S. power far beyond the Western Hemisphere, to Europe and Asia. You cannot explain this change—or any change, for that matter—by looking at something that remains constant.

In this case, to analyze the larger pattern of U.S. war fighting and the shift it represents, you need to pick examples of distant conflicts, such as Korea, Vietnam, Kosovo, Afghanistan, or Iraq. That’s the noteworthy change since 1945: U.S. military intervention outside the Western Hemisphere. The United States has fought frequently in such areas since World War II but rarely before then. Alternatively, you could use statistics covering many cases of U.S. intervention around the world, perhaps supplemented with some telling cases studies.

Students in the humanities want to explore their own big ideas, and they, too, need to focus their research. In English literature, their big issue might be “masculinity” or, to narrow the range a bit, “masculinity in Jewish American literature.” Important as these issues are, they are too vast for anyone to read all the major novels plus all the relevant criticism and then frame a comprehensive research paper.

If you don’t narrow these sprawling topics and focus your work, you can only skim the surface. Skimming the surface is not what you want to do in a research paper. You want to understand your subject in depth and convey that understanding to your readers.

That does not mean you have to abandon your interest in major themes. It means you have to restrict their scope in sensible ways. To do that, you need to think about which aspects of masculinity really interest you and then find works that deal with them.

You may realize your central concern is how masculinity is defined in response to strong women. That focus would still leave you considerable flexibility, depending on your academic background and what you love to read. That might be anything from a reconsideration of Macbeth to an analysis of early twentieth-century American novels, where men must cope with women in assertive new roles. Perhaps you are interested in another aspect of masculinity: the different ways it is defined within the same culture at the same moment. That would lead you to novelists who explore these differences in their characters, perhaps contrasting men who come from different backgrounds, work in different jobs, or simply differ emotionally. Again, you would have considerable flexibility in choosing specific writers.

Connecting a Specific Research Paper Topic to a Bigger Idea

Not all students begin their research paper concerned with big issues such as masculinity or American wars over the past half century. Some start with very specific topics in mind. One example might be the decision to create NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement encompassing Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Perhaps you are interested in NAFTA because you discussed it in a course, heard about it in a political campaign, or saw its effects firsthand on local workers, companies, and consumers. It intrigues you, and you would like to study it in a research paper. The challenge is to go from this clear-cut subject to a larger theme that will frame your paper.

Why do you even need to figure out a larger theme? Because NAFTA bears on several major topics, and you cannot explore all of them. Your challenge—and your opportunity—is to figure out which one captures your imagination.

One way to think about that is to finish this sentence: “For me, NAFTA is a case of ___________.” If you are mainly interested in negotiations between big and small countries, then your answer is, “For me, NAFTA is a case of a large country like the United States bargaining with a smaller neighbor.” Your answer would be different if you are mainly interested in decision making within the United States, Mexico, or Canada. In that case, you might say, “NAFTA seems to be a case where a strong U.S. president pushed a trade policy through Congress.” Perhaps you are more concerned with the role played by business lobbies. “For me, NAFTA is a case of undue corporate influence over foreign economic policy.” Or you could be interested in the role of trade unions, environmental groups, or public opinion.

The NAFTA decision is related to all these big issues and more. You cannot cover them all. There is not enough time, and even if there were, the resulting paper would be too diffuse, too scattershot. To make an impact, throw a rock, not a handful of pebbles.

Choosing one of these large issues will shape your research paper on NAFTA. If you are interested in U.S. decision making, for example, you might study the lobbying process or perhaps the differences between Democrats and Republicans. If you are interested in diplomacy, you would focus on negotiations between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Either would make an interesting research paper, but they are different topics.

Although the subject matter and analysis are decidedly different in the humanities, many of the same considerations still apply to topic selection. In English or comparative literature, for example, you may be attracted to a very specific topic such as several poems by William Wordsworth. You are not trying, as a social scientist would, to test some generalizations that apply across time or space. Rather, you want to analyze these specific poems, uncover their multiple meanings, trace their allusions, and understand their form and beauty.

As part of the research paper, however, you may wish to say something bigger, something that goes beyond these particular poems. That might be about Wordsworth’s larger body of work. Are these poems representative or unusual? Do they break with his previous work or anticipate work yet to come? You may wish to comment on Wordsworth’s close ties to his fellow “Lake Poets,” Coleridge and Southey, underscoring some similarities in their work. Do they use language in shared ways? Do they use similar metaphors or explore similar themes? You may even wish to show how these particular poems are properly understood as part of the wider Romantic movement in literature and the arts. Any of these would connect the specific poems to larger themes.

How to Refine Your Research Paper Topic

One of your professor’s or instructor’s most valuable contributions to the success of your research paper is to help you refine your topic. She can help you select the best cases for detailed study or the best data and statistical techniques. S/he can help you find cases that shed light on larger questions, have good data available, and are discussed in a rich secondary literature. She may know valuable troves of documents to explore. That’s why it is so important to bring these issues up in early meetings. These discussions with your instructor are crucial in moving from a big but ill-defined idea to a smart, feasible topic.Some colleges supplement this advising process by offering special workshops and tutorial support for students. These are great resources, and you should take full advantage of them. They can improve your project in at least two ways.

First, tutors and workshop leaders are usually quite adept at helping you focus and shape your topic. That’s what they do best. Even if they are relatively new teachers, they have been writing research papers themselves for many years. They know how to do it well and how to avoid common mistakes. To craft their own papers, they have learned how to narrow their topics, gather data, interpret sources, and evaluate conjectures. They know how to use appropriate methods and how to mine the academic literature. In all these ways, they can assist you with their own hard-won experience. To avoid any confusion, just make sure your instructor knows what advice you are getting from workshop leaders and tutors. You want everyone to be pulling in the same direction.

Second, you will benefit enormously from batting around your research paper in workshops. The more you speak about your subject, the better you will understand it yourself. The better you understand it, the clearer your research and writing will be. You will learn about your project as you present your ideas; you will learn more as you listen to others discuss your work; and you will learn still more as you respond to their suggestions. Although you should do that in sessions with your instructor, you will also profit from doing it in workshops and tutorial sessions.

Secrets to Keep in Mind when Writing a Research Paper

As a bonus, we have prepared several secrets for you to make your paper perfect. Firstly, always write your paper from scratch. Do not copy the already existing materials, as it can lead to unsatisfactory mark or even expulsion. Secondly, start your research early; do not put off investigating the topic. The earlier you start, the easier it will be to meet the deadline. Thirdly, plan your work and create an outline for your task. A planned work will help you be systematic. Plus, it will help you avoid writer’s block, as you always have an outline to follow. Another secret is following all the requirements. A research paper is an academic assignment, so all these structural and formatting standards are important. Finally, make sure you proofread and edit your task. Check your paper for grammar and spelling mistakes, examine your choice of vocabulary. If it seems too much, you can always ask our professional editors and they will check the paper for you. A mistakes-free paper is essential to get high results.

Custom Research Paper Writing Service

If you still have concerns regarding your research paper, we are here to answer your questions. It is no secret that studying is becoming more and more difficult at college. Every week you have an overload of tasks and assignments. You work hard, sleep little. As a result, you can be at the edge of a nervous breakdown trying to finish all the tasks on time. That is why we are here helping thousands of students to study smart.

24/7 you can contact us and order your paper. We never miss the deadline and always provide our clients with a top-notch quality. When you feel that you cannot handle it on your own, a bit of assistance will do no harm. All our writers are experts with years of experience. They are aware of all the subtleties of academic writing and they know all the recent college requirements. You can turn to us for help any time and we will get down to work immediately. From choosing the topic to writing the whole paper – this is what we have to offer. Getting top grades is much easier when the real professionals help you.

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what are the best topics for a research paper

what are the best topics for a research paper

Research Paper Topics: 200 Best Picks

what are the best topics for a research paper

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Research Paper Topics: Short Description

Are you struggling to find the perfect essay topics that ignite your academic passion? Look no further! Dive into our comprehensive guide, where you'll uncover a curated list of 200 of the best research paper topics spanning across various subjects. Whether your interests lie in the realms of science, humanities, technology, or the arts, we've got you covered. Let this invaluable resource be your compass on your scholarly journey, helping you identify that ideal topic that not only sparks your curiosity but also propels your academic pursuits to new heights.

What Are Good Research Topics

Choosing a research topic is akin to setting off on a thrilling expedition. You want to venture into uncharted territory, but you also need a compass to keep you on track. So, what makes a research topic good? Let's uncover the secrets from our ' write my paper ' experts:

What Are Good Research Topics

1. Relevance is Key : The best research topics often intersect with real-world issues. They're questions waiting to be answered or problems in need of solutions. For instance, in the realm of environmental science, 'The Impact of Microplastics on Marine Ecosystems' is a hot topic because it addresses a pressing global concern.

2. Passion Igniters : Good research topic ideas align with your personal interests. If you're fascinated by artificial intelligence, delving into 'Ethical Dilemmas in AI Development' won't feel like a chore; it'll be a captivating journey.

3. Unexplored Avenues : Look for gaps in existing research. The most exciting discoveries often happen where no one has tread before. If everyone's talking about 'The Effects of Climate Change,' maybe you can explore 'Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Vulnerable Communities' - a less explored path with immense potential.

4. Scope Matters : Consider the scope of your project. A topic too broad might lead to superficial research, while one too narrow can be limiting. Strike a balance. Instead of 'The History of World Literature,' try 'The Influence of Japanese Haiku Poetry on Modern American Literature.'

5. Controversy and Debate : Controversial topics can be both intriguing and polarizing. 'Should Genetic Editing in Humans Be Regulated?' is bound to stir passionate discussions, making it an excellent choice for thought-provoking research projects.

6. Fresh Perspectives : Seek topics that allow for diverse viewpoints. 'The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health' can be approached from psychological, sociological, and even technological angles, providing a rich landscape for exploration.

7. Feasibility : Finally, consider the resources and time you have at your disposal. Some interesting research topics might require extensive fieldwork or access to expensive equipment. Opt for a topic that's feasible within your constraints.

Selecting the Right Research Paper Topic

Picking research paper topics can be as easy as pie if you follow these simple steps:

How to Select the Right Research Paper Topic

1. Think About What You Like:

Start by thinking about what you really like or are curious about. It could be anything – from animals to space, movies to history. Imagine writing about something that makes you excited!

2. See What's Already Been Done:

Look around a bit. Find out if others have written about your topic before. This is like checking out the map to see where others have gone. You want to find your own path.

3. Make It More Specific:

Once you know how to research a topic , it's time to narrow down your topic. Instead of talking about 'animals,' you could focus on 'endangered pandas.' This is like choosing a trail in the forest instead of wandering all over.

4. Ask for Help:

Talk to your teacher or friends about your idea. They might have cool suggestions or tips. It's like having buddies on your adventure who know the way.

5. Check Your Tools:

Before you start, make sure you have every tool you need. It's like checking if you have the right gear before going camping. Make sure you have books or internet access for research and enough time to finish.

After settling on a topic, you can buy a research paper easily from our skilled writers, who will expertly manage it on your behalf!

Research Paper Topics on Math

These research papers reflect the diverse and evolving nature of mathematics and its applications in various fields. Researchers in mathematics continue to make significant contributions, pushing the boundaries of knowledge and technology.

  • Quantum Computing Algorithms: Investigating the development of quantum algorithms for solving complex mathematical problems and their potential impact on cryptography and computational mathematics.
  • Topological Data Analysis: Exploring the applications of topological methods in data analysis, particularly in fields like neuroscience, biology, and materials science.
  • Machine Learning and Mathematics: Analyzing the mathematical foundations of machine learning algorithms, including deep learning and neural networks.
  • Homotopy Type Theory: Investigating the connections between homotopy theory, category theory, and type theory and their role in the foundations of mathematics.
  • Number Theory and Cryptography: Exploring recent advances in number theory and their applications in modern cryptography, including post-quantum cryptography.
  • Differential Equations in Epidemiology: Studying the role of differential equations in modeling the spread of infectious diseases, as highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Graph Theory and Network Analysis: Investigating new algorithms and techniques in graph theory for analyzing complex networks, such as social networks and transportation networks.
  • Mathematics of Machine Vision: Examining the mathematical principles behind computer vision and image processing techniques, including object recognition and image reconstruction.
  • Algebraic Geometry and Robotics: Exploring the intersections of algebraic geometry and robotics, particularly in the context of robot motion planning and control.
  • Combinatorial Optimization in Operations Research: Analyzing recent developments in combinatorial optimization algorithms and their applications in solving complex real-world problems in logistics, transportation, and resource allocation.

Research Paper Topics on Science

These are great research paper topics that highlight the dynamic and interdisciplinary nature of scientific research, showcasing the ongoing efforts to understand and address complex global challenges.

  • CRISPR-Cas9 Gene Editing Technology: Investigating recent developments and ethical considerations surrounding CRISPR-based gene editing techniques.
  • Quantum Computing and Quantum Information: Exploring the latest advancements in quantum computing hardware, algorithms, and their potential applications in fields like cryptography and materials science.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery: Analyzing the use of machine learning and AI algorithms for identifying potential drug candidates and accelerating the drug discovery process.
  • Astrobiology and the Search for Extraterrestrial Life: Discussing recent discoveries related to extremophiles, exoplanets, and the potential for life beyond Earth.
  • Climate Change and Oceanography: Examining the impact of climate change on ocean ecosystems, including rising sea levels, ocean acidification, and changes in marine biodiversity.
  • Neuroscience and Brain-Computer Interfaces: Investigating the development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) and their applications in healthcare, communication, and assistive technologies.
  • Particle Physics and the Search for Dark Matter: Discussing recent experiments and theories related to dark matter, one of the most significant mysteries in modern physics.
  • Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering: Exploring the latest advancements in synthetic biology, including the design of artificial organisms and bioengineering for medical and environmental applications.
  • Renewable Energy Technologies: Analyzing recent breakthroughs in renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and advanced energy storage systems.
  • Artificial Photosynthesis: Investigating the development of artificial photosynthesis systems for sustainable energy production and carbon dioxide reduction.

Research Paper Topics on Business

These business research paper topics reflect the ever-changing landscape of the business world, where innovation, ethics, and global challenges play significant roles in shaping business practices and strategies.

  • Sustainability in Business: Examining strategies for integrating sustainability practices into corporate operations and measuring their impact on profitability and social responsibility.
  • E-commerce and Online Marketplaces: Investigating the growth of e-commerce, including the role of online marketplaces, consumer behavior, and the future of traditional brick-and-mortar retail.
  • Entrepreneurship and Startup Ecosystems: Analyzing the factors contributing to the success of startup ecosystems, including access to capital, mentorship, and government policies.
  • Digital Marketing Trends: Exploring recent developments in digital marketing, such as influencer marketing, content marketing, and the use of AI in marketing campaigns.
  • Global Supply Chain Management: Studying the challenges and opportunities in global supply chains, including risk management, sustainability, and the impact of disruptive events.
  • Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility: Examining ethical dilemmas in business, corporate governance, and the social responsibility of corporations.
  • Financial Technology (Fintech): Investigating the impact of fintech innovations, including digital banking, cryptocurrency, and peer-to-peer lending, on traditional financial institutions and markets.
  • Diversity and Inclusion in the Workplace: Analyzing the benefits and challenges of fostering diverse and inclusive work environments and their impact on employee performance and organizational success.
  • Data Analytics and Business Intelligence: Exploring the use of data analytics and business intelligence tools to make informed decisions, improve operations, and gain a competitive advantage.
  • Corporate Innovation and Open Innovation Strategies: Investigating how companies foster innovation by collaborating with external partners, startups, and customers, and the impact of open innovation on corporate success and competitiveness.

Research Paper Topics on Psychology

Explore fascinating subjects like mental health, cognitive processes, and the intricacies of human behavior with these psychology research paper topics:

  • Mental Health Stigma: Analyzing the impact of stigma on individuals seeking treatment for mental health disorders and strategies to reduce stigma in society.
  • Social Media and Mental Health: Investigating the relationship between social media use, mental health outcomes, and potential interventions for healthier online behavior.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Exploring the latest research on PTSD, including treatment modalities, risk factors, and the neurobiology of trauma.
  • Positive Psychology and Well-being: Examining the science of well-being, happiness, and positive emotions and their practical applications in therapy and everyday life.
  • Childhood Development and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): Investigating the long-term effects of adverse childhood experiences on mental health and strategies for prevention and intervention.
  • Psychology of Sleep: Analyzing the importance of sleep in mental health, the consequences of sleep disorders, and effective treatments for improving sleep quality.
  • Substance Abuse and Addiction: Studying the psychological factors contributing to substance abuse, addiction treatment approaches, and the impact of addiction on individuals and society.
  • Cross-Cultural Psychology: Exploring cultural variations in psychological processes, including cognition, emotion, and behavior, and their implications for mental health and therapy.
  • Neuroplasticity and Rehabilitation: Investigating the brain's ability to adapt and recover after injury, with a focus on rehabilitation techniques for conditions like stroke and traumatic brain injury.
  • Psychological Resilience: Examining factors that contribute to psychological resilience in the face of adversity, trauma, or stress and interventions to enhance resilience.

