CV Examples & Guides for All Jobs [75+ Examples for 2024]

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Struggling to create an effective CV?

We don’t blame you!

With the job market being as competitive as ever, you need to make your CV really good if you want to stand out.

To help you out, we compiled a list of 75+ effective CV examples to inspire you!

Let’s dive in! 

11+ CV Examples

#1. ai engineering cv example.

cv example

Here’s what this AI Engineering CV does right: 

  • Lists achievements and responsibilities. A good work experience section is a mix between work achievements and responsibilities, and this candidate includes both. 
  • Separates technical skills. For an AI engineer, technical skills are everything , which is why this CV dedicates them separate space. 
  • Leverages optional sections. Optional sections like “Certificates” and “Personal Projects” are great for any candidate to show more about their work and who they are.

#2. Administrative Assistant CV Example

best cv example

Here’s what this administrative assistant CV does right: 

  • Grabs attention with a resume summary. Done right, a resume summary will hook hiring managers and get them to read the rest of a CV in more detail. 
  • Keeps the education section brief. For someone with extensive professional experience, the education section shouldn’t take more than a few lines in a CV. 
  • Uses the reverse-chronological format. This CV example stays relevant by showing the candidate’s most recent work experience and achievements up-top.

#3. Bartender CV Example

european cv example

Here’s what this bartender CV does right: 

  • Highlights language skills . Bartenders get to meet all kinds of people, which is why this CV example makes sure to show the candidate is well-versed in three languages. 
  • Includes all relevant contact information. In addition to the full name and professional email, this CV also includes the candidate's Instagram and LinkedIn accounts. 
  • Mentions hobbies and interests. Hobbies and interests can help the candidate show a more personal side of themselves, which is why they’re a nice addition to have if there’s enough space on the CV. 

#4. Bookkeeper CV Example

simple cv example

Here’s what this bookkeeper CV example does right:

  • Details computer skills. About 92% of jobs require digital skills today, which is why the candidate in this example breaks down their computer skills in detail. 
  • Lists notable achievements . By listing their key achievements separately, the hiring manager won’t have to look too hard to understand why the candidate is the right fit for the job. 
  • Includes a LinkedIn profile. A LinkedIn profile can be a great way for hiring managers to get to know candidates better, in case they wish to. Just make sure to update yours before you include it on your CV. 

#5. Consultant CV Example

curriculum vitae example

Here’s what this consultant CV does right: 

  • Keeps it under one page. In most cases, a CV shouldn’t go over one page . This CV example uses space effectively and keeps it within the right limits. 
  • Visualizes language proficiency. Saying you speak a language is good, but showing your proficiency is better. This example even visualizes, making it easier for the hiring manager to skim through the information. 
  • Leverages a modern template. By taking advantage of a modern and professional template, this candidate doesn’t spend time and effort working on their CV design and layout. 

#6. Engineering CV Example

Engineering CV Example

Here’s what this engineering CV does right:

  • Separates soft skills from technical skills. Separating soft skills from technical skills makes it easier for the hiring manager to skim through the CV. 
  • Features a memorable CV summary. This CV summary includes relevant information such as the candidate’s years of experience, their top skills, and their areas of expertise. 
  • Adds value through a “Certificates” section. By listing their certificates, this candidate shows they’re invested in their field even outside of the workplace. 

#7. Graphic Designer CV Example

Graphic Designer CV Example

Here’s what this graphic designer CV does right: 

  • Elaborates on the work experience. The work experience takes up half the page on this CV, showing the hiring manager they’re looking at the CV of a seasoned professional. 
  • Lists personal projects. By listing their personal projects, the candidate shows they’re passionate about their job. 
  • Includes areas of expertise. Being an expert is no easy feat, and this CV example highlights what a hard worker the candidate is by listing them above their technical skills. 

#8. Nurse CV Example

Nurse CV Example

Here’s what this nurse CV does right:

  • Focuses on professional achievements. Achievements speak louder than responsibilities, which is why this CV example puts them in the spotlight. 
  • Uses power words and action verbs . Words like “showcased,” “supervised,” and “adhered” are much more impactful than “managed” or “was responsible for.” 
  • Lists conferences and courses. Medical professionals have always room to grow their careers and, by listing conferences they’ve attended and courses they’ve completed, the candidate shows they’re looking to learn and grow. 

#9. Office Manager CV Example

Office Manager CV Example

Here’s what this office manager CV does right: 

  • Lists awards and achievements separately. This CV example dedicates a separate section to the awards and achievements the candidate is proud of and wants the hiring manager to notice first. 
  • Includes relevant contact information. LinkedIn and Twitter are two of the most “professional” social media profiles that a candidate can include in the contact information section. 
  • Focuses on work experience over education. With extensive work experience under their belt, this candidate keeps their education section brief. 

#10. Sales Associate CV Example

Sales Associate CV

Here’s what this sales associate CV does right: 

  • Great first impression with a well-organized layout. The layout can make a CV look clean and professional or cluttered and messy. This CV template has a well-organized layout that makes the candidate look professional. 
  • Provides tangible results to prove achievements. By adding concrete results, the candidate manages to make their achievements more real and impressive to the hiring manager. 
  • Includes optional sections. “Languages”, “Interests”, and “Conferences and Courses” all add more “meat” to the candidate’s CV. 

#11. Server CV Example

Server CV Example

Here’s what this server CV does right: 

  • Uses bullet points to organize information. Bullet points are a great way to organize information so that the document doesn’t look too cluttered with text and too difficult to read.  
  • Lists all the essential contact information. This CV example focuses on listing only the essential contact information, namely the candidate’s full name, professional email address, phone number, and physical location. 
  • Includes both hard and soft skills. By separating the candidate’s soft and hard skills and keeping both of these sections relevant to the job application, this candidate guarantees the hiring manager notices they’re the right fit for the job. 

#12. Web Developer CV Example 

Web Developer CV Example

Here’s what this web developer CV does right: 

  • Focuses on technical skills. For some professions, technical skills are more important than for others. That’s why this web developer CV highlights the candidate’s technical skills by also including their proficiency level for each skill.
  • Provides results, timeframes, and actions taken for achievements. This CV example makes the candidate’s achievements super impressive by providing numbers, timeframes, and specific actions taken to prove their results.
  • Lists courses and training. By listing their courses and training, this candidate shows that they’re constantly evolving professionally.

65+ More CV Examples and Guides 

  • Architect CV
  • Administrative CV
  • AI Engineer CV
  • Bank Teller CV
  • Bartender CV
  • Bookkeeper CV
  • Business Analyst CV
  • Career Change CV
  • College Application CV
  • College Freshman CV
  • Consultant CV
  • Creative CV Examples
  • Data Entry Specialist CV
  • Data Scientist CV
  • DevOps Engineer CV
  • Digital Marketing Manager CV
  • Electrical Engineer CV
  • Elon Musk's One-Page CV
  • Engineering CV
  • Europass CV
  • Event Planner CV
  • Executive Assistant CV
  • Financial Analyst CV
  • Flight Attendant CV
  • Graphic Designer CV
  • High School CV
  • Internship CV
  • Java Developer CV
  • Military to Civilian CV
  • Marketing Executive CV
  • Minimalistic CV Examples
  • Office Assistant CV
  • Office Manager CV
  • Operations Manager CV
  • Paralegal CV
  • Pharmacist CV
  • Program Manager CV
  • Real Estate Agent CV
  • Receptionist CV
  • Recruiter CV
  • Research Assistant CV
  • Restaurant Manager CV
  • Retail Manager CV
  • Richard Branson's One-Page CV
  • Sales Associate CV
  • Satya Nadella's One-Page CV
  • Social Worker CV
  • Software Engineer CV
  • Stay-at-home Mom CV
  • Volunteer CV
  • Waiter/Waitress CV
  • Warehouse Worker CV
  • Web Developer CV

5+ Examples of CV Templates

The CV template you pick will have an impact on what kind of first impression you make on the hiring manager. 

That’s why it’s especially important to pick a template that matches your industry, your career level, and your skills and expertise.

Here are some of our top options to choose from: 

#1. Basic CV Template

Basic CV Template

A basic format with an impactful design that equally highlights all resume sections and allows all your strengths to shine through. 

#2. Professional CV Template

Professional CV Template

Ensure your application looks both modern and professional with this CV template and land the job of your dreams effortlessly. 

#3. Creative CV Template

Creative CV Template

Land the creative role of your dreams with this dynamic CV template made specifically with creative industries in mind. 

#4. Minimalist CV Template

Minimalist CV Template

A well-organized template that lets your achievements and experience do the talking by keeping a minimalistic approach to design. 

#5. Modern CV Template

Modern CV Template

This CV template lets you show your bold side by using modern design elements such as a yellow color, well-aligned vertical and horizontal lines, and symbols. 

#6. Simple CV Template

Simple CV Template

Simplicity is key, so let this template be the key you need to unlock new job opportunities. 

#7. Functional CV Template

Functional CV Template

Do you have a rich professional background full of achievements and skills? Highlight all your strengths in the functional CV template. 

5 CV Examples by Career Level 

#1. college freshman cv.

College Freshman CV

Are you a college freshman looking to score your first gig? Learn how to ace your college freshman CV here. 

#2. No Experience CV

No Experience CV

Having no experience doesn’t mean you can’t land a job. You can learn how to write an amazing CV with no experience through our guide.

#3. Graduate CV

Graduate CV

Finally ready to take on the real world? The first step is to write a stellar graduate CV and land your first “real” gig! 

#4. Career Change CV

Career Change CV

You don’t have to be afraid of a career change if you have the right tools. A strong career change CV can let your strengths shine through, even if you have zero experience with the new field.

#5. Executive CV

Executive CV

Your professional journey doesn’t end once you become an executive. On the contrary - your executive CV needs to be better than ever before. Our guide can show you just how to do that. 

3 Examples of CV Formats

#1. reverse-chronological cv format .

Reverse-Chronological CV Format

The reverse chronological CV format highlights your most recent work experience and achievements and then goes back in time. This one’s the most popular resume format in 2024.

#2. Functional CV Format

Functional CV Format

Are you a student with no work experience, a career changer, or someone with a long employment gap on your CV? Then the functional CV format might be the best choice for you. This format highlights your skills over your work experience, making up for the lack of achievements and responsibilities. 

#3. Combined CV Format 

Combined CV Format

The combined CV format stays true to its name by combining the reverse chronological and functional formats. 

The Perfect CV Structure 

Not sure how to start writing your CV ? 

No worries. 

