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BIM CASE STUDIES FOR ASSET AND FACILITIES MANAGEMENT Published by the British Institute of Facilities Management September 2015
The operational phase of a building is the main contributor to the building's lifecycle cost. Estimates show that the lifecycle cost is five to seven times higher than the initial investment costs and three times that of the construction cost. As a result, there is a considerable economic and environmental need to manage both new and existing facilities in an efficient way. Facility management (FM) encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure optimal functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. It covers everything from real estate and financial management to maintenance and cleaning, this variety of services highlights just how complex the FM industry is.
Graham Kelly , Mohamad Kassem
Purpose – Building information modelling (BIM) in facilities management (FM) applications is an emerging area of research based on the theoretical proposition that BIM information, generated and captured during the lifecycle of a facility, can improve its management. Using this proposition as a starting point, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the value of BIM and the challenges affecting its adoption in FM applications. Design/methodology/approach – Two inter-related research methods are utilised. The literature is utilised to identify the application areas, value and challenges of BIM in FM. Due to the lack of case studies identified in the literature review, and to provide empirical evidence of the value and challenges of BIM in FM, a case study of Northumbria University’s city campus, is used to empirically explore the value and challenges of BIM in FM. Findings – The results demonstrated that BIM value in FM stems from improvement to current manual processes of information handover; improvement to the accuracy of FM data, improvement to the accessibility of FM data and efficiency increase in work order execution. The main challenges were the lack of methodologies that demonstrate the tangible benefits of BIM in FM, the limited knowledge of implementation requirement including BIM for FM modelling requirements, the interoperability between BIM and FM technologies, the presence of disparate operational systems managing the same building and finally, the shortage of BIM skills in the FM industry. Originality/value – There is lack of real-life cases on BIM in FM especially for existing assets despite new constructions representing only 1-2 per cent of the total building stock in a typical year. The originality of this paper stems from both adding a real-life case study of BIM in FM and providing empirical evidence of both the value and challenges of BIM in FM applications. Keywords Information technology, BIM, Information management, Facilities management, Asset management, Facilities management (premises), Information exchange
For many years the issue of how to run buildings efficiently and effectively has posed a considerable challenge. This debate has had renewed significance since the emergence of Building Information Modelling (BIM) processes and the proposition that BIM information, captured during the facilities lifecycle, can help improve the efficiency of Facility Management (FM). Using this proposition as a starting point, the overarching aim of this paper is to investigate the value-adding potential of BIM and the challenges hindering its exploitation in FM. The literature review showed the BIM value adding potential stems from improvement to current manual processes of information handover. It also adds improvement to the accuracy of FM data and increases the efficiency of work orders execution, in terms of speed, to accessing data and locating interventions. It was also revealed that there is lack of real world case studies, especially in the case of existing buildings, despite new constructions representing a small percentage of the total building stock in a typical year. The case study was conducted on an existing asset composed of 32 non-residential buildings in Northumbria University’s city campus. This was done to empirically investigate the value of BIM in a specific FM function (i.e. space management). The results provided evidence of the value of BIM in improving the efficiencies of FM work orders and the accuracy of geometric information records.
In 2011, a UK government mandate stated that all public-sector construction projects must conform to BIM level 2. As the owner of one of the largest estate portfolios in Europe the NHS will be heavily impacted by the introduction of the BIM mandate. The aim of this article is to explore how prepared NHS facilities managers (FM) are for the introduction of the BIM 2016 mandate. To do this an online questionnaire survey and face to face interviews were conducted to identify NHS FM professionals’ awareness, understanding, experience, and opinions of BIM and organisational readiness. Analysis of the primary data shows that NHS FM professionals are underprepared to engage fully with BIM in a competent manner with many failing to demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental principles of BIM. By developing an understanding of NHS FM professionals current skills, knowledge, experience and opinions with regards to BIM this article aims to help future studies understand what key elements should be considered by public sector organisations when establishing a BIM for FM implementation framework.
Civil Engineering Journal (CivileJournal.org)
This writing presents research gaps in the area of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in Facility Management (FM) industry, and identifies practical challenges that facility management professionals are facing in utilizing BIM. Although this issue, BIM for Facility Management, has gained attention both in literature and practice, and it is highly demanded in FM industry, still it is far away from effective implementation. It is not clear for facility manager whether BIM is helpful to accelerate the process or it is a cost effective solution, and what skills are required for them. The key for effective BIM implementation in FM industry is to enhance collaboration among different parties in project lifecycle. However, still there is a doubt about the importance of FM in Construction industry. In other words, construction does not understand FM. Furthermore, there are issues over interoperability and data exchange. Thus, to assist BIM implementation, it is required to prove the correctness of benefits, uses, and challenges identified in the literature. This paper uses an intensive literature review and highlights the potential research issues in terms of BIM for FM to assist effective implementation of BIM in facility management phase of projects.
Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon)
:Numerous frameworks and protocols are being developed to facilitate BIM understanding and implementation. A BIM framework is a structured theoretical construct that can assist in organizing BIM domains of knowledge and facilitate the creation of new knowledge. BIM Protocols explain or simplify aspects of the BIM implementation by providing detailed steps or conditions (e.g. workflows, plans, manuals, etc.) to reach a measurable outcome. Currently available BIM protocols lack the level of details and the inclusion of implementation variables and complexities present at project levels. This research aims to propose protocols for BIM collaborative design that can be utilized at project level by an entire supply chain to increase the efficiency and consistency of information flow and BIM deliverables. A grounded theory approach was adopted due to its particular emphasis on providing explicit strategies for defining and studying processes. The proposed protocols consist of flowcharts, diagrams and matrices that guide the processes of BIM implementation for collaborative design among lead architects, engineering consultants, clients and contractors. A top-level model of the protocols, representing the main elements of the protocols, the relations between elements, the underpinning methodology and a gate decision for technology, process and policy approval, is presented as an abstraction of the content of the protocols. The testing of the protocols in two international design competitions, using a mixed quantitative-qualitative, demonstrated their potential in improving the quality and quantity of information delivered to stakeholders involved in the design process. There are primary and secondary contributions that stemmed from this research. The primary contribution is represented by both the methodology for development and testing and the proposed protocols for BIM collaborative design. The secondary contribution derives from the classification and review of BIM frameworks and the demonstration of the influence of the BIM project physical environment on the performance of teams.
DESCRIPTION This report summarizes the findings of a workshop on "BIM and FM: Research and Practice" held in Glasgow as part of a PhD research project and the EuroFM Practice Network Group and EMFC15 Conference. The workshop involved 20 Academics, FM practitioners and Construction Industry Experts and looked at what inforamtion FM and Asset Managers need from the BIM process
… in Developing Countries
Norberto Correa Da Silva Moura
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