Research Paper Topics on Literature

Explore the world of words and uncover the deeper meanings behind the texts with the following topic suggestions:

  • Postcolonial Literature and Identity: Analyzing the theme of identity and its intersection with postcolonialism in works of literature from former colonies.
  • Feminism in Classic Literature: Exploring feminist themes, characters, and narratives in classic literature and their relevance in contemporary society.
  • Dystopian Literature and Social Commentary: Investigating how dystopian literature serves as a commentary on current social, political, and technological issues.
  • Literature and Environmentalism: Analyzing how literature portrays environmental concerns, climate change, and humanity's relationship with the natural world.
  • Adaptation of Literature to Film: Examining the challenges and artistic choices involved in adapting literary works into successful films.
  • Literature of the Harlem Renaissance: Studying the cultural and artistic movement known as the Harlem Renaissance, with a focus on key literary figures and their contributions.
  • Magical Realism in Latin American Literature: Exploring the use of magical realism in the works of authors like Gabriel García Márquez and Isabel Allende.
  • Literature and Mental Health: Investigating the portrayal of mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, in contemporary literature and their impact on stigmatization.
  • Literature and Technology: Analyzing how literature reflects the influence of technology on society, communication, and human relationships.
  • Literature and Social Justice: Examining literature's role in advocating for social justice, civil rights, and equity, with a focus on diverse voices and marginalized communities.

Research Paper Topics on Environment

Discover the planet's pressing issues with these critical topics:

  • Climate Change Mitigation Strategies: Investigating innovative approaches to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change, including renewable energy adoption, carbon capture and storage, and sustainable transportation.
  • Biodiversity Conservation and Restoration: Analyzing conservation efforts to protect endangered species, restore ecosystems, and enhance biodiversity in the face of habitat loss and climate change.
  • Plastic Pollution and Marine Ecosystems: Exploring the impact of plastic pollution on marine life, ecosystems, and potential solutions for reducing plastic waste in oceans.
  • Urban Sustainability: Studying sustainable urban planning, green infrastructure, and policies to create environmentally friendly and resilient cities.
  • Water Resource Management: Investigating strategies for sustainable water resource management, including groundwater replenishment, watershed protection, and water-efficient technologies.
  • Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture: Analyzing methods to improve food production while minimizing environmental impacts, such as organic farming, precision agriculture, and alternative protein sources.
  • Ecosystem Services and Valuation: Exploring the value of ecosystem services (e.g., clean air, water, pollination) and methods to incorporate them into decision-making and policy development.
  • Land Use Change and Deforestation: Studying the drivers of deforestation, land degradation, and the conservation of forests and natural landscapes.
  • Environmental Justice: Investigating environmental inequalities, including the disproportionate impacts of pollution and climate change on marginalized communities and strategies for achieving environmental justice.
  • Green Technology and Innovation: Analyzing emerging green technologies, such as sustainable materials, clean energy innovations, and eco-friendly transportation solutions.

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Research Paper Topics on Biology

Let's delve into the fascinating realms of genetics, ecology, and the intricate workings of living organisms:

  • The Human Microbiome: Exploring the role of the microbiome in human health, including its impact on digestion, immunity, and its potential in treating various diseases.
  • Evolutionary Adaptations to Climate Change: Analyzing how species are adapting or struggling to adapt to changing environmental conditions due to climate change.
  • Neurobiology of Addiction: Investigating the neurobiological mechanisms underlying addiction and potential targets for treatment and prevention.
  • Conservation Biology: Analyzing strategies for the conservation of endangered species and ecosystems, with a focus on the role of protected areas and habitat restoration.
  • Emerging Infectious Diseases: Exploring the biology of newly emerging infectious diseases, their origins, and strategies for prevention and control.
  • Plant Genetics and Crop Improvement: Investigating genetic engineering and breeding techniques to improve crop yield, resistance to pests, and nutritional content.
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases: Studying the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's and potential therapeutic approaches.
  • Synthetic Biology: Analyzing the field of synthetic biology, including the design and construction of novel biological systems and their applications in medicine, energy production, and biotechnology.
  • Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and the services ecosystems provide to humanity, such as pollination, water purification, and climate regulation.
  • Epigenetics and Environmental Influences: Exploring the role of epigenetic modifications in gene expression and how environmental factors can impact these modifications, potentially leading to heritable traits or diseases.

Research Paper Topics on Health and Medicine

The following health research paper topics reflect the dynamic and evolving nature of the health and medicine field.

  • Vaccine Hesitancy: Understanding and addressing concerns about vaccines.
  • Telemedicine and Telehealth: The growth of remote healthcare services and their impact on patient care.
  • Personalized Medicine: Tailoring medical treatments to individual genetics and characteristics.
  • Cancer Immunotherapy: Advancements in using the immune system to treat cancer.
  • Antibiotic Resistance: Strategies to combat the growing resistance of bacteria to antibiotics.
  • Health Disparities: Addressing disparities in healthcare access and outcomes among different populations.
  • Aging Population: Healthcare challenges and innovations in an aging society.
  • Nutrition and Obesity: Research on the effects of diet on health and strategies to combat obesity.
  • Artificial Organs and 3D Printing: Advancements in creating artificial organs and tissues.
  • Precision Nutrition: Customized dietary recommendations based on an individual's genetics and health status.

Research Paper Topics on Education

Shape the future of learning with these education research paper topics, where you can delve into current challenges, innovations, and strategies in the world of education:

  • Critical Digital Literacy Education: Exploring the importance of teaching critical digital literacy skills to students, including media literacy, online safety, and ethical online behavior.
  • Educational Neuroscience and Learning: Studying the intersection of neuroscience and education to better understand how the brain learns and applying this knowledge to improve teaching methods and curriculum design.
  • Personalized Learning Environments: Analyzing the implementation of personalized learning environments, including adaptive learning platforms and customized learning pathways, to enhance student engagement and achievement.
  • The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Education: Investigating the use of AI-driven tools and platforms for personalized tutoring, assessment, and content creation in educational settings.
  • Global Citizenship Education: Exploring strategies for integrating global citizenship education into curricula to promote cross-cultural understanding, social justice, and environmental sustainability.
  • Homeschooling and Educational Equity: Examining the growth of homeschooling and its potential impact on educational equity, including regulations, resources, and outcomes for homeschooled students.
  • Teacher Well-being and Burnout: Studying the factors contributing to teacher burnout and stress, along with strategies and policies to improve teacher well-being and retention.
  • Environmental Education and Sustainability: Analyzing the role of education in fostering environmental awareness and sustainable practices, including green curricula and school sustainability initiatives.
  • Early Career Teacher Support: Investigating mentorship programs, induction strategies, and professional development opportunities to support and retain early career teachers in the education profession.
  • Education Equity in the Digital Divide Era: Investigating strategies to bridge the digital divide and ensure equitable access to technology and online resources for all students, particularly in underserved communities.

Research Paper Topics on Sports

Let's dive into the realm of athleticism with the following topics, exploring diverse aspects of sports science.

  • Concussions in Sports: Analyzing the long-term effects of concussions, prevention strategies, and advances in concussion diagnosis and management in various sports.
  • The Impact of Sports on Mental Health: Investigating the relationship between sports participation, mental well-being, and strategies to promote mental health among athletes.
  • Gender Equity in Sports: Exploring gender disparities in sports, including pay gaps, opportunities, and challenges for female athletes, coaches, and administrators.
  • Sports Psychology and Peak Performance: Studying the psychological factors that influence athletes' performance, including motivation, confidence, and stress management.
  • Sports and Social Change: Analyzing the role of sports in promoting social justice, diversity, and inclusion, including athlete activism and the impact on broader societal issues.
  • Youth Sports and Long-Term Development: Investigating the effects of youth sports participation on character development, physical fitness, and future success in sports and life.
  • Sports Nutrition and Performance: Examining the role of nutrition, dietary supplements, and hydration in optimizing athletic performance and recovery.
  • Sports and Technology: Exploring the use of technology, including wearables, video analysis, and data analytics, in sports training, performance analysis, and injury prevention.
  • Sports Medicine and Injury Prevention: Studying the latest advancements in sports medicine, rehabilitation techniques, and injury prevention strategies for athletes.
  • Sports and Technology Ethics: Investigating ethical issues related to the use of emerging technologies such as genetic enhancements, AI-driven performance analysis, and virtual reality training in sports.

In the world of academia, the journey of selecting a research paper topic is one that should not be taken lightly. It's a voyage that can both fascinate and inspire as your chosen subject becomes a canvas for your curiosity and passion. Remember, our research proposal writing service is here to guide you not only in finding intriguing research paper ideas but also in mastering how to write a reflective essay that captures the essence of your academic exploration!

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 criminal justice research topics

200 Best Ideas for Research Paper Topics in 2023

The discussion you have started should be provoking and intriguing. If your statement is unique and interesting, you will definitely get a high grade and respect from your professors.

Writing a research paper may seem challenging, even though it is a substantial part of everyday student life. You are required to write at least one research paper in a semester for the majority of your subjects.

Do not underestimate research projects. They will demand a lot of time and effort from you. At the same time, do not let your research paper give you anxiety or hurt your overall studies.

To minimize worries and stress while working on the research paper, you must be confident in your topic. There are times when you are assigned the topic, but more frequently, you will have to create one yourself.

The discussion you start should be thought-provoking and intriguing. If your content is unique and interesting, you will definitely get a high grade and respect from your professors.

How to Select the Best Research Paper Topic?

When choosing your research paper topic, you need to make sure it is neither boring nor overdone. An interesting and innovative topic will intrigue your readers and motivate them to read the entire piece. But if you don’t know how to create a topic on your own, use the help of our editors.

Here are some things to consider when selecting an appropriate topic:

The Field Of  Your Interest

It’s no secret that you will not be able to write a good insightful research paper if you are not interested in the subject overall, or in the topic in general. On the other hand, if the topic is linked to the field of your interest, you can consider yourself lucky.

Passion and interest in a topic will make it easier to explore the theme and write about it. If you enjoy science, you should be able to talk non-stop about it. The same goes for writing about it.

A Topic Should Be Clear

You need to be sure to understand everything clearly when you choose an essay topic . Do not hesitate to ask questions if there are some unclear points. The more you understand, the simpler it is for you to write a successful research paper. You need to show the readers that you’re a master of the topic and not a confused newbie who does not know what you’re talking about.

Be Precise And Specific

You need to completely understand that you are not writing a descriptive essay. A research paper is an accurate and thorough work, which is based on facts. You cannot waterdown your text. Your statement should be supported with examples or references to other reputable research and academic work.

Be Innovative

How innovative can you be when discussing The French Revolution or Pearl Harbor? However, an innovative approach can give you the edge among other students. A topic should address the matter from a different and surprising perspective. With a deep investigation, you may even find the little known facts that can blow your readers’ minds. This approach will intrigue your readers and will make you research paper stand out..

Visit Edusson Samples   to brainstorm possible research paper topics and find relevant paper examples. It is 1000+ papers database. Besides samples, you can find excellent writing tools such as Plagiarism Checker, Title Page Maker and many more.

Ideas for Research Paper Topics

Without a good topic, writing a research paper can be a student’s worst nightmare. So, how do you come up with one? There are dozens of ways to brainstorm, such as discussing with classmates, reading topic prompts, sample papers, magazines, journals, blogs, or books.

Research Paper Topic by Category

Here are some examples of topics you may choose:

Argumentative Research Paper Topics

You have to present facts to demonstrate a clear understanding of the topic. Your introduction and concluding paragraph must be equally strong. Take a look at the following argumentative research topics examples:

  • Are athletes good role models?
  • Is the minimum wage too high?
  • Homelessness: Who is to blame?
  • Do we need shorter working weeks?
  • What is the ideal age of consuming alcohol?

Persuasive Research Paper Topics

As a speaker or writer, it is your responsibility to persuade the reader about an issue. Persuasive writing, therefore, should move people and shake their emotions. If, for example, you want to convince people coffee is good for their bodies, then you must do it artistically, and convincingly.

Take a look at these examples of persuasive research topics:

  • Using animals to conduct research experiments is wrong.
  • Parents should monitor the websites their children visit.
  • Domestic gender violence is on the rise.
  • Children’s exposure to media: Do parental controls work?
  • There are many cybercrimes today, and they are going to increase.
  • America should adopt a policy of non-involvement in global conflicts.

Controversial Topics for Research Paper

There are people who like to court controversy whenever they say or do something, more so in public. A good example here is an activist. Whether it is advocacy for gay rights or same-sex marriage, writing on issues like these can be painstakingly difficult. So, you need a strong topic right from the beginning. Controversial topics for a research paper like the following will most certainly get you moving in the right direction:

  • Gay partners and child adoption.
  • Surrogate mothers and societal worldview.
  • Violence in media content.
  • STEM subjects should be mandatory.
  • Sex education in middle school.
  • Should homework be abolished?
Are you having a hard time looking for a comprehensive research paper topic? Try to find the best one by using our topic generation tool.

Best Research Paper Topics 2023

Maybe you have picked a research topic from the above categories for your paper. However, a good college student knows you need a plan B. So here are some other great topics.

  • Is college education in line with the job market?
  • Should colleges be faith-based institutions?
  • Should universities have special accommodation facilities for the disabled?
  • How has the institution of marriage changed in the postmodern world?
  • Is there a difference between a man’s and a woman’s heart?
  • What are the possible health benefits of childbearing and parenting?
  • Exploring unfair child labor in the workplace.
  • The significance of ethics to business and how to control bad behavior.
  • How is cross-border BPO affecting the gross domestic product in your country?
  • Which companies will make it to the top 5 best in the next decade?
  • Terrorism and how it affects businesses.
  • Are universities becoming business-driven?
  • Causes of data rape and how to prevent it.
  • Should licensed gun holders be allowed to carry their weapons to school?
  • Ex-convicts and job searching. Is it difficult finding employment?
  •  Should colleges pay student-athletes and how should they do it?
  • What should be the basis of workplace promotion: seniority, degree, or performance evaluation?
  • The significance of search engine optimization on businesses today.
  • Should women be allowed into extreme sports?
  • Is feminism changing American society?

Research Paper Topics By Level of Education

Notably, topic difficulty or complexity varies with the level of education. A graduate student will write a high school essay with great ease, while the reverse will result in a lot of difficulties on the part of the student.

In this post, we also help you choose topics based on your academic level while keeping in mind that research paper writing lends credence to student performance.

The research paper topics can often be overwhelming, and to make the process easier and more reliable, many students look for APA format paper writing services . The services are beneficial and provide access to professional knowledge in writing a research paper and ensure that all guidelines are followed.

High School Research Paper Topics

If you are a student in high school, here is a list of topics that you may consider:

  • Should the government legalize the use of smartphones in high school classrooms?
  • Leadership training in high school.
  • Are secondary schools doing enough in harnessing the debating skills of students?
  • Explore Plato’s philosophy of mathematics.

College Research Paper Topics

Next, here are some college research paper topics to choose from. They include the following:

  • Explore the design and construction of thermal plants around the globe.
  • Analyze how the free software movement is positively transforming the world.
  • Analyze cognitive development in children.
  • How does the government assess the health care needs of communities?
  • Pre-election and the effects on voter conduct.
  • Discuss how to plan for college tuition.
  • How does menstruation affect young girls?
  • Substance abuse among college students and its effects on their performance and behavior.
  • What brings about societal stereotypes?
  • Factual evidence that AIDS originated from monkeys.

Research Paper Topics By Subject

Another way of choosing the best research paper topic is based on the subject, whether you are a college or high school student. Whether it is in biology, physics, science, literature, history, or psychology, this approach works at all levels of education. Research papers are quite challenging for the average student to write, so it’s no wonder why many students may want to look into options for high school essays for money . A great topic for your research paper should be something engaging that captures the reader’s attention and encourages them to continue reading.

Research Paper Topics on Technology

  • Cybersecurity: Can we really be safe?
  • How can technology help in preventing terrorist attacks?
  • How close did we get to Artificial Intelligence?
  • What technological innovations promise to change the third decade of the 21st century?
  • How do regular people influence technological progress?
  • What technologies does NASA use to explore Mars?
  • How did Bill Gates and Steve Jobs change the world?
  • How did cloud technologies change data storing?
  • Can virtual reality substitute for an actual reality?
  • What is the future of the internet?