Whether you’re a seasoned professional whose CV-writing skills got a little rusty through the years or a fresh university graduate, follow our tried-and-tested tips for great results: 

  • Choose a format or pick a template. In 99.99% of cases, you should go with the reverse-chronological format for your CV and make sure to follow the right layout rules so that your page doesn’t look cluttered and messy. Alternatively, if you don’t want to deal with all the hassle, you can just pick one of the templates listed in this article and have your CV ready in under five minutes.
  • Start with the contact information section. Your full name and job title, professional email address, and physical location are must-haves when it comes to contact details. Optionally, you can provide links to your LinkedIn profile , Twitter, or GitHub , if you’re a developer. 
  • Write an attention-grabbing resume summary. A resume summary aims to grab the hiring manager’s attention from the get-go and have them read the rest of your resume. If you’re an entry-level candidate, we recommend going with a resume objective instead. 
  • Focus on your work experience. The work experience section is arguably the most important section of every CV. Make your shine by focusing on your achievements rather than on your responsibilities and providing quantifiable results whenever possible! 
  • List your soft and hard skills. Soft skills are just as important in the workplace as hard skills. Make sure to include all your relevant skills on your CV, but don’t make the mistake of listing skills just for the sake of having them. You want to make sure every skill you list is tailored to the position you’re applying for. 
  • Keep your education section short and to the point. Unless you have no work experience whatsoever , your education section shouldn’t be too elaborate. Listing the name of your highest degree, institution name, and years attended is more than enough. 
  • Leverage optional sections. Sections like “Languages,” “Certifications, “Awards,” “Personal Projects,” etc., are not mandatory but can certainly add a lot of value to your CV. If you’re competing against candidates with similar work experience and skills as yours, you can rest assured that the optional sections will make the difference!

FAQs About CV Examples

Are you still looking for more information? Take a look at the answers to the most popular questions about CV examples:

1. How are these CV examples created?

Novorésumé, together with leading HR specialists and recruitment experts, created all the CV examples in this article. We carefully chose the CV design and contents to make sure they meet the standards for their respective industries worldwide.

You can model your own CV after one of the provided examples by using Novorésumé’s CV builder . Start by picking a template and looking at examples of CVs for your industry, and then use the CV examples for inspiration when writing your own.

2. Can a CV be two pages?

Unless you have over 5+ years of extremely relevant work experience or you’re applying for a management position, your CV shouldn’t extend past one page. 

Add only your most recent experience and achievements, and make sure to focus on the most relevant information for the job you’re applying to.

Nearly 50% of hiring managers say that overly long CVs get candidates rejected, while 17% think two pages are a deal breaker.

3. How do I write an attractive CV?

There are several things you can do to create an attractive CV.

For starters, you should make sure you follow the right layout rules in terms of margins, font size, and style, line spacing, etc. Alternatively, you can opt for a CV template and skip all the design hassle. A professional CV template offers you the chance to get an attractive CV, in less than five minutes.

That said, you should also make sure that your CV sections are well-aligned and relevant to the position you’re applying for.

If a hiring manager looks at your CV and thinks it looks good but then starts reading it and sees its contents are of-point, they will not find your CV attractive. 

4. What is the CV structure for 2024?

The ideal CV structure for 2024 is: 

  • Contact information
  • CV summary/objective
  • Work experience
  • Optional sections (languages, certificates, awards, etc.)


In conclusion, CV examples and guides are invaluable tools for any job seeker, regardless of their role or the industry they’re in. 

They can provide a benchmark for crafting a professional CV that demonstrates optimal structure, format, and content. 

We hope that our selection of CV examples and guides does just that for you and helps you have a successful job hunt! 

For more career advice and resources, visit our career blog !

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How To Write A CV In Kenya – 5 Tips for Success

What are the tips on how to write a CV in Kenya? This is a question I asked the CV writers during one of the career fairs for professionals. For many years, I applied for jobs I felt I was qualified for but I didn’t receive positive feedback from employers. The reason? My CV was the culprit because I lacked knowledge of effective CV writing tips. 

Mastering the art of CV writing in Kenya  is essential in   ensuring that you grab the attention of employers and boost your success.

In this article, I will highlight the tips for drafting a professional profile in Kenya that stands out from a pool of applicants.

1.Know The Employer’s Needs

Understanding the employer’s needs and preferences is crucial when drafting a resume in Kenya   because it allows you to align your qualifications with the job requirements.

Remember, different employers have specific expectations, so consider customizing your CV to address those expectations effectively.

2. Keep It Concise

Avoid sending a lengthy CV because recruiters have limited time to scan through your CV.

Make it easy for employers to navigate and pick out the information that makes you the right candidate by focusing on relevant information. 

3. Tailor Your CV

Take time to go through the job description and customize your CV accordingly to reflect your fit for the role. 

Tailoring your CV shows that you are genuinely interested in the position, setting you apart from other applicants.

4. Proofread Carefully

Another vital step in how to write a CV in Kenya is proofreading it to ensure that it is free from errors.

Seek a CV review from experts, a friend, or a colleague to help you identify mistakes that you might have missed. 

5. Be Honest

Provide accurate information because exaggerating can damage your professional reputation.

Being honest in your CV is fundamental because it gives you the confidence to speak about your qualifications when invited for the interviews with authenticity.

Bottom Line

Mastering the art of crafting curriculum vitae in Kenya   is essential in ensuring that you achieve success in the competitive job market.

Since you now understand the tips on how to write a CV in Kenya ,  it’s time to take action. Learn more about our professional CV writing services in Kenya and how they can help you stand out in a competitive job market. 

  • Get A Job Fast . Register Your CV With Us And We Shall Contact You For Jobs That You Qualify. Click Here To Upload Your CV. It’s Free .
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  • Grow In Your Career. Dont Stagnate. Check Out Short Professional Courses Starting Next Month .

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Person sat at a table writing a CV on a laptop.

How to write a CV

A CV is a summary of your skills, achievements and experience that you use to apply for jobs.

Why you need a CV

A CV is your first chance to promote yourself. A good CV might get you a job interview.

You usually need a CV to apply for a job or to give to an employer you’d like to work for.

Tips for writing your CV

Employers get lots of CVs to look at and have to decide quickly who they're going to interview.

When you write your CV, remember to:

  • use a clear font like Arial, Times New Roman or Calibri in size 11 or bigger
  • always use the same style throughout
  • use headings and bullet points to make it easier to read
  • be clear and to the point
  • get someone else to read it to double check your spelling and grammar

Information you need for your CV

Start with the job advert for the role you’re applying for so you can look at the job description, essential criteria and the company details.

If the job you're applying for does not have a job description, you can look at our job profiles to see what skills you’ll need and the typical things you’ll do in that job.

You should write your CV to match the job and company you're applying for to improve your chances of getting an interview.

Sections for your CV

Your CV should include a section for your contact details, an introduction, your education history, your work history and references.

Contact details

You need to let employers know how to contact you if they want to offer you an interview.

You should include your name, phone number, email address and a link to your work network profile, if you have one, such as LinkedIn .

You should not include your age, your date of birth, whether you're married or your nationality.


This is a few short lines that sum up who you are and what you hope to do. It should go just under your name and contact details.

Make your introduction sound like you're the right person for the job.

Education history

You can add this after the introduction if you’re early in your career or do not have much work experience.

If you have a lot of work experience, you might want to change the order and show off your work history and experience first.

Whatever order you choose, you’ll need to include the:

  • names of your qualifications
  • name of the school, college or university where you studied
  • dates you attended

Work history

You should include details of any work placements, volunteering and paid jobs you’ve had. List the most recent experience first.

You should include:

  • the employer name
  • the job title
  • the dates you worked there
  • what you did, usually 2 to 3 lines using the STAR method

Gaps in your work history

It's normal to have some gaps between jobs and work experience when life events happen.

You can read our advice on how to explain gaps in your work history .

Short work history

If you’re applying for your first job, you can focus on skills you’ve learned through projects, work experience or volunteering.

You can also include your interests and hobbies that show some of the skills you have. For example, if you're a captain of a sports team, this demonstrates leadership and organisation skills.

You might want to include a section about references if there is someone who has agreed to give you one. This could be your current or previous employer, a teacher or someone respected in your community.

However you should not put someone else's contact details on your CV. Instead, you can say that 'references are available on request'.

Speak to an adviser if you need help

It's ok to feel overwhelmed or confused about how to write a CV, especially if you do not have a lot of work experience.

A careers adviser can help you work out what your CV should say and get you on the path to your dream career.

Speak to a careers adviser

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How to Write a Curriculum Vitae (CV) (With Examples)

how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

What is a CV?

When to use a curriculum vitae, what to include in a cv, customize your curriculum vitae, curriculum vitae sample.

  • More CV Examples and Writing Tips

If your career path includes work in academic, scientific research, or medical fields in the United States, chances are good that you’ll be asked to provide a curriculum vitae rather than a typical resume. In Latin, the phrase “curriculum vitae” means “course of life.” Which is quite appropriate if, as an entry-level candidate, you feel like you’ve spent your entire life in graduate school or medical school.

In modern English, the concept behind the curriculum vitae might better be translated as “the course of one’s professional education and career.” In short, institutions that request these documents are most interested in one’s well-rounded credentials for the job (as expressed through training and subsequent career experience). This differs from standard resumes , which focus more on competencies .

Here's information on why, when, and how to use a CV, when to use a resume vs. a curriculum vitae, CV writing, and formatting guidelines, the differences between U.S. and international CVs, and examples.

When should job seekers use a curriculum vitae, commonly referred to as a “CV,” rather than a resume? In the United States, a curriculum vitae is used primarily when applying for academic, education, scientific, medical, or research positions. It is also applicable when applying for fellowships or grants.  

When seeking a job in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, or Asia, expect to submit a CV rather than a resume.

Keep in mind that overseas employers often expect to read the type of personal information on a curriculum vitae that would never be included on an American resume, such as date of birth, nationality, marital status, and place of birth.

United States law governing what information job applicants can be asked to provide does not apply outside the country.

There are several  differences between a curriculum vitae and a resume . A curriculum vitae is a longer (two or more pages), more detailed synopsis of your background and skills. As with a resume, you may need different versions of a CV for different types of positions.

Like a resume, a curriculum vitae should include:

  • Contact information

In addition to these basics, a CV also includes:  

  • Research and teaching experience
  • Publications
  • Presentations
  • Fellowships
  • Professional associations and licenses
  • Awards and honors

Also list any other information relevant to the position you are applying for. You may also include a personal statement to make your CV stand out.

Start writing your CV by making a list of all your background information, then organize it into categories. Make sure you include dates on all the publications and experience you list.

Depending on the country, you may also need to provide the following in an international CV:

  • Nationality
  • Marital status
  • Number of children (ages optional)
  • Personal interests like hobbies
  • All education including high school / secondary school
  • Photos are also recommended (a professional headshot is best)

Date of Birth on CVs

Some countries outside the United States expect you to include your date of birth on your CV. If you are applying to a foreign job, research the particular country's protocol for job applications.