Research Paper Topics on Environment

  • How did climate change in the last 30 years?
  • Why some believe that global warming is a hoax?
  • What are the best ways to reduce global warming?
  • How does global warming alter wildlife?
  • Ocean pollution: Unseen tragedies.
  • Effective ways of reducing air pollution.
  • How can alternative types of energy help to preserve the Earth’s natural resources?
  • Endangered species – How can we preserve them?
  • Recycling. What did you do to make the world a better place?
  • Drinking water for all – How can we achieve it?

Research Paper Topics on Legal Issues

  • How do torrenting sites influence creativity and copyright?
  • Should marijuana be legalized at the national level?
  • How did the legalization of same-sex marriage influence the USA?
  • Are punishments for sex crimes fair?
  • Should there be a law preventing cyber-bullying?
  • Where is the line between artistic photos and pornography?
  • How does a new adoption law in Russia refuse orphans their chance for happiness?
  • Various laws on abortion around the world.
  • How do prostitution laws differ around the world?

Topics on Business

  • How can one turn a business idea into a successful startup?
  • How can creative marketing increase your sales?
  • Does taxation aim to kill small businesses?
  • Effective time-management for big and small teams.
  • Is multitasking a productive method of work?
  • Sexual harassment in the working environment.
  • How benefits can make your employees happy.
  • How do big corporations regularly break the law and get away with it?
  • What are the various minimum wages around the world? Should The Universal Declaration of Human Rights control them?
  • What were the most successful businesses in the first two decades of the 21st century?

Topics on World Politics

  • How did Angela Merkel change Europe?
  • Impeachment against Donald Trump: Will it happen?
  • The consequences of Brexit for European values.
  • Is Vladimir Putin sponsoring global terrorism?
  • How can world politicians unite against the threat that Russia poses?
  • Can North and South Korea unite again?
  • How can we eliminate dictatorial regimes in the 21st century?
  • Conflicts in Africa.
  • Do refugees pose any threat to the hosting country?
  • How can the world unite to fight racism?

Topics on Religion

  • Is Christianity at its dusk?
  • Can any religion justify crimes against humanity?
  • The most popular new age religions.
  • Sexual abuse in the church.
  • Should religious beliefs influence health matters?
  • How do various religions oppress women?
  • The political context of the global religions throughout time.
  • How does agnosticism balance between atheism and various religions?
  • Are we witnessing a new religion forming?
  • Myths of creation through global religions.

Topics on Health

  • The effects of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana on a human body.
  • Vaccination in the 21st century.
  • The most controversial issues of birth control.
  • Alzheimer’s: ways of prevention.
  • Euthanasia – An assisted suicide?
  • How can research help cure AIDS?
  • Are there effective ways to prevent cancer?
  • How do fats positively affect the human body and the mind?
  • Anorexia and obesity – Two sides to one story.
  • The importance of mental health.

Topics on Social Issues

  • How does social media influence interpersonal communication?
  • How can team sports affect social abilities?
  • LGBT tolerance around the world.
  • Global citizenship: Pros and cons.
  • How to deal with social anxiety.
  • How can one defend privacy issues on Facebook and other social media?
  • How to stop bullying in schools.
  • Discrimination of black women in modern-day America.
  • Ethnicities that created the USA.
  • Gender stereotypes in the workplace.

Topics on Education

  • How to achieve literacy for all.
  • Is it worth accumulating a huge debt to achieve higher education in the USA?
  • How can the government make a teacher’s profession become more appealing?
  • How can we modernize education to make it more appealing?
  • How do dress codes in schools discriminate against women?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of homeschooling?
  • Is the present educational system capable of creating geniuses?
  • The importance of multilingual education.
  • Guns in school. How to achieve a safe environment.
  • Do grades do justice to students’ knowledge?

Topics on Popular Culture

  • The best music projects of 2020.
  • How do reality shows influence teenagers?
  • Do celebrities form a specific cast in today’s world?
  • How much do people depend on heroes? Marvel and DC Cinematic Universes.
  • How do American and Japanese popular cultures intertwine with each other?
  • Sexism and ageism in modern Hollywood.
  • Do shows like American Idol, the Voice, and X-factor really aim to find and develop talents?
  • The female role in the world according to Beyonce’s Lemonade.
  • How did YouTube change popular culture?
  • The meaning of the Harry Potter Book Series in promoting reading.
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Easy Research Paper Topics

Women’s issues.

  • Are birth control pills good or bad?
  • Are married women with children happier than single women who did not give birth to a child?
  • Are there health benefits to having children?
  • Breast cancer rates are increasing among women in the US. What factors contribute to these rates?
  • Do women with higher testosterone levels have an athletic advantage compared to women whose testosterone levels are not high?
  • Has the feminist movement been a help to women or not?
  • Has the modern-day feminist movement lost its track?
  • How are cultural expectations of women different in Muslim vs. Western nations?
  • How common is domestic abuse, or child abuse?
  • How do the female hormones protect women from heart disease?
  • How does the education of women change society?
  • How has feminism changed America? The world?
  • How has marriage changed?
  • How is heart health different for men and women?
  • How has society’s expectations for women to get married and have kids haven’t changed for centuries, even today?
  • How to help girls from unprivileged towns and neighborhoods get educated?
  • Should women participate in extreme sports?
  • What are the most important health risks for women to be aware of?
  • What is a maid? Is there an acceptable or unacceptable definition for this job?
  • What is female genital mutilation and how is it connected with AIDS in Africa?
  • What is the effect of birth control and pregnancy on the mental health of a woman?
  • What is the history of marriage?
  • Why do a vast majority of women refuse to report their husbands for domestic abuse? What can be done to help them?
  • Why do people marry?
  • Women in politics: why do a small percentage of them succeed?
  • Are athletes overpaid? Do footballers deserve multi-million contracts? How their salaries influence their performance?
  • Can anyone compete in a marathon? Should everyone try it at least once? Necessary measures to take in order to compete in this kind of race
  • Choose a sport and the best athlete that has ever played it. Justify why is that person the greatest of all times
  • Has Title 9 hurt men’s athletics? Should there be changes?
  • Have Olympic Games improved or worsened through history?
  • How money influences the football world today
  • How much does the crowd at sports events influence the game? Does the roar of the fans or their chants really cause the team to win or lose?
  • How successful has Title 9 been in changing access to sports for women?
  • Is there a sport that should be added to the Olympic Games?
  • Research the history of a sport of your choice. How has the game changed throughout history?
  • Should college athletes get paid? If so, how should that be done?
  • Should male and female athletes be paid equally?
  • Should players form unions to protect their rights?
  • The impact of the Olympic Games on the economy of the hosting nation?
  • What do people learn from playing competitive sports?
  • What does the public think about female athletes?
  • Why do all children need to play competitive sports in school? How would regular sports activity benefit their health and school performance?
  • Why do so many young people get injured while playing sports? Is it accidental and unavoidable or is there a way to prevent injuries? Choose between talking about sports in general or discussing some specific sport of your choice.

Criminal justice

  • African-American men are more likely to spend time in prison in the United States than any other group.  What is the underlying cause of this negative trend? What can be done to stop it?
  • After every terrorist attack, it turns out police received reports about the potential danger. Why do they always ignore these calls?
  • Are prison sentences for rapes effective? Do convicted rapists recommit their crimes later?
  • Criminal activities are widely prevalent in news shows, reality TV, television shows, and movies. Does the constant exposure to crime on TV promote these activities and give people ideas?
  • The death sentence has a long history, but did it help decrease crime rates across the US?
  • Do convicted criminals abandon their ways and turn into law-abiding citizens?
  • Do organizations like Prison Fellowship, which attempt to reform prisoners through faith, produce long-term results in changed lives?
  • Do some people have a genetic predisposition to commit a crime? If so, should government approve genetic testing on criminals?
  • Does non-dangerous “hazing” add to the rituals and community of an organization? Describe pros and cons of having new members participate in initiation traditions.
  • How can prisoners help rehabilitate prisoners?
  • How difficult is it to ex-convicts to find a job?
  • How does Trump’s victory at the presidential election affect the judicial system in the United States today?
  • How should the background of the criminal (psychosis, intelligence, family environment, genetic predispositions) affect the decision in a criminal case?
  • Is Mandatory Minimum sentencing a good idea? Does it aid crime prevention?
  • Many prisoners re-commit crimes because they find it difficult to cope with “real world” after spending years in prison. What can be done to help them adapt to the new reality after leaving prison?
  • The number of DUI arrests increases constantly. What can be done about this problem?
  • On-campus violence: causes and solutions
  • Online bullying is a common occurrence nowadays. Should cyber-bullies face criminal prosecution?
  • Out of fear of potential mistake, prisoners on a death row in many states are still waiting for their executions. Does the possibility of wrong death outweigh the need for justice? Is there justice for family members of victims?
  • Police brutality: causes and potential solutions
  • Rates of teens engaging in criminal activities keep increasing. How did media contribute to this negative trend?
  • Should all states have equal laws? Would it prevent some criminals from committing their unlawful deeds?
  • Should DUI laws be the same across all states?
  • Should girls and women who falsely accuse someone of raping them face criminal prosecution?
  • Should people convicted of a DUI be able to attend classes to prevent having their driver’s license revoked?
  • Should schools allow people with licenses to carry concealed weapons?
  • Should some crimes require a mandatory death sentence?
  • Should terrorist suspects be tried in American courts?
  • Some states have already legalized marijuana. How did cannabis use affect crime rates in these states? Did they go up or down?
  • Teen gangs and socioeconomic status of households: are they related?
  • The Innocence Project has released more than 300 convicted criminals based primarily on DNA evidence. Many states give no compensation to those released. Should the compensation be mandatory?
  • The use of art, music, or theater therapy is a common method of rehabilitating prisoners. How effective are these approaches?
  • What are the causes of acquaintance rape? How can it be prevented?
  • What does the general public think about death penalty?
  • What is the underlying cause (or more of them) behind re-committing crimes?
  • Why do some people become serial killers? Are there any signs in their behavior to look for?
  • Why is police brutal when arresting black suspects?
  • Are older children more successful?
  • Child labor is a sad reality in third-world countries. Do we contribute to child labor by purchasing products from companies who employ children in their factories?
  • Do small businesses have a chance to succeed in the competitive market today?
  • How do blogs help revolutionize businesses?
  • How did the NAFTA agreement affect business in the United States?
  • How does birth order affect people in a work environment?
  • How has terrorism affected businesses?
  • How important is branding for a business?
  • Importance of ethics in business: what are the consequences of unethical behavior?
  • Past, present, and future of search engine optimization (SEO)?
  • Should companies promote employees based on seniority, college degrees or evaluations of performance?
  • Should employees be allowed more flexible leave time for caring for children and elderly parents?
  • What is the best way to grow jobs and reduce the unemployment rate?
Psst. There’s also a more relaxed way  ?

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200 Exciting Research Paper Topics for Academic Success

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Doing research is super important if you want to thrive academically and come up with new ideas. That’s why professors often assign such tasks. The success of a research paper depends a lot on the topic you choose. Ensure to pick something that aligns with your interest, skills and have room for exploration. 

If you’re having trouble selecting a good topic, don’t sweat it! We have a collection of 200 awesome research paper topics that cover a variety of fields. Go through all of them and pick a shortlist to get started with  writing your research paper . 

Table of Contents

Top 10 Research Topics for Students

  • The Effects of Mindfulness Training on Academic Performance.
  • Investigating the Impact of social media on Teenagers’ Self-Esteem.
  • Examining the Relationship between Exercise and Cognitive Function in Students.
  • Exploring the Benefits of Gamification in Education.
  • The Influence of Classroom Design on Student Learning and Engagement.
  • Investigating the Impact of Sleep Quality on Academic Achievement.
  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Peer Tutoring Programs in Enhancing Student Success.
  • Examining the Relationship between Study Habits and Exam Performance.
  • The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Student Well-being and Academic Success.
  • Investigating the Effects of Multilingualism on Cognitive Skills in Students.

Comprehensive Lists of Fantastic Research Paper Topics

There are tons of options available to go with when choosing a subject for your research paper. These comprehensive lists cover unique and simple to explore research paper topics recommended by the  professional paper writing services  provider. Let’s get started with the first one.

Unique High School Research Topic Examples

A unique research paper subject could make your piece stand out from the rest. This list is your chance to begin with a unique topic.

  • How has standardized testing affected academic success and student learning? An Analysis. 
  • The effects of social media on student mental health and well-being.
  • The benefits and drawbacks of homeschooling compared to traditional schooling.
  • Why Do People Study Foreign Languages? Exploring Motivations, Benefits, and Challenges
  • The role of physical education in promoting physical health and academic achievement.
  • The effects of sleep deprivation on student performance and behavior in the classroom.
  • The impact of bullying on student academic and social development.
  • The benefits and challenges of the multicultural education system in promoting diversity and inclusivity in schools.
  • Social Media and its Impacts on body image and Self-esteem in young adults
  • The effects of privacy laws on data protection and cybersecurity in the modern era.
  • The role of the judiciary in shaping legal precedent and interpreting the law.
  • How has technology changed student learning and academic performance?
  • The role of teacher-student relationships in student motivation and engagement in the classroom.
  • The effects of extracurricular activities on student academic and personal growth.

New Research Paper Topics

Working on a new research paper topic will open up room for exploring new areas. Hence allowing you to craft an impressive piece. Here you go with  our writers ’ favorite list:

  • The effects of climate change on global food security and agricultural production.
  • The impact of social media on political polarization and civic engagement in the digital age.
  • The role of renewable energy sources. How to impact mitigating climate change and reduce carbon emissions? 
  • Unlocking the Secret to Finding the Best Research Paper Topics: Strategies and Techniques for Identifying High-Impact Areas of Study
  • An Ethical Evaluation of Animal Testing in Biomedical Research: Balancing Scientific Advancements and Animal Welfare.
  • Innovative Research Paper Ideas: Exploring Creative Approaches to Generating and Selecting Topics
  • Challenges and Opportunities for Development in Third World Countries: An Analysis of Socioeconomic, Political, and Environmental Factors
  • How has COVID-19 influenced access to healthcare? A thorough study of social injustice and lack of human rights.
  • The relationship between globalization and international trade on income inequality and labor markets. An analysis. 
  • Simplifying the Research Process: Exploring Easy Research Paper Topics for Effective Academic Writing
  • The impact of gun control laws on public safety and Second Amendment rights in the United States.
  • Environment research paper topics. “The effects of environmental regulations on business operations and sustainable development.”
  • Pros and Cons of remote work and online learning in the post-pandemic World.
  • Debt Dilemma: Investigating the Link between Government Debt and Financial Instability
  • The effects of police brutality and systemic racism on social justice in the US. 
  • The role of AI in the future of work and its impact on employment and labor markets. 
  • The effects of income inequality. A study on social mobility and economic development in the United States.
  • Are China and Russia dealing with social media better than the US? A deep analysis of ethical and censorship concerns. 
  • The impact of the gig economy on worker rights and protections in the modern workforce.
  • The rise of VPN: Why is the number of VPN users piling up each day? 
  • The Great Reset: Examining the Implications of the Pandemic on the Global Economy

Research Paper Topics for University Students

University students often feel tangled when hunting for a good topic for their research paper. Here’s a list full of carefully picked topics to look into: 

  • The impact of social media on mental health: A study of the effects of social media use on anxiety and depression in young adults.
  • The role of education in addressing and preventing sexual assault and harassment on college campuses.
  • Breaking the Bank: Analyzing the Role of Government Policies in Financial Crises
  • “The Cost of Living: How Inflation Affects the Purchasing Power of the Middle Class
  • Gender inequality in the workplace. Analyzing the persistence of the gender pay gap and exploring potential solutions.
  • Exploring the Benefits of Incorporating Humor in Academic Research: A Study on the Effectiveness of Funny Research Paper Topics
  • Intersectionality and feminism. A critical examination of how race, class, and sexuality intersect with feminist ideology.
  • The relationship of Environmental Pollution and Public Health. A Study of Air and Water Quality.
  • Investigating the Link Between Animal Cruelty and Domestic Violence: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach.
  • Reconceptualizing masculinity within a feminist framework. Investigating the relationship between traditional masculinity and violence against women
  • The impact of outdoor activities on mental health and stress reduction.
  • The benefits of socializing and community involvement on cognitive function and overall health.
  • The effects of student debt on higher education access and social mobility.
  • The impact of immigration policies on international students. How does that shape their experiences in American universities?
  • The role of activism and civic engagement in promoting social justice and political change.
  • The effects of police brutality and racial profiling on communities of color. A critical analysis of the legal and social implications.
  • The role of intersectionality in addressing issues of social inequality and discrimination.
  • Global warming and marginalized communities. A study of the effects of environmental degradation on social justice and human rights.
  • The effects of income inequality on social mobility and access to opportunity.
  • How do social support networks promote mental health and well-being in university students? A thorough study

Trendy Research Topics for Students

Want to stay with the trend while writing a research paper? Choose a topic from this list to get started. 