If you are using a curriculum vitae (CV) or resume to apply for a job in the United States, due to current laws regarding age discrimination, you  may not be required to include your date of birth  on your curriculum vitae.

Once you have made a list of the information you want to include, it's a good idea to create a custom curriculum vitae that specifically highlights the experience you have that is relevant to the job you are applying for. It takes more time to write a custom CV, but it's worth the effort—especially when you are applying for jobs that are a good match for your skills and experience.

  • Use  accomplishment-oriented bullets  that start with an action verb and include a result.
  • Start with a  Professional Profile  (also called a Summary) that highlights the best of what you as a candidate are offering.
  • Edit content to include those areas of expertise, skills, and knowledge that specifically match the job requirements; not all the details of your education and employment history (work, research, fellowships, etc.) may be relevant.
  • Carefully rank and organize the sections of your CV according to what the institution you are applying for is seeking. For example, if you are applying to a university where research is emphasized, you should begin your list of publications on page one, right after your initial professional profile. If, on the other hand, you know that teaching is valued over the publication by the department, you’ll want to give your professional career history pride of place on the first page.

This is an example of a curriculum vitae. Download the curriculum vitae template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

Curriculum Vitae Sample (Text Version)

Dorothy Doctor, M.D. 3204 Windover Way Houston, TX 77204 000.123.4567

Curriculum Vitae

Dedicated and patient-focused M.D. positioned to excel within residency providing an opportunity to grow in knowledge and therapeutic practice of pediatric medicine.

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), May 2018 – David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA

B.S. in Biology,  summa cum laude , June 2014 – Stanford University


David Geffen Medical Scholarship, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 Stanford Department of Biology Award, 2013 Stanford Dean’s List, 2010-2014


USMLE Step 1, May 2016 USMLE Step 2 CK, May 2018


UCLA, Department of Oncology Research Assistant  (2015-2016)

  • Assisted Joe Johnson, M.D. and Sue Sanderson, Ph.D. in research and submission of “Novel Immunotherapy Approach to Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS).”

STANFORD UNIVERSITY Resident Assistant  (2013-2014)

  • Provided leadership, companionship, and emotional support to undergraduate residents of a university dormitory.


American Medical Student Association, UCLA (September 2013 – June 2018)

  • President, local chapter, May 2014 – June 2018
  • Coordinated well-attended Wellness on Campus Fair, September 2017

Volunteer , Venice Family Clinic (September 2014 to June 2017)

  • Helped to support the needs of underserved families at the free medical clinic.

Hospital Volunteer , Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (September 2014 – June 2015)

  • Volunteered in pediatric, ER, and surgery rotation positions

Volunteer , UCLA People-Animal Connection Program (September 2013 – June 2014)

  • Provided companionship to critically ill children in the animal-assisted therapy program.

English (native) Spanish (advanced oral and written fluency)


American Medical Student Association, 2014 - present American Medical Association, 2017 – present


CrossFit, surfing, photography, and oboe performance.

Review More CV Examples and Writing Tips

These  sample CVs  form a helpful guide of what to include in your CV, tips for writing it, and how to format it.

UCDavis. " Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: What's the Difference ?" Accessed Oct. 1, 2020.

Pomona College. " How to Write a Curriculum Vitae ." Accessed Oct. 1, 2020.

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how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

How to write a CV in 9 SIMPLE steps


Whether you are writing your first CV or improving the CV that you have already written: Below you will find 9 easy-to-follow steps for writing a perfect CV, covering everything from personal details to the final references section.

Each section contains writing guidelines, a completed example + useful tips.

Key points:

  • Curriculum Vitae (commonly abbreviated, of course, to CV) is the Latin expression for “the course of one’s life”
  • The best way to look at a CV is to see it as a ‘marketing tool’ or a ‘sales brochure’ where you sell your skills, qualities, expertise and potential to a prospective employer
  • As a general rule, the length of a CV should be no longer than 2 A4 pages

Getting started…

This section must contain the following information in chronological order:

  • Your name: written in big bold letters and centred on the page
  • Your contact details: address, mobile number and e-mail address


  • Do not write “Curriculum Vitae” at the top of your CV
  • Avoid unprofessional e-mail addresses (e.g. [email protected] )
  • Do not include the prefix “address:” before the actual address
  • Avoid including optional details such as your date of birth, gender, marital status, nationality, etc. unless there is a benefit of including such information

When writing your personal profile, ensure it is:

  • Short (no more than 5 lines);
  • Relevant to the job you are applying for, and;
  • Contains some real-world examples .


  • Your personal statement needs to be punchy and should outline your personal characteristics as they relate to the role you are applying for
  • Don’t be humble, be confident and write only positive things about yourself
  • Do not mention any vague clichés such as “ excellent communication skills ” or “ I can work well in a team and on my own initiative ” WITHOUT giving real-world examples of these skills and abilities

What types of achievements should you include in this section? Well, any accomplishments that portray you in a positive light are worth considering, including:

  • Trained or educated others
  • Completed important projects on time and within budget
  • Increased sales figures (by such-and-such %)
  • Saved time by coming up with efficient methods and tools
  • Qualifications gained
  • Good results in examinations and tests
  • Leader/captain/manager in some club or organisation
  • Anticipated in the organisation of fun fairs, open days, etc.


  • Over two years of relevant work experience in the field
  • 2:1 degree in Business Management from the University of London
  • Student Ambassador (2 Open Days), Bexley College
  • Only include relevant accomplishments in this section
  • Do not include more than three items under this section
  • Only use bullet points and short sentences , not long paragraphs
  • This section is optional ; if you feel that you haven’t got something useful to include here you can simply omit it and go straight to the education and training section

Courses that you can list here:

  • Undergraduate and postgraduate degrees
  • A-Levels, BTECs and other college-level courses

It is also perfectly fine to list down any additional training/qualifications that you have received. In our example, however, we have included a separate “Qualifications” section below to separate the education from the professional training.


2013 – 2016         BSc Computer Science         Northampton University Grade achieved:     [1st Class Hons]

Relevant modules:

  • Programming Languages: Java, PHP and C++
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • System Security and Encryption
  • Contemporary Trends in Computer Science

2012 – 2013         A-Levels         East London College Results: ICT: B Media: A English Literature: B

2005 – 2012         GCSEs         Ada Secondary School Results: 11 GCSEs at Grades A*-C, including Maths and English.

  • Only include relevant and up-to-date information that will add value to your CV. For example, if you have a PhD in Molecular Biology, it won’t make any sense to dedicate a big chunk of your CV to your primary, secondary and college education!
  • Always accompany any entries of this section by grades and dates (from – to)
  • Expand on important education (e.g. degree) and list some of the relevant modules that you have completed as part of the course

The following are some of the jobs that you can include under this section:

  • Permanent and temporary jobs
  • Full-time and part-time jobs
  • Weekend and summer jobs
  • Voluntary positions
  • Industrial placements and internships

Each entry should be accompanied by the following information:

  • The name of the company you have worked in
  • The start and end dates (from-to)
  • Your job title
  • Your primary duties and responsibilities


Main duties performed:

  • Providing relevant information and recommendations to customers with regards to products, services and offers available
  • Directing customer calls to the correct department when required
  • Dealing with any complaints, suggestions and feedback on a daily basis and ensuring that they are processed and dealt with correctly
  • Offering relevant support to customers on a need-by-need basis
  • Processing orders and taking payments
  • Dealing with cancellations, refunds and replacements of products and services
  • Liaising with the Sales department regarding payment-related issues
  • Ensuring product information are accurate and up to date;
  • Calming down tense situations by offering reasonable solutions, advice and information to the customers in a professional and courteous manner

Mar 2013 – Sept 2014         Sales and Marketing Assistant         Primark

  • Acting as the first point of contact for the shop’s existing and new customers
  • Till operation, serving customers and directing them around the shop
  • Handling customer queries and complaints on a day to day basis.
  • Giving expert advice on product selection to customers
  • Arranging window displays (and special promotions)
  • General cleaning and maintenance of the shop.
  • Do highlight your achievements in the roles (e.g. exceeded sales targets, managed a project or a team, entrusted with higher responsibilities, etc.)
  • Do not include your previous employers’ contact information here (you can mention that in the “References” section below)
  • Do not mention any outdated, irrelevant or insignificant work experiences
  • Avoid excessively using jargon and technical terms which many readers may not be familiar with

In this section, you can list down the names of the qualifications that you have achieved accompanied by the following information:

  • The issuer/training provider
  • The level of the qualification (if applicable)
  • The validity/expiry date of the certificate (if applicable)


  • Level 3 NVQ Diploma in Customer Service – The Open University
  • Level 2 ECDL (European Computer Driving Licence) – BCS
  • First Aid at Work – HSE
  • Mention the most important qualification first
  • Try to limit the number of your qualifications to a maximum of 5
  • Including dates are optional so it is generally recommended to leave it out

There are a broad range of skills that you can mention, such as:

  • IT Skills – being able to use the computer to accomplish tasks
  • Communication – being able to listen/talk to people in a constructive manner
  • Interpersonal – The way you relate and interact with others
  • Numerical – being able to handle numbers, maths, estimations, etc.
  • Analytical – being able to give meaning to data, analyse information
  • Problem-solving – being able to offer solutions to problems
  • Teamwork – being able to work with other people to achieve a common goal
  • Leadership – being able to take responsibility, lead/mentor others, etc.
  • Organisation – being able to meet deadlines, plan and schedule tasks, etc.


  • Excellent communication skills and telephone manners, with the ability to speak in a clear, audible and courteous manner
  • Computer literate, with a typing speed of 70wpm (words per minute) and the ability to respond to emails and letters in a time-efficient manner
  • Full, clean UK driving license with my own transport
  • Always try to include real-world examples with the skills that you mention
  • Only include relevant skills that will assist you in the job

The following are some of the benefits of this having hobbies on your CV:

  • It will give the recruiter a fuller and more complete picture of you
  • Sporting interests indicate that you are fit and healthy
  • Involvement in the community indicates good interpersonal skills
  • Outside interests tell the employer that you can have a good time as well
  • They form a great basis for discussion at the interview stage


– When applying for a catering job

  • Mention one or two hobbies that are relevant to the job. In the example above, the person is applying for a catering position and mentions that they are passionate about food and enjoy going out to restaurants.
  • Do not include any hobbies that do not add value to your application
  • Always bear in mind that the priorities of your CV are some of the other major sections of your CV such as the education and employment sections. Do not fill up half a page with your hobbies and neglect the most important sections!

One of your references should be your current or former employer, and the second referee can be any person who knows you well.