  • Exploring the Impact of social media on Mental Health: A Cross-Cultural Study”
  • Sustainable Energy Development in Emerging Economies: Challenges and Opportunities.
  • “Disrupting Education: How Artificial Intelligence is Transforming the Learning Experience”
  • The Impact of Cold War Tensions on the Rise of Terrorist Attacks in the Middle East
  • Examining the Role of Plant-Based Diets in Promoting Health and Sustainability.
  • “From Bitcoin to Blockchain: Investigating the Potential of Cryptocurrencies in the Global Economy. 
  • The Impact of World War II on the Emergence of Religious-Based Terrorism in the Middle East.
  • “Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women in Leadership and the Impact on Organizational Performance”
  • “The Psychology of Conspiracy Theories: Understanding Belief Formation and Spread”
  • “Transforming Healthcare: Harnessing Big Data and Machine Learning for Improved Patient Outcomes”
  • The Ethics of AI and Autonomous Systems. An Exploration of the Dark Side of Technology. 
  • Urbanization and Public Health: Investigating the Links Between City Design, Environment, and Well-being.

Top Research Paper Topics

Explore the forefront of knowledge with these thought-provoking research paper topics. Here you go:

  • The Evolution of the English Language: A Historical Analysis.
  • Analyzing the Themes of Love and Loss in Shakespearean Sonnets.
  • The Intersection of Literature and Feminism. A Comparative Study of Virginia Woolf and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.
  • Linguistic Diversity in the United States. “An Exploration of Language Policies and Their Impact on Bilingual Education”.
  • What is the Art of Translation? Challenges and Opportunities in Translating Literary Works Across Cultures and Languages.
  • The Role of Language in Identity Formation: A Study of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism.
  • Postcolonial Literature and Its Depiction of National Identity. A Comparative Analysis of Chinua Achebe and Salman Rushdie.
  • The Rise of Young Adult Literature: Examining the Social and Cultural Impact of the Genre.
  • What is deconstructing the Hero’s Journey? A Critical Analysis of Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth Theory in Contemporary Literature.
  • The Language of Advertising: A Study of Linguistic Strategies in Marketing Campaigns.

Medical Research Paper Topics

Jump into the fascinating world of medical research with these engaging paper topics. Here’s your list: 

  • The Impact of Telemedicine on Healthcare Delivery: Opportunities and Challenges.
  • Emerging Trends in Precision Medicine: Applications in Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment.
  • The Global Burden of Mental Health Disorders. A Systematic Review of Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Interventions.
  • Big Data and Machine Learning in Healthcare: Opportunities and Challenges in Predictive Analytics.
  • Advancements in Gene Editing Technology. “Ethical and Legal Implications for Human Health and Society”.
  • The Impact of Lifestyle Interventions on Chronic Diseases. “A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.”
  • Exploring the Benefits of Integrative Medicine. A Study of Mind-Body Interventions in Chronic Pain Management.
  • The Social Determinants of Health. A Review of the Literature on the Impact of Income, Education, and Employment on Health Outcomes.
  • The Role of Global Health Policies and Preparedness in Mitigating Outbreaks? An analysis of emerging infectious diseases:

Stellar Research Paper Topics

Here’s another list of thought-provoking research paper topics.

  • Mental Health Stigma: Breaking Down Barriers for Access to Care”
  • “Exploring the Link Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Adult Mental Health”
  • The Role of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Promoting and Reducing Symptoms of Anxiety
  • Social Media, Body Image and Eating Disorders: A Systematic Review
  • Psychological Trauma and Post-Traumatic Growth: A Meta-Analysis of Resilience Factors
  • “Physical Exercise and Mental Health: A Meta-Analytic Review”
  • “The Intersection of Culture and Mental Health. A Comparative Study of Asian and Western Approaches”
  • “The Mental Health Impacts of Climate Change: An Analysis of Vulnerability and Resilience”
  • “Reframing Mental Health: A Critical Examination of the Medical Model and Alternative Approaches”
  • “The Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health. A Longitudinal Study of the Psychological Effects of the Pandemic”

Interesting Topics for Research:

Presenting a collection of intriguing topics that will delve into the intricacies of entrepreneurship, management, and industry dynamics. Here’s the list: 

  • An Investigation into How Offshore Bank Accounts Work? Legality, Potential, and Impacts on the Global Financial System
  • The impact of globalization on business strategy and cross-border operations.
  • The effects of diversity and inclusion in the workplace on organizational culture and performance.
  • The role of entrepreneurship in economic development and innovation.
  • The impact of big data on business decision-making and competitive advantage.
  • Can different leadership styles impact job satisfaction and employee motivation? A thorough analysis.
  • The role of organizational culture in driving innovation and success in modern business environments.
  • The impact of e-commerce on traditional brick-and-mortar businesses and retail industries.
  • The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on business operations and the future of work.

Education Research Title Ideas:

Let’s examine the key issues and advancements in the field of education. Here’s the list: 

  • Investigating How an Innovative Research Paper Topic Can Improve Teaching and Learning Outcomes?
  • The Power of Research Papers: Analyzing the Impact of Academic Writing on Knowledge Production, Communication, and Policy Making
  • The Role of Parental Involvement in Student Success: A Meta-Analytic Review”
  • What is the Future of Higher Education? A Critical Examination of Online Learning and its Impact on the Traditional Classroom
  • “The Impact of Diversity and Inclusion on Student Learning and Success”
  • Technology Integration in K-12 Education. Exploring the Benefits and Challenges of Digital Learning Environments
  • “The Effectiveness of Multicultural Education: A Meta-Analysis of Curriculum Interventions”
  • How do alternative forms of assessment in K-12 education influence performance? A Study

Argumentative Research Paper Topics:

Step into the realm of intellectual debate with these captivating argumentative research paper topics. These are designed to challenge your perspectives and ignite passionate discussions on contentious subjects. Here’s the list:

  • The Battle for Online Safety: An Argument for Stronger Regulations and Technologies to Protect Children Online.
  • Thorough Research: A Critical Component of Evidence-Based Decision Making in Academia and Beyond
  • Beyond the Hype: An Argument Against the Online Romanticization of Mental Illness and the Implications for Real-World Stigma and Treatment
  • Beyond the Surface Level: Why Simple Research Paper Topics May Not Be the Best Choice for Students’ Academic Growth and Intellectual Development

Law Topics for Research 

Navigate the complex world of law with these intriguing research paper topics:

  • The role of international law in promoting human rights and global justice.
  • The impact of intellectual property law on innovation and creativity in the digital age.
  • The effects of environmental regulations on business operations and sustainable development.
  • The role of the legal system in addressing and preventing domestic violence and abuse.
  • The impact of hate crime laws on social justice and equality in diverse societies.

Pop Culture Research Paper Topics

Unveil the fascinating dynamics of  pop culture  with these best research titles. Here’s the list: 

  • What has music to do in shaping cultural identity and promoting social change? An analysis 
  • The influence of popular culture on political attitudes and participation.
  • The effects of reality television on viewers’ perceptions of reality and interpersonal relationships.
  • The impact of social media influencers on consumer behavior and brand loyalty.
  • The role of pop culture in promoting inclusivity and diversity in society.
  • The impact of streaming services on the consumption and production of pop culture.
  • The impact of the Kardashian family on fashion and beauty trends among millennials and Gen Z.
  • The role of the Kardashians in shaping perceptions of body image and beauty standards among youth.
  • The influence of the Kardashian brand on consumer behavior among two generations.
  • The influences of celebrity culture on consumer behavior and fashion trends.
  • The representation of race and gender in popular films and television shows.
  • Are video games desensitizing our youth? An analysis of how violence in video games has led to aggression in children.

Choosing a good topic plays a significant role in the paper’s success. As you have reached the conclusion paragraph, we suppose you have already shortlisted a topic or two. Still, if you are having trouble choosing a topic or two for completing your assignment, don’t hesitate to order now. So our professionals can be in touch with you right away.

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150 Research Paper Topics

150 Research Paper Topics

Whether you’re in high school or college, there will come a time when you’ll be required to write a research paper. For many students, writing a research paper can be a challenging task.

Writing the research paper might seem like it’s the hardest part of the entire paper, but for many students, it’s picking out what topic to write about.

If you’re having a difficult time figuring out what topic to write your research paper about, we’ve compiled a list of 150 topics for you to choose from!

How to Choose a Topic for a Research Paper

  • Pick a few areas or topics that you’re interested in and narrow it down to the topic that you like the best. You’ll be able to put together an insightful paper if you’re interested in the topic you chose.
  • Make sure you have enough references for your topic. Doing a quick search will help you see if your topic is discussed enough for you to do research.
  • Make sure your topic fits within your teacher’s guidelines. Your teacher may have set restrictions on certain topics or even requirements that they may want in your paper.

Health Topics

  • How can lifestyle habits influence overall health?
  • How does breastfeeding improve the infant’s health?
  • Reasons why the flu virus is different from year to year.
  • Different types of stem cells and their usage.
  • Sleep disorders’ impact on the overall health condition.
  • The healthiest diet does not exist.
  • Stop smoking to improve mental health.
  • Why are carbs bad for people who are insulin resistant?
  • Why is the skin on a face more sensitive to breakouts and touch than on any other part of the body?
  • Low carbohydrate vs. low-fat diets.

Science Topics

  • How has the earth’s climate changed in the past few decades?
  • What are the pros and cons of fracking?
  • Should the US rely on nuclear energy more?
  • How are black holes created?
  • Why is “dark matter” important?
  • Is global warming a hoax? Is it being exaggerated?
  • What are the main sources of marine pollution?
  • Endangered species – How can we preserve them?
  • What did you do to make the world a better place?
  • What have NASA’s biggest successes and failures been?

Psychology Topics

  • What Are Psychological Effects of Technology Addiction?
  • What Causes Eating Disorders?
  • How Do Certain People Become Leaders?
  • How Important Is Love for the Child’s Development?
  • How Does Lack of Sleep Affect Our Mental Health?
  • Insomnia and its Effects on Human Health.
  • Physical and Mental Violence on Children and Domestic Abuse.
  • How dangerous are eating disorders?
  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome.
  • What causes depression?

Ethics Topics

  • How and why have divorce rates changed over time?
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legal?
  • How has stem cell research impacted the medical field?
  • How can human trafficking be reduced in the United States/world?
  • Importance of following ethics in psychological research.

Social Media Topics

  • Are social networks making us lonely and unsociable?
  • How to protect children online?
  • Is there such a thing as social media addiction?
  • Who are world-famous influencers on social media?
  • Does social media affect our relationships?
  • Are teens who spend more time on social media more likely to suffer anxiety and/or depression?
  • Has social media made people more or less connected?
  • How does social media influence interpersonal communication?
  • How can one defend privacy issues on Facebook and other social media?
  • Impacts of social media on youth.

Legal Issues Topics

  • Should marijuana be legalized at the national level?
  • Should there be a law preventing cyber-bullying?
  • What can be done to improve family law?
  • What countries have the worst legal systems?
  • What countries have the best legal systems?
  • What are the main flaws of the legal system in the USA?
  • Does police brutality contribute to the onset of hate crimes?
  • Why should the minimum legal drinking age be kept at eighteen years?
  • Does drug legalization contribute to the increased crime rate?
  • How do torrenting sites influence creativity and copyright?

Technology Topics

  • Do smartphones increase or decrease workplace productivity?
  • What are the most effective ways to use technology in the classroom?
  • How is Google search affecting our intelligence?
  • What are some advances in technology related to medicine?
  • Can everything be solar powered?
  • How is text messaging affecting teen literacy?
  • How can technology help in preventing terrorist attacks?

Government Topics

  • Several states have legalized recreational marijuana. What positive and negative impacts have they experienced as a result?
  • Has the increase in US airport security made passengers safer?
  • Should the federal government be allowed to regulate information on the internet?
  • Should the United States of America reform its Immigration policies?
  • Which prison reforms have proven most effective?

Education Topics

  • Do students from wealthier backgrounds score higher on standardized tests?
  • How does giving each student access to an iPad or laptop affect their studies?
  • Do children who attend preschool do better in school later on?
  • What impact does mandatory physical education classes have on students’ health?
  • Which methods are most effective at reducing bullying in schools?
  • How does college debt affect future life choices of students?
  • E-Learning at home VS traditional education.
  • The Effectiveness and Flaws of the No Child Left Behind Act.
  • General tests and their effectiveness in various institutions.
  • How to encourage students to study what they are passionate about?

Business Topics

  • How has business etiquette changed in the past few years?
  • Features that define a true business leader.
  • Things that make young startups fail during the first couple of years.
  • Does franchising make it easier to run a business?
  • Pros & cons of outsourcing services.

Sports Topics

  • Importance of physical exercise in school.
  • Is cheerleading a sport?
  • Do sports influence an individual’s emotional well-being?
  • Safest exercises for students with disabilities.
  • Collaboration on a sports field. What is the most effective communication strategy among sports team members?
  • Differences in the Italian Renaissance and Northern Renaissance.
  • Impacts famous artists had on the world.
  • The art of Ancient Egypt.
  • Censorship in art.
  • Analyze the impact a famous artist had on the world.

Entertainment Topics

  • Are violent video games really to blame for problems in children’s behavior?
  • Are beauty contests making beauty standards even more unachievable?
  • Are modern media gradually replacing newspapers?
  • Reasons why we cannot do without the mass media.
  • Compare and contrast the benefits of mass media to society.
  • How have shows like “Project Runway” influenced fashion? Have they motivated people to become more creative and personal in what they wear?
  • Are newspapers going extinct?
  • Do TV shows impose unreal moral standards?
  • Women competing against men: is it really fair?
  • How fake moral standards are imposed by television

Current Events Topics

  • Analyze the history of the relationship between the United States and North Korea.
  • What factors contributed to the current decline in the rate of unemployment?
  • What have been the impacts of states which have increased their minimum wage?
  • How do US immigration laws compare to immigration laws of other countries?
  • How have the US’s immigration laws changed in the past few years/decades?
  • Is the U.S. economy becoming stronger or weaker?
  • Is there a better way to fight the war against drugs internationally?
  • Can Bitcoin really become the currency of the future in America?
  • Preventing police brutality: history and what citizens can do.
  • History of the electoral college system of voting.

History Topics

  • What events led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
  • Was the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki necessary?
  • What were the causes of the Civil War?
  • How did Abraham Lincoln’s assassination impact the country and reconstruction after the Civil War?
  • Which factors contributed to the colonies winning the American Revolution?
  • What caused Hitler’s rise to power?
  • Discuss how a specific invention impacted history.
  • What Factors Caused the Stock Market Crash in 1929?
  • What Were the Social Consequences of the Vietnam War?
  • What Is the Role of Women in the Military?

Physics and Astronomy Topics

  • What Is Pluto if It’s not a Planet?
  • Can We Determine How Old the Universe Is?
  • What Are Dark Holes?
  • Could People Survive on Mars?
  • Is Space Exploration Really Necessary?
  • Can We Prevent a Large Comet from Striking the Earth?
  • What are the physics behind the creation of rainbows?
  • The importance of robots in industries.
  • The evolution of the self-driving car and its impact on the economy.
  • The role of physics in the healthcare industry.

Animals Topics

  • Do animals express love?
  • Is animal testing a kind of animal cruelty?
  • Should environments be protected if endangered species live there?
  • How have humans bred domestic animals to be different from their original wild counterparts?
  • What is the current genetic and fossil evidence that chickens, dogs, and other domestic animals were much different even a few hundred years ago?

Medical Topics

  • The use of medical marijuana: pros and cons
  • Is it safe for children to be vegetarians?
  • How the society views on vaccines change
  • Can pharmaceutical companies advertise prescription drugs directly to buyers?
  • The role of doctors in the growing nation’s drug addiction
  • How many treatments to Autism are there?
  • How is ageism impacting mental health and addictions?
  • What are the pros and cons of antipsychotics?
  • Should alternative medicine be legalized?
  • Is the relationship between the FDA and the pharmaceutical industry a good one?

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50+ Research Topics for Psychology Papers

How to Find Psychology Research Topics for Your Student Paper

Kendra Cherry, MS, is a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist, psychology educator, and author of the "Everything Psychology Book."

what are the best topics for a research paper

Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.

what are the best topics for a research paper

  • Specific Branches of Psychology
  • Topics Involving a Disorder or Type of Therapy
  • Human Cognition
  • Human Development
  • Critique of Publications
  • Famous Experiments
  • Historical Figures
  • Specific Careers
  • Case Studies
  • Literature Reviews
  • Your Own Study/Experiment

Are you searching for a great topic for your psychology paper ? Sometimes it seems like coming up with topics of psychology research is more challenging than the actual research and writing. Fortunately, there are plenty of great places to find inspiration and the following list contains just a few ideas to help get you started.

Finding a solid topic is one of the most important steps when writing any type of paper. It can be particularly important when you are writing a psychology research paper or essay. Psychology is such a broad topic, so you want to find a topic that allows you to adequately cover the subject without becoming overwhelmed with information.

In some cases, such as in a general psychology class, you might have the option to select any topic from within psychology's broad reach. Other instances, such as in an  abnormal psychology  course, might require you to write your paper on a specific subject such as a psychological disorder.

As you begin your search for a topic for your psychology paper, it is first important to consider the guidelines established by your instructor.

Research Topics Within Specific Branches of Psychology

The key to selecting a good topic for your psychology paper is to select something that is narrow enough to allow you to really focus on the subject, but not so narrow that it is difficult to find sources or information to write about.

One approach is to narrow your focus down to a subject within a specific branch of psychology. For example, you might start by deciding that you want to write a paper on some sort of social psychology topic. Next, you might narrow your focus down to how persuasion can be used to influence behavior .

Other social psychology topics you might consider include:

  • Prejudice and discrimination (i.e., homophobia, sexism, racism)
  • Social cognition
  • Person perception
  • Social control and cults
  • Persuasion, propaganda, and marketing
  • Attraction, romance, and love
  • Nonverbal communication
  • Prosocial behavior

Psychology Research Topics Involving a Disorder or Type of Therapy

Exploring a psychological disorder or a specific treatment modality can also be a good topic for a psychology paper. Some potential abnormal psychology topics include specific psychological disorders or particular treatment modalities, including:

  • Eating disorders
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Profile a  type of therapy  (i.e., cognitive-behavioral therapy, group therapy, psychoanalytic therapy)

Topics of Psychology Research Related to Human Cognition

Some of the possible topics you might explore in this area include thinking, language, intelligence, and decision-making. Other ideas might include:

  • False memories
  • Speech disorders
  • Problem-solving

Topics of Psychology Research Related to Human Development

In this area, you might opt to focus on issues pertinent to  early childhood  such as language development, social learning, or childhood attachment or you might instead opt to concentrate on issues that affect older adults such as dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

Some other topics you might consider include:

  • Language acquisition
  • Media violence and children
  • Learning disabilities
  • Gender roles
  • Child abuse
  • Prenatal development
  • Parenting styles
  • Aspects of the aging process

Do a Critique of Publications Involving Psychology Research Topics

One option is to consider writing a critique paper of a published psychology book or academic journal article. For example, you might write a critical analysis of Sigmund Freud's Interpretation of Dreams or you might evaluate a more recent book such as Philip Zimbardo's  The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil .

Professional and academic journals are also great places to find materials for a critique paper. Browse through the collection at your university library to find titles devoted to the subject that you are most interested in, then look through recent articles until you find one that grabs your attention.

Topics of Psychology Research Related to Famous Experiments

There have been many fascinating and groundbreaking experiments throughout the history of psychology, providing ample material for students looking for an interesting term paper topic. In your paper, you might choose to summarize the experiment, analyze the ethics of the research, or evaluate the implications of the study. Possible experiments that you might consider include:

  • The Milgram Obedience Experiment
  • The Stanford Prison Experiment
  • The Little Albert Experiment
  • Pavlov's Conditioning Experiments
  • The Asch Conformity Experiment
  • Harlow's Rhesus Monkey Experiments

Topics of Psychology Research About Historical Figures

One of the simplest ways to find a great topic is to choose an interesting person in the  history of psychology  and write a paper about them. Your paper might focus on many different elements of the individual's life, such as their biography, professional history, theories, or influence on psychology.

While this type of paper may be historical in nature, there is no need for this assignment to be dry or boring. Psychology is full of fascinating figures rife with intriguing stories and anecdotes. Consider such famous individuals as Sigmund Freud, B.F. Skinner, Harry Harlow, or one of the many other  eminent psychologists .

Psychology Research Topics About a Specific Career

​Another possible topic, depending on the course in which you are enrolled, is to write about specific career paths within the  field of psychology . This type of paper is especially appropriate if you are exploring different subtopics or considering which area interests you the most.

In your paper, you might opt to explore the typical duties of a psychologist, how much people working in these fields typically earn, and the different employment options that are available.

Topics of Psychology Research Involving Case Studies

One potentially interesting idea is to write a  psychology case study  of a particular individual or group of people. In this type of paper, you will provide an in-depth analysis of your subject, including a thorough biography.

Generally, you will also assess the person, often using a major psychological theory such as  Piaget's stages of cognitive development  or  Erikson's eight-stage theory of human development . It is also important to note that your paper doesn't necessarily have to be about someone you know personally.

In fact, many professors encourage students to write case studies on historical figures or fictional characters from books, television programs, or films.

Psychology Research Topics Involving Literature Reviews

Another possibility that would work well for a number of psychology courses is to do a literature review of a specific topic within psychology. A literature review involves finding a variety of sources on a particular subject, then summarizing and reporting on what these sources have to say about the topic.

Literature reviews are generally found in the  introduction  of journal articles and other  psychology papers , but this type of analysis also works well for a full-scale psychology term paper.

Topics of Psychology Research Based on Your Own Study or Experiment

Many psychology courses require students to design an actual psychological study or perform some type of experiment. In some cases, students simply devise the study and then imagine the possible results that might occur. In other situations, you may actually have the opportunity to collect data, analyze your findings, and write up your results.

Finding a topic for your study can be difficult, but there are plenty of great ways to come up with intriguing ideas. Start by considering your own interests as well as subjects you have studied in the past.

Online sources, newspaper articles, books , journal articles, and even your own class textbook are all great places to start searching for topics for your experiments and psychology term papers. Before you begin, learn more about  how to conduct a psychology experiment .

What This Means For You

After looking at this brief list of possible topics for psychology papers, it is easy to see that psychology is a very broad and diverse subject. While this variety makes it possible to find a topic that really catches your interest, it can sometimes make it very difficult for some students to select a good topic.

If you are still stumped by your assignment, ask your instructor for suggestions and consider a few from this list for inspiration.

  • Hockenbury, SE & Nolan, SA. Psychology. New York: Worth Publishers; 2014.
  • Santrock, JW. A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development. New York: McGraw-Hill Education; 2016.

By Kendra Cherry, MSEd Kendra Cherry, MS, is a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist, psychology educator, and author of the "Everything Psychology Book."

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what are the best topics for a research paper

100 Interesting Research Paper Topics for High Schoolers

What’s covered:, how to pick the right research topic, elements of a strong research paper.

  • Interesting Research Paper Topics

Composing a research paper can be a daunting task for first-time writers. In addition to making sure you’re using concise language and your thoughts are organized clearly, you need to find a topic that draws the reader in.

CollegeVine is here to help you brainstorm creative topics! Below are 100 interesting research paper topics that will help you engage with your project and keep you motivated until you’ve typed the final period. 

You can’t have a good research paper without a good research paper topic. “Good” is subjective and different students will find different topics interesting; however, what’s important is that you find a topic that makes you want to find out more and make a convincing argument. Maybe you’ll be so interested that you’ll want to take it further and submit your paper to a competition!

A research paper is similar to an academic essay but more lengthy and requires more research. This is bittersweet: although it is more work, you can create a more nuanced argument, and learn more about your topic area. Research papers are a demonstration of your research ability and your ability to formulate a convincing argument. How well you’re able to engage with the sources and make original contributions will determine the strength of your paper. 

Introduction

The introduction to a research paper serves two critical functions: it conveys the topic of the paper and illustrates how you will address it. A strong introduction will also pique the interest of the reader and make them excited to read more. Selecting a research paper topic that is meaningful, interesting, and fascinates you is an excellent first step toward creating an engaging paper that people will want to read.

Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is technically part of the introduction—generally the last sentence of it—but is so important that it merits a section of its own. The thesis statement is a declarative sentence that tells the reader what the paper is about. A strong thesis statement serves three purposes: present the topic of the paper, deliver a clear opinion on the topic, and summarize the points the paper will cover.

An example of a good thesis statement of diversity in the workforce is:

Diversity in the workplace is not just a moral imperative but also a strategic advantage for businesses, as it fosters innovation, enhances creativity, improves decision-making, and enables companies to better understand and connect with a diverse customer base.

The body is the largest section of a research paper. It’s here where you support your thesis, present your facts and research, and persuade the reader.

Each paragraph in the body of a research paper should have its own idea. The idea is presented, generally in the first sentence of the paragraph, by a topic sentence. The topic sentence acts similarly to the thesis statement, only on a smaller scale, and every sentence in the paragraph with it supports the idea it conveys.

An example of a topic sentence on how diversity in the workplace fosters innovation is:

Diversity in the workplace fosters innovation by bringing together individuals with different backgrounds, perspectives, and experiences, which stimulates creativity, encourages new ideas, and leads to the development of innovative solutions to complex problems.

The body of an engaging research paper flows smoothly from one idea to the next. Create an outline before writing and order your ideas so that each idea logically leads to another.

The conclusion of a research paper should summarize your thesis and reinforce your argument. It’s common to restate the thesis in the conclusion of a research paper.

For example, a conclusion for a paper about diversity in the workforce is:

In conclusion, diversity in the workplace is vital to success in the modern business world. By embracing diversity, companies can tap into the full potential of their workforce, promote creativity and innovation, and better connect with a diverse customer base, ultimately leading to greater success and a more prosperous future for all.

Reference Page

The reference page is normally found at the end of a research paper. It provides proof that you did research using credible sources, properly credits the originators of information, and prevents plagiarism.

There are a number of different formats of reference pages, including APA, MLA, and Chicago. Make sure to format your reference page in your teacher’s preferred style.

  • Analyze the benefits of diversity in education.
  • Are charter schools useful for the national education system?
  • How has modern technology changed teaching?
  • Discuss the pros and cons of standardized testing.
  • What are the benefits of a gap year between high school and college?
  • What funding allocations give the most benefit to students?
  • Does homeschooling set students up for success?
  • Should universities/high schools require students to be vaccinated?
  • What effect does rising college tuition have on high schoolers?
  • Do students perform better in same-sex schools?
  • Discuss and analyze the impacts of a famous musician on pop music.
  • How has pop music evolved over the past decade?
  • How has the portrayal of women in music changed in the media over the past decade?
  • How does a synthesizer work?
  • How has music evolved to feature different instruments/voices?
  • How has sound effect technology changed the music industry?
  • Analyze the benefits of music education in high schools.
  • Are rehabilitation centers more effective than prisons?
  • Are congestion taxes useful?
  • Does affirmative action help minorities?
  • Can a capitalist system effectively reduce inequality?
  • Is a three-branch government system effective?
  • What causes polarization in today’s politics?
  • Is the U.S. government racially unbiased?
  • Choose a historical invention and discuss its impact on society today.
  • Choose a famous historical leader who lost power—what led to their eventual downfall?
  • How has your country evolved over the past century?
  • What historical event has had the largest effect on the U.S.?
  • Has the government’s response to national disasters improved or declined throughout history?
  • Discuss the history of the American occupation of Iraq.
  • Explain the history of the Israel-Palestine conflict.
  • Is literature relevant in modern society?
  • Discuss how fiction can be used for propaganda.
  • How does literature teach and inform about society?
  • Explain the influence of children’s literature on adulthood.
  • How has literature addressed homosexuality?
  • Does the media portray minorities realistically?
  • Does the media reinforce stereotypes?
  • Why have podcasts become so popular?
  • Will streaming end traditional television?
  • What is a patriot?
  • What are the pros and cons of global citizenship?
  • What are the causes and effects of bullying?
  • Why has the divorce rate in the U.S. been declining in recent years?
  • Is it more important to follow social norms or religion?
  • What are the responsible limits on abortion, if any?
  • How does an MRI machine work?
  • Would the U.S. benefit from socialized healthcare?
  • Elderly populations
  • The education system
  • State tax bases
  • How do anti-vaxxers affect the health of the country?
  • Analyze the costs and benefits of diet culture.
  • Should companies allow employees to exercise on company time?
  • What is an adequate amount of exercise for an adult per week/per month/per day?
  • Discuss the effects of the obesity epidemic on American society.
  • Are students smarter since the advent of the internet?
  • What departures has the internet made from its original design?
  • Has digital downloading helped the music industry?
  • Discuss the benefits and costs of stricter internet censorship.
  • Analyze the effects of the internet on the paper news industry.
  • What would happen if the internet went out?
  • How will artificial intelligence (AI) change our lives?
  • What are the pros and cons of cryptocurrency?
  • How has social media affected the way people relate with each other?
  • Should social media have an age restriction?
  • Discuss the importance of source software.
  • What is more relevant in today’s world: mobile apps or websites?
  • How will fully autonomous vehicles change our lives?
  • How is text messaging affecting teen literacy?

Mental Health

  • What are the benefits of daily exercise?
  • How has social media affected people’s mental health?
  • What things contribute to poor mental and physical health?
  • Analyze how mental health is talked about in pop culture.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of more counselors in high schools.
  • How does stress affect the body?
  • How do emotional support animals help people?
  • What are black holes?
  • Discuss the biggest successes and failures of the EPA.
  • How has the Flint water crisis affected life in Michigan?
  • Can science help save endangered species?
  • Is the development of an anti-cancer vaccine possible?

Environment

  • What are the effects of deforestation on climate change?
  • Is climate change reversible?
  • How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect global warming and climate change?
  • Are carbon credits effective for offsetting emissions or just marketing?
  • Is nuclear power a safe alternative to fossil fuels?
  • Are hybrid vehicles helping to control pollution in the atmosphere?
  • How is plastic waste harming the environment?
  • Is entrepreneurism a trait people are born with or something they learn?
  • How much more should CEOs make than their average employee?
  • Can you start a business without money?
  • Should the U.S. raise the minimum wage?
  • Discuss how happy employees benefit businesses.
  • How important is branding for a business?
  • Discuss the ease, or difficulty, of landing a job today.
  • What is the economic impact of sporting events?
  • Are professional athletes overpaid?
  • Should male and female athletes receive equal pay?
  • What is a fair and equitable way for transgender athletes to compete in high school sports?
  • What are the benefits of playing team sports?
  • What is the most corrupt professional sport?

Where to Get More Research Paper Topic Ideas

If you need more help brainstorming topics, especially those that are personalized to your interests, you can use CollegeVine’s free AI tutor, Ivy . Ivy can help you come up with original research topic ideas, and she can also help with the rest of your homework, from math to languages.

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what are the best topics for a research paper

Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

Choosing a Topic

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This handout provides detailed information about how to write research papers including discussing research papers as a genre, choosing topics, and finding sources.

The first step of any research paper is for the student to understand the assignment. If this is not done, the student will often travel down many dead-end roads, wasting a great deal of time along the way. Do not hesitate to approach the instructor with questions if there is any confusion. A clear understanding of the assignment will allow you to focus on other aspects of the process, such as choosing a topic and identifying your audience.

A student will often encounter one of two situations when it comes to choosing a topic for a research paper. The first situation occurs when the instructor provides a list of topics from which the student may choose. These topics have been deemed worthy by the instructor; therefore, the student should be confident in the topic he chooses from the list. Many first-time researchers appreciate such an arrangement by the instructor because it eliminates the stress of having to decide upon a topic on their own.

However, the student may also find the topics that have been provided to be limiting; moreover, it is not uncommon for the student to have a topic in mind that does not fit with any of those provided. If this is the case, it is always beneficial to approach the instructor with one's ideas. Be respectful, and ask the instructor if the topic you have in mind would be a possible research option for the assignment. Remember, as a first-time researcher, your knowledge of the process is quite limited; the instructor is experienced, and may have very precise reasons for choosing the topics she has offered to the class. Trust that she has the best interests of the class in mind. If she likes the topic, great! If not, do not take it personally and choose the topic from the list that seems most interesting to you.

The second situation occurs when the instructor simply hands out an assignment sheet that covers the logistics of the research paper, but leaves the choice of topic up to the student. Typically, assignments in which students are given the opportunity to choose the topic require the topic to be relevant to some aspect of the course; so, keep this in mind as you begin a course in which you know there will be a research paper near the end. That way, you can be on the lookout for a topic that may interest you. Do not be anxious on account of a perceived lack of authority or knowledge about the topic chosen. Instead, realize that it takes practice to become an experienced researcher in any field.

For a discussion of Evaluating Sources, see Evaluating Sources of Information .