For each of your referees include the following details:

  • Title/position
  • (Work) Address
  • Telephone number
  • Email address


Mr Jack Adams Store Manager, Exclusive Luxury Address: 5 Summerland Rd, Oxford, OX8 3QP Tel: 0533 433 907 Email: [email protected] Mrs Angela Willingham Direct, 360 Vision Ltd. Address: 72 Casper St, Bexley, BP2 7CL Tel: 0783 796 7830 Email: [email protected]

  • Always give the job title of the referees; otherwise, they can just be your mates for all we know!
  • Always ask permission of your references before you write them on your CV
  • If you decide not to include references on your CV you can simply write “ references available upon request. “

Final Tips:

  • Use appropriate presentational techniques to make your CV easy to scan and read
  • Fit your CV’s content into 2 A4 pages (remove information when necessary)
  • Don’t forget to proofread your CV for spelling and grammar mistakes
  • Tailor your CV for each individual job that you are applying for

Congratulations! You have now written a killer CV which will dramatically increase your chances of securing a job interview. Good luck!

Working on your CV? Awesome!

  • Social worker CV Example [2024 Guide & Tips]
  • What personal details to put on a CV (2024 Guide + Examples)
  • Should you put your nationality on your CV? (2024 Guide)
  • Blank CV Template

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How to Make the Perfect CV (Proper Format, Tips, and Samples)

Last Updated: January 18, 2024 Fact Checked

Template for a CV

Proper order of sections, best practices for writing a cv, formatting standards, what’s the difference between a cv and a resume, what are the differences between an academic and professional cv, expert q&a.

This article was co-authored by Brandy DeOrnellas, PCC, ESQ. and by wikiHow staff writer, Madeleine Flamiano . Brandy DeOrnellas is a Professional Certified Coach specializing in life and career aspirations and transitions. She also serves company founders and small business owners. She is a former attorney with more than three years of experience as a coach. Brandy holds a JD from Harvard Law School. She also holds a BA in Social Welfare and a BA in Political Science from The University of California, Berkeley. In addition to her formal education, she has multiple coaching certifications, including a Professional Coaching Certification from The University of California, Davis, and a Relationship Coach Certification from Prepare/Enrich. She is a Professional Certified Coach (PCC) with the International Coaching Federation. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 8,918,207 times.

A company you want to apply to has asked you to send in a CV and you're thinking, "Wait...what is that?" Don't worry! Curriculum Vitae (CV) means "course of life" in Latin, and that's a really accurate description. Basically, a CV is a handy and impressive document that summarizes your past education as well as your professional skills, proficiencies, and experiences. Here, we'll go through each and every part of a CV so yours is perfectly formatted. We'll even throw in an example of a full CV for you to review. So, if you're ready to win over recruiters and employers with all you've accomplished over the years, read on—you'll be able to really "sell" yourself and share your whole story with a stellar CV!

Things You Should Know

  • Tailor your CV to your ideal role—review the job posting for specific requirements and include the most relevant past jobs, skills, interests, or hobbies you have.
  • Start your CV with a short description of yourself—known as an Objective or Summary—so employers get a "snapshot" of what you offer as a candidate.
  • If you've just recently graduated from a program, then fill your "Work Experience" section with roles you took on while you were a student, like internships.
  • Use standard formatting for your CV so it's easy for recruiters and employers to skim over. Also include keywords that a company's hiring software might search for.

how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

  • Harper Madison Los Angeles, California (424) 555-6000 [email protected]

Step 2 Create a CV Objective or CV Summary.

  • A recent college grad with an MFA (Master in Fine Arts): Independent and dynamic writer with a Master of Fine Arts in Film & Television offers a wealth of knowledge about cinematography and the craft of thought provoking documentaries. Seeking to join National Geographic to curate and create exceptional content that educates a global audience.
  • A seasoned professional with 11 years of experience as a magazine editor: Accomplished Magazine Editor with over 10 years of experience overseeing and managing content for premier publications with an international readership. Knowledgeable about selecting feature stories that are timely and fresh. Brings a repertoire of refined writing skills and a keen passion for quality journalism. Adept at guiding writers to produce compelling and noteworthy pieces.

Step 3 Share your work experience.

  • Graduate Student UCLA — May 2019 - August 2022 Cast, directed, and produced various film and television projects. Planned, organized, and budgeted documentary shorts and films with Celtx. Edited documentaries using Black Magic DaVinci Resolve. Performed sound editing with Sound Forge. Conducted interviews, curated archival footage, and wrote scripts. • Directed and produced documentary shorts and films • Budgeted, planned, and organized film shoots • Scouted and secured filming locations • Communicated with all participants cited in documentaries • Produced The Last Laugh: Female Comedians Bite Back, a project that was showcased at the DOC LA Film Festival

Step 4 Give an overview of your education.

  • The title of your dissertation
  • Your favorite fields of study
  • Coursework that's relevant to the job you want
  • Your key achievements
  • Your extracurricular activities Education Degrees : Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in Film and Television (2022) University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California Bachelor of Arts in Film & Media (2018) University of California, Berkeley, California Dissertation : "Strange Encounters in the Eastside: Urban Unrest in Los Angeles" International Study: University of Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Summer 2019) Latin American Cinema, Human Rights and Cultural Representation Honors and Scholarships : Charles F. Scott Fellowship ($15,000) Marilyn Yarbrough Dissertation Award ($36,000) Coursework of Interest : Documentary Research Methodologies Feature Film Writing Extracurriculars : Vice President of The Film & Photography Society at UCLA Mentor for the Youth Cinema Project

Step 5 Mention any special skills of yours.

  • A seasoned professional with 11 years of experience as a magazine editor: Certificates Certified Journalism Educator (CJE) Certified Advertising Specialist (CAS) Industry Awards Editorial Director of the Year, Editor-in-Chief for Artful Living Conferences The American Copy Editors Society (ACES) – 2022, 2018, 2017 Memberships American Copy Editors Society (ACES) American Society of Magazine Editors (ASME)
  • A recent college grad with an MFA (Master in Fine Arts): Activities and Interests Fluent in Spanish and Portuguese Volunteers weekly at Home Again L.A. Member of the LA Film Society Freelances for Filmless Runs a personal blog, The Doc is in the House

Step 6 End with additional sections, like “Awards” or “Publications.”

  • Awards Best First Film, Audience Favorite (DOC LA) Best of Show, Humanitarian Award (IndieFEST Film Awards) Publications "Breaking the Bystander Effect: How a Viral Documentary Inspired Action." Los Angeles Magazine, 8 August 2022.

Step 1 Select 1 of 3 CV formats—chronological, functional, or hybrid.

  • A chronological CV is the most common format and is usually preferred by recruiters because they get a sense of your recent work history.
  • A functional CV is ideal if you've had gaps in your employment or if you want to switch careers, so you only want to share some of your work history. [8] X Research source
  • A hybrid CV allows you to expand on your skills. For example, you can start with a "Skills Summary" section, then share your "Work Experience" section.

Step 2 Customize your CV for every company you send it to.

  • For example, you might be applying to both teaching positions as well as research positions. Use keywords like "presented lessons" and "facilitated workshops" for teaching roles. Try phrases like "performed data analysis" and "maintained detailed records of experiments" for research roles.

Step 3 Create a CV that’s easy for Applicant Tracking Systems to scan.

  • Proper margins help people skim over your CV. Plus, with 0.5–1 in (1.3–2.5 cm) margins, you can fit more on the page. Most CVs should be 1 page unless you've had 5-10 years of relevant work experience. [12] X Research source

Step 3 Create section headers to separate different parts of your CV.

  • Example 1: Editor-in-Chief Artful Living - Minneapolis, MN Arts and Entertainment Editor Lavender - Minneapolis, MN Example 2: Graduate Student Texas Tech University, May 2019 - August 2022 Assistant Lecturer Texas Tech University, 2020-2021

Step 5 Organize information with bulleted lists.

  • Special Projects "Activism in Film" Class — Guest Lecturer July 2022 Los Angeles, CA FilmLA • Served as a guest lecturer for a workshop designed for aspiring filmmakers • Facilitated a discussion on culturally responsive practices • Outlined how documentaries are a form of activism

Step 6 Include information that’s most relevant to your employer.

  • If everything you've done during your academic path is extremely relevant to a role you're interested in, then a CV is also an excellent choice.
  • If you've spent most of your life working and have plenty of job experience, it's probably better for you to make a resume —especially if you weren't in higher education for a very long time.

Brandy DeOrnellas, PCC, ESQ.

You Might Also Like

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About This Article

Brandy DeOrnellas, PCC, ESQ.

To write a CV, include your name, address, and contact information at the top, as well as a 1-sentence personal summary that says something like "Enthusiastic and adaptable recent graduate looking for an editorial position." Then, include education and work-experience sections that are in reverse chronological order. You should also create a skills section that lists any relevant skills you have. Finish your CV with a references section with contact information for your previous employers. To learn how to format your CV, read the article! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

Title: What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

URL: /what-is-a-cv

Meta: Are you applying for a position requiring a CV? Continue reading for what to include, how to format it, and how to stand out.

So you are on a job hunt and looking for a new and exciting career. You have your resume ready when the hiring manager asks for your CV.

This causes you to panic because you have no idea what that is.

In today's job economy, job seekers must ensure they are prepared for any questions a prospective employer may ask them.

Continue reading for everything you need to know about what a CV is and how to write one.

What is a CV?

The term CV, Curriculum Vitae, is a Latin word meaning "course of life."

It is a document containing your academic credentials and previous work experience.

You typically don't require one unless you are applying to graduate school or have completed your master's or doctoral program and are now applying for an academic teaching or research position.

Related: These Tips can Help You Find the Right Job | Entrepreneur

What is the difference between a CV and a resume?

The key difference between a CV and a resume is that a resume is what you typically use when applying for a standard job application. A CV is used when applying for an academic program or teaching position.

The main point of a CV is to accurately depict any academic and research experience that you have acquired either through schooling, teaching experience or research and to provide this to potential recruiters.

This includes a detailed record of presentations and publications and tends to be longer and more detailed than a standard resume.

It is important to note that some employers use CV and resume interchangeably during job interviews.

This can be confusing, but the general rule of thumb is that if you apply for a position in academia , you will submit a CV.

If you are applying for a job outside of academia, you will provide them with your resume.

Related: 10 Tips For Writing An Impressive Resume | Entrepreneur

What should you include in your CV?

Now that you know the difference between a CV and a resume, what should you include in your CV?

Continue reading for everything a prospective employer, or a graduate program admissions committee, will look for in your CV.

Your personal information

Much like a typical resume, at the top of your CV, you can include the following contact information:

  • Your full name.
  • Your mailing address.
  • The best phone number to reach you at.
  • Your email address.
  • Your date of birth.

Education section

CVs are mainly used to apply for positions in academia, so this section of your CV is crucial.

In this section, you can list the educational programs you attended, the years you attended them, and the name of the institution where you attended.

You may want to break this information down using bullet points or follow a CV template to make it easy to read.