Methods for choosing a topic

Thinking early leads to starting early. If the student begins thinking about possible topics when the assignment is given, she has already begun the arduous, yet rewarding, task of planning and organization. Once she has made the assignment a priority in her mind, she may begin to have ideas throughout the day. Brainstorming is often a successful way for students to get some of these ideas down on paper. Seeing one's ideas in writing is often an impetus for the writing process. Though brainstorming is particularly effective when a topic has been chosen, it can also benefit the student who is unable to narrow a topic. It consists of a timed writing session during which the student jots down—often in list or bulleted form—any ideas that come to his mind. At the end of the timed period, the student will peruse his list for patterns of consistency. If it appears that something seems to be standing out in his mind more than others, it may be wise to pursue this as a topic possibility.

It is important for the student to keep in mind that an initial topic that you come up with may not be the exact topic about which you end up writing. Research topics are often fluid, and dictated more by the student's ongoing research than by the original chosen topic. Such fluidity is common in research, and should be embraced as one of its many characteristics.

The Purdue OWL also offers a number of other resources on choosing and developing a topic:

  • Understanding Writing Assignments
  • Starting the Writing Process
  • Invention Slide Presentation

Research Paper Guide

Ethical Research Paper Topics

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200+ Ethical Research Paper Topics to Begin With (2024)

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When writing a research paper, the tricky part is choosing a topic that's not just interesting but also follows the rules about what's right and fair in research. 

Ethical problems are always changing, and it's important to face them directly. Ignoring these issues can cause big problems, making it hard for people to trust your research.

Whether you're a student or a scholar, our blog has ethics research paper ideas that will inspire you. 

With this blog, you'll have a comprehensive guide to find a topic that not only captivates your interest but also addresses the ethical considerations surrounding research participants. 

Keep reading to find the best ethical topics for your research paper .

Arrow Down

  • 1. Ethical Topics for Students
  • 2. Ethical Hacking Research Paper Topics 
  • 3. Ethical Leadership Research Paper Topics 
  • 4. Ethical Issue Research Paper Topics
  • 5. Business Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 6. Medical Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 7. Accounting Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 8. Legal Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 9. Environmental Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 10. Bioethics Research Paper Topics
  • 11. Research Paper Topics in Sports Ethics
  • 12. Criminal Justice Research Topics in Ethics
  • 13. Research Paper Topics About Ethical Behavior
  • 14. Research Paper Topics Related To Ethics And Values
  • 15. Research Project Topics On Ethics And Morality
  • 16. Research Paper Topics about Health Care Ethics
  • 17. Biomedical Ethics Research Paper Topics
  • 18. Ethical Egoism Research Paper Topics
  • 19. Controversial Ethical Research Topics
  • 20. Social Responsibility Ethics Topics
  • 21. Ethical Conflicts Topics
  • 22. How to Select the Best Ethical Research Paper Topics? 

Ethical Topics for Students

If you're starting to explore ethical paper topics, check out this list for some interesting topics. These ideas will help you with your research while keeping your work fair and ethical.

Ethics Topics for College Students

  • Academic Integrity and Plagiarism
  • The Ethical Implications of Social Media Use
  • Impact of Job Automation on Employment
  • Ethical Challenges in Group Projects
  • Academic Honesty in the Digital Age
  • The Intersection of Ethics and Student Mental Health
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Research Involving Student Participants
  • Cheating Prevention Strategies: Balancing Security and Trust
  • Ethical Decision-Making in Internships and Work Placements
  • Addressing Bias and Diversity in Academic Settings
  • Euthanasia pros and cons and its ethical considerations

Ethical Hacking Research Paper Topics 

  • Evolution of Ethical Hacking: Past, Present, and Future Trends
  • Ethical Hacking vs. Cybersecurity: Exploring the Intersections and Distinctions
  • Ethical Hacking in Critical Infrastructure Protection
  • Penetration Testing: Ethical Hacking in Corporate Environments
  • The Role of Ethical Hacking in National Security
  • Ethical Hacking in Cloud Computing Environments
  • Challenges and Ethical Considerations in Bug Bounty Programs
  • Ethical Hacking in Healthcare: Safeguarding Patient Data
  • The Human Element in Ethical Hacking: Social Engineering and Awareness
  • Should tech companies need ethics boards?
  • Analyze the ethics behind cryptocurrency and hacking

Ethical Leadership Research Paper Topics 

  • The Impact of Ethical Leadership on Organizational Culture
  • Ethical Decision-Making in Leadership: Models and Approaches
  • The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Ethical Leadership
  • Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Ethical Leadership
  • Ethical Leadership in Times of Crisis: Lessons from Case Studies
  • The Influence of Ethical Leadership on Employee Morale and Productivity
  • Ethical Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility
  • The Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and Employee Well-being
  • Leadership Integrity: Building Trust through Ethical Behavior
  • Gender and Ethical Leadership: Analyzing Disparities and Opportunities

Ethical Issue Research Paper Topics

  • The Ethics of Animal Testing in Scientific Research
  • Social Media and Ethical Considerations: From Privacy to Online Harassment
  • Ethical Challenges in Human Cloning and Reproductive Technologies
  • Corporate Social Responsibility: Examining Business Ethics
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Autonomous Vehicles and Technology
  • Cybersecurity Ethics: Defending Against Threats Responsibly
  • Surveillance and Civil Liberties: Ethical Perspectives
  • The Morality of Capital Punishment: An Ongoing Debate
  • Bioethics: Ethical Issues in Healthcare and Medical Research
  • Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence and Education

Business Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • Ethical Considerations in Marketing and Advertising Practices
  • The Role of Business Ethics in Supply Chain Management
  • Fair Trade Practices: Balancing Profitability and Ethical Standards
  • The Influence of Organizational Culture on Business Ethics
  • Corporate Governance: Ethics in Decision-Making and Accountability
  • Ethics in the Digital Economy: Privacy, Data, and E-Commerce
  • Diversity and Inclusion: Ethical Imperatives in the Workplace
  • Ethics of Outsourcing: Examining Global Business Practices
  • The Intersection of Technology and Business Ethics
  • Ethical Challenges in International Business: Cultural Perspectives

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Medical Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • The Role of Ethics in Clinical Trials and Experimental Treatments
  • Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources: Ethical Decision-Making
  • Patient Autonomy and Decision-Making: Striking a Balance in Healthcare
  • Cultural Competence in Healthcare: Ethical Considerations
  • Medical Research Involving Vulnerable Populations: Ethical Guidelines
  • Ethics of Stem Cell Research: Balancing Potential and Moral Concerns
  • Access to Healthcare: Ethical Issues in Global Health Disparities
  • The Impact of Emerging Technologies on Medical Ethics
  • Conflicts of Interest in Medical Practice: Transparency and Accountability
  • The Role of Ethics Committees in Healthcare Institutions

Accounting Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • Ethical Issues in Taxation: Balancing Compliance and Strategic Planning
  • Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting: Ethical Perspectives
  • The Impact of Technology on Accounting Ethics: Privacy and Security Concerns
  • Ethics in Forensic Accounting: Investigating Financial Irregularities
  • Environmental Accounting: Ethical Dimensions in Sustainability Reporting
  • Earnings Management and Ethics: Manipulating Financial Statements
  • Insider Trading: Unraveling Ethical Issues in Capital Markets
  • Ethical Considerations in Nonprofit Accounting and Financial Reporting
  • International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and Ethical Decision-Making
  • Accounting for Social Justice: Ethical Implications in Resource Allocation

Legal Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • Legal Ethics and Access to Justice: Addressing Disparities
  • The Role of Ethics in Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Whistleblowing in the Legal Profession: Challenges and Protections
  • Ethics of Legal Advertising: Balancing Professionalism and Marketing
  • The Intersection of Legal Ethics and Diversity in Law Firms
  • Confidentiality and Social Media: Ethical Implications for Lawyers
  • Judicial Ethics: Impartiality and Independence in the Legal System
  • Ethical Challenges in International Law Practice
  • Legal Ethics and Pro Bono Service: Serving the Public Interest
  • Corporate Lawyers and Ethical Decision-Making: Balancing Duties

Environmental Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • Biodiversity Conservation: Ethical Dilemmas in Species Preservation
  • Ecofeminism and Environmental Ethics: Exploring Intersections
  • Sustainable Development and Environmental Ethics
  • Land Ethics: Balancing Human Needs and Ecological Integrity
  • Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics: The Moral Status of Non-Human Entities
  • The Ethics of Environmental Restoration and Rehabilitation
  • Environmental Virtue Ethics: Fostering Ecological Virtues
  • Corporate Environmental Responsibility: Ethical Considerations in Business Practices
  • Ethical Dimensions of Wilderness Preservation and Management
  • Environmental Education: Fostering Ethical Relationships with Nature

Bioethics Research Paper Topics

  • The Ethics of Genetic Engineering and Designer Babies
  • Human Cloning: Bioethical Considerations and Moral Implications
  • End-of-Life Decision-Making: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
  • Ethical Issues in Organ Transplantation and Donor Allocation
  • Research Ethics in Biomedical Studies: Balancing Innovation and Patient Safety
  • Animal Rights in Biomedical Research: Ethical Treatment and Alternatives
  • Genomic Privacy and Confidentiality: Challenges in the Genomic Era
  • The Ethics of Neuroenhancement and Cognitive Enhancement
  • Environmental Ethics in Bioethics: Sustainable Practices in Biomedical Research
  • Global Health Ethics: Challenges and Responsibilities in a Connected World

Research Paper Topics in Sports Ethics

  • Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Ethical Dilemmas in Sports
  • The Role of Fair Play and Sportsmanship in Competitive Sports
  • Ethical Issues in Sports Medicine: Player Health and Treatment
  • Doping in Professional Sports: Consequences and Prevention
  • Gender Equality and Ethical Considerations in Sports
  • Sports Betting and Match-Fixing: Ethical Challenges in the Industry
  • The Impact of Technology on Sports Ethics: Video Review, Wearable Tech, and Beyond
  • Youth Sports and Ethical Coaching Practices
  • Social Justice in Sports: Athlete Activism and Ethical Responsibilities
  • Sports Sponsorship and Ethical Considerations: Aligning Values with Partnerships

Criminal Justice Research Topics in Ethics

  • Police Ethics: Use of Force, Racial Profiling, and Accountability
  • Ethical Issues in Criminal Investigations: Privacy, Surveillance, and Informants
  • Capital Punishment: Morality and Legality in the Criminal Justice System
  • The Ethics of Plea Bargaining: Balancing Justice and Expediency
  • Juvenile Justice: Ethical Considerations in the Treatment of Youth Offenders
  • Ethics of Criminal Defense: Zealous Representation vs. Ethical Boundaries
  • Corrections Ethics: Rehabilitation, Punishment, and Inmate Rights
  • Criminal Justice and Mental Health: Ethical Approaches to Offenders with Mental Illness
  • Community Policing and Ethical Engagement with Communities
  • Corruption in Law Enforcement: Causes, Effects, and Ethical Solutions

Research Paper Topics About Ethical Behavior

  • The Influence of Organizational Culture on Ethical Behavior
  • The Role of Ethics Training in Promoting Ethical Behavior in the Workplace
  • Cultural Variations in Ethical Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Analysis
  • The Impact of Technology on Ethical Behavior in Business
  • Professional Codes of Ethics: A Comparative Analysis Across Industries
  • The Relationship Between Personal Values and Ethical Behavior
  • Ethical Behavior in Healthcare: Patient-Centered Approaches
  • Ethics in Research: Ensuring Ethical Behavior in Scientific Inquiry
  • The Effectiveness of Ethics Hotlines in Encouraging Ethical Reporting
  • Ethical Behavior in Education: Fostering Integrity in Academic Settings

Research Paper Topics Related To Ethics And Values

  • The Intersection of Cultural Values and Ethical Decision-Making
  • Religious Perspectives on Ethical Issues: A Comparative Analysis
  • Moral Development Theories: Understanding the Formation of Values
  • The Impact of Family Values on Ethical Behavior in Individuals
  • Corporate Values Statements: Alignment with Ethical Business Practices
  • The Role of Education in Instilling Ethical Values in Students
  • Ethics and Values in the Digital Age: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Professional Ethics Codes: Examining Values Across Professions
  • Environmental Ethics: Values-Based Approaches to Conservation
  • The Influence of Personal Values on Career Choices and Workplace Behavior

Research Project Topics On Ethics And Morality

  • Ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Challenges and Solutions
  • Moral Dilemmas in Healthcare: Balancing Patient Autonomy and Beneficence
  • Moral Psychology: Understanding the Cognitive Basis of Ethical Decision-Making
  • The Morality of Capital Punishment: Examining Ethical Arguments
  • Ethics in Global Governance: Addressing Moral Issues in International Relations
  • Environmental Ethics: Moral Considerations in Conservation and Sustainability
  • Morality in Business: Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethical Practices
  • The Impact of Religion on Moral Values: A Comparative Study
  • Ethics of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology: A Moral Inquiry
  • Morality and Technology Addiction: Exploring the Ethical Dimensions

Research Paper Topics about Health Care Ethics

  • Ethical Issues in Organ Transplantation and Allocation
  • Medical Research Ethics: Ensuring the Welfare of Research Participants
  • The Ethics of Genetic Testing and Counseling in Healthcare
  • Equity in Healthcare: Addressing Disparities and Access Issues
  • The Impact of Technology on Healthcare Ethics: Telemedicine, AI, and Data Security
  • Healthcare and Social Media: Ethical Considerations for Professionals
  • Explore the Grounds of Surrogacy. Is it Ethical?
  • Ethical Considerations in Prenatal Invasive Testing
  • Health Information Exchange: Ethical Concerns in Electronic Health Records
  • The Role of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Decision-Making

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Biomedical Ethics Research Paper Topics

  • Autonomy in Medical Decision-Making: Examining Patient Rights
  • Informed Consent: Ethical Considerations in Medical Research and Treatment
  • The Morality of Human Genetic Editing: Implications and Limits
  • End-of-Life Care Ethics: Euthanasia, Palliative Care, and Assisted Suicide
  • Clinical Trials and Research Ethics: Balancing Innovation and Patient Welfare
  • Organ Transplantation Ethics: Allocation, Donor Rights, and Fair Practices
  • Ethics of Human Cloning: Scientific Advances and Moral Dilemmas
  • Healthcare Access and Equity: Addressing Disparities in Medical Treatment
  • Ethical Implications of Precision Medicine and Personalized Healthcare
  • Neuroethics: Ethical Considerations in Brain Research and Neurological Interventions

Ethical Egoism Research Paper Topics

  • Foundations of Ethical Egoism: A Comprehensive Analysis
  • Psychological Egoism vs. Ethical Egoism: Distinguishing Self-Interest Theories
  • Ethical Egoism and Altruism: Examining the Tension between Self-Interest and Concern for Others
  • The Role of Rationality in Ethical Egoism: A Philosophical Inquiry
  • Ethical Egoism in Business: Balancing Individual Interests and Corporate Ethics
  • Criticisms and Challenges to Ethical Egoism: Addressing Counter Arguments
  • Egoism and Morality: Exploring the Compatibility of Self-Interest with Moral Principles
  • Personal Responsibility and Ethical Egoism: Individual Accountability in Decision-Making
  • Ethical Egoism in Professional Ethics: Implications for Various Professions
  • Ethical Egoism and Social Contracts: Assessing the Role of Self-Interest in Social Cooperation

Controversial Ethical Research Topics

  • Climate Change Policies: Ethical Dilemmas in Balancing Economic Growth and Environmental Conservation
  • Gene Editing and Designer Babies: Ethical Boundaries in Genetic Modification
  • End-of-life Decision-making: Examining the Ethics of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
  • Bioethics and stem cell research and its legality
  • Can war be ethical? What are its after-effects?
  • Surveillance Capitalism: Balancing Corporate Interests with User Privacy Rights
  • Data Privacy in the Digital Age: Analyzing the Ethical Dimensions of Big Data Collection
  • Criminal Justice and Racial Profiling: Unraveling Ethical Issues in Law Enforcement
  • Ethics of Human Cloning: Examining the Moral and Scientific Frontiers

Social Responsibility Ethics Topics

  • Corporate Social Responsibility: Integrating Ethics into Business Practices
  • Sustainable Business Practices: Balancing Profitability and Social Impact
  • Ethics in Philanthropy: Ensuring Transparency and Accountability
  • Socially Responsible Investing: Aligning Financial Goals with Ethical Values
  • Community Engagement and Ethical Responsibility of Businesses
  • The Role of Government in Promoting Social Responsibility
  • Environmental Ethics in Corporate Decision-Making: Green Initiatives and Sustainability
  • Ethics in Supply Chain Management: Ensuring Fair Labor Practices
  • Measuring and Reporting Social Impact: Ethical Standards in Evaluation
  • Ethics of Animal Testing: Scientific Advancements vs. Animal Welfare

Ethical Conflicts Topics

  • Ethical Dilemmas in Healthcare: Balancing Patient Autonomy and Beneficence
  • The Tension Between Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech: Ethical Considerations
  • Military Ethics: Navigating Conflicts Between Duty and Morality
  • Ethics of Whistleblowing: Balancing Loyalty and Accountability
  • Religious Freedom vs. LGBTQ+ Rights: Ethical Debates and Legal Conflicts
  • Surveillance Ethics: Individual Privacy vs. National Security
  • The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: Addressing Bias and Autonomy
  • Political Ethics: Balancing Public Service and Personal Interests
  • The Right to Die: Ethical Debates Surrounding Assisted Suicide
  • Ethics of Journalism: Objectivity, Sensationalism, and Media Integrity

How to Select the Best Ethical Research Paper Topics? 