Some prospective employers may require you to provide more in-depth information, such as your grades for your completed programs.

They then use this information to determine whether your educational background matches the position you are applying for.

Related: 5 Components of an Attention-Grabbing Resume | Entrepreneur

Work experience section

When you add your work history to your CV, you will want to list all your recent work experience and any fellowships or internships you were a part of that relate to the position you are applying for in reverse chronological order.

For each of your previous jobs, you can include:

  • The name of your employer.
  • The specific role you had, including your job title.
  • How long you were employed at that specific job.
  • A detailed job description.
  • A list of any accomplishments or awards your employer awarded you.

Related: Not Enough Experience on Your Resume? Rise Above 'Requirements' | Entrepreneur

Any awards and honors you received

This is where you would include any awards or honors you have received while gaining professional experience at the academic level or during your previous employment.

These awards and honors may include:

  • Dean awards you were awarded.
  • Honorary degrees you received.
  • Presidential awards you obtained.
  • Professional certifications or awards.
  • Any awards you received from an employer for excellence.

List your relevant skills

If you have acquired a specific set of skills pertinent to the position you are applying for and haven't yet mentioned them in your CV, you can list them here.

These skills may include, but aren't limited to:

  • Language skills (such as being fluent in more than one language).
  • Computer skills you have acquired.
  • Advanced software skills you have obtained.

Related: 19 Best Skills to Put On a Resume That Employers Will Love | Entrepreneur

Your publications and presentations

If you were in school or working and published any academic or conference papers , you can list them here.

These include any papers that you wrote by yourself or co-wrote with other people as well as any papers that you helped contribute to.

You can include the following information regarding these published papers:

  • The name of the paper that was published.
  • The year it was published.
  • The names of any co-authors, if applicable.

You can also include any papers you have written and presented at a conference or association. Here you may want to include the following:

  • The name of the paper that was presented.
  • The name of the conference that it was presented at.
  • The date the paper was presented.

Related: Everything You Need to Know About Writing the Perfect Resume | Entrepreneur

Any professional associations you are a member of

If you are a member of any professional associations, you can list those here.

This section is typically only required when you are applying for a position such as an accountant, engineer, surveyor or IT professional.

You can list all the associations you have an affiliation with here, as well as the current status of your membership.

How do you format your CV?

Now that you know what to include in your CV, you must ensure it is appropriately formatted.

Here are some tips and things to remember regarding your CV format.

Build your brand

You want to build your brand and stay consistent throughout your CV.

This is accomplished using the same font and formatting throughout your application for a cohesive feel. This can include:

  • Cover letter.
  • Reference list.
  • Research statement.

Emphasize only when necessary

Make sure only to use all capital letters, bold, underline and italics for the most critical information in your CV.

For example, you might want to bold the names of the schools you attended, especially if they are well-known, impressive institutions. But you wouldn't want to bold the dates you attended as this information isn't as important.

Separation is key

Separating dates from your other content using white space can make it easier for the reader to skim and take in the vital information.

You may even decide to line up all the dates on the right or left-hand side of the page to distinguish the more important parts for the reader.

Related: 13 Must-Have Words to Include In Your Resume | Entrepreneur

Make section headings easy to find

You can bold and use all capital letters to help distinguish your section headings and make them easier to find.

You can also strategically space them to help separate the different sections. This is typically done by entering two returns before a subheading and one return after.

Headers and footers

Having your name in a header or a footer on every page of your CV and other attached documentation is a good idea.

You may also want to include page numbers to ensure the pages don't get mixed up and out of order for the reader.

If you don't want a header or a footer on the first page of your CV, simply select "different first page" in the header/footer menu.

Listing your references

When listing your references, it is a good idea to include them on a separate page at the end of your CV.

You can list them one below the other or in two separate columns depending on the number of references you have and the look you are going for.

What is a personal statement?

Typically, admission committees also require you to provide a brief essay (anywhere from 500 to 2000 words) called a Personal Statement along with your CV. This is also known as a Statement of Interest or Purpose.

This is a crucial part of deciding whether or not you are a good fit for the job or program and also a good judge of your writing capabilities.

In general, what you may want to include in your Personal Statement includes:

  • Your research and professional interests.
  • What your future goals and career plan include.
  • How their workplace or program helps meet these goals.
  • What you will contribute to their organization.

Related: Use Your Personal Brand to Score Big at Job Interviews | Entrepreneur

How do you make your CV stand out?

There are a few things to remember to make your CV stand out from the rest .

Choose the proper format and font

Choosing the proper format and font can make a huge difference. You can't go wrong selecting a font such as Arial or Calibri for your CV.

Choosing a good, clean layout also helps you stand out and get noticed by potential recruiters.

Related: 8 Ways to Make Your Resume Stand Out From the Pack

Include a list of your soft skills

While a CV typically focuses on your schooling and work experience, list your soft skills to help you stand out.

These soft skills can include:

  • Communication skills.
  • Fast learner.
  • Emotional intelligence.
  • Resilience.
  • Team player.
  • Self-motivated.

Related: Soft Skills to Put on Your Resume | Entrepreneur

Explain any employment gaps

Did you take a year off of school or work to travel? Or maybe a family member became ill, and you took some time off to care for them.

Don't be afraid to explain why there is a gap in your employment history on your CV, as recruiters will notice this anyways.

Related: A Sabbatical Must Not Spoil your CV. Here's How you Can Explain the Gap | Entrepreneur

Remove outdated information

Before you start applying for any positions using your CV, ensure all the information on it is accurate and up-to-date.

This means taking off any old jobs irrelevant to the position you are applying for.

What have studies shown regarding CVs?

Studies have shown that a typical recruiter only looks at a CV for seven seconds before deciding whether a candidate is a good fit for the position.

This is why taking the time to make sure your CV is written clearly and professionally can make all the difference.

It has also been shown that 59% of recruiters will immediately reject an application if they find any typos, bad grammar or other spelling mistakes.

Showing you have gained knowledge and experience from your education and work experience can help you stand out. A recruiter wants to see that you have learned a lot and want to expand your knowledge as you move forward.

A recruiter will pay extra attention if you can show that you know the specific industry you are applying in, so always ensure your CV is up-to-date with any pertinent education or work experience.

Attention to detail matters

Whether you are applying for a graduate program or that dream job you have been working so hard for, ensuring you have a clear and concise CV is critical.

Ensuring your CV is formatted correctly, free of grammar and punctuation mistakes and includes all your relevant education and work experience can help you stand out.

Following the suggestions above and double-checking your CV once you have completed it, you may be on your way to landing that dream job.

Check out Entrepreneur's other guides and resources for more information about this topic.

What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

Writing the Curriculum Vitae

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Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

This handout provides an overview of strategies for writing an effective curriculum vitae. This topic is particularly important for graduate students who are entering the academic job market for the first time. Although there is some overlap between the two resources, this handout should serve as a supplement to the suggestions available from Purdue's Center for Career Opportunities .

What is a Curriculum Vitae?

Also called a CV or vita, the curriculum vitae is, as its name suggests, an overview of your life's accomplishments, most specifically those that are relevant to the academic realm. In the United States, the curriculum vitae is used almost exclusively when one is pursuing an academic job. The curriculum vitae is a living document, which will reflect the developments in a scholar/teacher's career, and thus should be updated frequently.

How is a CV different from a resume?

The most noticeable difference between most CVs and most resumes is the length. Entry level resumes are usually limited to a page. CVs, however, often run to three or more pages. (Remember, however, that length is not the determinant of a successful CV. You should try to present all the relevant information that you possibly can, but you should also try to present it in as concise a manner as possible.) A more subtle but equally important distinction is that whereas the goal of a resume is to construct a professional identity, the goal of a CV is quite specifically to construct a scholarly identity. Thus, your CV will need to reflect very specifically your abilities as a teacher, researcher, and publishing scholar within your discipline.

What should I include?

Your CV should include your name and contact information, an overview of your education, your academic and related employment (especially teaching,editorial, or administrative experience), your research projects (including conference papers and publications), and your departmental and community service. You should also include a reference list, either as part of your CV, or on a separate page. Also, if you have a dossier containing confidential references available, you should mention that on your CV as well.

What comes first depends both on your background and on the job for which you are applying. Typically, the first item on a CV for a job candidate directly out of grad school will start with the candidate's education listed in reverse chronological order. Frequently the title and even a brief description of the dissertation will be included in this portion. After that, you will want to determine both what the jobs that you are interested in require and where your strengths lie. When determining what comes after your educational credentials, remember that the earlier in your document a particular block of information comes, the more emphasis you will be placing on that block of information. Thus, the most important information should come first.

If you are applying at a research university, research projects, conference presentations, and especially publications become very important. If you are applying to a liberal arts college or community college that strongly emphasizes teaching, then showing your teaching background is of paramount importance. In any case, you will want to be sure that the information that will be most helpful in determining your qualifications for the job for which you are employing comes before information that will be less helpful.

Is there a standard curriculum vitae format?

One of the most important things to remember when working on your curriculum vitae is that there is not one standard format. There are different emphases in each discipline, and a good CV is one that emphasizes the points that are considered to be most important in your discipline and conforms to standard conventions within your discipline.

So how can you find out what these conventions are? A good place to start is to find as many examples as possible of CVs by people in your discipline who have recently been on the job market. You can find these by asking other grad students and junior faculty in your department if you can have a look at their CVs, and you can also make use of the Internet to find CV samples in your discipline.

Resources such as The Curriculum Vitae Handbook by Rebecca Anthony and Gerald Roe (Rudi Publishing: Iowa City, 1994) also include sample CVs for various disciplines. One caveat to remember regarding examples, however, is that they should never be used as models to be followed in every detail. Instead, they should be used as sources of strategies for how to present your own information most effectively. The most effective formatting for you will likely be distinguishable from the most effective formatting for someone else because your experiences and strengths will be different, and you will thus benefit from formatting adapted specifically to your situation.

How should I construct my work description entries?

Two common strategies that apply to CVs as well as resumes are gapping and parallelism . Gapping is the use of incomplete sentences in order to present your information as clearly and concisely as possibly. For example, instead of writing, "I taught composition for four years, during which time I planned classes and activities, graded papers, and constructed exams. I also met with students regularly for conferences," you might write, "Composition Instructor (2000-2004). Planned course activities. Graded all assignments. Held regular conferences with students." By using incomplete sentences here, you cut out unnecessary words and allow your reader to see quickly what you have been doing.

Parallelism is also very important to a strong CV. Generally, you will want to keep the structure of your phrases and/or sentences consistent throughout your document. Thus, if you use verb phrases in one portion of your CV to describe your duties, try to use them throughout your CV. Particularly within entries, make sure that the structure of your phrases is exactly parallel so that your reader can understand what you are communicating easily.

One distinction between the work description sections of resumes and CVs is that bullets are very commonly used in resumes and tend to appear somewhat less frequently in CVs. Whether or not you use bullets to separate lines in your CV should depend on how the bullets will affect the appearance of your CV. If you have a number of descriptive statements about your work that all run to about a line in length, bullets can be a good way of separating them. If, however, you have a lot of very short phrases, breaking them up into bulleted lists can leave a lot of white space that could be used more efficiently. Remember that the principles guiding any decision you make should be conciseness and ease of readability.

How can I improve my CV?

The Purdue On-Campus Writing Lab provides the opportunity to work with one of our graduate instructors in order to get some assistance with your CV, and many other universities offer similar opportunities through their writing centers. Also, consider showing your CV to your dissertation chair in order to get some feedback from him/her. Finally, many departments have job search or job placement committees that provide you with the opportunity to meet with faculty members in your department for extensive editing. If such a resource is available for you, that may be the best source of advice of all.

What other resources are available for help with my curriculum vitae?

There are numerous useful resources, both online and in print. Here are a few.

The Chronicle of Higher Education 's job site features a number of articles that may be helpful to first-time applicants on the job market.

The Curriculum Vitae Handbook by Rebecca Anthony and Gerald Roe (Rudi Publishing: Iowa City, 1994) includes sample CVs for various disciplines and tips for how to write CVs in various contexts.

The Academic Job Search Handbook (3rd Edition), by Mary Morris Heiberger and Julia Miller Vick (who are the authors of the Chronicle 's "CV Doctor" column) also provides sample cover letters and CVs

How To Write A CV or Curriculum Vitae (Example Included)

Mike Simpson 0 Comments

how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

By Mike Simpson

how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

In the job hunting market, there are lots of ways an employer can learn about potential hires; from business cards, to personal websites, to job applications.

Of course, no little piece of paper is better known than the resume. But what if an employer asks you for a CV?

What is a CV?

To really figure out what a CV is, we first have to talk about what CV means. The letters CV stand for curriculum vitae which is Latin for “course of life.”


When used in a job seeking context, a CV (also sometimes referred to as just a vita) is a detailed accounting of not only a person’s past history of education, experiences and qualifications but also related accomplishments and is generally used when an individual is looking for a job.

So basically a resume, right? Basically…yes…but really it’s so much more than just that.

Let’s go back to what a resume is …or actually, what it isn’t.

A resume isn’t very long.

Ideally a good solid resume is about one page in length and can be submitted for almost any type of job on the market. When you type up a resume, you’re usually just covering your work and educational history.

FREE BONUS PDF CHEAT SHEET : Get our "CV" Cheat Sheet that gives you a Step-by-Step Process that will help you produce a perfect CV.


You might include certain professional affiliations and possibly highlight specific major awards that relate to the job you’re applying for, but it’s usually a concise document. Short and sweet.

A Curriculum Vitae on the other hand, is much longer and covers much, much more information.

A CV is a thorough and comprehensive document, detailing not only your education and work history, but also your achievements, awards, any honors you’ve been conferred and any and all of your publications.

Depending on how much you’ve accomplished, the full document can range in length from two to three to ten pages, or more!

When Do I Use a Curriculum Vitae?

But why would someone use a CV…and more importantly, who would need to use a CV?

Individuals who use a CV format when applying for a job are generally applicants who need to convey a large amount of information which will not only help to tell an employer who they are but help define them and their work within a specific discipline.

To put it simply, CVs are traditionally used for individuals who are looking for employment in academic, research, or scholarly positions . Many PhDs, educators and teachers working at the university level (and above) will use a Curriculum Vitae rather than a resume to outline not only their work history, but their published academic papers and professional accomplishments as well.

Let’s break it down even further:

Resumes are used by individuals looking to define themselves in professional terms , showcasing the specific skills they have.

A CV is used by an individual looking to define themselves in scholarly terms and showcases their education and areas of expertise.

Okay, I’m a grad-student and I’m getting ready to move into the world of academics…so a CV is something I should have. Are there other people who use CVs?


While people in academics and education are the most likely to be asked to produce a CV for a job, there are other job seekers who need to have a solid CV as well, including individuals who are in medical and/or scientific fields as well as people in research or looking to work abroad.

Both United States and Canadian citizens who are interested in traveling overseas (most often to the U.K.) should be prepared to have potential employers ask them for a thorough CV.

In fact, in certain countries, like mainland Europe, Ireland and New Zealand, as well as the Middle East, Africa or Asia, a CV is a standard request for any job!

A Curriculum Vitae can also be requested when an individual is applying for grants, scholarships, and in some cases, internships as well.

You should start by downloading our “CV Cheat Sheet” , which will show you how to build your CV with a handy crib sheet. Click here to download the cheat sheet now.

CV vs Resume

How are resumes and CVs alike?

As we said above, both are used to obtain an employment position and both are an ever evolving ‘living document’ (by living document we mean it’s a document you constantly update and keep current based on your own work history and experiences…not that you have to feed it and take it for walks daily. That would just be weird.)

How are resumes and CVs different?

Well, for starters…and certainly most obviously, the length .

Again, just to reiterate, a resume is generally one page long, whereas a CV is as long as you need it to be to thoroughly cover all the information you will be including.

Another way it’s different is how it’s written .

A good resume is specifically targeted (or as we like to say, “tailored”) to the job you’re applying to.

You make sure to highlight the relevant skills and experiences you’ve had that align to the position you’re seeking and try not to include any information that doesn’t relate.

With a CV however, you’re giving the reader a solid overview of all the accomplishments you’ve had in your life.

The quick difference?

A resume is a brief summary. A CV is a more thorough synopsis.

Let’s say you’re applying for a job as a scientist. If you were writing your resume you would include only the work information that relates specifically to the job you’re applying for, but for a Curriculum Vitae, you would also include all your teaching experience, lab and field work.

Here’s another way to look at it:

Pretend you’re a grad-student and you’re just getting out into the world. Your CV might be just a page or two long as you’re still new to the world of academia and your accomplishments are just starting to roll in.

Now, let’s flash forward ten years into the future. You’ve been working for a prestigious university and have had a number of papers published in high profile journals. Your CV, which was once just a few pages long, might now be closer to seven or eight. You’ve not removed any information…rather, you’ve added to it.

Every time you accomplish something, you add that to your CV. Did you contribute your findings to a scientific journal? You add that to your CV. Were you awarded an honor at the university you’re currently working at for teaching excellence? You add that to your CV.

Make sense?

Sort of, but I’m still a bit confused. How do I know which one an employer is looking for?

How Do I Know When To Use One?

An employer is usually pretty specific about what they need from a job applicant. If they want a resume, they’ll ask for a resume. If they want a CV, they’ll ask for a CV.

And if you’re applying for a job in the States and the position is anything other than academic, you can pretty much guarantee you’ll be safe turning in a resume instead of a CV (especially if the job is one where the hiring manager or recruiter is going to be expected to review thousands of potential hires).

If you’re still not sure, or you’re applying to a job or position abroad, it never hurts to ask which format they would like.

What To Include In a CV & CV Format

So, I need to give a potential employer my CV…how do I write one? Is there a special format?

Unfortunately there isn’t one specific format for a CV and you will have to determine exactly what CV is right for the position you are applying to.

Wait, isn’t that technically tailoring!? I thought you said a CV didn’t use tailoring. Would you please make up your mind?!?

All right, you’re right…sort of. While it’s true that you don’t tailor your CV content to the individual jobs you’re applying to in quite the same way you tailor your resume, you do make sure that the CV you are creating is right for the area of work you are doing overall…and there are lots of different types of CVs, just as there are lots of different areas of work.

So how do I make sure I’m creating the CV that is right for what area of work I’m going into?

One type of job might want you to emphasize a specific area whereas another might ask you to elaborate on a totally different area and knowing which is which is critical to making sure your CV is perfect for your discipline.

The best way to know what CV is right for your industry is to look at examples others have done. You can do this by either researching them online or by reaching out and talking to either your mentor or peers who are already employed where you are applying.

Of course, as we tell you with every other example we give you here at, these examples are only examples and you should make sure your CV is specific to you and not just a copy of what someone else has done.

Remember, you’re an individual and your CV should reflect that.

With that being said, however, there are some common CV features you should keep in mind when writing yours.

Common Features of a CV

Start by first listing everything you can about your background information and then building out from there.

To help you get started, we’ve pulled together a few of the most often seen sections of CVs that you might expect to include when writing your own.

1) Who are you?

A CV should always include your basic information starting with your name, address, telephone number and email. For United States and Canadian job seekers, that’s generally all you need to include. If you search for example CVs online, you are likely to come across ones that include a small passport-sized photo of the applicant in the upper right-hand corner. While this practice is standard in France, Belgium and Germany, it is NOT considered appropriate for CVs in the United States and Canada. Just a heads up.

2) No, really…who are you?

In some instances, it’s also appropriate to include a brief bio of yourself. Depending on the industry you are going into, a short blurb about who you are might be all you need to catch an employer’s eye and get called in for an interview. If you do decide to include a brief bio, make sure it’s well written and original.

3) What have you done?

As a CV is a thorough detailing of your history, that includes your educational history as well as your work experience and any training you might have received.

When detailing your educational history, you want to do it in reverse chronological order. Be sure to include the full list of your degrees, including those you’ve already earned and any you might be currently pursuing as well as where you received your education.

Be sure to list the years of your graduation. If you are the author of a dissertation or thesis, you would include that information here as well as the name of your advisor.

For your work history, you want to include not only where you’ve worked, but also any applicable experiences related to that work.

If you’re an educator and you’re not only teaching, but also working in a research lab or facility, you would want to include that here. Field experience, leadership experience, related volunteer work and any and all other experience that relates to your employment goes in this section.

4) What do you like?

Unlike a resume, a CV often includes a section that covers your areas of interest. While this might seem unusual, it can actually provide a potential employer with a lot of insight into who you are, which is why it’s so important to make sure you handle this section carefully.

While it might be tempting to just list your hobbies here and hope for the best, it’s actually a good idea to expand on what you do in your free time as well as why you do it. Are you a history buff who loves to go to reenactments? Rather than just listing “Re-enactor” on your CV, flesh it out a bit.

“As a historically accurate civil war reenactor, I enjoy spending my weekends immersed in a world where I gain first hand insight into our country’s rich past.”

Do you have leadership skills outside of your work that you enjoy participating in? List those here as well.

“On the weekends I’m not participating in civil war reenactments, I am the coach of a local junior league soccer team for third graders. I find that as a leader, I’m not only helping to refine their soccer skills, but I’m providing them with a positive role model as I insist on good sportsmanship and fair play at all times.”

This section is also a great place to list any interests that you have that relate directly to the job you’re applying to. Are you working on obtaining employment as a culinary specialist? List your interest in food blogs and magazines.