Selecting the best ethical research paper topics requires thoughtful consideration and a strategic approach. 

Here are some guidelines to help you choose the most suitable and engaging research paper topics :

1. Identify Your Interests

Start by reflecting on your personal interests and passions. Choosing a topic that genuinely intrigues you will make the research process more enjoyable and rewarding.

2. Consider the Assignment Guidelines

Review any guidelines or requirements provided by your instructor. Ensure that your chosen topic aligns with the scope and objectives of the assignment.

3. Explore Current Issues

Stay updated on current events and trends in the field of ethics. Selecting a topic that addresses contemporary ethical issues can make your research more relevant and impactful.

4. Research Existing Literature

Conduct a preliminary review of existing literature in the chosen area. This will help you identify gaps, controversies, and potential research questions that can guide your exploration.

5. Consider Multiple Perspectives

Choose a topic that allows you to explore different perspectives and viewpoints. Ethical issues are often complex, and a well-rounded analysis can provide a more comprehensive understanding.

6. Ethical Considerations

Ensure that your chosen topic aligns with ethical standards. If your research involves human subjects or sensitive issues, be mindful of ethical guidelines and obtain any necessary approvals.

In conclusion, this blog consists of a wide range of ethical research paper topics for researchers and scholars. It helps you understand and choose ethical topics for your research. 

So, as you start your own research, remember that ethical questions can lead to important discoveries and a better understanding of the world around us.

And if you feel overwhelmed choosing the topic or writing your research paper, let the experts at MyPerfetWords.com handle it professionally! 

Our writing team will help you write your research papers as well as its parts, let alone! So, do not waste any time! Hire our expert essay writing service today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some ethical research questions examples.

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  • How does social media usage impact individual privacy, and what ethical concerns arise?
  • What are the ethical implications of AI in healthcare decision-making for patient treatment?
  • How can businesses balance profitability with environmental sustainability, and what ethical challenges does this pose?
  • In what ways do cultural differences influence ethical decisions in multinational corporations?
  • What ethical considerations surround the use of CRISPR technology in human genetic editing?
  • How does social media contribute to online harassment, and what ethical safeguards can be implemented?
  • What are the ethical dilemmas associated with autonomous vehicles and technology in transportation?
  • How can organizations ensure fair and unbiased AI algorithms, addressing ethical concerns in technology?
  • In healthcare, how do we navigate the ethical challenges of gene editing and its potential consequences?
  • What ethical considerations arise in the use of big data analytics, particularly in terms of individual privacy and consent?

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  • Boston University Libraries

Choosing a Research Topic

  • Starting Points

Where to Find Ideas

Persuasive paper assignments, dissertations and theses.

  • From Idea to Search
  • Make It Manageable

If you are starting a research project and would like some help choosing the best topic, this guide is for you.  Start by asking yourself these questions:

What does your instructor require? What interests you? What information sources can support your research? What is doable in the time you have?

While keeping these questions in mind, find suggestions in this guide to select a topic, turn that topic into a database search, and make your research manageable.  You will also find more information in our About the Research Process guide.

Whether your instructor has given a range of possible topics to you or you have to come up with a topic on your own, you could benefit from these activities:  

Consult Course Materials If a reading, film, or other resource is selected by your instructor, the subject of it is important to the course. You can often find inspiration for a paper in these materials.

  • Is a broad topic presented?  You can focus on a specific aspect of that topic.  For example, if your class viewed a film on poverty in the United States, you could look at poverty in a specific city or explore how poverty affects Americans of a specific gender, ethnic group, or age range.
  • Are experts presented, quoted, or cited?  Look up their work in BU Libraries Search or Google Scholar .

Use Background Sources If you've identified one or more topics you'd like to investigate further, look them up in an encyclopedia, handbook, or other background information source.  Here are some good places to start.

  • Britannica Academic This link opens in a new window Online version of Encyclopædia Britannica along Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary and Thesaurus, magazines and periodicals and other reference sources.
  • Oxford Reference This link opens in a new window Published by Oxford University Press, it is a fully-indexed, cross-searchable database containing dictionaries, language reference and subject reference works.

Explore the Scholarly Literature Ask your instructor or a librarian to guide you to the top journals in the field you're studying.  Scanning the tables of contents within these journals will provide some inspiration for your research project.  As a bonus, each of the articles in these journals will have a bibliography that will lead you to related articles, books, and other materials.

Ask a Librarian We are here to help you!  You can request a consultation or contact us by email or through our chat service .  We can help you identify what interests you, where to find more about it, and how to narrow the topic to something manageable in the time you have.

If your assignment entails persuading a reader to adopt a position, you can conduct your research in the same way you would with any other research project. The biggest mistake you can make, however, is choosing a position before you start your research.   Instead, the information you consult should inform your position.  Researching before choosing a position is also much easier; you will be able to explore all sides of a topic rather than limiting yourself to one.

If you would like examples of debates on controversial topics, try these resources:

  • CQ Researcher This link opens in a new window Covers the most current and controversial issues of the day with summaries, pros and cons, bibliographies and more. Provides reporting and analysis on issues in the news, including coverage of issues relating to health, social trends, criminal justice, international affairs, education, the environment, technology, and the economy.
  • New York Times: Room for Debate Selections from the New York Times' opinion pages.
  • ProCon.org Created by Britannica, this site exposes readers to two sides of timely arguments. Each article includes a bibliography of suggested resources.

If you are writing a dissertation or thesis, you will find more specialized information at our Guide for Writers of Theses and Dissertations .

If you would like to find published dissertations and theses, please use this database:

This database contains indexing and abstracts of American doctoral dissertations accepted at accredited institutions since 1861 and a selection from other countries. Masters theses are included selectively. Date coverage: full text 1997 - present; abstracts 1980 - present; indexing 1861 - present.

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  • Last Updated: Sep 7, 2023 3:45 PM
  • URL: https://library.bu.edu/choosing-a-topic

Selecting a Research Topic: Overview

  • Refine your topic
  • Background information & facts
  • Writing help

Here are some resources to refer to when selecting a topic and preparing to write a paper:

  • MIT Writing and Communication Center "Providing free professional advice about all types of writing and speaking to all members of the MIT community."
  • Search Our Collections Find books about writing. Search by subject for: english language grammar; report writing handbooks; technical writing handbooks
  • Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation Online version of the book that provides examples and tips on grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and other writing rules.
  • Select a topic

Choosing an interesting research topic is your first challenge. Here are some tips:

  • Choose a topic that you are interested in! The research process is more relevant if you care about your topic.
  • If your topic is too broad, you will find too much information and not be able to focus.
  • Background reading can help you choose and limit the scope of your topic. 
  • Review the guidelines on topic selection outlined in your assignment.  Ask your professor or TA for suggestions.
  • Refer to lecture notes and required texts to refresh your knowledge of the course and assignment.
  • Talk about research ideas with a friend.  S/he may be able to help focus your topic by discussing issues that didn't occur to you at first.
  • WHY did you choose the topic?  What interests you about it?  Do you have an opinion about the issues involved?
  • WHO are the information providers on this topic?  Who might publish information about it?  Who is affected by the topic?  Do you know of organizations or institutions affiliated with the topic?
  • WHAT are the major questions for this topic?  Is there a debate about the topic?  Are there a range of issues and viewpoints to consider?
  • WHERE is your topic important: at the local, national or international level?  Are there specific places affected by the topic?
  • WHEN is/was your topic important?  Is it a current event or an historical issue?  Do you want to compare your topic by time periods?

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  • URL: https://libguides.mit.edu/select-topic

what are the best topics for a research paper

  • Developing a Research Question

by acburton | Mar 22, 2024 | Resources for Students , Writing Resources

Selecting your research question and creating a clear goal and structure for your writing can be challenging – whether you are doing it for the first time or if you’ve done it many times before. It can be especially difficult when your research question starts to look and feel a little different somewhere between your first and final draft. Don’t panic! It’s normal for your research question to change a little (or even quite a bit) as you move through and engage with the writing process. Anticipating this can remind you to stay on track while you work and that it’ll be okay even if the literature takes you in a different direction.

What Makes an Effective Research Question?

The most effective research question will usually be a critical thinking question and should use “how” or “why” to ensure it can move beyond a yes/no or one-word type of answer. Consider how your research question can aim to reveal something new, fill in a gap, even if small, and contribute to the field in a meaningful way; How might the proposed project move knowledge forward about a particular place or process? This should be specific and achievable!

The CEWC’s Grad Writing Consultant Tariq says, “I definitely concentrated on those aspects of what I saw in the field where I believed there was an opportunity to move the discipline forward.”

General Tips

Do your research.

Utilize the librarians at your university and take the time to research your topic first. Try looking at very general sources to get an idea of what could be interesting to you before you move to more academic articles that support your rough idea of the topic. It is important that research is grounded in what you see or experience regarding the topic you have chosen and what is already known in the literature. Spend time researching articles, books, etc. that supports your thesis. Once you have a number of sources that you know support what you want to write about, formulate a research question that serves as the interrogative form of your thesis statement.

Grad Writing Consultant Deni advises, “Delineate your intervention in the literature (i.e., be strategic about the literature you discuss and clear about your contributions to it).”

Start Broadly…. then Narrow Your Topic Down to Something Manageable

When brainstorming your research question, let your mind veer toward connections or associations that you might have already considered or that seem to make sense and consider if new research terms, language or concepts come to mind that may be interesting or exciting for you as a researcher. Sometimes testing out a research question while doing some preliminary researching is also useful to see if the language you are using or the direction you are heading toward is fruitful when trying to search strategically in academic databases. Be prepared to focus on a specific area of a broad topic.

Writing Consultant Jessie recommends outlining: “I think some rough outlining with a research question in mind can be helpful for me. I’ll have a research question and maybe a working thesis that I feel may be my claim to the research question based on some preliminary materials, brainstorming, etc.” — Jessie, CEWC Writing Consultant

Try an Exercise

In the earliest phase of brainstorming, try an exercise suggested by CEWC Writing Specialist, Percival! While it is normally used in classroom or workshop settings, this exercise can easily be modified for someone working alone. The flow of the activity, if done within a group setting, is 1) someone starts with an idea, 2) three other people share their idea, and 3) the starting person picks two of these new ideas they like best and combines their original idea with those. The activity then begins again with the idea that was not chosen. The solo version of this exercise substitutes a ‘word bank,’ created using words, topics, or ideas similar to your broad, overarching theme. Pick two words or phrases from your word bank, combine it with your original idea or topic, and ‘start again’ with two different words. This serves as a replacement for different people’s suggestions. Ideas for your ‘word bank’ can range from vague prompts about mapping or webbing (e.g., where your topic falls within the discipline and others like it), to more specific concepts that come from tracing the history of an idea (its past, present, future) or mapping the idea’s related ideas, influences, etc. Care for a physics analogy? There is a particle (your topic) that you can describe, a wave that the particle traces, and a field that the particle is mapped on.

Get Feedback and Affirm Your Confidence!

Creating a few different versions of your research question (they may be the same topic/issue/theme or differ slightly) can be useful during this process. Sharing these with trusted friends, colleagues, mentors, (or tutors!) and having conversations about your questions and ideas with other people can help you decide which version you may feel most confident or interested in. Ask colleagues and mentors to share their research questions with you to get a lot of examples. Once you have done the work of developing an effective research question, do not forget to affirm your confidence! Based on your working thesis, think about how you might organize your chapters or paragraphs and what resources you have for supporting this structure and organization. This can help boost your confidence that the research question you have created is effective and fruitful.

Be Open to Change

Remember, your research question may change from your first to final draft. For questions along the way, make an appointment with the Writing Center. We are here to help you develop an effective and engaging research question and build the foundation for a solid research paper!

Example 1: In my field developing a research question involves navigating the relationship between 1) what one sees/experiences at their field site and 2) what is already known in the literature. During my preliminary research, I found that the financial value of land was often a matter of precisely these cultural factors. So, my research question ended up being: How do the social and material qualities of land entangle with processes of financialization in the city of Lahore. Regarding point #1, this question was absolutely informed by what I saw in the field. But regarding point #2, the question was also heavily shaped by the literature. – Tariq

Example 2: A research question should not be a yes/no question like “Is pollution bad?”; but an open-ended question where the answer has to be supported with reasons and explanation. The question also has to be narrowed down to a specific topic—using the same example as before—”Is pollution bad?” can be revised to “How does pollution affect people?” I would encourage students to be more specific then; e.g., what area of pollution do you want to talk about: water, air, plastic, climate change… what type of people or demographic can we focus on? …how does this affect marginalized communities, minorities, or specific areas in California? After researching and deciding on a focus, your question might sound something like: How does government policy affect water pollution and how does it affect the marginalized communities in the state of California? -Janella

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Develop Your Topic

What are you interested in? Start by brainstorming topics of interest.  Once you’ve landed on a few, do some critical background research.  What questions does your reading raise?

Once you’ve done a little digging, write down everything you know about your potential topic.  Then, write down the questions you thought of while reading.  Can you answer these questions easily, using only the background research you’ve done?

If so, then do some more digging, and write probing questions, beginning with “Why…? What if…?  How…?”  The goal is to have detailed answers, not a simple yes or no.

Sample Topic and Probing Questions

Undergraduate class: POL 370--Political Violence

Topic of interest: terrorism

Background information: “ Terrorism is  the systematic use of terror, especially as a means of coercion. In the international community, however, terrorism has no universally agreed, legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or ideological goal, and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians).”

My questions upon reading the background information:

  • What motivates someone to engage in terrorist activity? 
  • How can we find out what motivates people to engage in terrorist activity?

Develop Your Research Question

It’s time to move beyond background research into the literature.  Start by first identifying the key scholars within your topic area, and read what they have to say.  What questions do they have?  How do they go about answering them?

Go back to your original questions and add to them or refine them based on the latest research you’ve done.  Write down some persuasive claims that you’d like to make about your topic.  Keep in mind that a good research question will have more than one possible answer.  Be careful not to ask the exact same questions or statements as the scholars you’ve read; you want to take an original stance on the topic.

Bad Sample Question:   What motivates terrorists to engage in terrorist activity?  (too broad)

Good Sample Question:   Why did the Northern Irish who joined the IRA during the Troubles choose to employ terrorist tactics in their fight for independence?  (narrow enough, places the topic in context)

Useful Links

  • Writing Strong Research Questions (opens in a new window)
  • Generate Topic Ideas (opens in a new window)
  • Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024 2:11 PM
  • URL: https://researchguides.waketech.edu/claireresearchguide

Elicit: How To Use It To Teach

Elicit makes research papers more accessible than ever thanks to AI smarts

Elicit

Elicit aims to make research quicker and easier by using artificial intelligence to speed up the process. The idea is to give educators all the information only in a far quicker way.

AI tools are cropping up all over with lots focused on education. This particular one is specifically tailored to research with a view to offering summaries and citing data extraction in an automated way.

So while this is a useful tool for teachers, it could also be used by more advanced students who wish to learn about a subject directly from primary sources of information.

This guide aims to lay out all you need to know about Elicit so you can decide if it could help in your class.

  • New Teacher Starter Kit
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What is Elicit?

Elicit is an AI powered tool that takes multiple research papers and offers summaries and data extraction to give you a quick overview of the information contained within, including sources -- ultimately, saving you time.

Elicit

Elicit effectively acts as a frontline for research, allowing the user to explore unfamiliar literature. It's then possible to dive in deeper if needed, only this way lets you explore a wider area before drilling down thanks to that AI help.

Usefully, this works with conversational-style interactivity, so it is very easy to use and lets you ask for what you want in a natural way. As such, even the less tech-savvy should be able to get the most out of this tool right away.

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This is a bit like a super smart search engine -- think Google Scholar -- only combined with the smarts of ChatGPT. All that helps you find information from primary research paper sources as if searching the internet.

How does Elicit work?

Elicit uses a simple search bar that allows you to ask a question naturally, which will get an answer that pulls in research from many relevant papers. Crucially, it is shared in a concise way that gives you an immediate feel for where you may want to explore next.

Elicit

Elicit lets you search and then gives you a summary of results, citing sources. That can mean you may have a few sentences to answer a question, yet that information has come from several research papers. You can then click into each to dive deeper and get more information on any area that's specifically useful to you.