No matter what you list here, try to include a range of interests that demonstrate who you are when you’re not working at your job . Of course, try not to include information that would make it appear that you’re just stuffing things into your CV in order to give it length. It’s perfectly fine to list your interests, but keep it within reason. List the things that are the most relevant to what you are looking for work wise.

It’s not necessary to list every extracurricular activity you’ve ever participated in.

5) Mad skills, bro!

How many languages do you speak? Are you fluent in multiple tongues? What about computer programs? Are you an accomplished graphic designer who has an extensive knowledge of specific software? List that too!

6) You’re the best!

Have others recognized you for the work you’ve done? Do you have any awards or honors that you’ve received for teaching? How about for service or work? Have you applied for and received any grants or scholarships? Those go here! This is also where you want to include things like fellowships or patents.

7) Texts and Talks

Are you an author of any papers, articles or books? Are you an expert in your field and thus find yourself speaking at conferences, panels or symposiums? Make sure you list those and give a brief description of each so your reader knows what you’ve done and where.

8) I’m in the club!

Are you a member of any professional organizations, guilds or clubs? Make sure to include if you’ve held any offices or positions within those organizations and how long you’ve been with them.

9) Who will vouch for you?

A reference section is also something you might consider including in your CV. While it’s not always required, it’s not a bad idea to put down references if you know the person recommending you is going to be enthusiastically in your corner. (Of course it should go without saying you should only have enthusiastic references …)

If you feel your CV is running long for your level of experience, or you’d like more time to prep your references, it’s also perfectly acceptable to say “References available upon request.”

10) And the Rest…

Other sections you might include in your CV (depending entirely on the job you’re applying for) include:

  • Study Abroad
  • Exhibitions
  • Professional Licenses and/or memberships
  • Consulting Work
  • Professional Development
  • Research Experience
  • Teaching Experience

Remember, your CV should be specific to the industry or area of work you’re entering, so while much of the basic information should be fairly standard, always find examples that relate to the job you’re after to ensure that you’re including all the necessary things.

Well, now that we’ve gone over all that…

What About Formatting?

With any and all documents you turn into a potential employer, you want to make sure that your CV is clear of any and all grammatical and spelling errors.

You want to make sure that your CV is carefully and logically laid out and that it reads well. Yes, you’re including a lot of information in this document, but don’t try to cram everything in all at once.

Organize it using topical headings and be considerate in how you lay it out and how you order it. While the order of topics in a CV is flexible, it’s a good idea to keep in mind that what you list first will receive the most attention. Try to arrange your sections so that they highlight your strengths in relation to the position you are applying to.

Make sure your font is readable and that you are consistent with any formatting you decide to use.

Don’t include your salary history in your CV . You also shouldn’t include why you left your last position .

When you’re working on a resume, it’s common to use a type of formatting called “gapping.” Gapping is when you take a full sentence and cut it down to the most basic components in order to convey the most amount of information in the least amount of words.

However, when writing your CV, you will want to use full sentences. It’s also important to work in action words that help to not only draw in the reader, but keep them engaged in what they’re reading.

Here, let me show you the difference. Let’s pretend you were a floor manager in a service department at a company. If you were writing a resume and utilizing gapping, you might note your experience like this:

Floor manager (2000-2002) Team leader. Responsible for customer service .

Again, this example is perfectly acceptable for a resume. For a CV, however, you want to make sure you’re including more information and utilizing your action words.

I worked as a floor manager from 2000 to 2002. During that time I oversaw and lead a team of twenty employees committed to providing quality customer service.

Need another example?

Rather than saying you were just a marketing manager for five years (perfectly acceptable on a resume), make sure to include words that convey what you did.

I spent five years refining my abilities as a negotiator and motivator, using my skills as a problem solver to help persuade clients to try new and exciting products.

When printing your CV, always print your pages single sided. Yes, it’s longer than a resume, and it’s tempting to try to save paper by printing double sided, but resist that temptation!

As a CV is longer than a resume and can often run several pages, make sure you include page numbers on every page except for the first one.

And remember as well to always be honest in your CV.

What About Using A CV Template?

Here’s the deal with CV’s…

They are large documents that contain all kinds of different information and vary greatly depending on who the job seeker is (and more importantly, what field they are in).

So I hate to say it, but there isn’t really a “magic bullet” CV template that will allow you to just plug and play your information into.

But there are some good curriculum vitae examples that are available, and we chose one in particular that will provide you with a guideline to model your CV after.

Here’s A Good CV Example


This CV example is provided by Career Services at the University of British Columbia (simply click the image to see the full CV)

So Do I Need a CV or What?

Just curious, you said above that most jobs in the United States (with the exception of academia and medicine) use a resume instead of a CV…so should I even have one or is that just a waste of my time?

It’s certainly not a bad idea to have a solid CV in your job seeking arsenal. While it might be the very rare occasion when you’re asked to produce one, it’s still an excellent tool you can use to help make your much shorter resume even stronger.

A solid, well thought out CV is nothing more than a running list of everything you’ve ever accomplished and/or done while working. By having that document already built and updating it regularly, you’ll have an excellent resource to use when building your next resume that you can pull from and tailor as needed.

On top of that, should you ever be asked for a CV, you’ll be a step or two ahead of the game.

And who knows, if that dream job ever opens up overseas, you’ll be prepped and ready to send out your information in record time!

So go ahead and use this article to get your CV started today… you never know when it might come in handy.


  • Get our handy "CV" cheat sheet. In it you'll get a step-by-step process that will let you craft the perfect CV.


how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

Co-Founder and CEO of Mike is a job interview and career expert and the head writer at

His advice and insights have been shared and featured by publications such as Forbes , Entrepreneur , CNBC and more as well as educational institutions such as the University of Michigan , Penn State , Northeastern and others.

Learn more about The Interview Guys on our About Us page .

About The Author

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Co-Founder and CEO of Mike is a job interview and career expert and the head writer at His advice and insights have been shared and featured by publications such as Forbes , Entrepreneur , CNBC and more as well as educational institutions such as the University of Michigan , Penn State , Northeastern and others. Learn more about The Interview Guys on our About Us page .

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how to write a resume or curriculum vitae

How do I update my resume to help land that job? Ask HR

A fresh, modern design can help your resume stand out and leave a positive impression on recruiters and hiring managers.

Johnny C. Taylor Jr. tackles your human resources questions as part of a series for USA TODAY. Taylor is president and CEO of the Society for Human Resource Management, the world's largest HR professional society and author of "Reset: A Leader’s Guide to Work in an Age of Upheaval.”

Have a question? Submit it here .

Question: Since leaving a job I have had for almost a decade, I have primarily conducted my job search online. I have used the same resume design since I started working 12 years ago. Should I update my resume design to be more effective? What do you recommend for building a modern resume? – Sandra

Answer: Updating your resume design can indeed be a wise move, especially if you've been using the same format for a long time. A fresh, modern design can help your resume stand out and leave a positive impression on recruiters and hiring managers. Here’s what I recommend for building a modern resume:

◾ Clean, professional layout: Opt for a layout that’s visually appealing and easy to read. Avoid cluttered designs and overly decorative elements that may distract from your content.

◾ Font selection: Stick to standard, easy-to-read fonts such as Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman. These fonts are widely accepted and compatible with Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS), ensuring your résumé is easily scannable by both humans and software.

◾ Incorporate keywords: Tailor your resume to each job application by incorporating industry-specific keywords and phrases relevant to the position. Many companies use ATS to screen résumés, so this will increase the likelihood of your resume being noticed.

◾ Organized sections: Structure your resume into clear sections, including Contact Information, Summary or Objective, Work Experience, Skills, Education and any additional relevant sections such as Certifications or Volunteer Work. This organization makes it easy for recruiters to quickly find the information they need.

◾ Summary/objective statement: Start your résumé with a summary that highlights your key qualifications and career goals. Keep it concise, focusing on what sets you apart and what you aim to achieve in your career.

◾ Accomplishment-oriented experience: When listing your work experience, focus on highlighting your accomplishments, rather than just listing job duties. Use quantifiable achievements whenever possible, to demonstrate your impact, such as increasing sales by a certain percentage or leading successful projects.

◾ Skills section: Dedicate a section to showcasing your key skills and competencies, including both technical skills and soft skills relevant to the job. This section provides recruiters with a quick overview of your capabilities.

◾ Proofreading: Before submitting your resume, thoroughly proofread it to ensure there are no grammatical errors, typos, or formatting issues. Consider having someone else review your resume for feedback and additional insights.

By updating your resuméewith a modern design and incorporating these key elements, you can increase your chances of making a strong impression in today’s competitive job market. Good luck with your job search!

Ghosting a job Is it bad to ghost low priority potential employers? Ask HR

I've been denied PTO requests on multiple occasions, which is becoming increasingly frustrating. Most of them are denied on the grounds of staffing needs. Do I have any recourse in fighting these denials? What can I do to ensure PTO approvals? – Chanette

You may indeed have some recourse in addressing these denied paid time off requests. Start by reviewing your company's PTO policy and procedures. Many employers have specific guidelines regarding PTO requests, including deadlines for submission and limits on the number of employees who can be on leave simultaneously, to ensure adequate staffing levels.

First, check if your PTO requests were made in accordance with company policy. If they were not, ensure that you adhere to the established procedures for future requests, to increase the likelihood of approval.

However, if you followed company policy and your requests were still denied, consider discussing the matter with your manager or the human resources team. Seek clarification on the reasons for the denials and inquire about potential strategies to improve the approval rate for your requests.

It's also essential to consider whether your state mandates sick leave, and if your company uses PTO to fulfill those requirements. If so, your employer may be obligated to approve leave requests that align with qualifying reasons for sick leave under the law. If you’re uncertain about your state’s sick leave requirements, consult your HR team for clarification.

Ultimately, unless there is a contractual agreement or policy stating otherwise, employers typically have discretion in managing PTO usage. However, by following company procedures and addressing your concerns with management or HR, you may increase the likelihood of having your PTO requests approved more frequently.

Salaried, nonexempt What does that mean? Ask HR

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Make a standout curriculum vitae in minutes with our free CV templates.

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Create a custom curriculum vitae using free CV templates.

A curriculum vitae offers an excellent way for job seekers to showcase their academic background, career experiences, and skills. Now, you can customize your CV using professional layouts and graphics from Adobe Express. Print, email, or share your CV digitally with potential employers. Select a template to get started and see how easy it is to create an impressive CV. No design experience required.

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Showcase your breadth of experiences while letting your personality shine when you upload your own logo and apply a color scheme to your Adobe Express CV template of choice. You’ll even get curated font recommendations for your project, so you can be confident your design looks good. In minutes, you’ll have a polished document ready to be printed or sent out via email. Go back anytime to edit or update your CV as your professional experiences grow.

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Build a CV in any style for any industry with the free Adobe Express editor. Then, duplicate your CV in the same project and use it as a template to make a matching cover letter or resume. When you’re finished, save your file as a PDF, JPG, or PNG to publish on your website and LinkedIn, or email it to the recipient in mind. You can print and mail it out, too.

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A good CV allows you to promote yourself to potential employers and show them why they should hire you. Making a custom CV design lets you highlight skills or experiences that help you stand out and make a good first impression. The Adobe Express CV maker helps you create a CV in just a few clicks, no prior design experience necessary. Whether it’s for a part-time job or a full-time position, you can use the Adobe Express CV maker for free to create a CV online.

Impress recruiters with an up-to-date CV.

When writing a CV, include your general contact information and references. Also include important sections, such as your education and experience, honors or awards, publications and presentations, relevant professional activities, and skills. Format your CV in a way that makes it easy to read and carefully check your CV for any typographical or spelling errors. The online CV maker from Adobe Express gives you plenty of customization options so you can create a CV that best fits your needs quickly and easily.

Create easier with the Adobe Express CV maker.

With the Adobe Express CV, you can make your own CV design in minutes, no creative experience required. Choose from tons of CV templates to help you bring your CV vision to life. Drag and drop icons, graphics, and shapes to liven up your custom CV using simple editing features. If you plan on sharing your CV digitally, you can even add animated effects to any element and make your design pop. Making a CV from start to finish couldn't get easier with Adobe Express. All you need is an idea to get started.

Frequently asked questions.


  1. How to Write a CV: Step-by-Step Guide to Writing A Successful CV • 7ESL

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  2. Modern Resume Curriculum Vitae Template PSD

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  3. Curriculum Vitae (CV) Samples and Writing Tips

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  4. Curriculum Vitae (CV) Format Guide

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  5. Academic CV: Template, Format, and Examples for 2023

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  6. Simple Curriculum Vitae Format Pdf / cv word to pdf

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  1. HOW TO WRITE A RESUME! (5 Golden Tips for Writing a POWERFUL Resume or CV!)

  2. How to Write a CV for a Job Application: Step by Step Guide

  3. Curriculum Vitae (CV) vs Resumé

  4. Write a CV for an English-Speaking Job

  5. HOW TO WRITE A BRILLIANT CV! (CV Templates Included!)

  6. Resume Writing: 4 Tips on How to Write a Standout Resume


  1. How to Write a CV in 2024 (Full Guide + Templates)

    Choose clear, legible fonts. Go for one of the standard CV typefaces: Arial, Tahoma, or Helvetica if you prefer sans-serif fonts, and Times New Roman or Bookman Old Style if serif fonts are your usual pick. Use 11 to 12 pt font size and single spacing. For your name and section titles, pick a 14 to 16-pt font size. 2.

  2. How to Make a Great Resume in 2024: The Complete Guide

    3. List your name and contact information. To start writing your resume, create an eye-catching resume header that quickly highlights your contact information and job title. Your name should always be the largest element on your resume to make it stand out, so use a font size larger than 20 points.

  3. How to Write a Resume

    First things first: let's define a resume.A resume is a summary of your work history, skills, and education. In this respect, a resume is different than a curriculum vitae — more commonly called a CV. A CV is a complete look at your career, covering every aspect of your education, work and experience without the restriction of length.

  4. How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae) in 2024 [31+ Examples]

    Sales Associate CV Example #19. Receptionist CV Example #1. Write a Great Cover Letter #2. Ace The Job Interview. Share this article. Plenty of job-seekers spend weeks, and even months, looking for a job. It can be a slow and demoralizing process where you don't get a single response after dozens of applications.

  5. How to Make a Resume in 2024

    Create Resume. Choose a resume format carefully. In 99% of cases, we recommend the reverse-chronological format. Add the right contact details. Leave your headshot out and make sure to include your job title, a professional email address, and any relevant links.

  6. How to Write a CV: Tips & Examples for 2024

    Create the layout of your CV from scratch, or pick a template to make the process easier. Start with the standard CV sections, such as the CV header area, profile, work experience, education section, and key skills. Add headings (13-14 in font size points) to indicate the beginning of each section.

  7. How to Write a CV for Career, Education & Networking [2024]

    Here's how to prepare to write a curriculum vitae effectively. First, review the job description closely. Make a note of all the requirements and "nice-to-haves.". Then make a list of your: Professional experience, including employers' names, dates of hire, locations, job titles, and responsibilities.

  8. CV Examples & Guides for All Jobs [75+ Examples for 2024]

    Graphic Designer CV Example #8. Nurse CV Example #9. Office Manager CV Example #10. Sales Associate CV Example #11. Server CV Example #12. Web Developer CV Example 65+ More CV Examples and Guides 5+ Examples of CV Templates #1. Basic CV Template #2. Professional CV Template #3. Creative CV Template #4.

  9. How to Write a CV: A Complete Guide w/ Examples

    A CV stands for curriculum vitae, a Latin phrase meaning 'a course of life.' This document provides a summary of the education and professional background required for all job applications, regardless of the industry.. The purpose of a CV is to help you pitch yourself, i.e., persuade a prospective employer that you're the right candidate for the position.

  10. How to Write a CV: The Complete Guide for 2024

    Write a compelling three- to four-sentence personal statement. Summarizing your qualifications and experience helps to grab the reader's attention. List your work experience. Begin with your most recent job and write three to four bullet points highlighting your achievements in each position.

  11. How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae) for a Job in 2024

    Decide on a CV format and style. Before you start writing your CV, you need to format it properly. Open a new document in Microsoft Word or Google Docs and use the following settings: Set ½ - 1" margins on each side. Use a font size between 10 and 12 points. Select a professional font such as Times New Roman or Arial.

  12. How To Write a CV: Tips, Template and Example

    How to write a CV. Here are seven basic steps for writing a CV: 1. Create a header with contact information. Your header should be at the top of the page and include your name, phone number and email address so employers immediately know who you are and how to reach you. 2. Write a professional summary.

  13. How to Write a CV: Examples, Templates and Tips for 2024

    Every CV is different, so type in the title heading you want to add (e.g., Core Qualifications, Publications, Grants and Fellowships) and fill in that section. You'll see a document preview after adding all the sections you want. Then, you can click and drag the sections and organize them in the desired order.

  14. How to Make the Perfect Resume (With Examples!)

    5. Don't Forget Your Education. If you're still in school or just graduated, your education can go at the top of your resume, but for pretty much everyone else, this goes near the bottom. Most people include their school, graduation year (for folks less up to about a decade out of school), major, and degree.

  15. The complete CV format guide: examples and tips

    In many cases, a CV should only be one or two pages, depending on the amount of relevant experience you have. For example: If you are an entry-level candidate or recent graduate, you may have a shorter CV that highlights education, training and volunteer experience over limited professional experience. As an experienced candidate, you may use ...

  16. How To Write a School Leaver CV (With Template and Example)

    CV example for school leaver Consider using the CV as a guide when creating your own document: Anna Evans [email protected] 01234 567890 Professional summary Following the recent completion of my GCSE studies, I am looking for an entry-level full-time role in accounting. Applicable strengths include an A in Maths and previous work experience at a local diner.

  17. How To Write A CV In Kenya

    3. Tailor Your CV. Take time to go through the job description and customize your CV accordingly to reflect your fit for the role. Tailoring your CV shows that you are genuinely interested in the position, setting you apart from other applicants. 4. Proofread Carefully

  18. CV advice

    Tips for writing your CV. Employers get lots of CVs to look at and have to decide quickly who they're going to interview. When you write your CV, remember to: use a clear font like Arial, Times New Roman or Calibri in size 11 or bigger. always use the same style throughout.

  19. What Is a Curriculum Vitae and How Do You Write One?

    A curriculum vitae is an exhaustive listing of all of the significant achievements in your career. This includes education, research, work experience, publications, presentations, and anything else you've done in your professional life. Think of a CV as a complete account of everything that qualifies you as an expert in your field, Goodfellow ...

  20. Curriculum Vitae (CV) Format (Example Plus Formatting Tips)

    Curriculum Vitae Writing Tips and Example CV vs. resume In the U.S., employers in certain industries may require a CV as part of your job application instead of a resume, such as in academia, education, science and research. A CV is typically longer than a traditional resume and includes additional sections such as for research and publications ...

  21. How to Write a Curriculum Vitae (CV) (With Examples)

    Curriculum Vitae Sample. More CV Examples and Writing Tips. Photo: Michael Zwahlen / EyeEm / Getty Images. The Balance. Here's information on how to write a curriculum vitae for a job, what to include in a CV, with examples and tips for writing effective curriculum vitae.

  22. What Are Transferable Skills? 10 Examples for your Resume

    2. Writing. Writing is one of the most common and useful transferable skills out there: Countless job postings require some form of writing on a daily basis. Whether it's sending emails, interacting with customers on social media, or preparing presentations for clients—the possibilities are endless. 3. Research

  23. How to write a CV in 9 SIMPLE steps

    Whether you are writing your first CV or improving the CV that you have already written: Below you will find 9 easy-to-follow steps for writing a perfect CV, covering everything from personal details to the final references section. Each section contains writing guidelines, a completed example + useful tips. Key points:

  24. How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae): Advice and Examples

    Bold keywords, like job titles, so they stand out. Since employers are most interested in candidates who are a good fit for a role, put your job positions in bold font. If you're a recent college graduate or still studying, then put your roles as a student in bold font. [14] Example 1: Editor-in-Chief.

  25. What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

    The key difference between a CV and a resume is that a resume is what you typically use when applying for a standard job application. A CV is used when applying for an academic program or teaching ...

  26. Writing the Curriculum Vitae

    Writing the Curriculum Vitae. This handout provides an overview of strategies for writing an effective curriculum vitae. This topic is particularly important for graduate students who are entering the academic job market for the first time. Although there is some overlap between the two resources, this handout should serve as a supplement to ...

  27. How To Write A CV (Curriculum Vitae)

    A CV is a more thorough synopsis. Let's say you're applying for a job as a scientist. If you were writing your resume you would include only the work information that relates specifically to the job you're applying for, but for a Curriculum Vitae, you would also include all your teaching experience, lab and field work.

  28. How to make a resume and make it stand out? Try these tips for your CV

    Answer: Updating your resume design can indeed be a wise move, especially if you've been using the same format for a long time. A fresh, modern design can help your resume stand out and leave a ...

  29. Free CV Maker: Create a Curriculum Vitae Online

    Create a custom curriculum vitae using free CV templates. A curriculum vitae offers an excellent way for job seekers to showcase their academic background, career experiences, and skills. Now, you can customize your CV using professional layouts and graphics from Adobe Express. Print, email, or share your CV digitally with potential employers.