Each paper is also listed below with a summary for that particular research result laid out next to it, giving you another layer of data before you need to go deeper.

The option to search using concepts is available, which allows you to find themes that run across papers. You might be asking about research on time or space and will find this search technique reveals trends that are coming across research right now -- ideal as a theme to explore in class.

What are the best Elicit features?

Elicit is super simple to use and helpfully gives everything top level with layers beneath that. You can scan and search quickly without having to dip into a paper only to find it's not relevant, as you may have had to traditionally.

Elicit

Elicit offers access to more than 200 million academic papers, at time of publishing, all of which can be searched using natural language. Usefully, this system will likely help you discover papers you might previously not have found -- making for unique teaching that expands student knowledge through and beyond the curriculum.

Elicit is best when it comes to number-based science, so for empirical research on biomedicine and machine learning, for example, the results are powerful. As you get more into the social sciences this may not be as effective, it's worth noting.

It is also possible to upload papers to Elicit that will be held privately, allowing you to use any in research output only. A lot of this is available for free with a credit system to go further, but more on that next.

How much does Elicit cost?

Elicit is free to use for most of its basic functionality. It also offers some subscription options to get you more and a credit system in which you can do more as you spend these -- adding columns to tables or running workflows are charged using these.

Free gets you the ability to search papers, extract data, find concepts, upload your own papers, and save results to view later. This include 5,000 credits.

Go for the Plus tier at $120/year and you get 12,000 credits, the ability to buy more credits as needed, export to RIS, CSV, and BIB, high-accuracy mode, use of information from tables in papers, and priority customer support.

The   Institution model is available at custom pricing that lets you share credits across your organization, invoice-based billing, and top priority customer support. Plus, you can buy as many credits as you need.

Elicit best tips and tricks

Research as a class Show students how to use this tool as a research aid by using it on the big screen in class, being sure to focus on checking sources.

Find fun Have students share an area of research they find interesting then use the tool in the week to plan for the next lesson, with fresh papers to draw in current developments.

Set tasks Create an initial question and have students answer it, in summary as well as with depth and references, to work with this tool helpfully.

Luke Edwards is a freelance writer and editor with more than two decades of experience covering tech, science, and health. He writes for many publications covering health tech, software and apps, digital teaching tools, VPNs, TV, audio, smart home, antivirus, broadband, smartphones, cars and much more.

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NASA Logo

There is unequivocal evidence that Earth is warming at an unprecedented rate. Human activity is the principal cause.

what are the best topics for a research paper

  • While Earth’s climate has changed throughout its history , the current warming is happening at a rate not seen in the past 10,000 years.
  • According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC ), "Since systematic scientific assessments began in the 1970s, the influence of human activity on the warming of the climate system has evolved from theory to established fact." 1
  • Scientific information taken from natural sources (such as ice cores, rocks, and tree rings) and from modern equipment (like satellites and instruments) all show the signs of a changing climate.
  • From global temperature rise to melting ice sheets, the evidence of a warming planet abounds.

The rate of change since the mid-20th century is unprecedented over millennia.

Earth's climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 800,000 years, there have been eight cycles of ice ages and warmer periods, with the end of the last ice age about 11,700 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.

CO2_graph

The current warming trend is different because it is clearly the result of human activities since the mid-1800s, and is proceeding at a rate not seen over many recent millennia. 1 It is undeniable that human activities have produced the atmospheric gases that have trapped more of the Sun’s energy in the Earth system. This extra energy has warmed the atmosphere, ocean, and land, and widespread and rapid changes in the atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere, and biosphere have occurred.

Earth-orbiting satellites and new technologies have helped scientists see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate all over the world. These data, collected over many years, reveal the signs and patterns of a changing climate.

Scientists demonstrated the heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases in the mid-19th century. 2 Many of the science instruments NASA uses to study our climate focus on how these gases affect the movement of infrared radiation through the atmosphere. From the measured impacts of increases in these gases, there is no question that increased greenhouse gas levels warm Earth in response.

Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.

what are the best topics for a research paper

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that Earth’s climate responds to changes in greenhouse gas levels. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly 10 times faster than the average rate of warming after an ice age. Carbon dioxide from human activities is increasing about 250 times faster than it did from natural sources after the last Ice Age. 3

The Evidence for Rapid Climate Change Is Compelling:

Sunlight over a desert-like landscape.

Global Temperature Is Rising

The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere and other human activities. 4 Most of the warming occurred in the past 40 years, with the seven most recent years being the warmest. The years 2016 and 2020 are tied for the warmest year on record. 5 Image credit: Ashwin Kumar, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic.

Colonies of “blade fire coral” that have lost their symbiotic algae, or “bleached,” on a reef off of Islamorada, Florida.

The Ocean Is Getting Warmer

The ocean has absorbed much of this increased heat, with the top 100 meters (about 328 feet) of ocean showing warming of 0.67 degrees Fahrenheit (0.33 degrees Celsius) since 1969. 6 Earth stores 90% of the extra energy in the ocean. Image credit: Kelsey Roberts/USGS

Aerial view of ice sheets.

The Ice Sheets Are Shrinking

The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have decreased in mass. Data from NASA's Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment show Greenland lost an average of 279 billion tons of ice per year between 1993 and 2019, while Antarctica lost about 148 billion tons of ice per year. 7 Image: The Antarctic Peninsula, Credit: NASA

Glacier on a mountain.

Glaciers Are Retreating

Glaciers are retreating almost everywhere around the world — including in the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska, and Africa. 8 Image: Miles Glacier, Alaska Image credit: NASA

Image of snow from plane

Snow Cover Is Decreasing

Satellite observations reveal that the amount of spring snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere has decreased over the past five decades and the snow is melting earlier. 9 Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Norfolk flooding

Sea Level Is Rising

Global sea level rose about 8 inches (20 centimeters) in the last century. The rate in the last two decades, however, is nearly double that of the last century and accelerating slightly every year. 10 Image credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Norfolk District

Arctic sea ice.

Arctic Sea Ice Is Declining

Both the extent and thickness of Arctic sea ice has declined rapidly over the last several decades. 11 Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Flooding in a European city.

Extreme Events Are Increasing in Frequency

The number of record high temperature events in the United States has been increasing, while the number of record low temperature events has been decreasing, since 1950. The U.S. has also witnessed increasing numbers of intense rainfall events. 12 Image credit: Régine Fabri,  CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Unhealthy coral.

Ocean Acidification Is Increasing

Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the acidity of surface ocean waters has increased by about 30%. 13 , 14 This increase is due to humans emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and hence more being absorbed into the ocean. The ocean has absorbed between 20% and 30% of total anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions in recent decades (7.2 to 10.8 billion metric tons per year). 1 5 , 16 Image credit: NOAA

1. IPCC Sixth Assessment Report, WGI, Technical Summary . B.D. Santer et.al., “A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere.” Nature 382 (04 July 1996): 39-46. https://doi.org/10.1038/382039a0. Gabriele C. Hegerl et al., “Detecting Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change with an Optimal Fingerprint Method.” Journal of Climate 9 (October 1996): 2281-2306. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2281:DGGICC>2.0.CO;2. V. Ramaswamy, et al., “Anthropogenic and Natural Influences in the Evolution of Lower Stratospheric Cooling.” Science 311 (24 February 2006): 1138-1141. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1122587. B.D. Santer et al., “Contributions of Anthropogenic and Natural Forcing to Recent Tropopause Height Changes.” Science 301 (25 July 2003): 479-483. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1084123. T. Westerhold et al., "An astronomically dated record of Earth’s climate and its predictability over the last 66 million years." Science 369 (11 Sept. 2020): 1383-1387. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1094123

2. In 1824, Joseph Fourier calculated that an Earth-sized planet, at our distance from the Sun, ought to be much colder. He suggested something in the atmosphere must be acting like an insulating blanket. In 1856, Eunice Foote discovered that blanket, showing that carbon dioxide and water vapor in Earth's atmosphere trap escaping infrared (heat) radiation. In the 1860s, physicist John Tyndall recognized Earth's natural greenhouse effect and suggested that slight changes in the atmospheric composition could bring about climatic variations. In 1896, a seminal paper by Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius first predicted that changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could substantially alter the surface temperature through the greenhouse effect. In 1938, Guy Callendar connected carbon dioxide increases in Earth’s atmosphere to global warming. In 1941, Milutin Milankovic linked ice ages to Earth’s orbital characteristics. Gilbert Plass formulated the Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change in 1956.

3. IPCC Sixth Assessment Report, WG1, Chapter 2 Vostok ice core data; NOAA Mauna Loa CO2 record O. Gaffney, W. Steffen, "The Anthropocene Equation." The Anthropocene Review 4, issue 1 (April 2017): 53-61. https://doi.org/abs/10.1177/2053019616688022.

4. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/monitoring https://crudata.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/temperature/ http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp

5. https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20170118/

6. S. Levitus, J. Antonov, T. Boyer, O Baranova, H. Garcia, R. Locarnini, A. Mishonov, J. Reagan, D. Seidov, E. Yarosh, M. Zweng, " NCEI ocean heat content, temperature anomalies, salinity anomalies, thermosteric sea level anomalies, halosteric sea level anomalies, and total steric sea level anomalies from 1955 to present calculated from in situ oceanographic subsurface profile data (NCEI Accession 0164586), Version 4.4. (2017) NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/3M_HEAT_CONTENT/index3.html K. von Schuckmann, L. Cheng, L,. D. Palmer, J. Hansen, C. Tassone, V. Aich, S. Adusumilli, H. Beltrami, H., T. Boyer, F. Cuesta-Valero, D. Desbruyeres, C. Domingues, A. Garcia-Garcia, P. Gentine, J. Gilson, M. Gorfer, L. Haimberger, M. Ishii, M., G. Johnson, R. Killick, B. King, G. Kirchengast, N. Kolodziejczyk, J. Lyman, B. Marzeion, M. Mayer, M. Monier, D. Monselesan, S. Purkey, D. Roemmich, A. Schweiger, S. Seneviratne, A. Shepherd, D. Slater, A. Steiner, F. Straneo, M.L. Timmermans, S. Wijffels. "Heat stored in the Earth system: where does the energy go?" Earth System Science Data 12, Issue 3 (07 September 2020): 2013-2041. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2013-2020.

7. I. Velicogna, Yara Mohajerani, A. Geruo, F. Landerer, J. Mouginot, B. Noel, E. Rignot, T. Sutterly, M. van den Broeke, M. Wessem, D. Wiese, "Continuity of Ice Sheet Mass Loss in Greenland and Antarctica From the GRACE and GRACE Follow-On Missions." Geophysical Research Letters 47, Issue 8 (28 April 2020): e2020GL087291. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL087291.

8. National Snow and Ice Data Center World Glacier Monitoring Service

9. National Snow and Ice Data Center D.A. Robinson, D. K. Hall, and T. L. Mote, "MEaSUREs Northern Hemisphere Terrestrial Snow Cover Extent Daily 25km EASE-Grid 2.0, Version 1 (2017). Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. doi: https://doi.org/10.5067/MEASURES/CRYOSPHERE/nsidc-0530.001 . http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/sotc/snow_extent.html Rutgers University Global Snow Lab. Data History

10. R.S. Nerem, B.D. Beckley, J. T. Fasullo, B.D. Hamlington, D. Masters, and G.T. Mitchum, "Climate-change–driven accelerated sea-level rise detected in the altimeter era." PNAS 15, no. 9 (12 Feb. 2018): 2022-2025. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1717312115.

11. https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/sotc/sea_ice.html Pan-Arctic Ice Ocean Modeling and Assimilation System (PIOMAS, Zhang and Rothrock, 2003) http://psc.apl.washington.edu/research/projects/arctic-sea-ice-volume-anomaly/ http://psc.apl.uw.edu/research/projects/projections-of-an-ice-diminished-arctic-ocean/

12. USGCRP, 2017: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, 470 pp, https://doi.org/10.7930/j0j964j6 .

13. http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/What+is+Ocean+Acidification%3F

14. http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/Ocean+Acidification

15. C.L. Sabine, et al., “The Oceanic Sink for Anthropogenic CO2.” Science 305 (16 July 2004): 367-371. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1097403.

16. Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate , Technical Summary, Chapter TS.5, Changing Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, and Dependent Communities, Section 5.2.2.3. https://www.ipcc.ch/srocc/chapter/technical-summary/

Header image shows clouds imitating mountains as the sun sets after midnight as seen from Denali's backcountry Unit 13 on June 14, 2019. Credit: NPS/Emily Mesner Image credit in list of evidence: Ashwin Kumar, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic.

Discover More Topics From NASA

Explore Earth Science

what are the best topics for a research paper

Earth Science in Action

Earth Action

Earth Science Data

The sum of Earth's plants, on land and in the ocean, changes slightly from year to year as weather patterns shift.

Facts About Earth

what are the best topics for a research paper

The people's place in the city of bits and atoms

via Archinect

March 6, 2024

  • #artificial intelligence
  • #urban planning
  • #sustainability
  • Naroa Coretti Sánchez Research Assistant
  • Ainhoa Genua Cervino
  • Persuasive Electric Vehicle (PEV)
  • City Science Network
  • The MIT Autonomous Bicycle Project
  • Autonomous micro-mobility simulation study
  • Autonomous micro-mobility for food deliveries
  • Media Lab Research Theme: Future Worlds
  • Media Lab Research Theme: Life with AI

Share this article

By Niall Patrick Walsh

The city of the 21st century represents a confluence of bits and atoms; an organism in its own right that relentlessly spawns information and data about itself, its people, and the invisible flows that support them. What is the relationship between humans and the city in this new condition? What is its future? To explore these questions, we speak with architect, TED founder, and father of information architecture Richard Saul Wurman, 2025 Venice Biennale curator Carlo Ratti, and MIT Media Lab researchers Naroa Coretti and Ainhoa Genua.

Understanding cities

In 1976, Richard Saul Wurman chaired the national AIA Convention in Philadelphia. Operating under the convention theme ‘The American City: The Architecture of Information,’ Wurman set out a vision for cities built upon the relationship between urbanism, information, and people.

“Wouldn’t a city – any city – be more useful and more fun if everybody knew what to do in it, and with it?” the conference brochure asked. “As architects, we know it takes more than good-looking buildings to make a city habitable and usable. It takes information: information about what spaces do as well as how they look; information that helps people articulate their needs and respond to change. That’s what Architecture of Information is all about.”

Almost fifty years later, in a recent conversation with Wurman, I returned to the 1976 brochure with a mission of exploring how prevailing approaches to urban planning have, or have not, lived up to Wurman’s vision. As someone whose lifelong pursuit of ‘understanding’ includes founding the TED conference, pioneering the field of Information Architecture, and formulating organizational theories such as LATCH and A-NOSE, it is perhaps no surprise that Wurman’s views on urbanism emphasize the potential for cities as places of learning and understanding.

Best New Ideas in Money: The road ahead for public transit

A discussion of the future of public transportation, with a highlight of the Autonomous Bicycle project led by PhD student Naroa Coretti.

Could self-driving bikes change how we use cities?

Kent Larson, head of the Media Lab’s City Science group, and PhD student Naroa Coretti Sánchez talk about the group's work and philosophy.

what are the best topics for a research paper

What is the MIT Autonomous Bicycle Project?

The MIT Autonomous Bicycle Project proposes that autonomous bicycles could serve as an alternative to current bike sharing models.

City Science team publishes two papers in Communications in Transportation Research

The two papers relate to project work from the City Science group around the impact of shared autonomous micro-mobility systems.

IMAGES

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VIDEO

  1. Online Workshop on Research Paper Writing & Publishing Day 1

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  3. "How write a Research Paper Introduction?

  4. Choosing the Best Research Topic

  5. What is research topic? Criteria for selecting topic, components and examples #health #research

  6. Sample Research Paper Topics and Titles

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  1. 113 Great Research Paper Topics

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    In your paper, you might choose to summarize the experiment, analyze the ethics of the research, or evaluate the implications of the study. Possible experiments that you might consider include: The Milgram Obedience Experiment. The Stanford Prison Experiment. The Little Albert Experiment.

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    Composing a research paper can be a daunting task for first-time writers. In addition to making sure you're using concise language and your thoughts are organized clearly, you need to find a topic that draws the reader in. CollegeVine is here to help you brainstorm creative topics! Below are 100 interesting research paper topics that will ...

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  28. Evidence

    Takeaways The rate of change since the mid-20th century is unprecedented over millennia. Earth's climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 800,000 years, there have been eight cycles of ice ages and warmer periods, with the end of the last ice age about 11,700 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate […]

  29. The people's place in the city of bits and atoms

    Best New Ideas in Money: The road ahead for public transit. ... City Science team publishes two papers in Communications in Transportation Research. The two papers relate to project work from the City Science group around the impact of shared autonomous micro-mobility systems.